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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 526-550 out of 1023.

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Public Release: 19-Apr-2017
ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
3-D-printable implants may ease damaged knees
A cartilage-mimicking material created by researchers at Duke University may allow surgeons to 3-D print knee menisci or other replacement parts that are custom-shaped to each patient's anatomy. The hydrogel-based material is the first to match human cartilage in strength and elasticity while also remaining 3-D-printable and stable inside the body.
Duke University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kara Manke
kara.manke@duke.edu
919-681-8064
Duke University

Public Release: 19-Apr-2017
Computers in Human Behavior
Gaming helps personalized therapy level up
Using game features in non-game contexts, computers can learn to build personalized mental- and physical-therapy programs that enhance individual motivation, according to Penn State engineers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 19-Apr-2017
Scientific Reports
The tale teeth tell about the legendary man-eating lions of Tsavo
Analysis of the microscopic wear on the teeth of the legendary man-eating lions of Tsavo reveals that shortage of normal prey did not drive them to begin killing and eating people.
National Science Foundation, Vanderbilt University, Brown Fund of the Field Museum of Natural History

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017
Science Advances
Researchers quantify grasslands' carbon storage value
Grasslands that feature diverse plant species have more carbon storage capacity than less-diverse grasslands, largely because the former produce more biomass, the researchers say. They found that increasing the number of plant species from one to 10 had twice the value of increasing from one to two species, from the standpoint of carbon storage capacity.
Social Environmental Synthesis Center, National Science Foundation, Biocomplexity Coupled Biogeochemical Cycles, Long-Term Research in Environmental Biology, Dimensions of Biodiversity, Ecosystem Sciences, University of Michigan

Contact: Edward Barbier
ebarbier@uwyo.edu
307-766-2358
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017
NSF CAREER award targets advanced microscopy techniques
Microscopes can offer a detailed look at organisms too small to see with the naked eye, but they have limitations. A physicist from the University of Houston has received a CAREER award from the National Science Foundation to address the issue, developing and testing methods for fast, low-radiation, high-resolution X-ray microscopy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Understanding decisions: The power of combining psychology and economics
A new paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows how collaborations between psychologists and economists lead to better understanding of such decisions than either discipline can on its own.
US National Science Foundation, Swedish Foundation for the Humanities and Social Sciences and the European Union Seventh Framework Program

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017
Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology
Busy city living makes some house finches more savvy than others
House finches that frequent North American cities and towns are better at solving problems than their rural counterparts. They are able to solve new problems even when humans are around, says Meghan Cook of Arizona State University in the US, lead author of a study in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. The study investigated how increased urbanization and human presence affects the behavior and foraging habits of wildlife, and how birds, in particular, cope.
National Science Foundation under grant number BCS-1026865, Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research (CAP LTER)

Contact: Elizabeth Hawkins
elizabeth.hawkins@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017
eLife
New brain research reveals that motor neurons adjust to control tasks
New research from Carnegie Mellon University's College of Engineering and the University of Pittsburgh reveals that motor cortical neurons optimally adjust how they encode movements in a task-specific manner. The findings enhance our understanding of how the brain controls movement and have the potential to improve the performance and reliability of brain-machine interfaces, or neural prosthetics, that assist paralyzed patients and amputees.
National Science Foundation, Pennsylvania Department of Health Research, National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Project Agency

Contact: Hannah Diorio-Toth
hdiorio@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-1208
College of Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Canary in the kelp forest
The one-two punch of warming waters and ocean acidification is predisposing some marine animals to dissolving quickly under conditions already occurring off the Northern California coast, according to a study from the University of California, Davis.
National Science Foundation, University of California Multicampus Research Programs and Initiatives

Contact: Dan Swezey
dsswezey@ucdavis.edu
831-345-6108
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017
Two in the pack: No changes for Isle Royale wolves
Researchers from Michigan Technological University have released the annual Winter Study detailing updates on the ecology of Isle Royale National Park.
National Science Foundation, National Park Service, McIntyre-Stennis Grant, Robert Bateman Endowment at the Michigan Tech Fund, James L. Bigley Revocable Trust, Detroit Zoological Society

Contact: Stefanie Sidortsova
ssidorts@mtu.edu
906-487-1777
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017
Scientific Reports
Pigeon study takes on sexism in science
In experimental research, scientists tend to assume that male and female animals are alike, and mostly use males. But a new study by researchers at UC Davis and the University of New Hampshire, published April 18 in Scientific Reports, shows surprisingly big differences in tissue gene expression between male and female rock doves. The work is part of an attempt to make science more gender-inclusive and aware of physiological and other differences between the sexes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017
Nature Astronomy
Hydrogen halo lifts the veil of our galactic home
UA astronomers Huanian Zhang and Dennis Zaritsky have reported the first detections of diffuse hydrogen wafting about in a vast halo surrounding the Milky Way.
NASA, National Science Foundation, University of Arizona

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-954-1964
University of Arizona

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Nature Scientific Reports
Harnessing heat to power computers
Heat is commonly regarded as computing's mortal enemy. Two Nebraska researchers, however, flipped the question of how to keep computers cool to how to use heat as an alternative energy source.
University of Nebraska-Lincoln Office of Research and Economic Development, Nebraska Research Initiative, National Science Foundation, Nebraska Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Sidy Ndao, mechanical and materials engineering
sndao2@unl.edu
402-472-1623
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Copeia
New many-toothed clingfish discovered with help of digital scans
Scientists at the University of Washington, Texas A&M University and the Western Australian Museum have discovered and named a new genus and species of clingfish after stumbling upon a specimen preserved in a jar dating back to the 1970s. High-resolution scans and 3-D printing helped the researchers make their discovery.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
FASEB Journal
Potential new treatment strategy for neuroinflammation related to severe type of stroke
Scientists have discovered a potential new treatment to reduce the effects of intracerebral hemorrhage. This research has been published online in The FASEB Journal.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health, NIH/Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, National Basic Research Program of China, National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan
cmooneyhan@faseb.org
301-634-7104
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
Nano-SPEARs gently measure electrical signals in small animals
Microscopic probes developed at Rice University simplify the process of measuring electrical activity in the cells of small living animals. The technique could revolutionize data-gathering for disease characterization and drug interactions.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Hamill Foundation, National Science Foundation, Keck Center, Gulf Coast Consortia

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Environmental and Resource Economics
Lyme disease imposes large cost on the northeast United States
In a new study, Yale researchers find that perceived risks of contracting Lyme disease on average cause a person in the Northeast to forego eight 73-minute outdoor trips per year -- exacting a total cost roughly $2.8 billion to $5 billion annually in the densely populated region.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation, NatureNet Science Program

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
kevin.dennehy@yale.edu
203-436-4842
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Academia, industry collaborate on solutions to neural disease, injury
A new National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center will focus on developing and testing new neuraltechnologies with the potential to dramatically enhance patient function across a wide range conditions while both lowering costs and increasing accessibility.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Physical Review Letters
Washington State University physicists create 'negative mass'
Washington State University physicists have created a fluid with negative mass, which is exactly what it sounds like. Push it, and unlike every physical object in the world we know, it doesn't accelerate in the direction it was pushed. It accelerates backwards.
Washington State University New Faculty Seed Grant, National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Forbes
m.forbes@wsu.edu
206-280-9082
Washington State University

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
IEEE Computer
Monitoring troubles of the heart
In the near future, researchers from the USC Viterbi School of Engineering and the USC Dornsife College of Arts, Letters and Sciences believe technology might be employed to help de-escalate any potential conflicts among couples. USC researchers employed multi-modal ambulatory measures to develop a system in order to detect if conflict had occurred between a couple -- a sort of seismometer of the shakes, rattles and rolls in a relationship.
National Science Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, American Psychological Association

Contact: Amy Blumenthal
amyblume@usc.edu
917-710-1897
University of Southern California

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
Columbia engineers invent method to control light propagation in waveguides
Columbia Engineering Professor Nanfang Yu has invented a method to control light propagating in confined pathways, or waveguides, with high efficiency by using nano-antennas. He built photonic integrated devices that had record-small footprints and were also able to maintain optimal performance over an unprecedented broad wavelength range. His method could lead to faster, more powerful, and more efficient optical chips, which in turn could transform optical communications and optical signal processing.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Young Faculty Award, National Science Foundation, NSF/IGERT Program

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
212-854-3206
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Aha! Study examines people as they are struck by sudden insight
Everybody loves those rare 'aha moments' where you suddenly and unexpectedly solve a difficult problem or understand something that had previously perplexed you. But until now, researchers had not had a good way to study how people actually experienced what is called 'epiphany learning.' In new research, scientists at The Ohio State University used eye-tracking technology to see what happens as people figured out how to win a strategy game on a computer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ian Krajbich
Krajbich.1@osu.edu
Ohio State University

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
Nanoparticles reprogram immune cells to fight cancer
Study in Nature Nanotechnology describes new method to transform immune cells, while inside the body, into leukemia-fighting powerhouses.
Fred Hutch's Immunotherapy Initiative, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, Phi Beta Psi Sorority, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Molly McElroy
mwmcelro@fredhutch.org
206-667-6651
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Science fiction horror wriggles into reality with discovery of giant sulfur-powered shipworm
Our world seems to grow smaller by the day as biodiversity rapidly dwindles, but an international team of researchers discovered a never before studied giant, black, mud dwelling, worm-like animal.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Contact: Stacy W. Kish
801-587-2596
University of Utah Health

Public Release: 14-Apr-2017
Plant Cell
Plant genes may lack off switch, but have volume control
UC Davis researchers discover a gene in the model plant Arabidopsis that can function without a promoter, but requires DNA sequences from an intron.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Showing releases 526-550 out of 1023.

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