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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 576-600 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
Nature Physics
Experiments with twisted 2D materials catch electrons behaving collectively
A team led by the University of Washington reports that carefully constructed stacks of graphene -- a 2D form of carbon -- can exhibit highly correlated electron properties. The team also found evidence that this type of collective behavior likely relates to the emergence of exotic magnetic states.
National Science Foundation; University of Washington; China Scholarship Council; Ministry of Education Culture Sports Science and Technology of Japan; Japan Science and Technology Agency

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Underwater robots to autonomously dock mid-mission to recharge and transfer data
Robots exploring deep bodies of water can only go so far before needing to recharge and upload data. Purdue University engineers have designed a mobile docking station system that would help them go farther.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Kayla Wiles
Purdue University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Pesticides and food scarcity dramatically reduce wild bee population
The loss of flowering plants and the widespread use of pesticides could be a double punch to wild bee populations. In a new study, researchers at the University of California, Davis, found that the combined threats reduced blue orchard bee reproduction by 57 percent and resulted in fewer female offspring.
UC Davis Jastro Research Award, UC Davis Ecology Graduate Research Fellowship, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, UC Bee Biology Facility

Contact: Amy Quinton
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
Nature Communications
Earth grows fine gems in minutes
Some of Earth's finest gemstones grew in a matter of minutes. Rice University geologists made that discovery while investigating mineral formations that are rich in lithium and rare metals. The research appears this week in Nature Communications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
Environmental Research Letters
Indonesia's old and deep peatlands offer an archive of environmental changes
Researchers probing peatlands to discover clues about past environments and carbon stocks on land have identified peatland on Borneo that is twice as old and much deeper than previously thought. An inland site near Putussibau formed at least 47,800 years old and contains peat 18 meters deep.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
There's a reason bacteria stay in shape
A simple theoretical model seeks to explain why bacteria remain roughly the same size and shape. The work by Rice University chemists could offer new insight into diseases, including cancer.
Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation, Center for Theoretical Biological Physics

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions
The plant hormone auxin may promote disease by regulating virulence gene expression
This work provides another example of how plant hormones can be used by microbes as an environmental cue, which seems to be emerging as a common strategy as scientists learn more about how pathogens and parasites sense their plant hosts.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ashley Bergman Carlin
American Phytopathological Society

Public Release: 6-Oct-2020
Cell Reports Physical Science
Multi-institutional team extracts more energy from sunlight with advanced solar panels
Researchers working to maximize solar panel efficiency said layering advanced materials atop traditional silicon is a promising path to eke more energy out of sunlight. A new study shows that by using a precisely controlled fabrication process, researchers can produce multilayered solar panels with the potential to be 1.5 times more efficient than traditional silicon panels.
The National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Nature Communications
'Like a fishing net,' nanonet collapses to trap drug molecules
Researchers have discovered a new, rapid method for fabricating nanoparticles from a simple, self-assembling polymer, which present new possibilities for diverse applications, including water purification, diagnostics and rapidly generating vaccine formulations.
Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation, Louis A. Simpson and Kimberly K. Querrey Center for Regenerative Nanomedicine Catalyst Award

Contact: Amanda Morris
Northwestern University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences
Seeking ancient rainforests through modern mammal diets
Closed-canopy rainforests are a vital part of Earth's modern ecosystems, but tropical plants don't preserve well in the fossil record so it is difficult to tell how long these habitats have existed and where rainforests might have once grown. Instead, scientists look to the diets of extinct animals, which lock evidence of the vegetation they ate into their teeth. A new study finds that the paradigm used to identify closed-canopy rainforests needs to be reassessed.
National Science Foundation, Columbia University, American Museum of Natural History

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Nature Physics
Scientists find evidence of exotic state of matter in candidate material for quantum computers
Using a novel technique, scientists working at the Florida State University-headquartered National High Magnetic Field Laboratory have found evidence for a quantum spin liquid, a state of matter that is promising as a building block for the quantum computers of tomorrow.
National Science Foundation, State of Florida, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kristen Coyne
Florida State University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
OSU assumes cyberinfrastructure responsibility for OOI
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and Oregon State University (OSU) jointly announced that OSU will assume responsibilities for the systems management of the cyberinfrastructure that makes data transmission for the Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) possible through September of 2023.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Nature Immunology
Ludwig study finds a common nutritional supplement might boost cancer immunotherapy
A Ludwig Cancer Research study has uncovered a mechanism by which the tumor's harsh internal environment sabotages T lymphocytes, leading cellular agents of the anticancer immune response.
Ludwig Cancer Research, Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research, European Research Council, the Kristian Gerhard Jebsen Foundation, the Austrian Science Fund, the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Europe

Contact: Rachel Reinhardt
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Looking sharp: Most detailed image yet of famous stellar nursery
Astronomers using the international Gemini Observatory, a Program of NSF's NOIRLab, have captured the western wall of the Carina Nebula in unprecedented detail in a compelling image released today. The image reveals a number of unusual structures in the nebula. The exquisite detail revealed in the image is in part due to a technology known as adaptive optics, which resulted in a ten-fold improvement in the sharpness of the research team's observations.
National Science Foundation, NRC-Canada, ANID-Chile, MCTIC-Brazil, MINCyT-Argentina, and KASI-Republic of Korea

Contact: Amanda Kocz
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Nature Materials
Lego-like assembly of zeolitic membranes improves carbon capture
EPFL chemical engineers have developed a new way to manufacture zeolitic membranes, state-of-the-art materials used for gas separation in harsh conditions.
Swiss Competence Center for Energy Research: Efficiency of Industrial Processes (SCCER-EIP), Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS)

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Statistical model improves analysis of skin conductance
By accounting for sweat physiology, method can make better use of electrodermal activity for tracking subconscious changes in physical or emotional state.
The JPB Foundation, The National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Picower Institute at MIT

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Method used to track Ebola's trajectory being applied to COVID-19 
University of South Florida Professor Andrew Kramer is utilizing his internationally recognized expertise on the Ebola outbreak and applying it to help pinpoint how COVID-19, which originated in Wuhan, China, became a global pandemic.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tina Meketa
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Scientific Reports
Dozens of mammals could be susceptible to SARS-CoV-2
Numerous animals may be vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, according to a large study modelling how the virus might infect different animals' cells, led by UCL researchers, published in Scientific Reports.
Wellcome, Newton Fund UK-China NSFC initiative, BBSRC, EDCTP PANDORA-ID NET, NIHR UCLH/UCL Biomedical Research Centre, Medical Research Council

Contact: Mark Greaves
University College London

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Disproportionate extinction of South American mammals when Americas collided evident today
North American mammals were the winners when the North and South American continents collided millions of years ago. New research shows that South American mammals went extinct at a disproportionately high rate once the Panama Isthmus connected the continents, allowing migration in either direction.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swedish Research Council, iDiv via the German Research Foundation, Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Contact: Leila Nilipour
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 5-Oct-2020
Historical Biology
Body size of the extinct Megalodon indeed off the charts in the shark world
A new study shows that the body size of the iconic gigantic or megatooth shark, about 15 meters (50 feet) in length, is indeed anomalously large compared to body sizes of its relatives.
US National Science Foundation Sedimentary Geology and Paleobiology Award

Contact: Russell Dorn
Taylor & Francis Group

Public Release: 3-Oct-2020
National Science Review
Amphiphilic AIE-active sensor: Breaking the bottleneck of AIE bioimaging
Currently, aggregation induced emission luminogens (AIEgens) materials reveal excellent performance in bioimaging. However, the current AIEgens suffer from poor targeting selectivity due to undesirable aggregation in hydrophilic biosystem with "always-on" fluorescence or unspecific aggregation in lipophilic organelle with premature activated fluorescence. Wei-Hong Zhu's group from the East China University of Science and Technology have for the first time proposed a novel strategy of "amphiphilic AIEgen" to realize good dispersity in both hydrophilic and lipophilic environments.
NSFC Science Center Program, Creative Research Groups, National key Research and Development Program, NSFC/China, Pujiang Talents Plan, Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Major Project, Program of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities

Contact: Wei-Hong Zhu
Science China Press

Public Release: 3-Oct-2020
Science Advances
High throughput screening identifies molecules that reduce cellular stress
A new paper in the journal Science Advances describes the discovery of several promising small molecules that appear to reduce cellular stress in mouse skin cells and could lengthen life.
Glenn Foundation for Medical Research, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kelly Malcom
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Public Release: 2-Oct-2020
Massachusetts awarded 'future of manufacturing' grant from National Science Foundation
Today, the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced a new 'Future of Manufacturing' grant of $499,955 awarded to a collaboration of Massachusetts organizations, which will help the region's manufacturers pivot their operations to address emerging crises.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Noyes
University of Massachusetts Lowell

Public Release: 2-Oct-2020
UArizona Health Sciences researchers identify new target for creating flavivirus vaccines
Antibodies normally fight viruses, but in the case of flaviviruses, they can make infections worse. UArizona Health Sciences immunologists took a closer look at antibody production to figure out why, which could lead to new methods of developing vaccines for flaviviruses.
National Institutes of Health, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program,

Contact: Stacy Pigott
University of Arizona Health Sciences

Public Release: 2-Oct-2020
Nature Communications
Coastal flooding will disproportionately impact 31 million people globally
Indiana University researchers analyzed these geographic regions, which include cities like New Orleans, Bangkok, and Shanghai, using a new global dataset to determine how many people live on river deltas, how many are vulnerable to a 100-year storm surge event, and the ability of the deltas to naturally mitigate impacts of climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jonathan Hines
Indiana University

Showing releases 576-600 out of 1151.

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