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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 576-600 out of 961.

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Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Finding fault: USU geologist probes earthquake history of Utah's Wasatch Fault
Utah State University geologist Alexis Ault is exploring processes that cause earthquakes in Utah's Wasatch Fault down to the nano-scale.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alexis Ault
alexis.ault@usu.edu
757-784-6452
Utah State University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
USU chemist seeks 'game-changer' in electrochemical water catalysis
Utah State University chemist Yujie Sun is exploring a new oxidative process that would produce value-added organic products in the liquid phase, while simultaneously providing electrons for the production of hydrogen, which would be released in the gas phase.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Yujie Sun
yujie.sun@usu.edu
435-797-7608
Utah State University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
USU scientist explores 'big picture' of hydrologic modeling for water resources management
Using water resources systems analysis and physical geography, Utah State University researcher Sarah Null is developing mathematical models to explore processes and interactions of both built and natural water systems.
National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award

Contact: Sarah Null
sarah.null@usu.edu
435-797-1338
Utah State University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Beach bashing
Last year's El Niņo resulted in unprecedented erosion of the Pacific coastline, according to research by marine scientist David Hubbard.
US Army Corps of Engineers, California Department of Parks and Recreation, California Division of Boating and Waterways, US Geological Survey, Northwest Association of Networked Ocean Observing Systems, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
New delta Scuti: Rare pulsating star 7,000 light years away is 1 of only 7 in Milky Way
The newest delta Scuti (SKOO-tee) star in our night sky is so rare it's only one of seven identified by astronomers in the Milky Way. Discovered at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, the star -- like our sun -- is in the throes of stellar evolution, to conclude as a dying ember in millions of years. Until then, the exceptional star pulsates brightly, expanding and contracting from heating and cooling of hydrogen burning at its core.
Texas Space Grant Consortium, NASA, SMU Dedman College, DOE/National Science Foundation QuarkNet

Contact: Margaret Allen
mallen@smu.edu
214-768-7664
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
A better way to swallow
To develop an improved screening method for dysphagia using high-resolution vibration and sound recordings, the National Science Foundation awarded a five-year, $549,139 CAREER Award to Ervin Sejdic at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering.
National Science Foundation Division of Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
Ventura fault could cause stronger shaking, new research finds
A new study by a team of researchers, including one from UC Riverside, found that the fault under Ventura, Calif., would likely cause stronger shaking during an earthquake and more damage than previously suspected. The Ventura-Pitas Point fault in Southern California has been the focus of much recent attention because it is thought to be capable of magnitude 8 earthquakes. It underlies the city of Ventura and runs offshore, and thus could generate tsunamis.
National Science Foundation, US Geological Survey

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-6397
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society A
'Field patterns' as a new mathematical object
University of Utah mathematicians propose a theoretical framework to understand how waves and other disturbances move through materials in conditions that vary in both space and time. The theory, called 'field patterns,' published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society A.
Minneapolis Institute for Mathematics and its Applications, National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
paul.gabrielsen@utah.edu
801-505-8253
University of Utah

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Extreme temperatures threaten desert songbirds with death by dehydration
According to NASA, 2016 was the hottest year on historical record. Globally, the increase amounted to nearly 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit. And while that might not sound like much of an increase, it could mean the difference between life and death for some bird populations.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Blair Wolf
wolf@unm.edu
505-681-9408
University of New Mexico

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Climate change increases lethal dehydration risk in desert songbirds
As the Earth warms from climate change, the risk of lethal dehydration and mass die-offs of songbirds during heat waves will increase in many areas of the world, according to a study by the University of Nevada, Reno, the University of New Mexico and the University of Massachusetts-Amherst published today in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Wolterbeek
mwolterbeek@unr.edu
University of Nevada, Reno

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Measuring entropy: Scanning-tunneling microscope gives glimpse of the mysterious property
New research shows that the scanning-tunneling microscope (STM), which is used to study changes in the shape of a single molecule at the atomic scale, impacts the ability of that molecule to make these changes. The research is published in the current issue of Nature Communications.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
BarbaraKennedy@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
UH chemist honored for research, STEM education
UH chemist Ding-Shyue (Jerry) Yang has been awarded a CAREER grant from the National Science Foundation in recognition of his work involving the movement of energy and charge across the interface of different materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Desert songbirds may face expanding threat of lethal dehydration
A new study of songbird dehydration and survival risk during heat waves in the desert Southwest suggests that some birds are at risk of lethal dehydration and mass die-offs when water is scarce, and the risk is expected to increase as climate change advances. Using physiological data, hourly temperature maps and modeling, Alex Gerson at UMass Amherst and others investigated how rates of evaporative water loss varied in five bird species with varied body mass.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
PLOS Pathogens
Researchers discover a new link to fight billion-dollar threat to soybean production
Invisible to the naked eye, cyst nematodes are a major threat to agriculture, causing billions of dollars in global crop losses every year. A group of plant scientists, led by University of Missouri researchers, recently found one of the mechanisms cyst nematodes use to invade and drain life-sustaining nutrients from soybean plants. Understanding the molecular basis of interactions between plants and nematodes could lead to the development of new strategies to control these major agricultural pests and help feed a growing global population.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, Huazhong Agricultural University, Scientific and Technological Self-Innovation Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Nature
New mechanical metamaterials can block symmetry of motion, findings suggest
Engineers and scientists at The University of Texas at Austin and the AMOLF institute in the Netherlands have invented the first mechanical metamaterials that easily transfer motion effortlessly in one direction while blocking it in the other.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation and Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

Contact: Sandra Zaragoza
Zaragoza@utexas.edu
512-471-2129
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Astrophysical Journal
Scientists make huge dataset of nearby stars available to public
Today, a team that includes MIT and is led by the Carnegie Institution for Science has released the largest collection of observations made with a technique called radial velocity, to be used for hunting exoplanets. The huge dataset, taken over two decades by the W.M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii, is now available to the public, along with an open-source software package to process the data and an online tutorial.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Nature Microbiology
New protein discovery may lead to new, natural antibiotics
Scientists have discovered a new protein that likely will advance the search for new natural antibiotics, according to a study by Texas A&M AgriLife Research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Phillips
ka-phillips@tamu.edu
979-845-2872
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Nature Biotechnology
Chemical engineers boost bacteria's productivity
MIT chemical engineers have designed a novel genetic switch that allows them to dramatically boost bacteria cells' production of useful chemicals by shutting competing metabolic pathways in the cells. The researchers showed that they could significantly enhance the yield of glucaric acid, a chemical precursor to products such as nylons and detergents.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
NDSS Symposium
Researchers develop first reliable technique to track web users across browsers
A team of researchers led by Yinzhi Cao, assistant professor computer science and engineering at Lehigh University has developed the first cross-browser fingerprinting technique to use machine-level features to identify users. The work is described in a paper called: '(Cross-) Browser Fingerprinting via OS and Hardware Level Features.' Cao and his colleagues are scheduled to present their findings at the Internet Society's Network and Distributed System Security (NDSS) Symposium next week, Feb. 26-March 1 in San Diego, Calif.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
lof214@lehigh.edu
610-758-3224
Lehigh University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2017
Philosophical Transactions B
Mismatched eyes help squid survive ocean's twilight zone
Biologists have gathered the first behavioral evidence that cockeyed squids' mismatched eyes evolved to spot two different sources of light available in the deep sea. Their one large eye is adapted for gazing upwards, searching for shadows of fellow sea creatures against fading sunlight, while their small eye is adapted for gazing downwards, scanning deeper water for bioluminescent flashes, according to researchers at Duke University and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI).
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kara Manke
kara.manke@duke.edu
919-681-8064
Duke University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
50+ year-old protein volume paradox resolved
Research published this week in Nature Communications makes it possible to predict how volume for a given protein will change between the folded and unfolded state. Computations accurately predict how a protein will react to increased pressure, shed light on the inner-workings of life in the ocean depths, and may also offer insights into alien life.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
martim12@rpi.edu
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Discovering what shapes language diversity
A research team led by Colorado State University is the first to use a form of simulation modeling to study the processes that shape language diversity patterns.
National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Guiden
mary.guiden@colostate.edu
970-491-6892
Colorado State University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Protecting bulk power systems from hackers
Most of us take turning the lights on for granted. In reality, the energy we draw from the electrical grid to brighten homes, freeze food and watch TV is part of a complicated and widespread system. Understanding that system's vulnerabilities and reliability is a crucial step towards improving its security.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Allison Mills
awmills@mtu.edu
906-487-2343
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Cold plates and hot melts
The movements of Earth's tectonic plates shape the face of our planet. The sinking of one plate beneath another causes volcanism and earthquakes. As part of the International Ocean Discovery Program, an international science team was able to drill and investigate the origin of a subduction zone for the first time in 2014. The team is now publishing its data in the international scientific journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
International Ocean Discovery Program, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, National Science Foundation, Consortium for Ocean Leadership US Science Support Program

Contact: Jan Steffen
jsteffen@geomar.de
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Physics Letters B
Quest to settle riddle over Einstein's theory may soon be over
Experiments with advanced technology could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, and settle a longstanding puzzle over what is driving the accelerated expansion of the universe.
UK Science Technology Facilities Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Portuguese Foundation of Science and Technology

Contact: Catriona Kelly
Catriona.Kelly@ed.ac.uk
44-779-135-5940
University of Edinburgh

Showing releases 576-600 out of 961.

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