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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 551-575 out of 880.

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Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports
Earlier Alzheimer's diagnosis may be possible with new imaging compound
Researchers have developed a chemical compound that detects the Alzheimer's protein amyloid beta better than current FDA-approved agents. The compound potentially could be used in brain scans to identify the signs of Alzheimer's early, or to monitor response to treatment.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Nature Communications
Weak atomic bond, theorized 14 years ago, observed for first time
A Purdue University physicist has observed a butterfly Rydberg molecule, a weak pairing of two highly excitable atoms that he predicted would exist more than a decade ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Patterson Neubert
Purdue University

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Nature Chemistry
TSRI scientists develop new toolkit for exploring protein biology
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a broadly useful method to unmask new functional features of human proteins.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Helen Hay Whitney Foundation, Merck & Co

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
NSF supports completion of The Jefferson Project at Lake George Sensor Network
With support from the National Science Foundation, The Jefferson Project at Lake George is poised to complete the most powerful aquatic monitoring sensor network in existence. Spanning the full 32-mile length of the lake, 41 separate smart sensor platforms will collect roughly nine terabytes of data per year, creating a real-time digital view of the state of the lake.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Analytical Chemistry
Nuclear CSI: Noninvasive procedure could identify criminal nuclear activity
Determining if an individual has handled nuclear materials is a challenge national defense agencies currently face. The standard protocol to detect uranium exposure is through a urine sample; however, urine is able to only identify those who have been recently exposed. Now, scientists at the University of Missouri have developed procedures that will better identify individuals exposed to uranium within one year. Scientists and homeland security experts believe this noninvasive procedure could identify individuals who may be smuggling nuclear materials for criminal purposes.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Applications in Plant Sciences
HybPiper: A bioinformatic pipeline for processing target-enrichment data
Next-generation sequencing technologies allow researchers to quickly sequence many genes across large numbers of species. However, the deluge of sequence data obtained using these high-throughput sequencing techniques requires a substantial amount of computational input to process--a daunting task for many biologists. A recently developed bioinformatics pipeline allows researchers with limited computational skills to quickly and efficiently extract gene regions of interest from sequence data. The pipeline, HybPiper, is described in Applications in Plant Sciences.
US National Science Foundation, Northwestern University Institute for Sustainability and Energy

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Current Directions in Psychological Science
Using science to understand how ballot design impacts voter behavior
Concern over the security of the voting process has been a recurring issue in the run up to the US presidential election. But psychological science suggests that an even bigger problem may lurk within our voting systems: poor design.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Making lasers cool again
Sushil Kumar of Lehigh University's P.C. Rossin College of Engineering and Applied Science believes he's on track to unleash the power of terahertz lasers; he recently received a grant from the NSF, 'Phase-locked arrays of high-power terahertz lasers with ultra-narrow beams,' with a goal of producing vastly greater optical intensities than currently possible -- and removing barriers to widescale research and commercial adoption.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chris Larkin
Lehigh University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study reveals the brain regulates social behavior differently in males and females
The brain regulates social behavior differently in males and females, according to a new study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Natasha De Veauuse Brown, M.P.H.
Georgia State University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Nature Neuroscience
Balancing time & space in the brain: New model holds promise for predicting brain dynamics
A team of scientists has extended the balanced network model to provide deep and testable predictions linking brain circuits to brain activity.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Eye Institute, Research to Prevent Blindness Eye and Ear Foundation of Pittsburgh, Simons Foundation

Contact: John Fedele
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Applications in Plant Sciences
Millions of loci from a thousand plant transcriptomes
Microsatellite markers are used to answer research questions in areas including forensics, population and conservation genetics, and genome mapping. They are a vital tool for researchers with limited budgets, but developing microsatellites can still send research projects overbudget. In Applications in Plant Sciences, researchers have used data sets available in the One Thousand Plant Transcriptomes Project to develop a community resource of over 5 million microsatellites from 1,334 transcriptomes across more than 1,000 plant species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Plant Physiology
Penn Dental team tweaks DNA to improve plant-based medicines
Henry Daniell, a professor of biochemistry and pathology in Penn's School of Dental Medicine, and his research team have designed a software program that converts any given DNA sequence into the sequence that would be preferred by either lettuce or tobacco plants.
National Institutes of Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
UTA engineering professor to use data mining to help patients' diagnosis, treatment
The National Science Foundation has awarded a four-year, $1.32 million grant to Heng Huang, a professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department, to discover biomarkers and phenotypic markers by which image-omics, data-based precision medicine techniques can be used to better treat cancer patients.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Physical Review Letters
Weakness is good...when controlling light
A new study reports that researchers have demonstrated a way to control light with light using one third -- in some cases, even less -- of the energy typically required. The advancement, coupled with other developments, could ultimately lead to more powerful, energy-efficient computer chips and other optics-based technologies.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Boeing

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Nature Methods
FRET-FLIM optimization shows activity of two signaling molecules in single dendritic spine
Researchers at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience and Stanford University teamed up to optimize the imaging technique FRET-FLIM to study the activity of different signaling molecules within a single dendritic spine. This optimized technique will increase both accuracy and efficiency of FRET-FLIM imaging experiments and could potentially increase our understanding of how learning and memory ultimately alters the structure and function of dendritic spines.
Human Frontiers Science Program, NSF Graduate Fellowship, Siebel Scholar Award, National Institute of Health grants, Burroughs Wellcome Foundation Career Award for Medical Scientists, Rita Allen Foundation Scholar Award

Contact: Jennifer Gutierrez
Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Physical Review Letters
Physicists leapfrog accelerators with ultrahigh energy cosmic rays
An international team of physicists has developed a pioneering approach to using Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs) -- the highest energy particles in nature since the Big Bang -- to study particle interactions far beyond the reach of human-made accelerators.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
PLOS Genetics
Study shows link between mitochondrial DNA and autism
Cornell University researchers have confirmed a genetic link between mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is passed on from the mother, and some forms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Cornell University, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, ENN Science and Technology Development Company

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Model expands landscape for signaling protein mutations
Protein pairs in bacteria maintain a sensitive balance between specificity and promiscuity, according to Rice University scientists.
National Science Foundation, Uppsala University, Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Wild cat brains: An evolutionary curveball
The brains of wild cats don't necessarily respond to the same evolutionary pressures as those of their fellow mammals, humans and primates, indicates a surprising new study led by a Michigan State University neuroscientist.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Applications in Plant Sciences
Drones take off in plant ecological research
Long-term, broad-scale ecological data are critical to plant research, but often impossible to collect on foot. Traditional data-collection methods can be time consuming, dangerous, and can compromise sensitive habitats. Micro-unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, eliminate these data-collection pitfalls by flying over landscapes to gather aerial image data. A review in Applications in Plant Sciences explores when and how to use drones in plant research, and applies drone technology in a landscape genetics study.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 30-Oct-2016
Genome Biology
New MutChromSeq technique makes valuable genes easier to find
Scientists at the John Innes Centre in Norwich have applied an innovative technique to wheat and barley genomes that makes it easier to pinpoint specific genes that might be used in crop improvement programs.
John Innes Centre Innovation Fund, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Czech Science Foundation, Czech Republic National Program of Sustainability, Plant Fellows Programme

Contact: Geraldine Platten
John Innes Centre

Public Release: 28-Oct-2016
UD research to use space lab for 'smart' material investigation
The University of Delaware's Eric Furst is leading one of five projects recently selected to conduct fluid dynamics investigations in the International Space Station's US National Laboratory. The program is jointly administered by the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space and the National Science Foundation.
Center for the Advancement of Science in Space, National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 28-Oct-2016
Agricultural and Resource Economics Review
Study: Conservation preferred way to protect drinking water
A new study from the University of Delaware found when given the choice, people prefer to invest their money in conservation, such as protecting key areas of a watershed -- also referred to as green infrastructure -- than traditional water treatment plants -- also referred to as gray infrastructure.
National Science Foundation, USDA/Center for Behavioral and Experimental Agri-Environmental Research

Contact: Andrea Boyle Tippett
University of Delaware

Public Release: 28-Oct-2016
INWT 2017 Special Session on Innovations in Web Technologies
Applied Physics Letters
Researchers surprised at the unexpected hardness of gallium nitride
Four Lehigh engineers have reported a previously unknown property for GaN: Its wear resistance approaches that of diamonds and promises to open up applications in touch screens, space vehicles and radio-frequency microelectromechanical systems, all of which require high-speed, high-vibration technology. The researchers reported their findings in August in Applied Physics Letters n an article titled 'Ultralow wear of gallium nitride.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2016
Biological Station lands $2 million grant to explore floodplain biodiversity
The University of Montana's Flathead Lake Biological Station has been awarded a $2 million grant to study diversity among insects, crustaceans and other arthropods in river floodplains and how they might be affected by climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gordon Luikart
The University of Montana

Showing releases 551-575 out of 880.

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