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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 551-575 out of 920.

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Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Chimpanzees choose cooperation over competition
Tasks that require chimpanzees to work together preferred five-fold, despite opportunities for competition, aggression and freeloading.
NIH/Office of Research Infrastructure Programs, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Newbern
lisa.newbern@emory.edu
404-727-7709
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
American Journal of Physiology
Proton pump found to regulate blood pH in stingrays
Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego have discovered the same enzyme used by 'boneworms' to dissolve whale carcasses, and that helps promote photosynthesis in corals, also regulates blood pH in stingrays. The study could help scientists better understand the enzyme's function in human kidneys to regulate blood and urine functions.
National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, American Physiological Society

Contact: Mario Aguilera
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
2014 Napa earthquake continued to creep, weeks after main shock
The 2014 Napa earthquake continued to creep, weeks after the main shock.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
Research team wins $2 million NSF EFRI grant to explore non-reciprocal elastic wave propagation
A University of Washington mechanical engineering professor will explore non-reciprocal elastic wave propagation in solid-state media through a new four-year, $2 million Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
CBE--Life Sciences Education
Young, gifted, first-generation minority science students motivated by prosocial values
There are as many motives as there are undergraduates taking introductory science courses, but if you look closely at groups of freshmen science students such as those from underrepresented minority (URM) backgrounds, you can see striking motivational differences across and within these groups. That's a major finding in a new survey of 249 freshmen by psychology researchers in California.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Thea Clarke
tclarke@ascb.org
301-347-9304
American Society for Cell Biology

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
Turning textbook highlighting into time well-spent
College students love highlighting textbook passages while they study, and a team of researchers in three states will apply the latest techniques from machine learning and cognitive science to help turn that habit into time well-spent.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
CU Researchers win National Science Foundation grant to study brain
Researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and the University of Colorado Boulder have won a $800,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to try and reconnect neural communication between parts of the brain where it has been severed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Kelly
david.kelly@ucdenver.edu
303-503-7990
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Mussel flexing: Bivalve save drought-stricken marshes, research finds
As coastal ecosystems feel the heat of climate change worldwide, new research shows the humble mussel and marsh grass form an intimate interaction known as mutualism that benefits both partner species and may be critical to helping these ecosystems bounce back from extreme climatic events such as drought.
National Science Foundation's Division of Ocean Sciences and Division of Environmental Biology

Contact: Christine Angelini
christine.angelini@essie.ufl.edu
352-294-7815
University of Florida

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
NSF awards Pitt engineering professor with grant to study decline of pollinating insects
Research will investigate the economic impact of declining insect-mediated pollination in the United States.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach, Director of Marketing and Communications
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Most island vertebrate extinctions could be averted, concludes new study
Eight of every ten species extinctions has occurred on islands, and invasive mammals are the leading reason for those losses. Currently, 40 percent of species at risk of global extinction are island inhabitants. In the most thorough study of its kind, scientists have now analyzed global patterns of island vertebrate extinctions and developed predictive models to help identify places where conservation interventions will provide the greatest benefits to threatened island biodiversity.
National Science Foundation, Switzer Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
SIGCOMM 2016
Interscatter enables first implanted devices, contact lenses, credit cards to 'talk' WiFi
University of Washington engineers have introduced a new way of communicating that allows power-constrained devices such as brain implants, contact lenses, credit cards and smaller wearable electronics to talk to everyday devices such as smartphones and watches.
National Science Foundation, Google Faculty Research Awards

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
Information Systems Research
People ignore software security warnings up to 90 percent of the time
Software developers listen up: if you want people to pay attention to your security warnings on their computers or mobile devices, you need to make them pop up at better times. A new study from BYU finds the status quo of warning messages appearing haphazardly -- while people are typing, watching a video, uploading files, etc. -- results in up to 90 percent of users disregarding them.
National Science Foundation, Google Faculty Research Award

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
toddh@byu.edu
801-422-8373
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
UA phononics pioneer probes the untapped powers of sound
A founder of phononics, the emerging science of sound, receives $1.8 million from the NSF to bend acoustic waves in nature-defying ways.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jill Goetz
jgoetz@email.arizona.edu
520-621-1992
University of Arizona College of Engineering

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
Tulane professor receives grant to improve stem cell survival
Kim O'Connor, a professor in Tulane University's Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, received a three-year $599,638 grant from the National Science Foundation to study ways to improve the survival of mesenchymal stem cells once they are implanted in patients.  
National Science Foundation

Contact: Roger Dunaway
roger@tulane.edu
504-862-8240
Tulane University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
Syracuse University physicists awarded grant study collective behavior of active matter
A physicist at Syracuse University's the College of Arts and Sciences has been awarded a major grant to support her ongoing study of active matter -- collections of self-driven entities that take energy from the environment to produce coordinated motion.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rob Enslin
rmenslin@syr.edu
315-443-9038
Syracuse University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
Scientific Reports
Climate change alters the rules of sperm competition in the sea
Researchers from the University of Exeter have shown that increasing ocean acidification, brought about by manmade carbon emissions, reduces sperm performance in a species of sea urchin.
Natural Environment Research Council, Santander Postgraduate Research Award, National Science Foundation

Contact: Duncan Sandes
D.Sandes@exeter.ac.uk
01-392-722-391
University of Exeter

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
JAMA Psychiatry
Antipsychotic medication poses little risk to developing fetus
Researchers found that the use of APMs in pregnancy does not meaningfully increase the risk of congenital malformations or cardiac malformations, with the possible exception of risperidone.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Child health and Human Development, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Elaine St. Peter
estpeter@partners.org
617-525-6375
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
Neuron
A neuron's hardy bunch
The brain has exquisitely organized communication machinery that ensures ultrafast transmission of signals between neurons. Like cargo-carrying boats, tiny bubbles packed with neurotransmitters dock on standby, ready to unload their cargo upon demand. Research from Harvard Medical School reveals that even when these 'docking stations' are absent or destroyed, a fleet of signaling vessels remain intact and ready to carry their signals across when called upon.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Nancy Lurie Marks Foundation, Brain Research Foundation, Harvard Brain Initiative, Lefler Foundation

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
ekaterina_pesheva@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
Nature
New techniques boost understanding of how fish fins became fingers
The cells that make fin rays in fish play a central role in forming the fingers and toes of four-legged creatures, one of the great transformations required for the descendants of fish to become creatures that walk on land.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, Uehara Memorial Foundation Research Fellowship, Marine Biological Laboratory, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Brinson Foundation

Contact: John Easton
john.easton@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5225
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Slower snowmelt affects downstream water availability in western mountains
Western communities are facing effects of a warming climate with slower and earlier snowmelt reducing streamflows and possibly the amount of water reaching reservoirs used for drinking water and agriculture, according to a study published recently.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, NASA Earth and space Science Fellowship

Contact: Mike Wolterbeek
mwolterbeek@unr.edu
University of Nevada, Reno

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Syracuse University professor John Burdick to study social housing projects in Rio
Over three years, the team will observe a state-planned housing project that aims to provide housing titles to its residents; two buildings managed by a partnership between a housing rights organization and the state; a building physically occupied by squatters who are negotiating rights to turn the building into a self-managed cooperative; and a building of state-subsidized rentals.
National Science Foundation, Economic and Social Research Council

Contact: Jennifer Congel
jacongel@syr.edu
315-443-4286
Syracuse University

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
US taps NCAR technology for new water resources forecasts
As NOAA launches a comprehensive system this month for forecasting water resources, it's turning to NCAR technology. The new forecasting system uses a powerful, NCAR-based computer model, known as WRF-Hydro, to provide continuous predictions of water levels and potential flooding in rivers and streams from coast to coast.
National Science Foundation, NOAA, NASA

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Big fish -- and their pee -- are key parts of coral reef ecosystems
Large, carnivorous fish excrete almost half of the key nutrients, phosphorus and nitrogen, that are essential for the survival of coral reefs.
Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
ACM SIGKDD Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
Data on taxi routes and points of interest may improve crime predictions
Data on how taxis travel through communities and on how people label points of interest on social media could help analysts and criminologists better understand neighborhood crime rates in a city, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Soybean science blooms with supercomputers
Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB) project finds and shares comprehensive genetic and genomic soybean data through support of NSF-sponsored XSEDE high performance computing. SoyKB helps scientists improve soybean traits. XSEDE Stampede supercomputer 370,000 core hour allocation used in resequencing of over 1,000 soybean germplasm lines. XSEDE ECSS established Pegasus workflow that optimized SoyKB for supercomputers. SoyKB migrated workflow to XSEDE Wrangler data intensive supercomputer. Scientific cloud environment Jetstream of XSEDE broadened user base.
National Science Foundation, Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council, United Soybean Board, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jorge Salazar
jorge@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-3980
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Showing releases 551-575 out of 920.

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