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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 676-700 out of 1113.

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Public Release: 12-Jul-2017
Advanced Materials Technologies
Soft and stretchy fabric-based sensors for wearable robots
Wearable technologies are exploding in popularity, but most of the electronic sensors that detect and transmit data from wearables are made of hard, inflexible materials that can restrict both the wearer's natural movements and the accuracy of the data collected. Now, a team of researchers at the Wyss Institute and SEAS at Harvard University has created a highly sensitive soft sensor that leverages textiles in its construction, setting the stage for integration with fabric to make 'smart' robotic apparel.
National Science Foundation, Tubitak, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Warrior Web Program

Contact: Lindsay Brownell
lindsay.brownell@wyss.harvard.edu
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 11-Jul-2017
PeerJ
Botanists discover hundreds of species of fungi in deep coral ecosystems
Botanists from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa have discovered hundreds of potentially new species of fungi in the deep coral ecosystem in the 'Au'au channel off Maui, Hawai'i. These mesophotic coral ecosystems are generally found at depths between 130 - 500 feet and possess abundant plant (algal) life as well as new fish species.
NOAA/Coastal Ocean Program, NOAA/Undersea Research Program's Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory, NOAA/Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, National Science Foundation

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 11-Jul-2017
Nature Communications
Breakthrough tool predicts properties of theoretical materials
UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy used data on approximately 60,000 unique materials from the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Inorganic Crystal Structure Database to create a new methodology they call Properties Labeled Materials Fragments.
DOD-ONR, Russian Scientific Foundation, XSEDE, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Etchison
david_etchison@unc.edu
919-966-7744
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 11-Jul-2017
eLife
UCI study sheds light on regulation of hair growth across the entire body
To paraphrase the classic poem, no hair is an island entire of itself. Instead, University of California, Irvine scientists have discovered that all hairs can communicate with each other and grow in coordination across the entire body. This is regulated by a single molecular mechanism that adjusts by skin region to ensure efficient hair growth - so no bald patches form - and enable distinct hair densities in different body areas.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Edward Mallinckrodt Jr. Foundation, Pew Charitable Trusts, UCI's Center for Complex Biological Systems

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 11-Jul-2017
Scientific Data
Scientists upgrade database tracking global temperatures across millennia
A new version of an international climate database first released in 2013 includes more records that further confirm the disturbing rise in the Earth's temperatures.
National Science Foundations, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Emily Gersema
gersema@usc.edu
213-361-6730
University of Southern California

Public Release: 11-Jul-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
News laser design offers more inexpensive multi-color output
A new Northwestern University study has engineered a more cost-effective laser design that outputs multi-color lasing and offers a step forward in chip-based lasers and miniaturization. The findings could allow encrypted, encoded, redundant and faster information flow in optical fibers, as well as multi-color medical imaging of diseased tissue in real time.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kristin Samuelson
kristin.samuelson@northwestern.edu
847-491-4888
Northwestern University

Public Release: 11-Jul-2017
Researchers to develop new gene-editing method for the study of arthropods
A grant from the National Science Foundation will enable a Penn State-led team of entomologists to develop and disseminate a technology they say could bring gene-editing capabilities within reach of everyday scientists, regardless of the arthropod species they study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Jul-2017
UMass Amherst biologist hopes to unlock secrets of flowers' diversity
There are at least 250,000 species of flowering plants on earth and though their flowers can look radically different, the same core set of genes generates this diversity through developmental processes that are not fully understood, says Madelaine Bartlett at UMass Amherst. She has received an NSF CAREER grant to study how this developmental control works at the gene transcriptional level and how it has changed over the course of evolution.
National Science Foundation, NSF/CAREER Grant

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 11-Jul-2017
ACM SIGGRAPH 2017
Making telescopes that curve and twist
A new tool for computational design allows users to turn any 3-D shape into a collapsible telescoping structure. New mathematical methods developed by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University capture the complex and diverse properties of such structures, which are valuable for a variety of applications in 3-D fabrication and robotics -- particularly where mechanisms must be compact in size and easily deployable.
NSF Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Dan Harary
danharary@siggraph.org
310-859-1831
Association for Computing Machinery

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
The Astrophysical Journal
UA astronomers track the birth of a 'super-earth'
'Synthetic observations' simulating nascent planetary systems could help explain a puzzle -- how planets form -- that has vexed astronomers for a long time.
National Science Foundation, NASA, DOE/Los Alamos National Lab

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-954-1964
University of Arizona

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Geology
Crystals help volcanoes cope with pressure
University of Alaska Fairbanks researchers have discovered that volcanoes have a unique way of dealing with pressure -- through crystals. According to a new study published in the Journal of Geology, if enough crystals can develop in rising magma, then a network of microscopic crystals can lessen the internal pressure of rising magma and reduce the explosiveness of eruptions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Meghan Murphy
mmmurphy3@alaska.edu
907-474-7541
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Nature Genetics
UC San Diego scientists invent new tool for the synthetic biologist's toolbox
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have invented a new method for controlling gene expression across bacterial colonies. The method involves engineering dynamic DNA copy number changes in a synchronized fashion. The results were published in the July 10, 2017 online edition of Nature Genetics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
maguilera@ucsd.edu
858-822-5148
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Spontaneous system follows rules of equilibrium
Discovery could be the beginning of a general framework of rules for seemingly unpredictable non-equilibrium systems.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Emily Ayshford
e-ayshford@northwestern.edu
847-467-1194
Northwestern University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Biomaterials Science
Houston team one step closer to growing capillaries
In their work toward 3-D printing transplantable tissues and organs, bioengineers and scientists from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have demonstrated a key step on the path to generate implantable tissues with functioning capillaries.
National Institutes of Health, Gulf Coast Consortia's John S. Dunn Collaborative Research Fund, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Neotropical Ichthyology
Scientists name new species of fish from the Orinoco region after singer Enya
Scientists have named a new species of fish from the Orinoco River drainage after 'Orinoco Flow' singer-songwriter Enya.
National Science Foundation, Fundação Araucária, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico

Contact: Brian Sidlauskas
Brian.Sidlauskas@oregonstate.edu
541-737-6789
Oregon State University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Nature Geoscience
Oregon-led research opens fresh view on volcanic plumbing systems
Volcanic eruptions such as Mount St. Helens' in 1980 show the explosiveness of magma moving through the Earth's crust. Now geologists are excited about what uplifted granite bodies such as Yosemite's El Capitan say about magma that freezes before it can erupt on the surface.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Nature Communications
How do you build a metal nanoparticle?
A study recently published in Nature Communications by chemical engineers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering explains how metal nanoparticles form.
National Science Foundation CAREER Award

Contact: Paul Kovach, Director of Marketing and Communications
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Scientists make 'squarest' ice crystals ever
An international team of scientists has set a new record for creating ice crystals that have a near-perfect cubic arrangement of water molecules -- a form of ice that may exist in the coldest high-altitude clouds but is extremely hard to make on Earth.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Nature Energy
In the fast lane -- conductive electrodes are key to fast-charging batteries
Can you imagine fully charging your cell phone in just a few seconds? Researchers in Drexel University's College of Engineering can, and they took a big step toward making it a reality with their recent work unveiling of a new battery electrode design in the journal Nature Energy.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Britt Faulstick
bef29@drexel.edu
215-895-2617
Drexel University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Journal of Quaternary Science
Stalagmites from Iranian cave foretell grim future for Middle East climate
The results, which include information during the last glacial and interglacial periods, showed that relief from the current dry spell across the interior of the Middle East is unlikely within the next 10,000 years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Annals of the Entomological Society of America
Citizen science brings monarch butterfly parasitoids to light
Thanks to citizen volunteers, scientists now know more than ever about the flies that attack monarch butterfly caterpillars. Since 1999, volunteers participating in the Monarch Larva Monitoring Project have collected and raised more than 20,000 monarch eggs and caterpillars, and they've recorded incidents of those specimens being parasitized by fly larvae. Findings from this long-running collaboration with researchers at the University of Minnesota are newly published in the Annals of the Entomological Society of America.
University of Minnesota Monarch Lab, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Rominiecki
jrominiecki@entsoc.org
301-731-4535 x3009
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 7-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Litter bugs may protect chocolate supply
Mother's microbiome seems to protect baby cacao plants, a result with important implications for protecting the world's chocolate supply.
National Science Foundation, Smithsonian Tropical Research InstituteMycological Society of America, Garden Club of America, Indiana University, Simons Foundation

Contact: Beth King
kingb@si.edu
20-263-347-002-8216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 7-Jul-2017
Nature Communications
Meniscus-assisted technique produces high efficiency perovskite PV films
A new low-temperature solution printing technique allows fabrication of high-efficiency perovskite solar cells with large crystals intended to minimize current-robbing grain boundaries. The meniscus-assisted solution printing (MASP) technique boosts power conversion efficiencies to nearly 20 percent by controlling crystal size and orientation.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Jul-2017
Science Advances
Powerful new photodetector can enable optoelectronics advances
In a nanoscale photodetector that combines a unique fabrication method and light-trapping structures, a team of engineers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University at Buffalo has overcome obstacles to increasing performance in optoelectronic devices -- like camera sensors or solar cells -- without adding bulk.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, US Department of Energy

Contact: Zhenqiang (Jack) Ma
mazq@engr.wisc.edu
608-261-1095
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 6-Jul-2017
National Science Review
Feel the heat, one touch a time
A research team from the University of Washington and Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology has developed a technique combining atomic force microscopy and finite element simulation to measure local thermal conductivity with nanometer resolution, posed to substantially advance thermoelectric materials characterization.
National Key Research and Development Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Jiangyu Li
jjli@uw.edu
Science China Press

Showing releases 676-700 out of 1113.

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