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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 651-675 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 25-Sep-2020
Not just a phase
The University of Pittsburgh's Nathan Youngblood and Feng Xiong, assistant professors of electrical and computer engineering, have received $380,000 from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to study phase-change materials and overcome the challenges inherent in the technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Maggie Pavlick
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 25-Sep-2020
Mason and NYU researchers to study drug and counterfeit illicit supply chains
Louise Shelley, Professor/Director, Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC), Edward Huang, Associate Professor, Systems Engineering and Operations Research, Volgenau School of Engineering, and Damon McCoy, Associate Professor of Computer Science and Engineering in New York University's Tandon School of Engineering, are beginning a multidisciplinary project to understand, model, and disrupt drug and counterfeit illicit supply chains.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
George Mason University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2020
Columbia leads effort to develop a quantum simulator
A Columbia-led team has received a $1 million grant as part of the National Science Foundation's Convergence Accelerator program to develop a quantum simulator that will be accessible to a broad user base via cloud-computing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carla Cantor
Columbia University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2020
Researchers developing data platform for analysis of nonprofit organizations
Mirae Kim, Associate Professor of Nonprofit Studies, and Alan Abramson, Professor of Government, are creating a data platform for scientific analysis of nonprofit organizations in collaboration with researchers at American University, Urban Institute, and Georgia Institute of Technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
George Mason University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2020
Physical Review X
LSU physicists develop a method to improve gravitational wave detector sensitivity
Gravitational wave detectors opened a new window to the universe by measuring the ripples in spacetime produced by colliding black holes and neutron stars, but they are ultimately limited by quantum fluctuations induced by light reflecting off of mirrors. LSU Ph.D. physics alumnus Jonathan Cripe and his team of LSU researchers have conducted a new experiment with scientists from Caltech and Thorlabs to explore a way to cancel this quantum backaction and improve detector sensitivity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Satake
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2020
New study to uncover how climate change and tectonics drove evolution in East Africa
A 17 million-year-old whale fossil discovered in the 1970s is the impetus for new research by an international team led by Stony Brook University that takes a unique approach to uncovering the course of mammalian evolution in East Africa.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Greg Filiano
Stony Brook University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
UTA computer scientists investigating framework for sharing sensor data
Hong Jiang, professor and chair of UTA's Computer Science and Engineering Department, and computer science Professor Hao Che have received a three-year, $499,658 grant from the National Science Foundation for their research. Under their sensing-as-a-service model, users could pay to gain access to data from existing sensors through sensing edge nodes -- computers that act as end-user portals in computing clusters -- with sensor owners voluntarily making the data available in exchange for a share of the subscription payments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
Philosophy of Science
Simpler models may be better for determining some climate risk
Typically, computer models of climate become more and more complex as researchers strive to capture more details of our Earth's system, but according to a team of Penn State researchers, to assess risks, less complex models, with their ability to better sample uncertainties, may be a better choice.
National Science Foundation, Network for Sustainable Climate Risk Management

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
Evolutionary Applications
Tracking shape changes in amazon fish after major river is dammed
A team of biologists led by Craig Albertson and Ph.D. student Chaise Gilbert at the University of Massachusetts Amherst report this week on their comparison between museum collections of cichlid fishes collected before a dam was closed in 1984 on the Tocantins River in the Amazon and contemporary specimens taken from the Tucuruí Reservoir by fishermen 34 years later.
National Science Foundation, Natural History Collections at UMass Amherst, Brazil's Museu Paraense EmílioGoeldi, Belém, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia in Manaus

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts Amherst

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
Optics Express
3D camera earns its stripes at Rice
The Hyperspectral Stripe Projector captures spectroscopic and 3D imaging data for applications like machine vision, crop monitoring, self-driving cars and corrosion detection.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
Nature Communications
How earthquake swarms arise
A new fault simulator maps out how interactions between pressure, friction and fluids rising through a fault zone can lead to slow-motion quakes and seismic swarms.
National Science Foundation, Southern California Earthquake Center

Contact: Josie Garthwaite
Stanford University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
Physical Review Letters
Scientists achieve higher precision weak force measurement between protons, neutrons
Through a one-of-a-kind experiment at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, nuclear physicists have precisely measured the weak interaction between protons and neutrons. The result quantifies the weak force theory as predicted by the Standard Model of Particle Physics.
DOE's Office of Office Science, Spallation Neutron Source at ORNL, National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council

Contact: Sara Shoemaker
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
BMC Biology
Researchers demonstrate how deep learning can advance study of neural degeneration
Researchers have demonstrated the utility of artificial intelligence (AI) in identifying and categorizing neural degeneration in the model organism C. elegans. The tool uses deep learning, a form of AI, and should facilitate and expedite research into neural degeneration.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Job security, finances strongly related to increased anxiety during pandemic
For people still employed during the COVID-19 pandemic, job insecurity and financial concern are associated with greater symptoms of depression and anxiety, according to findings from the UConn School of Nursing published recently in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, or JOEM.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jaclyn M. Severance
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
2020 IEEE 5G World Forum
5G wireless may lead to inaccurate weather forecasts
Upcoming 5G wireless networks that will provide faster cell phone service may lead to inaccurate weather forecasts, according to a Rutgers study on a controversial issue that has created anxiety among meteorologists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
Finding the Achilles' heel of a killer parasite
Two studies led by UT Southwestern researchers shed light on the biology and potential vulnerabilities of schistosomes -- parasitic flatworms that cause the little-known tropical disease schistosomiasis. The findings, published online today in Science, could change the course of this disease that kills up to 250,000 people a year.
National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Wellcome Trust, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: UT Southwestern Medical Center
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Sep-2020
Metal wires of carbon complete toolbox for carbon-based computers
Carbon-based computers have the potential to be a lot faster and much more energy efficient than silicon-based computers, but 2D graphene and carbon nanotubes have proved challenging to turn into the elements needed to construct transistor circuits. Graphene nanoribbons can overcome these limitations, but to date scientists have been made only semiconductors and insulators, not the metallic wires to connect them. UC Berkeley scientists have now achieved the goal of a metallic graphene nanoribbon.
Office of Naval Research, Department of Energy, Center for Energy Efficient Electronics Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
Journal of American Chemical Society
Novel cell membrane model could be key to uncovering new protein properties
Researchers have recently shed light on how cell membrane proteins could be influenced by the lipids around them. By developing a novel type of membrane model, they were able to show that the shape and behavior of a protein can be altered by exposure to different lipid compositions. The research team confirmed the artificial membrane's structure through neutron and x-ray scattering at the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Brookhaven (BNL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL).
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Olivia Trani
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Island-building in Southeast Asia created Earth's northern ice sheets
Tectonic processes are thought to have triggered past ice ages, but how? A new analysis of mountain building in the maritime tropics of Southeast Asia attributes the last ice age, which reached a maximum 15,000 years ago, to increasing rock weathering in the rising island arc from Sumatra to New Guinea over the past 15 million years, with the first ice sheets in the Northern Hemisphere appearing about 3 million years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
UTEP-led team aiming to understand impacts of hybridization awarded $1 million NSF grant
A team of researchers from multiple institutions led by Philip Lavretsky, Ph.D., assistant professor in The University of Texas at El Paso's Department of Biological Sciences, was awarded nearly $1 million in funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to advance ongoing research to understand the adaptive impacts of hybridization between wild and domesticated animal populations.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Victor H. Arreola
University of Texas at El Paso

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
New brain cell-like nanodevices work together to identify mutations in viruses
In the September issue of the journal Nature, scientists from Texas A&M University, Hewlett Packard Labs and Stanford University have described a new nanodevice that acts almost identically to a brain cell. Furthermore, they have shown that these synthetic brain cells can be joined together to form intricate networks that can then solve problems in a brain-like manner.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Texas A&M X-Grants program

Contact: Amy Halbert
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
New study: Face-covering use up, more people are taking COVID-19 threats seriously
A new National Science Foundation-funded survey of six states has found that during the past two months, more people are wearing masks, vaccine uncertainty is on the rise, and many people are overestimating their risk of becoming seriously ill and dying from COVID-19. The results are in a new report published this month by the Risk and Social Policy Group, a team of more than 15 scholars across the country.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert H Wells
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
Tandon Researchers develop method to create colloidal diamonds
The colloidal diamond could make light waves as useful as electrons in computing, and hold promise for a host of other applications. Researchers let by NYU Tandon Professor David Pine have devised a new process for the reliable self-assembly of colloids in a diamond formation that could lead to cheap, scalable fabrication of such structures.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, NRF (South Korea)

Contact: Karl Greenberg
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden
Amazonia racing toward tipping point, fueled by unregulated fires
Amazonia is closer to a catastrophic ecological tipping point than any time in the last 100,000 years, and human activity is the cause.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Belmont Forum, National Geographic Society

Contact: Adam Lowenstein
Florida Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
UC Davis establishes research, training in cultivated meat
Is cultivated meat -- essentially, animal protein grown under lab conditions -- a nourishing prospect to help feed the world, or is it more sizzle than steak? A consortium of researchers at UC Davis aims to explore the long-term sustainability of cultivated meat, supported by a new grant of up to $3.55 million from the National Science Foundation Growing Convergence program, in addition to previous support from the Good Food Institute and New Harvest.

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Showing releases 651-675 out of 1151.

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