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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 676-700 out of 1014.

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Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
Physical Review Letters
Information storage with a nanoscale twist
Discovery of a novel rotational force inside magnetic vortices makes it easier to design ultrahigh capacity disk drives.
German Science Foundation, ERC, EU RTN Spinswitch, AGWIRE, COMATT, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle D'Antoni
michelle.dantoni@kaust.edu.sa
King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST)

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
Journal of Applied Physics
The physics of wealth inequality
A Duke engineering professor has proposed an explanation for why the income disparity in America between the rich and poor continues to grow. According to the constructal law of physics, income inequality naturally grows along with the economy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
Nature Communications
Asian dust providing key nutrients for California's giant sequoias
Dust from as far away as the Gobi Desert in Asia is providing more nutrients than previously thought for plants, including giant sequoias, in California's Sierra Nevada mountains, a team of scientists, including several from the University of California, Riverside, have found.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 28-Mar-2017
Nature Communications
Study: Dust helps regulate Sierra Nevada ecosystems
A new study released March 28 in the journal Nature Communications indicates it's important to understand how dust helps vegetation thrive, especially in light of the changing climate and land-use intensification.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lorena Anderson
landerson4@ucmerced.edu
209-228-4406
University of California - Merced

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Remote Sensing of Environment
Satellites reveal bird habitat loss in California
Reduced seasonal flooding of wetlands and farm fields in California's Sacramento Valley threatens a key stopover site for migratory shorebirds, a Duke-led study shows. Landsat satellite images reveal that flooded habitat is most limited during peak spring migration when the birds urgently need resting and feeding sites. Near the peak of migration, an area of seasonally flooded land twice the size of Washington, D.C. has been lost since 1983.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging
Psychologists enlist machine learning to help diagnose depression
Cognitive neuroscientists from The University of Texas at Austin are using the Stampede supercomputer to provide accurate predictions of risk for those with depression and anxiety. They have been able to classify individuals with major depressive disorder with roughly 75 percent accuracy using a machine learning approach. Stampede 2 --which will come online later in 2017 -- will provide the increased computer processing required to incorporate more data and achieve even greater accuracy.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-8217
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Psychophysiology
Brain activity can be used to predict reading success up to 2 years in advance
By measuring brainwaves, it is possible to predict what a child's reading level will be years in advance, according to research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Laszlo
slaszlo@binghamton.edu
607-777-3380
Binghamton University

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
A big leap toward tinier lines
A new interface control technique for block co-polymer self-assembly developed at MIT could provide long-sought method for making even tinier patterns on microchips with lines just 9 nanometers wide.
National Science Foundation and US Army Research Office, MIT/Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Mobile gold fingers
Drugs containing gold have been used for centuries to treat conditions like rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, they might be effective against cancer and HIV. One mechanism by which they work could occur because gold ions force the zinc ions out of zinc fingers -- looped, nucleic acid binding protein domains. American researchers have characterized such 'gold fingers' using ion mobility mass spectrometry. As reported in the journal Angewandte Chemie, they identified the exact gold binding sites.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Mueller
angewandte@wiley-vch.de
Wiley

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Nature Geoscience
The electric sands of Titan
Experiments suggest the particles that cover the surface of Saturn's moon, Titan, are 'electrically charged.' When the wind blows hard enough, Titan's non-silicate granules get kicked up and start to hop in a motion. As they collide, they become frictionally charged, like a balloon rubbing against your hair, and clump together in a way not observed for sand dune grains on Earth -- they become resistant to further motion.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Maderer
maderer@gatech.edu
404-660-2926
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Nature Genetics
How randomness helps cancer cells thrive
In a research effort that merged genetics, physics and information theory, a team at the Schools of Medicine and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University has added significantly to evidence that large regions of the human genome have built-in variability in reversible epigenetic modifications made to their DNA.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Beatriz Vianna
bvianna@jhmi.edu
410-502-9463
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Renewable energy has robust future in much of Africa
Africa's energy demand is expected to triple by 2030. A new Berkeley study shows that the continent's energy needs can be met with renewable power from wind and solar in a way that reduces reliance on undependable hydroelectric power and imported fossil fuels, while at the same time saving money and providing jobs. Good sites exist for solar and wind farms even if one avoids remote or environmentally sensitive areas.
International Renewable Energy Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mouse in the house tells tale of human settlement
Long before the advent of agriculture, hunter-gatherers began putting down roots in the Middle East, building more permanent homes and altering the ecological balance in ways that allowed the common house mouse to flourish, new research in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences indicates. Findings suggest that the roots of animal domestication go back to human sedentism thousands of years prior to what has long been considered the dawn of agriculture.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Fiona Marshall
fmarshal@wustl.edu
314-935-5181
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Protein that regulates brain cell connections could be new target for treating Alzheimer's disease
In experiments with a protein called Ephexin5 that appears to be elevated in the brain cells of Alzheimer's disease patients and mouse models of the disease, Johns Hopkins researchers say removing it prevents animals from developing Alzheimer's characteristic memory losses. In a report on the studies, published online March 27 in The Journal of Clinical Investigation, the researchers say the findings could eventually advance development of drugs that target Ephexin5 to prevent or treat symptoms of the disorder.
BrightFocus Foundation, NIH/National Institute for Mental Health, NIH/National Eye Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Beatriz Vianna
bvianna@jhmi.edu
410-502-9463
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Nature Astronomy
Planetary waves, first found on Earth, are discovered on sun
The same kind of large-scale planetary waves that meander through the atmosphere high above Earth's surface may also exist on the sun, according to a new study led by a scientist at NCAR.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 24-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Biodiversity loss shifts flowering phenology at same magnitude as global warming
Researchers have revealed that declining plant diversity -- from habitat loss, human use, and other environmental pressures -- causes plants to flower earlier, and that the effects of diversity loss on the timing of flowering are similar in magnitude to the effects of global warming. The finding could have a powerful influence on the way scientists study ecosystem changes and measure the effects of global warming.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jessica Guenzel
jg3570@columbia.edu
212-854-0588
Columbia University

Public Release: 24-Mar-2017
UTA quantifying coral species' disease susceptibility by examining immune traits
A biologist from the University of Texas at Arlington is leading a new study aimed at quantifying how susceptible coral species are to disease by examining their immunity through a series of novel experiments and approaches.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 24-Mar-2017
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Hydrophobic proteins on virus surfaces can help purify vaccines
Through experimental and computational tests, new research expands on the theory of virus surface hydrophobicity. By being slightly water-repellent, the outer layers of proteins in virus capsids affect how it interacts with cells and the environment. Understanding this more can improve vaccine production and virus detection.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Allison Mills
awmills@mtu.edu
906-487-2343
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 23-Mar-2017
South American Journal of Herpetology
Predatory lizard enters Brazil clandestinely
Anolis porcatus, a species native to Cuba, has been identified in several areas near the Port of Santos on the São Paulo coast, in Brazil. Its introduction into this area may threaten the survival of local lizard populations. A DNA study suggests these lizards could have come from Florida, where they're also exotic, rather than directly from Cuba.
São Paulo Research Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Samuel Antenor
samuel@fapesp.br
55-113-838-4381
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo

Public Release: 23-Mar-2017
ACS Nano
Artificial photosynthesis steps into the light
Rice University leads a project to create an efficient, simple-to-manufacture oxygen-evolution catalyst that pairs well with semiconductors for advanced solar cells. The technique could lead to unique catalysts for other applications.
National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundationtion, Rice University

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 23-Mar-2017
Science
Most dengue infections transmitted in or near home
The majority of dengue virus infections appear to happen very close to home and are transmitted from the same family of mosquitoes, suggests new research led by the University of Florida and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation, Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System, Armed Services Health Surveillance Health Center

Contact: Derek A.T. Cummings
datc@ufl.edu
352-392-1107
University of Florida

Public Release: 23-Mar-2017
ACS Nano
Laser activated gold pyramids could deliver drugs, DNA into cells without harm
The ability to deliver cargo like drugs or DNA into cells is essential for biological research and disease therapy but cell membranes are very good at defending their territory. Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a new method using gold microstructures to deliver a variety of molecules into cells with high efficiency and no lasting damage.
National Science Foundation 

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 23-Mar-2017
Astrophysical Journal
Astronomers find unexpected, dust-obscured star formation in distant galaxy
Pushing the limits of the largest single-aperture millimeter telescope in the world, and coupling it with gravitational lensing, University of Massachusetts Amherst astronomer Alexandra Pope and colleagues report that they have detected a surprising rate of star formation, four times higher than previously detected, in a dust-obscured galaxy behind a Frontier Fields cluster.
CONACYT, National Science Foundation, INAOE and UMass Amherst, NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Hubble Space Telescope Frontier Fields

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 23-Mar-2017
Angewandte Chemie
Cracking the code of Huntington's disease
Huntington's disease is caused by a gene mutation that causes a protein to build up in the brain. In a world first, EPFL scientists have synthesized and studied modified forms of a mutant part of the protein, deepening our understanding of how it contributes to the disease, and pointing to new therapeutic strategies for treating it.
CHDI foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 23-Mar-2017
eLife
Study shows how brain combines subtle sensory signals to take notice
New research in eLife explains how the developing brain learns to integrate and react to subtle but simultaneous sensory cues -- sound, touch and visual -- that would be ignored individually.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Brown University, Bard University, American Physiological Society

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
410-863-1862
Brown University

Showing releases 676-700 out of 1014.

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