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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 601-625 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 2-Oct-2020
PLOS Computational Biology
Genetic tracing 'barcode' is rapidly revealing COVID-19's journey and evolution
Drexel University researchers have reported a method to quickly identify and label mutated versions of the virus that causes COVID-19. Their analysis, using information from a global database of genetic information gleaned from coronavirus testing, suggests that there are at least 8 to 14 slightly different versions of the virus infecting people in America, some of which are either the same as, or have subsequently evolved from, strains directly from Asia, while others are the same as those found in Europe.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Britt Faulstick
bef29@drexel.edu
215-895-2617
Drexel University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
2020 European Conference on Computer Vision
Tool helps clear biases from computer vision
Researchers at Princeton University have developed a tool that flags potential biases in sets of images used to train artificial intelligence (AI) systems. The work is part of a larger effort to remedy and prevent the biases that have crept into AI systems that influence everything from credit services to courtroom sentencing programs.
National Science Foundation, Google Cloud, Princeton School of Engineering and Applied Science

Contact: Molly Sharlach
sharlach@princeton.edu
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
Science
Ice discharge in the North Pacific set off series of climate events during last ice age
Repeated catastrophic ice discharges from western North America into the North Pacific contributed to, and perhaps triggered, hemispheric-scale changes in the Earth's climate during the last ice age.
National Science Foundation, the Australian Research Council, the Australian-New Zealand IODP Commission and the American Australian Association.

Contact: Maureen Walczak
mo.walczak@oregonstate.edu
541-737-3037
Oregon State University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
NSF award helps professors develop a data science course for non-computing majors
Rochester Institute of Technology professors have received a National Science Foundation award to develop a hands-on data science course for non-computing majors. The course will first be offered at RIT and then across the country, in an effort to promote computing for all.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Scott Bureau
scott.bureau@rit.edu
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
University of Maine to host 2021 National NSF EPSCoR Conference in Portland, Maine
The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Maine more than $700,000 to host the 27th NSF EPSCoR National Conference in Portland, Maine in 2021.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marcella Silver
marcella.silver@maine.edu
207-581-2289
University of Maine

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
Critical Care Explorations
Study reveals element in blood is part of human--and hibernating squirrel--stress response
A new study published in the journal Critical Care Explorations shows for the first time that part of the stress response in people and animals involves increasing the levels of a naturally circulating element in blood. The discovery demonstrates a biological mechanism that rapidly responds to severe physiologic stress and potentially serves to protect us from further damage due to life-threatening conditions.
Army Research Office, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Molly McElroy
mwmcelro@fredhutch.org
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
Researchers will develop green technology to recycle refrigerants that drive climate change
Project EARTH, a research project at the University of Kansas School of Engineering, will develop technology to separate and recycle HFC refrigerant mixtures. The work is supported by a four-year, $2 million grant from the NSF.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
Nature Communications
Gene expression altered by direction of forces acting on cell
Tissues and cells in the human body are subjected to a constant push and pull - strained by other cells, blood pressure and fluid flow, to name a few. The type and direction of the force on a cell alters gene expression by stretching different regions of DNA, researchers at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and collaborators in China found in a new study.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Liz Ahlberg Touchstone
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
Science
Chemical innovation stabilizes best-performing perovskite formulation
Publishing in Science, researchers at EPFL have successfully overcome a limiting problem with stabilizing the best-performing formulation of metal-halide perovskite films, a key player in a range of applications, including solar cells.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, Shanghai Institute of Intelligent Electronics and Systems, Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE)-BFE, Swiss National Science Foundation (NCCR:MUST), European Union's Hori

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
Physical Review Letters
Einstein's description of gravity just got much harder to beat
Astrophysicists put general relativity to a new test with black hole images.
NSF PIRE

Contact: Mikayla Mace
mikaylamace@arizona.edu
520-621-1878
University of Arizona

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
Nature Communications
Climate: Iodic acid influences cloud formation at the North Pole
An international team of scientists from EPFL, the Paul Scherrer Institute and Stockholm University has identified a novel driver of new aerosol particle formation in the Arctic during the summer to fall transition. The authors show that iodic acid is important for forming new particles which subsequently influence the formation of clouds and their radiative effect over the Arctic pack ice.
Swiss National Science Foundation (Grant no. 200021_169090), Swiss Polar Institute and the BNP Paribas Swiss Foundation (Polar Access Fund 2018), Swedish Research Council

Contact: EPFL Mediacom
presse@epfl.ch
41-216-932-222
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
AGU Advances
Earthquake forecasting clues unearthed in strange precariously balanced rocks
Naturally formed balancing boulders could be used to help scientists to forecast large earthquakes more precisely.
Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), National Science Foundation (NSF), British Society for Geomorphology, and Australia's Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO).

Contact: Caroline Brogan
caroline.brogan@imperial.ac.uk
020-759-43415
Imperial College London

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
Current Biology
Pattern in whale songs predicts migration
Through the use of two advanced audio recording technologies, a collaboration of Monterey Bay researchers has found that blue whales switch from nighttime to daytime singing when they are starting to migrate.
This research was funded by the National Science Foundation, Stanford University, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Office of Naval Research, the Office of Naval Operations (Living Marine Resources program) and the California Ocean Alliance.

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2020
Current Biology
Blue whales change their tune before migrating
While parsing through years of recorded blue whale songs looking for seasonal patterns, researchers were surprised to observe that during feeding season in the summer, whales sing mainly at night, but as they prepare to migrate to their breeding grounds for the winter, this pattern reverses and the whales sing during the day. This finding, published October 1 in the journal Current Biology, may explain known inconsistencies in whale song patterns.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Miles Martin
press@cell.com
617-417-7053
Cell Press

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
Environmental Research Letters
Researchers use satellite imaging to map groundwater use in California's central valley
Researchers at the University of California San Diego report in a new study a way to improve groundwater monitoring by using a remote sensing technology (known as InSAR), in conjunction with climate and land cover data, to bridge gaps in the understanding of sustainable groundwater in California's San Joaquin Valley.
National Science Foundation's Innovations at the Nexus of Food, Energy and Water Systems program, NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship and NASA's support for the NISAR mission science team

Contact: Christine Clark
ceclark@ucsd.edu
858-775-8201
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
Powering AI in sensors with energy harvested from nature
Wireless, battery-operated sensor devices are often used to monitor structures in hard-to-reach areas, but the remote location complicates maintenance. Researchers from Pitt and Notre Dame will use a $500K NSF award to apply artificial intelligence and energy-harvesting technology to extend the lifetime of these sensors and devices. The team plans to create a second, small sensor that can trigger a more robust device, thus saving energy and allowing users to change the battery less frequently.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Russell
leah.russell@pitt.edu
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
WVU researcher to tackle the mysteries of dark energy and the universe beyond
A new project led by West Virginia University researcher Kevin Bandura will help scientists understand the nature of dark energy by mapping out the distribution of matter throughout the universe.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paige Nesbit
Paige.Nesbit@mail.wvu.edu
304-293-4135
West Virginia University

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Planktonic sea snails and slugs may be more adaptable to ocean acidification than expected
Pteropods, or "wing-footed" sea snails and slugs, may be more resilient to acidic oceans than previously thought, scientists report. By digging into their evolutionary history, the research team found that pteropods are much older than expected and survived past crises when the oceans became warmer and more acidic. Their findings are a surprising turn of events, as these beautiful and enigmatic marine creatures are currently one of the most adversely affected by ocean acidification.
Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, Amsterdam University Fund, KNAW Ecology Fund, European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, National Science Foundation, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology

Contact: Tomomi Okubo
media@oist.jp
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
NYU Tandon releases 3-D data tracking human interactions outside of COVID hotspots
Employing novel, three-dimensional geospatial methods, as well as two-dimensional virus mapping, an NYU Tandon team captured hyper-local data on movement of people when leaving high infection COVID-19 medical facilities. They created precisely detailed records of what people touched, where they went, and whether they were wearing PPE.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Greenberg
karl.greenberg@nyu.edu
646-519-1996
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
Journal of Phycology
Coral's resilience to warming may depend on iron
How well corals respond to climate change could depend in part on the already scarce amount of iron available in their environment, according to a new study led by Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, NASA Pennsylvania Space Grant Consortium, Academia Sinica, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Gail McCormick
GailMcCormick@psu.edu
814-863-0901
Penn State

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
Science
Largest COVID-19 contact-tracing finds children key to spread, evidence of superspreaders
A Princeton-led study of more than a half-million people in India who were exposed to the novel coronavirus suggests that the virus' continued spread is driven by only a small percentage of those who become infected, known as superspreaders. The study also found that children and young adults are potentially much more important to transmitting the virus than previously thought. The paper is the largest COVID-19 contact-tracing study to date.
National Science Foundation; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Morgan Kelly
mgnkelly@princeton.edu
609-258-2055
Princeton University

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
BioScience
Chronically understudied, fences hold grave ecological threats
Fences are one of humanity's most frequent landscape alterations, with their combined length exceeding even that of roads by an order of magnitude. Despite their ubiquity, they have received far less research scrutiny than many human-built structures. Writing in BioScience (http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biaa103), Alex McIntuff and a global team characterize the current state of fence research and generate a typology to guide future efforts.
Smithsonian, National Science Foundation, GermanFederal Ministry of Education and Research

Contact: James M Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
703-674-2500
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
Nature
Study: Greenland is on track to lose ice faster than in any century over 12,000 years
If human societies don't sharply curb emissions of greenhouse gases, Greenland's rate of ice loss this century is likely to greatly outpace that of any century over the past 12,000 years, a new study concludes. Scientists say the results reiterate the need for countries around the world to take action now to reduce emissions, slow the decline of ice sheets, and mitigate sea level rise.
National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Fonds de recherche du Québec, NASA, G. Unger Vetlesen Foundation

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
Science Advances
The heat is on for building 3D artificial organ tissues
Bioengineers have devised a technology that uses heat to remotely control the positioning and timing of cell functions to build 3-dimensional, artificial, living tissues. They designed 3-D printed fluid systems to supply penetrating heat, which allows them to manipulate the genetic wiring of cells deep in artificial tissues. Their vision for the future is to try to find ways to direct cells to form complex artificial organs that assume some functions of damaged livers.
National Institutes of Health National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Imaging, NIH Environmental Pathology and Toxicology Training, National Science Foundation, Ford Foundation, Washington Research Foundation, Robert J. K

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-475-9809
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 30-Sep-2020
Science Translational Medicine
Bacteria virus combo may be cause of neonatal brain infections in Uganda
A newly identified bacteria and a common virus may be the underlying cause of infection-induced hydrocephalus in Uganda, according to an international team of researchers.
National Institutes of Health Director's Pioneer Award, a National Institutes of Health Director's Transformative Award, the National Center for Advanced Translational Sciences and the National Institutes of Health Intramural Research Program at the Natio

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-5689
Penn State

Showing releases 601-625 out of 1151.

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