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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 651-675 out of 884.

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Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science
Fast driver spotted on evolutionary tracks
A previously unrecognized strategy that living things use to rapidly diversify and evolve has now been uncovered. This strategy -- the modification of proteins after their production to regulate their biological role and other characteristics -- offers an avenue to expand functional diversity beyond the sequences encoded in DNA. Protein modification, such as the adding of a phosphate group, allows organisms to respond to changing environments and adapt to make use of available nutrients.
Ellison Medical Foundation Award, Amgen scholarship, Mary Gates scholarship, National Science Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program, European Research Council, Spanish and Catalan Government

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Plant Cell
Penn study identifies new mechanism of RNA degradation in plants
University of Pennsylvania researchers have discovered a new mechanism by which RNA molecules are degraded.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Researchers probing the beneficial secrets in dolphins' proteins
Why reinvent the wheel when nature has the answer? That's what researcher Michael Janech, Ph.D. of the Medical University of South Carolina, has found to be true, drawing from the field of biomimicry where researchers look to nature for creative solutions to human problems. Janech's inspiration is coming from dolphins who seem to have protective proteins that may contain clues to treatments for aging-associated diseases in humans.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dawn Brazell
brazell@musc.edu
843-792-3622
Medical University of South Carolina

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
UTA researchers use artificial intelligence to enhance cognitive skills in young children
University of Texas at Arlington researchers are using an advanced computational approach or artificial intelligence to help experts assess learning difficulties in children very early in their lives.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science of the Total Environment
Silver nanoparticle concentration too low to be harmful in water supply, paper finds
Silver nanoparticles have a wide array of uses, one of which is to treat drinking water for harmful bacteria and viruses. But do silver nanoparticles also kill off potentially beneficial bacteria or cause other harmful effects to water-based ecosystems? A new paper from a team of University of Missouri College of Engineering researchers says that's not the case.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Changing the consequences of national trauma
New research led by social psychologist Bernhard Leidner at the University of Massachusetts Amherst will look at the consequences of violent trauma for groups and nations and investigate what victims and perpetrators can learn from it to avoid future trauma and conflict.
National Science Foundation, US-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
UTSA researchers work to create smart buildings that can actively talk to smart grids
Bing Dong, assistant professor of mechanical engineering, at the University of Texas at San Antonio, has received a $173,420 grant from the National Science Foundation to support his top-tier research in the development of smart cities. The grant is part of a White House initiative established last year to encourage the development of smart city technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna Carver
joanna.carver@utsa.edu
210-243-4557
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
BioScience
Big data invigorates debate over 'good' science
The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences.
The Science + Society @ State Program at Michigan State University, National Science Foundation's Macrosystems Biology Program, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: James M Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
BioScience
Consequences from Antarctica climate change
PSU scientist reveals how a single warming event in Antarctica may be an indication of future ecosystem changes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Ma
kenma@pdx.edu
954-621-7961
Portland State University

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science Translational Medicine
In a first, brain computer interface helps paralyzed man feel again
For the first time ever researchers at Pitt and UPMC have demonstrated a mind-controlled robotic arm that helps a paralyzed man feel again. A few years ago the team showed how this Brain Computer Interface technology could help a woman feed herself chocolate. Now they have advanced upon the work and shown that the study participant can recognize the location and intensity of the touch. He feels like the sensation is coming from his own fingers.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Arvind Suresh
SureshA2@upmc.edu
412-647-9966
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Cell
Researchers identify enzyme that removes molecular modifications from transfer RNA
New research by scientists from the University of Chicago demonstrates that the enzyme ALKBH1 can remove molecular modifications from transfer RNA, causing a measurable effect on protein translation in the cell. The study, published Oct. 13 in Cell, sheds new light on how cells control gene expression, and suggests the possibility that transfer RNA (tRNA) influences cellular processes beyond protein translation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Matt Wood
matthew.wood@uchospitals.edu
773-702-5894
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science
Drivers of evolution hidden in plain sight
A study published in Science reconstructs the evolutionary history of thousands of protein modifications in 18 related species. Findings highlight a previously unknown strategy for generating the diversity needed for natural selection.
Elison Medical Foundation, Amgen, Mary Gates, National Science Foundation, European Research Council, EMBL

Contact: Mary Todd Bergman
mary@ebi.ac.uk
44-012-234-94665
European Molecular Biology Laboratory - European Bioinformatics Institute

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Science
Future of Antarctic marine protected at risk
Efforts to adopt effective marine protected areas in the Southern Ocean, a global commons containing the world's most pristine marine ecosystems, are being thwarted by political infighting and fishing interests.
Price Fellowship, Switzer Foundation, Center for Ocean Solutions, National Science Foundation, OceanCanada

Contact: Ker Than
kerthan@stanford.edu
650-723-9820
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Psychological Bulletin
Why do some STEM fields have fewer women than others? UW study may have the answer
A new University of Washington study is among the first to look at why women are more represented in some STEM fields than others. Their conclusion: a masculine culture is the most powerful factor.
Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Ecology and Society
Two tales of a city to understand sustainability
Just as there are two sides to every story, sustainability challenges have at least two stories to reach every solution. More than half of the people in the world live in cities. Understanding how cities can have enough water to sustain people, industries and the environment will mean integrating the stories of local struggles and successes with the sweeping narrative of how lands near and far are affected by water demands.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
RIT/NTID awarded $443,000 National Science Foundation grant for educational training
Rochester Institute of Technology's National Technical Institute for the Deaf has been awarded a $443,200 grant from the National Science Foundation to provide additional training for faculty in science, technology, engineering and math disciplines who teach classes in which deaf, hard-of-hearing and hearing students are present. The three-year grant will help develop an 'accessibility toolkit' for faculty who are searching for viable ways to adapt their teaching methodologies to accommodate the learning needs of deaf and hard-of-hearing students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Vienna McGrain
vnccom@rit.edu
585-475-4952
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
American Journal of Human Biology
Indigenous group add to evidence tying cesarean birth to obesity
A Purdue University study of an indigenous group of Maya people reinforces the link between Cesarean births and obesity.
National Science Foundation, Dartmouth College/Claire Garber Goodman Fund for the Anthropological Study of Human Culture

Contact: Amy Patterson Neubert
apatterson@purdue.edu
765-494-9723
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Current Biology
Soybean nitrogen breakthrough could help feed the world
Washington State University biologist Mechthild Tegeder has developed a way to dramatically increase the yield and quality of soybeans. Her greenhouse-grown soybean plants fix twice as much nitrogen from the atmosphere as their natural counterparts, grow larger and produce up to 36 percent more seeds.
National Science Foundation, United States Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Mechthild Tegeder
tegeder@wsu.edu
509-335-7545
Washington State University

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Science China: Earth Sciences
Geospatial knowledge-based verification and improvement of GlobeLand30
Assuring the quality of land-cover data product is one of the major challenges for large-area mapping projects. This problem was solved using a geospatial knowledge-based verification approach during the development of GlobeLand30, the first 30-m resolution global land cover data product in the world.
National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Zhang Weiwei
zww9820@126.com
Science China Press

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Nature
Modeling floods that formed canyons on Earth and Mars
Geomorphologists who study Earth's surface features and processes that formed them have long been interested in how floods, in particular catastrophic outbursts that occur when a glacial lake ice dam bursts, can change a planet's surface, not only on Earth but on Mars. Now geoscience researchers Isaac Larsen at UMass Amherst and Michael Lamb at CalTech propose and test a new model of canyon-forming floods suggestint that deep canyons can be formed in bedrock by significantly less water than previously thought.
Caltech Texaco Prize Postdoctoral Fellowship, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Limnology & Oceanography
Study reveals corals' influence on reef microbes
As they grow, corals are bathed in a sea of marine microbes, such as bacteria, algae, and viruses. While these extremely abundant and tiny microorganisms influence coral communities in a variety of ways, a new study by researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS) and University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) reveals that corals also have an impact on the microbes in waters surrounding them.
National Science Foundation, Dalio Explore Fund, Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences

Contact: WHOI Media Relations Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Nature
Oldest known squawk box suggests dinosaurs likely did not sing
The oldest known vocal organ of a bird has been found in an Antarctic fossil of a relative of ducks and geese that lived more than 66 million years ago during the age of dinosaurs. The discovery of the Mesazoic-era vocal organ -- called a syrinx -- and its apparent absence in nonavian dinosaur fossils of the same age indicate that dinosaurs may not have been able to make noises similar to bird calls we hear today.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs, Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica

Contact: Anton Caputo
anton.caputo@jsg.utexas.edu
512-232-9623
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
UTA researchers developing novel model to guarantee data center service-level objectives
Hao Che, an associate professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department at The University of Texas at Arlington, has earned a three-year, $799,950 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop a model that will make it possible for service providers to guarantee service-level objectives without unneeded resources. The work also aims to help cloud consumers purchase the right resources that best suit their needs. Department Chair Hong Jiang and Professor Jeff Lei are co-principal investigators on the project.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Novel microwave-induced photodynamic therapy could target deeply situated tumors
Physicists at The University of Texas at Arlington have shown that using microwaves to activate photosensitive nanoparticles produces tissue-heating effects that ultimately lead to cell death within solid tumors. This new concept combining microwaves with photodynamic therapy opens up new avenues for targeting deeper tumors and has already proven effective in rapidly and safely reducing tumor size.
The US Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity, National Science Foundation and Department of Homeland Security's joint Academic Research Initiative program, National Basic Research Program of China

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Virus carrying DNA of black widow spider toxin discovered
Biologists sequencing the genome of the WO virus, which infects the bacterial parasite Wolbachia, have discovered that the phage carries DNA that produces black widow spider toxin: the first time an animal-like DNA has been found in such a virus.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Showing releases 651-675 out of 884.

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