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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 676-700 out of 933.

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Public Release: 16-Dec-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Turning therapeutic antibodies inside-out to fight cancer
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have camels and llamas to thank for their development of a new cancer treatment that is highly selective in blocking the action of faulty matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs).
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarah.nightingale@ucr.edu
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 16-Dec-2016
Nature Chemical Biology
Tuberculosis virulence factor identified, may be target for new drug
Scientists have discovered the mechanism that hijacks the immune system's response to tuberculosis, revealing an important new drug target for the disease that kills more than 1 million people each year.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation, Camille and Dreyfus Foundation

Contact: Amy Patterson Neubert
apatterson@purdue.edu
765-494-9723
Purdue University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2016
Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems
Rice, Baylor team sets new mark for 'deep learning'
Artificial intelligence and neuroscience experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new 'deep learning' method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do.
Director of National Intelligence's Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity, National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Science and Research, Army Research Office, Office of Naval Research

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2016
Psychological Science
Internet use in class tied to lower test scores
Warning: surfing the internet in class is now linked to poorer test scores, even among the most intelligent and motivated of students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Henion
henion@msu.edu
517-355-3294
Michigan State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2016
Applied Physics Letters
Movable microplatform floats on a sea of droplets
A platform floating on tiny droplets, using hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces, could provide precise motion control for optical devices, MEMS and other systems.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Dec-2016
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Astronomers discover dark past of planet-eating 'Death Star'
An international team of scientists, including researchers from the University of Chicago, has made the rare discovery of a planetary system with a host star similar to Earth's sun. Especially intriguing is the star's unusual composition, which indicates it ingested some of its planets.
São Paulo Research Foundation, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Australian Research Council

Contact: Greg Borzo
gborzo@comcast.net
312-636-8968
University of Chicago

Public Release: 15-Dec-2016
Nature Physics
Fast track control accelerates switching of quantum bits
An international collaboration between physicists at the University of Chicago, Argonne National Laboratory, McGill University, and the University of Konstanz recently demonstrated a new framework for faster control of a quantum bit. First published online Nov. 28, 2016, in Nature Physics, their experiments on a single electron in a diamond chip could create quantum devices that are less to prone to errors when operated at high speeds.
US Department of Energy, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: Greg Borzo
gborzo@comcast.net
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 15-Dec-2016
UMass Amherst and Boston-based PCL Inc. offer new tool for biotech research
A group of University of Massachusetts Amherst researchers who are stewards of the campus' plant cell culture library (PCCL) recently announced a new collaboration with the South Korean biotechnology company PCL Inc. of Seoul and Boston, to provide users worldwide with a new technology for accurate, highly sensitive target-molecule detection in chemically complex plant samples. They also have a new NSF grant to improve and sustain PCCL, one of the largest such collections in the world.
UMass Amherst, PCL Inc., National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 15-Dec-2016
Cell
One gene mutation, two diseases, many insights into human heart function
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes linked a single gene mutation to two types of heart disease: one causes a hole in the heart of infants, and the other causes heart failure. Using cells donated by a family with the mutation, the researchers gained insight into congenital heart disease, human heart development, and healthy heart function.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, American Heart Association, National Science Foundation, Damon Runyon Foundation, Roddenberry Foundation, Younger Family Fund, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Dana Smith
dana.smith@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-734-2532
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 15-Dec-2016
2016 AGU Fall Meeting
Science
Underwater volcano's eruption captured in exquisite detail by seafloor observatory
Seismic data from the 2015 eruption of Axial Volcano, an underwater volcano about 300 miles off the Oregon coast, has provided the clearest look at the inner workings of a volcano where two ocean plates are moving apart.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tectonic shift?
A recent study by researchers at the University of Delaware, the University of Oxford and the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, provides a new data set that scientists can use to better understand plate tectonics -- the movement of the earth's outer layer. Specifically, it contributes to understanding how plates are defined and measured, which is critical for developing computer models and predicting earthquake and volcano activity.
John Fell Fund, Natural Environment Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
2016 AGU Fall Meeting
How soil moisture can help predict power outages caused by hurricanes
In the days before Hurricane Matthew, researchers used satellite maps of soil moisture to help forecast where the power would go out along the East Coast. At the American Geophysical Union meeting this week, they report that their method worked with 91 percent accuracy.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
Brain and Language
How hearing 'twist my arm' engages the brain
Listening to metaphors involving arms or legs loops in a region of the brain responsible for visual perception of those body parts, Emory scientists have discovered. More evidence for 'grounded cognition': the idea that comprehension of abstract concepts in the brain is built upon concrete experiences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
Nature
Researchers work to improve the lifecycle of materials
In a sweeping perspective article published this month in the journal Nature, a trio of Beckman researchers review the field they pioneered more than a decade-and-a-half ago and look at the future of autonomous polymers.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Center of Excellence in Self-healing, Regeneration, and Structural Remodeling, National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects A

Contact: Maeve Reilly
mjreilly@illinois.edu
217-244-7316
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
Scientific Reports
University of Minnesota research shows people can control a robotic arm with only their minds
Researchers at the University of Minnesota have made a major breakthrough that allows people to control a robotic arm using only their minds. The research has the potential to help millions of people who are paralyzed or have neurodegenerative diseases.
National Science Foundation, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Lacey Nygard
ljnygard@umn.edu
612-625-0552
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
BMC Biology
Genome sequence reveals why the whitefly is such a formidable threat to food security
The whitefly genome has been sequenced by researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute in collaboration with an international team. The genome can serve as a foundation to fight this invasive global pest, which feeds on more than 1,000 plant species and spreads at least 300 plant viruses.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation, Swedish Research Council, and others

Contact: Patricia Waldron
pjw85@cornell.edu
607-254-7476
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
Science Translational Medicine
Common breast cancer mutation could be vulnerable to drug combination
Breast cancer cells that carry a certain gene mutation can be induced to die using a combination of an existing targeted therapy along with an investigational molecule tested by Duke Cancer Institute researchers.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Avery
sarah.avery@duke.edu
919-660-1306
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Dec-2016
Science
Against the tide: A fish adapting quickly to lethal levels of pollution
MIAMI--Evolution is working hard to rescue some urban fish from a lethal, human-altered environment, according to a new study published Dec. 9 in the journal Science. Researchers from the University of California, Davis and the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science conducted the study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 13-Dec-2016
American Naturalist
Scientists examine 'perfect storms' fueling vast tropical biodiversity
Biodiversity on earth is greatest in the tropics with the number and variety of species gradually diminishing toward the poles. Understanding exactly what shapes this pattern, known as the latitudinal diversity gradient, is not just key to knowing the nature of life on Earth, but it also could help scientists slow biodiversity loss and protect areas of the globe that generate a disproportionate variety of species.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, John Simon Guggenheim Foundation

Contact: greg borzo
gborzo@comcast.net
312-636-8968
University of Chicago

Public Release: 13-Dec-2016
RIT professor awarded NSF grant to benefit the next generation of games scholars
As a doctoral candidate, Owen Gottlieb received advice from a consortium that eventually led him to a successful teaching and research career. Years later, Gottlieb, an expert in games and learning at Rochester Institute of Technology, is 'paying it forward,' using a National Science Foundation grant that will enable the next generation of gaming scholars and researchers to make inroads in the field of game design and development.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ellen Rosen
Ellen.Rosen@rit.edu
585-475-4950
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Dec-2016
Physical Review B
Measuring radiation damage on the fly
Researchers at MIT and elsewhere have found a new way to measure radiation damage in materials, quickly, cheaply and continuously, using transient grating spectroscopy.
National Science Foundation, Transatomic Power Inc., US Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Dec-2016
U-M researchers map New Zealand landslides with satellites, drones, helicopters, hiking boots
A University of Michigan-led team of geologists and engineers is mapping surface ruptures and some of the tens of thousands of landslides triggered by last month's magnitude-7.8 earthquake in New Zealand.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
Science
Rapid and mass production of graphene, using microwaves
An international team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has discovered a simple new method for producing large quantities of the promising nanomaterial graphene.
National Science Foundation, Rutgers Energy Institute, US Department of Education, Rutgers Aresty Research Assistant Program

Contact: JooHyeon Heo
joohyeonheo@unist.ac.kr
82-522-171-223
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology(UNIST)

Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
Biology Letters
What satellites can tell us about how animals will fare in a changing climate
From the Arctic to the Mojave Desert, terrestrial and marine habitats are quickly changing. Satellites are particularly well-suited to observe habitat transformation and help scientists forecast what animals might do next.
NASA, NSF

Contact: Patrick Lynch
patrick.lynch@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
Science Robotics
New robot has a human touch
Most robots achieve grasping and tactile sensing through motorized means, which can be excessively bulky and rigid. A Cornell University group has devised a way for a soft robot to feel its surroundings internally, in much the same way humans do. A group led by Robert Shepherd, assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering and principal investigator of Organic Robotics Lab, has published a paper describing how stretchable optical waveguides act as curvature, elongation and force sensors in a soft robotic hand.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
mmo59@cornell.edu
607-255-2059
Cornell University

Showing releases 676-700 out of 933.

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