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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 576-600 out of 1056.

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Public Release: 19-May-2017
American Pain Society Annual Scientific Meeting
Chronic pain amplifies the brain's reaction to new injuries
Chronic pain in any one body part may distort the intensity with which a key brain region perceives pain everywhere else.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Science Foundation, Anesthesia Research Fund of New York University Department of Anesthesiology

Contact: Greg Williams
NYU Langone Health / NYU School of Medicine

Public Release: 18-May-2017
Biology Letters
Life in the Precambrian may have been much livelier than previously thought
An interdisciplinary study suggests that the strange creatures which lived in the Garden of the Ediacaran more than 540 million years ago before animals came on the scene may have been much more dynamic than experts have thought.
National Science Foundation, National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 18-May-2017
Brain fights West Nile Virus in unexpected way
A biochemical self-destruct trigger found in many types of cells takes on a different role in brain cells infected with West Nile virus. In a turnabout, it guards the lives of these cells and calls up the body's defenses. Neurons might be protected by this otherwise self-demise mechanism because they are non-renewable and too important to kill off.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 18-May-2017
Newly discovered brain network offers clues to social cognition
By studying rhesus monkeys, researchers have identified a brain network dedicated to processing social interactions -- a discovery that offers tantalizing clues to the origins of our ability to understand what other people are thinking.
Human Frontier Science Program, Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale, National Science Foundation funded Center for Brains Minds and Machines, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health of the National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katherine Fenz
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 18-May-2017
ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data
Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Management of Data
New tools safeguard census data about where you live and work
New methods enable people to learn as much as possible from census data for policy-making and funding decisions, while guaranteeing that no one can trace the data back to your household or business. Census-related statistics are used to allocate billions of dollars annually for things like disaster relief, roads and schools. Researchers have developed algorithms that guarantee your information stays private without compromising research about your community.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 18-May-2017
Earth's Future
Water efficiency in rural areas is getting worse, even as it improves in urban centers
A nationwide analysis of water use over the past 30 years finds that there is a disconnect between rural and urban areas, with most urban areas becoming more water efficient and most rural areas becoming less and less efficient over time.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 18-May-2017
Nature Communications
Stanford scientists use nanotechnology to boost the performance of key industrial catalyst
Nanoscale stretching or compressing significantly boost the performance of ceria, a material widely used in catalytic converters and clean-energy technologies, Stanford scientists report.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Precourt Institute for Energy at Stanford University

Contact: Mark Shwartz
Stanford University

Public Release: 18-May-2017
Fine-tuning dosage of mutant genes unleashes long-trapped yield potential in tomato plant
A team of plant geneticists at CSHL demonstrates how bringing together beneficial traits in agricultural breeding can have negative consequences. They discover and dissect a case of negative epistasis in a variety of the tomato plant. But they also show how to exploit this knowledge to derive untapped yield potential from the plant. They do so by cross-breeding specimens of the plant carrying different 'dosages' of gene variants responsible for positive and negative traits.
EMBO, National Science Foundation, Next-Generation BioGreen 21 Program, National Science Foundation Plant Genome Research Program, European Research Council, US-Israel Binational Agricultural Research & Development fund

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 17-May-2017
Current Anthropology
Resurrecting identities in the Andes
Ancient people were complex just like you, but until recently, archaeologists' understanding of human identities from the past were limited to broad labels like gender and social status. A new model is combining biological and cultural data to look at the lives of people living in ancient Chile. By studying individuals, researchers are gaining better insight into cultural shifts that took place over generations.
National Science Foundation, Arizona State University, Colorado College, Dumbarton Oaks

Contact: Aaron Pugh
Arizona State University

Public Release: 17-May-2017
Clinical Psychological Science
Brain's hippocampal volume, social environment affect adolescent depression
Research on depression in adolescents in recent years has focused on how the physical brain and social experiences interact. A new University of California, Davis, study, however, shows that adolescents with large hippocampal volume were more, or less, susceptible to feelings of depression depending on how unsafe -- or conversely -- protected they felt in their home and community environments.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, William T. Grant Foundation Mentoring Award, And Scholar Award, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Karen Nikos-Rose
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 17-May-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Solving the mystery of the white oak
Researchers from The Morton Arboretum and Duke University have solved a mystery that has long shrouded our understanding of white oaks: where did they come from?
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kelley Regan
The Morton Arboretum

Public Release: 17-May-2017
University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering receives $425,000 NSF REU award
The NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) grant will provide undergraduate students with research opportunities in the Swanson School's Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, including a 10-week summer research program for students and provide them with a stipend and financial assistance for food, housing, and travel.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach, Director of Marketing and Communications
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 17-May-2017
UCR study sheds light on Earth's first animals
More than 550 million years ago, the oceans were teeming with flat, soft-bodied creatures that fed on microbes and algae and could grow as big as bathmats. Today, researchers at the University of California, Riverside are studying their fossils to unlock the secrets of early life. In their latest study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, the researchers show that Dickinsonia developed in a complex, highly regulated way using a similar genetic toolkit to today's animals.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Exobiology grant

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 17-May-2017
Scientific Reports
Advancing cancer immunotherapy with computer simulations and data analysis
Immunotherapy supercharges the body's own disease-fighting mechanisms to combat cancer. Researchers are using advanced computing resources at TACC to simulate the effects of immunotherapy drugs, develop novel dose-finding designs for clinical trials, and analyze and share next-generation immune protein sequence data. These efforts are helping scientists determine which immune treatments may be most effective for which patients and allowing them to design new and improved immunotherapies.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 17-May-2017
Physical Review X
Destruction of a quantum monopole observed
Scientists at Amherst College (USA) and Aalto University (Finland) have made the first experimental observations of the dynamics of isolated monopoles in quantum matter. The obtained fundamental understanding of monopole dynamics may help in the future to build even closer analogues of the magnetic monopoles.
National Science Foundation, Academy of Finland/Centres of Excellence Program, European Research Council

Contact: David S. Hall
Aalto University

Public Release: 17-May-2017
Study illuminates fate of marine carbon in last steps toward sequestration
New research explains how an ancient group of cells in the dark ocean wrings the last bit of energy from carbon molecules resistant to breakdown.
Simons Foundation International, National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, European Research Council, Austrian Science Fund

Contact: Steve Giovannoni
Oregon State University

Public Release: 17-May-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Wallflower center pack baboons find place
Using high-resolution GPS tracking, UC Davis Assistant Professor Margaret Crofoot and her team of researchers continuously monitored the movements of nearly an entire baboon troop in central Kenya to discover how interactions among group-mates influenced where in the troop individuals tended to be found. Similar to humans, some animals consistently were found in the vanguard of their troop while others crowd to the center or lag in the rear.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Army Research Office, Human Frontiers Science Program

Contact: Karen Nikos-Rose
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 17-May-2017
Earth's atmosphere more chemically reactive in cold climates
A Greenland ice core providing a first glimpse at the history of reactive oxidants shows that for big temperature swings in the past 100,000 years, reactive oxidants are actually higher in cold climates. This means that new mechanisms -- not just water vapor, plant and soil emissions -- must affect the concentration of ozone and other oxidants in the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-May-2017
ACM Asia Conference on Computer and Communications Security (ASIACCS) 2017
Under cyber attack: UH researchers look at how to catch a 'phisher'
As cybersecurity experts scramble to stop another wave of ransomware and malware scams that have infected computers around the world, computer science experts at the University of Houston are 'phishing' for reasons why these types of attacks are so successful.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sara Tubbs
University of Houston

Public Release: 16-May-2017
Nature Communications
New study documents aftermath of a supereruption, and expands size of Toba magma system
The rare but spectacular eruptions of supervolcanoes can cause massive destruction and affect climate patterns on a global scale for decades -- and a new study has found that these sites also may experience ongoing, albeit smaller eruptions for tens of thousands of years after.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Adonara 'Ado' Mucek
Oregon State University

Public Release: 16-May-2017
Scientific Reports
3-D models reveal hidden details of zebrafish behavior
In the first experiments of their kind, researchers found significant discrepancies in data generated when tracking the social behavior of zebrafish in two dimensions as opposed to 3-D. Although the researchers say the cost of 3-D tracking is too expensive to replace 2-D studies, it could significantly reduce the number of fish needed for laboratory experiments.
National Science Foundation, Mitsui USA Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 16-May-2017
Nature Communications
Refining the ocean's thermometer
The chemistry of shells of plankton called foraminifera are a record of past climate. Recent experiments led by UC Davis scientists show magnesium levels vary in foram shells due to different growth rates during daily light/dark cycles.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 16-May-2017
UK researchers identify macrophages as key factor for regeneration in mammals
The team's findings, published today in eLife, shed light on how immune cells might be harnessed to someday help stimulate tissue regeneration in humans.
National Science Foundation Office for International Science and Engineering

Contact: Jenny Wells
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 16-May-2017
$1.5 million NSF grant to explore secrets of electric fish genome
MSU has landed a $1.5 million National Science Foundation grant to develop this cutting-edge technique in electric fish and afford more researchers easy access to this versatile model. Electric fish have already provided deep insights into the very nature of bioelectrogenesis -- the ability to produce electric fields outside the body -- as well as the molecular structure of the synapse, and granted unprecedented insights into the brain circuitry underlying complex behavior.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 16-May-2017
Nature Ecology and Evolution
Travel distances of juvenile fish key to better conservation
Marine reserves -- sections of the ocean where fishing is prohibited -- promote coral reef sustainability by preventing overfishing and increasing fish abundance and diversity. But to be effective, they need to be sized right, and in a way that accounts for how far juvenile fish travel away from their parents after spawning.
Australian Research Council, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Showing releases 576-600 out of 1056.

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