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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 551-575 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 12-Oct-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Chemists create new crystal form of insecticide, boosting its ability to fight mosquitoes and malaria
Through a simple process of heating and cooling, New York University researchers have created a new crystal form of deltamethrin -- a common insecticide used to control malaria -- resulting in an insecticide that is up to 12 times more effective against mosquitoes than the existing form.

Contact: Rachel Harrison
New York University

Public Release: 10-Oct-2020
Journal of American Chemical Society
A new strategy for the synthesis of crystalline graphitic nanoribbons
Here, using multiple cutting-edge techniques, we demonstrate that the solid 1,4-diphenylbutadiyne (DPB) undergoes a DDA reaction under 10-20 GPa with the phenyl as the dienophile. The crystal structure at the critical pressure shows that this reaction is "distance-selected".

Contact: Haini Dong
Center for High Pressure Science & Technology Advanced Research

Public Release: 9-Oct-2020
Physical Review Fluids
What tiny surfing robots teach us about surface tension
Propelled by chemical changes in surface tension, microrobots surfing across fluid interfaces lead researchers to new ideas.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kelley Christensen
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 9-Oct-2020
Journal of Human Evolution
Oldest monkey fossils outside of Africa found
Three fossils found in a lignite mine in southeastern Yunan Province, China, are about 6.4 million years old, indicate monkeys existed in Asia at the same time as apes, and are probably the ancestors of some of the modern monkeys in the area, according to an international team of researchers.
National Science Foundation, Penn State, Bryn Mawr

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 9-Oct-2020
Climate Dynamics
Ice melt projections may underestimate Antarctic contribution to sea level rise
Fluctuations in the weather can have a significant impact on melting Antarctic ice, and models that do not include this factor can underestimate the global impact of sea level rise, according to Penn State scientists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 9-Oct-2020
Science Advances
Study shows how climate impacts food webs, poses socioeconomic threat in Eastern Africa
For the first time, a research team has obtained high resolution sedimentary core samples from Lake Tanganyika. The samples show that high frequency variability in climate can lead to major disruptions in how the lake's food web functions. The changes could put millions of people at risk who rely on the lake for food security. The team says the findings are a critical building block toward research-informed policymaking in the Lake Tanganyika region.
UK-Pioneer Endowment, Society of Exploration Geophysicists/Geoscientists Without Borders, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jenny Wells-Hosley
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 9-Oct-2020
Developmental Cell
The choroid plexus: A conduit for prenatal inflammation?
New work offers an unprecedented real-time view of the choroid plexus in a mouse model, providing a glimpse of how disturbances of the mother's immune system during pregnancy disrupt the developing brain.
National Institutes of Health, William Randolph Hearst Fellowship, National Science Foundation, the New York Stem Cell Foundation, the Pediatric Hydrocephalus Foundation, Tommy Fuss Center, the Simons Foundation, Harvard Brain Science

Contact: Bethany Tripp
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 8-Oct-2020
NSF grant to fund research into 'microcleaners' for waterways
Engineers from Cornell University and North Carolina State University have proposed a creative solution: an army of swimming, self-propelled biomaterials called 'microcleaners' that scavenge and capture plastics so they can be decomposed by computationally-engineered microorganisms.
National Science Foundation's Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation program

Contact: Jeff Tyson
Cornell University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2020
Genomic study reveals evolutionary secrets of banyan tree
The banyan fig tree Ficus microcarpa is famous for its aerial roots, which sprout from branches and eventually reach the soil. The tree also has a unique relationship with a wasp that has coevolved with it and is the only insect that can pollinate it. In a new study, researchers identify regions in the banyan fig's genome that promote the development of its unusual aerial roots and enhance its ability to signal its wasp pollinator.
Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor, U. of I. News Bureau
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 8-Oct-2020
Climate projection research may help to battle 'snail fever' worldwide
Projections of temperatures and precipitation amounts in climate change scenarios may be a key component in a large research initiative with the goal to reduce schistosomiasis, also known as 'snail fever,' a debilitating infection that affects some 220 million people worldwide.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Greg Filiano
Stony Brook University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2020
Mechanical forces of biofilms could play role in infections
Studying bacterial biofilms, EPFL scientists have discovered that mechanical forces within them are sufficient to deform the soft material they grow on, e.g. biological tissues, suggesting a "mechanical" mode of bacterial infection.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Gabriella Giorgi-Cavaglieri Foundation, Gebert Ru?f Stiftung, Fondation Beytout

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 8-Oct-2020
Laser & Photonics Reviews
INRS researchers design the world's fastest UV camera
The team of Professor Jinyang Liang, a specialist in ultrafast imaging at the Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS), in collaboration with an international team of researchers, has developed the fastest camera in the world capable of recording photons in the ultraviolet (UV) range in real time. This original research is featured on the front cover of the 10th issue of the journal Laser & Photonics Reviews.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Foundation for Innovation, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Santé, National Science Foundation

Contact: Audrey-Maude Vezina
Institut national de la recherche scientifique - INRS

Public Release: 7-Oct-2020
MobiCom 2020
Airdropping sensors from moths
University of Washington researchers have created a sensor system that can ride aboard a small drone or an insect, such as a moth, until it gets to its destination.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McQuate
University of Washington

Public Release: 7-Oct-2020
Nature Communications
Polar ice, atmospheric water vapor biggest drivers of variation among climate models
A Florida State University researcher is part of a team that has found varying projections on global warming trends put forth by climate change scientists can be explained by differing models' predictions regarding ice loss and atmospheric water vapor.
National Science Foundation, NASA , National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Bill Wellock
Florida State University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2020
Nature Communications
Climate change could mean fewer sunny days for hot regions banking on solar power
Changes to regional climates brought on by global warming could make it so that areas such as the American Southwest that are currently considered ideal for solar power would be less viable in the future, a Princeton-based study suggests. Higher surface temperatures will lead to more moisture, aerosols and particulates in the atmosphere, which may result in less solar radiation and more cloudy days. The study is the first to assess the day-to-day reliability of solar energy under climate change.
USDA Agricultural Research Service, National Science Foundation, PEI Carbon Mitigation Initiative, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Morgan Kelly, Princeton Environmental Institute
Princeton University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2020
Scientific Data
Data tool helps users manage water resources, protect infrastructure
River systems are essential resources for everything from drinking water supply to power generation - but these systems are also hydrologically complex, and it is not always clear how water flow data from various monitoring points relates to any specific piece of infrastructure. Researchers have now developed a tool that draws from multiple databases to help resource managers and infrastructure users make informed decisions about water use on river networks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2020
Science Advances
UMD researchers develop tools to sharpen 3D view of large RNA molecules
University of Maryland scientists developed a method for generating high resolution 3D images of RNA, overcoming challenges limiting 3D analysis and imaging of RNA to only small molecules and pieces of RNA for the past 50 years. Published in Science Advances, the new method, which expands the scope of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, will enable researchers to understand the shape and structure of RNA molecules and learn how they interact with other molecules.

Contact: Kimbra Cutlip
University of Maryland

Public Release: 7-Oct-2020
Astrophysical Journal
New research explores how super flares affect planets' habitability
New research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill will help astrobiologists understand how much radiation planets experience during super flares and whether life could exist on worlds beyond our solar system.
National Science Foundation, Research Corporation Scialog, Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad

Contact: Shantell Kirkendoll
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 7-Oct-2020
JGR: Earth Surface
Sea-level rise projections can improve with state-of-the-art model
Projections of potentially dramatic sea-level rise from ice-sheet melting in Antarctica have been wide-ranging, but a Rutgers-led team has created a model that enables improved projections and could help better address climate change threats.
National Science Foundation, NASA, European Research Council.

Contact: Todd Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2020
Cell Systems
A step toward a universal flu vaccine
Researchers at MIT and the Ragon Institute of MIT, MGH, and Harvard are now working on strategies for designing a universal flu vaccine that could work against any flu strain. In a new study, they describe a vaccine that triggers an immune response against an influenza protein segment that rarely mutates but is normally not targeted by the immune system.
National Institutes of Health, Harvard University Milton Award, Gilead Research Scholars Program, and the National Science Foundation Research Fellowship Program

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Oct-2020
Experience and instinct: Both count when recognizing infant cries
Caregivers learn to decipher differences in newborn cries through a combination of hard-wired instincts and on-the-job experience, a new study in rodents shows.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation Research Fellowship, Leon Levy Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, McKnight Scholarship, Pew Scholarship, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Faculty Scholarshi

Contact: Shira Polan
NYU Langone Health / NYU School of Medicine

Public Release: 7-Oct-2020
Science Advances
Seagrass restoration speeds recovery of ecosystem services
The reintroduction of seagrass into Virginia's coastal bays is one of the great success stories in marine restoration. Now, a long-term monitoring study shows this success extends far beyond a single plant species, rippling out to engender substantial increases in fish and invertebrate abundance, water clarity, and the trapping of pollution-causing carbon and nitrogen.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Army Corps of Engineers, Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program, Virginia Marine Resources Commission's Recreational Fishing License Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Malmquist
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
Cell Reports
Study finds odor-sensing neuron regeneration process is adaptive
Results show that diminished odor stimulation reduces the number of newly-generated neurons that express particular odorant receptors, indicating a selective alteration in the neurogenesis of these neuron subtypes.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kelsea Pieters
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
UM researchers help study largest estimated Greenland ice loss
University of Montana researchers have contributed to a study forecasting significant ice loss in Greenland. According to the study just published in the journal Nature, Greenland will lose more ice this century than in the past 12,000 years if greenhouse gas emissions are not curbed.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Natural Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada, Québec Research Funds

Contact: Jesse V. Johnson
The University of Montana

Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Evolution of the Y chromosome in great apes deciphered
New analysis of the DNA sequence of the male-specific Y chromosomes from all living species of the great ape family helps to clarify our understanding of how this enigmatic chromosome evolved.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute, Institute of Computational and Data Sciences, the Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, Eberly College of Science of t

Contact: Sam Sholtis
Penn State

Showing releases 551-575 out of 1151.

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