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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 626-650 out of 957.

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Public Release: 6-Feb-2017
Nature Chemistry
Scientists discover helium chemistry
The scientists experimentally confirmed and theoretically explained the stability of Na2He. This work could hold clues about the chemistry occurring inside gas giant planets and stars, where helium is a major component.
China Scholarship Council, The National Scholastic Athletics Foundation, National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Russian Science Foundation, National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Asya Shepunova
shepunova@phystech.edu
7-916-813-0267
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 6-Feb-2017
Nature Ecology & Evolution
Research predicts extreme fires will increasingly be part of our global landscape
An international team has used satellite technology to review 23 million fire events globally between 2002-2013, honing in on the 478 most extreme wildfires. They have found fire-prone cities must rethink their defenses or face catastrophic consequences into the future. The researchers used climate change modelling to predict an increase of 20-50 percent in the number of days conducive to extreme wildfire events.
Australian Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Bowman
david.bowman@utas.edu.au
01-161-042-889-4500
University of Tasmania

Public Release: 6-Feb-2017
Nature Ecology and Evolution
Study sheds light on how carnivorous plants acquired a taste for meat
A new study probes the origins of carnivory in several distantly related plants -- including the Australian, Asian and American pitcher plants, which appear strikingly similar to the human (or insect) eye. Although each species developed carnivory independently, the research concludes that the biological machinery required for digesting insects evolved in a strikingly similar fashion in all three. The findings hint that for a plant, the evolutionary routes to carnivory may be few and far between.
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology/Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 6-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Cholera bacteria stab and poison enemies at predictable rates
Living systems that have dynamics about as predictable as a chemical reaction: Bacteria that stab and poison for defense and conquest are charted using math equations that apply to phase separation of metals.
National Science Foundation, NASA Exobiology program, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Wellcome Trust, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Ben Brumfield
ben.brumfield@comm.gatech.edu
404-660-1408
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
China to protect areas of high ecological importance identified by Stanford researchers
Stanford scientists and collaborators determine ecologically valuable areas within China. The country plans to protect these areas as part of an ecological initiative.
Ministry of Finance of China, Paulson Institute, Heren Foundation, Natural Capital Project and National Science Foundation, The Natural Capital Project

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
Physical Review Letters
Research pushes concept of entropy out of kilter
Entropy isn't well understood in systems that aren't at equilibrium, but a new experiment shows a non-equilibrium phenomenon that actually depends upon entropy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
NYU's Panozzo wins NSF CAREER award
New York University Professor Daniele Panozzo has won a 2017 Faculty Early Career Development award from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
The Journal of Neuroscience Methods
With mini-vessels, mini-brains expand research potential
A new study shows that Brown University's mini-brains produce networks of capillaries, an important anatomical feature for lab studies of stroke and other circulation-related brain diseases.
National Science Foundation, National Institues of Health, Brown University, Donna McGraw Weiss and Jason Weiss, Association of Migraine Disorders

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
Virginia Tech team reduces structural vibrations with simple, groundbreaking device
A revolutionary portable device invented by a Virginia Tech professor with help from students promises to make structural vibration-reducing technology universally accessible.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marya Barlow
mbarlow@vt.edu
540-231-2108
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres
Coal mine dust lowers spectral reflectance of Arctic snow by up to 84 percent
Dust released by an active coal mine in Svalbard, Norway, reduced the spectral reflectance of nearby snow and ice by up to 84 percent, according to new University of Colorado Boulder-led research.
National Science Foundation, NASA Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry, Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrological Sciences, University Center in Svalbard

Contact: Alia Khan
khanal@colorado.edu
919-622-5180
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Transparent gel-based robots can catch and release live fish
Engineers at MIT have fabricated transparent, gel-based robots that move when water is pumped in and out of them. The bots can perform a number of fast, forceful tasks, including kicking a ball underwater, and grabbing and releasing a live fish.
Office of Naval Research, MIT Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
BioScience
Marine ecosystems show resilience to climate disturbance
Climate change is one of the most powerful stressors threatening marine biomes. It is hoped that identifying areas of resilience will provide managers valuable decision-making guidance.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Hopkins Marine Life Observatory, TETRIS, MARES, Lenfest Ocean Program

Contact: James M. Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
ACS Environmental Science and Technology Letters
Fast food packaging contains potentially harmful chemicals that can leach into food
A comprehensive analysis of fast food packaging in the US shows that many restaurants use food packaging containing highly fluorinated chemicals, or PFASs. The findings suggest that fast food packaging may be a source of exposure to toxic chemicals, raising concerns about potential health effects.
National Science Foundation, Silent Spring Institute

Contact: Alexandra Goho
goho@silentspring.org
617-332-4288 x232
Silent Spring Institute

Public Release: 31-Jan-2017
Biological Conservation
Large marine protected areas effectively protect reef shark populations
Researchers at Stanford's Hopkins Marine Station find that expanded marine protected areas are successful in limiting fishing and increasing reef shark populations.
Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change, Politecnico di Milano, National Science Foundation

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 31-Jan-2017
Association for Computing Machinery's Symposium on Principles and Practice of Parallel Programming
Optimized compiler yields more-efficient parallel programs
By modifying the 'middle end' of the popular open-source compiler LLVM, MIT computer scientists have created a C compiler that optimizes parallel code better than any other.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 31-Jan-2017
UD's Anderson Janotti receives NSF Career Award to model defects in complex materials
The University of Delaware's Anderson Janotti has won a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award to develop computational models of defects in materials that are used for energy, electronics, and optoelectronics applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 31-Jan-2017
eLife
Habitat features and social behavior impact how baboons move as a group
When deciding what path to take during collective movement, individual baboons will likely follow the road most traveled by their group mates, according to new findings published in eLife.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Army Research Office, Office of Naval Research, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Princeton University, Human Frontier Science Program, and others

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
01-223-855-373
eLife

Public Release: 31-Jan-2017
Journal of the Royal Society Interface
Reversible saliva allows frogs to hang on to next meal
A Georgia Tech study says a frog tongue's stickiness is caused by a reversible saliva in combination with a super soft tongue. A frog's saliva is thick and sticky during prey capture, then turns thin and watery as prey is removed inside the mouth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Maderer
maderer@gatech.edu
404-660-2926
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 31-Jan-2017
Photonics West
Infrared links could simplify data center communications
Data centers are the central point of many, if not most, information systems today, but the masses of wires interconnecting the servers and piled high on racks begins to resemble last year's tangled Christmas-tree lights disaster. Now a team of engineers is proposing to eliminate most of the wires and substitute infrared free-space optics for communications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 31-Jan-2017
American Physical Society Meeting
'Ghost particles' could improve understanding the universe
New measurements of neutrino oscillations, observed at the IceCube Neutrino Observatory at the South Pole, have shed light on outstanding questions regarding fundamental properties of neutrinos. These new measurements of neutrinos as they change from one type to another while they travel were presented at the American Physical Society Meeting in Washington. They could help fill key gaps in the Standard Model, the theory that describes the behavior of fundamental particles at every energy scale scientists have been able to measure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
New Cheyenne supercomputer triples scientific capability with greater efficiency
NCAR is launching operations this month of one of the world's most powerful and energy-efficient supercomputers, providing the nation with a major new tool to advance understanding of the atmospheric and related Earth system sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
Ecosphere
Colorado's wildfire-stricken forests showing limited recovery
Colorado forests stricken by wildfire are not regenerating as well as expected and may partially transform into grasslands and shrublands in coming decades, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder study.
National Science Foundation, Boulder County Open Space

Contact: Tom Veblen
thomas.veblen@colorado.edu
303-492-8528
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
Penn/CHOP study helps inform interventions for global road traffic injury crisis
A research team led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia's Center for Injury Research and Prevention worked with a major US multinational corporation to investigate employee perceptions of road risks and strategies to reduce road traffic injuries. This research was conducted in two Indian cities with some of the highest road traffic injury rates worldwide that are also centers for multinational corporations in the software and technology sectors.
National Science Foundation, NSF/Center for Child Injury Prevention Studies, NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Ed Federico
efed@upenn.edu
215-746-3562
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
International Journal of Cardiology
Preventing blood clots with a new metric for heart function
Scientists from Johns Hopkins University and Ohio State University have discovered a new method for predicting those most at risk for thrombus, or blood clots, in the heart. The critical factor, they found, is the degree to which the mitral jet penetrates into the left ventricle of the heart. The findings were based on simulations performed using the Stampede supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center and validated using patient data.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-8217
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
Iowa State scientist receives grants to improve glacier-flow models, sea-level predictions
Iowa State's Neal Iverson, who has studied glaciers in Iceland and Norway, is working with an international team on two projects that aim to build more realistic computer models of glacier flow. The researchers hope to understand how glaciers will speed up over the next century as the climate warms. They say that could help them predict how much glaciers will contribute to the rise of sea levels.
National Science Foundation, United Kingdom's Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Neal Iverson
mkrapfl@iastate.edu
515-294-8048
Iowa State University

Showing releases 626-650 out of 957.

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