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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 526-550 out of 937.

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Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Molecular Ecology
Scientists discover a way to sequence DNA of rare animals
Rare and extinct animals are preserved in jars of alcohol in natural history museum collections around the world, which provide a wealth of information on the changing biodiversity of the planet. But, scientists have not been able to effectively sequence DNA from these specimens until now. This new research was published today in the journal Molecular Ecology Resources.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Satake
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
UTA awarded $6 million in 2016 to find new ways to identify and treat cancer
The University of Texas at Arlington is becoming a major cancer research institute, receiving more than $6 million dollars in new grants in 2016 to strengthen its integrated cancer research program and improve outcomes across the complete spectrum of the patient experience.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas

Contact: Louisa Kellie
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
UD's Jaisi wins NSF Career Award for research on phosphorus in soil
Much like criminal forensic scientists use fingerprints to identify guilty parties at crime scenes, the University of Delaware's Deb Jaisi utilizes isotopic fingerprinting technology to locate the sources of phosphorus compounds and studies the degraded products they leave behind in soil and water. Jaisi has now received a prestigious National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award to further his source tracking research, looking specifically at phytate, the most common organic phosphorus in soils.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Barrier-island migration drives large-scale marsh loss
Research shows Virginia's barrier islands are retreating up to 18 feet per year, with a resulting loss of at least 60 acres of saltmarsh annually.
National Science Foundation, Long Term Ecological Research Program, National Science Foundation, Coastal SEES Program

Contact: David Malmquist
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Journal of Cell Biology
Biologists identify reproductive 'traffic cop'
University of Iowa researchers have found a protein that regulates how chromosomes pair up and pass genetic information. FDK-6 dictates the speed at which maternal and paternal chromosome strands move and join in roundworms. The findings were published online this month in The Journal of Cell Biology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Biological Psychiatry
Prenatal infection may alter brain development via epigenetic changes
Maternal infection during pregnancy increases the risk for psychiatric disorders in the child, but the path between the two is something of a mystery. In a study published in Biological Psychiatry, senior author Professor Urs Meyer of the University of Zurich-Vetsuisse in Zurich, Switzerland and colleagues use a mouse model to show that activation of the mother's immune system may cause long-term alterations in the programming of the offspring's genome, known as epigenetic modifications, which lead to behavioral abnormalities in adulthood.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Italian Ministry of University and Research, Canadian Institute of Health Research

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
New technique quickly predicts salt marsh vulnerability
Scientists who developed a rapid assessment technique for determining which US coastal salt marshes are most imperiled by erosion were surprised to find that all eight of the Atlantic and Pacific Coast marshes where they field-tested their method are losing ground. Four of the eight will be gone in 350 years if they don't recapture some lost terrain.
US Geological Survey, National Science Foundation

Contact: Heather Dewar
US Geological Survey

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Prized fossil find illuminates the lives of lizards in the Age of Dinosaurs
Paleontologists from the University of Washington, picking through a bounty of fossils from Montana, have discovered something unexpected -- a new species of lizard from the late dinosaur era, whose closest relatives roamed in faraway Asia.
National Science Foundation, American Museum of Natural History

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
Swarm of underwater robots mimics ocean life
Underwater robots developed by researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego offer scientists an extraordinary new tool to study ocean currents and the tiny creatures they transport. Swarms of these underwater robots helped answer some basic questions about the most abundant life forms in the ocean -- plankton.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Nano Letters
Nanocavity and atomically thin materials advance tech for chip-scale light sources
University of Washington engineers have discovered an important first step towards building electrically pumped nanolasers that are critical to the development of integrated photonic based short-distance optical interconnects and sensors.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
TSRI scientists create first stable semisynthetic organism
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have announced the development of the first stable semisynthetic organism.
National Institutes of Health, NSF/Graduate Research Fellowship, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Labex ARCANE, NanoBio-ICMG Platforms, and American Cancer Society

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Archaeologists uncover new clues to Maya collapse
Using the largest set of radiocarbon dates ever obtained from a single Maya site, a team of archaeologists, led by the University of Arizona, developed a high-precision chronology that sheds new light on patterns leading up to the two major collapses of the Maya civilization.
National Science Foundation, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Geographic Foundation, Alphawood Foundation, University of Arizona Agnes Nelms Haury Program in Environment and Social Justice, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, others

Contact: Alexis Blue
University of Arizona

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology
New technique identifies micropollutants in New York waterways
Cornell University engineers have developed a new technique to test for a wide range of micropollutants in lakes, rivers and other potable water sources that vastly outperforms conventional methods. The new technique -- using high-resolution mass spectrometry -- assessed 18 water samples collected from New York state waterways. A total of 112 so-called micropollutants were found in at least one of the samples.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Systematic Entomology
Wasps, ants, and Ani DiFranco
A University of California, Riverside graduate student has discovered several news species of wasps, including one that she named after musician Ani DiFranco.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans
Arctic melt ponds form when meltwater clogs ice pores
A team including University of Utah mathematician Kenneth Golden has determined how Arctic melt ponds form, solving a paradoxical mystery of how a pool of water actually sits atop highly porous ice.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Proteome Research
80-million-year-old dinosaur collagen confirmed
Utilizing the most rigorous testing methods to date, researchers from North Carolina State University have isolated additional collagen peptides from an 80-million-year-old Brachylophosaurus.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
Scientists discover 6-million-year-old giant otter fossil in China's Yunnan Province
A paper in Journal of Systematic Paleontology, published by Taylor & Francis, reveals the discovery of one of the largest otter species ever found.
National Science Foundation, Yunnan Natural Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Government of Zhaotong, Government of Zhaoyang, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology

Contact: Krystina Sihdu
Taylor & Francis Group

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
Scientists discover large extinct otter
Scientists discover large extinct otter, Siamogale melilutra, from the Miocene Shuitangba site in northeastern Yunnan Province in China. New prehistoric otter was the size of a modern wolf and is one of the largest otter species known to science.
National Science Foundation, Yunnan Natural Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Government of Zhaotong, Government of Zhaoyang, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology

Contact: Patrick Evans
Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Cell Reports
Provocative prions may protect yeast cells from stress
The notorious heritable protein particles known as prions could be features, not bugs, in cells' operating systems. Prion formation could represent a protective response to stress, research in yeast suggests.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Electrocatalysis can advance green transition
Renewable energy is providing an increasing share of the energy supply, but to ensure the green transition continues, it must also be able to furnish us with the fuels and chemicals that combined account for 25 percent of the world's energy consumption. Electrocatalysis is a technology that can do just that, but is facing major challenges, as shown in a recent article in the Science journal.
DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Villum Foundation, Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science Technology and Research, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Jakob Kibsgaard
Technical University of Denmark

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
Humans, not climate change, wiped out Australian megafauna
New evidence involving the ancient poop of some of the huge and astonishing creatures that once roamed Australia indicates the primary cause of their extinction around 45,000 years ago was likely a result of humans, not climate change.
US National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: Gifford Miller
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
New genetic engineering technique could help design, study biological systems
A new technique will help biologists tinker with genes, whether the goal is to turn cells into tiny factories churning out medicines, modify crops to grow with limited water or study the effects of a gene on human health. The technique allows scientists to precisely regulate how much protein is produced from a particular gene. The process is simple yet innovative and, so far, works in everything from bacteria to plants to human cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Discovery Grant, American Cancer Society

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
IT network upgrades support LSUHealthNO research enterprise
The Department of Information Technology at LSU Health New Orleans successfully competed for its first National Science Foundation grant. The $499,640 grant will support a complete cyberinfrastructure overhaul in two key research buildings to create a science demilitarized zone (DMZ) and a high-speed science network for LSU Health New Orleans researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Digital assay of circulating tumor cells may improve diagnosis, monitoring of liver cancer
Use of an advanced form of the commonly used polymerase chain reaction method to analyze circulating tumor cells may greatly increase the ability to diagnose early-stage cancer, increasing the likelihood of successful treatment.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Foundation for Cancer Research, Department of Defense, Prostate Cancer Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Ecology Letters
How much drought can a forest take?
Why do some trees die in a drought and others don't? And how can we predict where trees are most likely to die in future droughts? Scientists from the University of California, Davis, and colleagues examined those questions in a study published in the journal Ecology Letters.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, EPA STAR Fellowship, USDA Hatch Project

Contact: Kat Kerlin
University of California - Davis

Showing releases 526-550 out of 937.

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