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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 676-700 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
Likely molecular mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis are revealed by network biology
Researchers have built an interactome that includes the lung-epithelial cell host interactome integrated with a SARS-CoV-2 interactome. Applying network biology analysis tools to this human/SARS-CoV-2 interactome has revealed potential molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis for SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic. The research identified 33 high-value SARS-CoV-2 therapeutic targets, which are possibly involved in viral entry, proliferation and survival to establish infection and facilitate disease progression.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Hansen
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
Feeling frisky makes you see what you want to see
A group of psychologists at the University of Rochester and the Israeli-based Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya discovered that we see possible romantic partners as a lot more attractive if we have what the scientists call "a sexy mindset." Under the same condition we also tend to overestimate our own chances of romantic success. Such a mindset, the team found, reduced a person's concerns about being rejected, while simultaneously inducing a sense of urgency to start a romantic relationship.
Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Sandra Knispel
University of Rochester

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
Ambitious project spanning 5 states, 8 institutions will focus on intermittent streams
A major new research project headquartered at the University of Kansas will investigate how intermittent streams -- the half of the world's streams that flow only part of the year -- support both the environment and humankind.
National Science Foundation EPSCoR Track 2

Contact: Brendan Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
ACS Nano
A multishot lensless camera in development could aid disease diagnosis
A new type of imaging that does not require a lens and uses reconfigurable particle-based masks to take multiple shots of an object is being developed by researchers at Penn State. The electric-field directed self-assembling mask technology is expected to have uses in lower-cost and faster disease diagnosis, the enhancement of optical microscopy, and may even lead to thinner cellphone technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 23-Sep-2020
Nature Communications
Researchers uncover tools used by predatory bacteria to escape unharmed from prey cell
Predatory bacteria, capable of invading and consuming harmful bugs such as E .coli and Salmonella, use a unique tool to help them escape the cell they have invaded without harming themselves, according to a new study.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council and by a fellowship to Dr Huwiler from the Swiss National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Jane Icke
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Light: Science & Applications
Single photon emission from isolated monolayer islands of InGaN
Single photon emitters are essential devices for the realization of future optical quantum technologies including optical quantum computing and quantum key distribution. Towards this goal, Scientists in China and Japan identified and characterized a novel type of quantum emitter formed from spatially separated monolayer islands of InGaN sandwiched in a GaN matrix. This new structure could open new opportunities for further quantum devices.
National Key R&D Program of China, Science Challenge Project, NSAF, Beijing Outstanding Young Scientist Program, NSFC-DFG, National Natural Science Foundation of China, KAKENHI Grant-in-Aid for Specially Promoted Research of the Japan Society

Contact: Xinqiang Wang
Light Publishing Center, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics And Physics, CAS

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute
Stanford researchers combine CAT scans and advanced computing to fight wildfires
Engineers at Stanford have used X-ray CT scans, more common in hospital labs, to study how wood catches fire. They've now turned that knowledge into a computer simulation to predict where fires will strike and spread.
National Science Foundation, FM Global, DFG Mercator Fellowship

Contact: Tom Abate
Stanford University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Seismic data explains continental collision beneath Tibet
New imagery reveals the causes of seismic activity deep beneath the Himalaya region, contributing to an ongoing debate over the continental collision process when two tectonic plates crash into each other.
China National Natural Science Foundation, Chinese Geological Survey, National Science Foundation

Contact: Danielle T. Tucker
Stanford University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Making raw data more usable
Gautam Das, a computer science professor at The University of Texas at Arlington, is leading a team of researchers working to address that shortcoming by increasing the role of humans in the data science pipeline.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Under (intraocular) pressure
Piervincenzo Rizzo, PhD, professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering, is leading a project that will help glaucoma patients monitor their intraocular pressure (IOP) at home, giving them and their doctors a clearer picture of eye health. The project recently received $1,099,984 from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Maggie Pavlick
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
New theory predicts movement of different animals using sensing to search
A Northwestern University research team has developed a new theory that can predict the movement of an animal's sensory organs -- such as eyes, ears and nose -- while searching for something vital to its life.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Morris
Northwestern University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Nature Methods
'Firefly' imaging method zooms in on 'the forces within us'
Scientists have developed a new technique using tools made of luminescent DNA, lit up like fireflies, to visualize the mechanical forces of cells at the molecular level.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Naito Foundation, Uehara Memorial Foundation

Contact: Carol Clark
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Communications Earth and Environment
Living in an anoxic world: Microbes using arsenic are a link to early life
Much of life on planet Earth today relies on oxygen to exist, but before oxygen was present on our blue planet, lifeforms likely used arsenic instead. These findings are detailed in research published today in Communications Earth and Environment.
National Science Foundation, Initiative Science-Innovation-Territoires-Économie, and São Paulo Research Foundation.

Contact: Elaina Hancock
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Forest margins may be more resilient to climate change than previously thought
A warming climate and more frequent wildfires do not necessarily mean the western United States will see the forest loss that many scientists expect. Dry forest margins may be more resilient to climate change than previously thought if managed appropriately, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Data project to model range shifts of hundreds of New England plant, animal species
The National Science Foundation awarded $4 million over four years to the EPSCoR Research Infrastructure project to develop novel approaches and software for modeling, visualizing and forecasting spatial and temporal data. The team -- researchers from the University of Maine, University of Vermont, University of Maine at Augusta and Champlain College -- will build some of the first mechanistic models of shifts in species ranges in response to climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Margaret Nagle
University of Maine

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Fungi in a warmer world
Scientists from universities in the UK, US and Argentina are joining forces in a $1m research project to discover what impact an increase in global temperatures could have on the millions of species of fungi around the world.
National Science Foundation, Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Kelly Elliott
Northumbria University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2020
Master's degree in artificial intelligence now within reach of low-income students
The accelerated five-year bachelor's degree in science and master's degree in AI program is designed to adapt curricular and co-curricular support to enable students to complete their degrees in AI, autonomous systems or machine learning, which are critically important to advance America's global competitiveness and national security. With this grant, FAU will recruit and train talented and diverse students who are economically disadvantaged and provide them with a unique opportunity to pursue graduate education in a burgeoning field.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Journal of Research in Science Teaching
Personal interactions are important drivers of STEM identity in girls
Researchers found that nuanced interactions between teachers and campers at a coding camp for middle school girls as well as among the girls themselves impacted how girls viewed themselves as coders.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kristen Coyne
Florida State University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Nature Plants
E. coli bacteria offer path to improving photosynthesis
Cornell University scientists have engineered a key plant enzyme and introduced it in Escherichia coli bacteria in order to create an optimal experimental environment for studying how to speed up photosynthesis, a holy grail for improving crop yields.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsey Hadlock
Cornell University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Nature Materials
Marine sponges inspire the next generation of skyscrapers and bridges
Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) are using the glassy skeletons of marine sponges as inspiration for the next generation of stronger and taller buildings, longer bridges, and lighter spacecraft. The researchers showed that the diagonally-reinforced square lattice-like skeletal structure of Euplectella aspergillum, a deep-water marine sponge, has a higher strength-to-weight ratio than the traditional lattice designs that have used for centuries in the construction of buildings and bridges.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Center for Nanoscale Science renewed at $18 million for six years
The Center for Nanoscale Science, a National Science Foundation Materials Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC), has again successfully renewed its NSF support in the highly competitive MRSEC program. The new iteration of the center encompasses two of NSF's Big Ideas -- 'Quantum Leap' and 'Harnessing the Data Revolution.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Tissue Engineering, Part A
AI could expand healing with bioscaffolds
Artificial intelligence can speed the development of 3D-printed bioscaffolds that help injuries heal, according to researchers at Rice University.
National Institutes of Health, Rice University, National Science Foundation, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Nature Biotechnology
A link between sensory neurons activation and the immune system
Scientists at EPFL, ETHZ and Harvard Medical School/Boston Children's Hospital have developed an implantable technology that enabled the discovery of an interaction between sensory neurons and immune cells.
Bertarelli Foundation, SNSFNIH, Wellcome Trust and the Royal Society (the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under the Marie Skodowska-Curie grant agreement

Contact: Sarah Aubort
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Chemical Science
Researchers discover new molecules for tracking Parkinson's disease
New research describes an innovative method for identifying molecules that can help track the progression of Parkinson's disease. This proof-of-concept study could change the paradigm for how researchers screen and test new molecules for studying a wide range of neurodegenerative diseases.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Parkinson's Disease Foundation, Michael J. Fox Foundation

Contact: Erica Brockmeier
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Nano Energy
Engineers imitate human hands to make better sensors
An international research team has developed "electronic skin" sensors capable of mimicking the dynamic process of human motion. This work could help severely injured people, such as soldiers, regain the ability to control their movements, as well as contribute to the development of smart robotics, according to Huanyu "Larry" Cheng, Dorothy Quiggle Early Career Professor in the Penn State Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics.
National Science Foundation of China, Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China, Fundamental Research Funds for the Provincial Universities of Zhejiang, 111 Project and the Zhejiang Lab's International Talent Fund

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Showing releases 676-700 out of 1151.

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