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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 701-725 out of 930.

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Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Local government engagement, decentralized policies can help reduce deforestation
Empowering local governments with forestry decisions can help combat deforestation, but is most effective when local users are actively engaging with their representatives, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder-led study. Using a combination of survey data, census info and satellite images dating back to 2000, the researchers meticulously compared deforestation results from Bolivia and Peru, two countries with differing approaches to forest governance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Krister Andersson
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 9-Dec-2016
Nature Physics
Neutrons identify key ingredients of the quantum spin liquid recipe
Researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology, the University of Tennessee and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutrons to examine the origins of unusual magnetic behavior in a rare earth-based metal oxide, ytterbium-magnesium-gallium-tetraoxide (YbMgGaO4). The material, discovered in 2015, is known to have strange magnetic properties, putting it in a unique category of materials classified as quantum spin liquids.
The Georgia Institute of Technology, National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Jeremy Rumsey
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 9-Dec-2016
2016 American Water Resources Association Annual Conference
Utah State University researchers receive American Water Resources Association Award
Utah State University researchers Enjie Li, Joanna Endter-Wada and Shujuan Li were honored with the 2016 William R. Boggess Award at the American Water Resources Association Annual Conference held Nov. 13-17, in Orlando, Fla.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna Endter-Wada
Utah State University

Public Release: 9-Dec-2016
Nano Energy
Finger swipe-powered phone? We're 1 step closer
The day of charging cellphones with finger swipes and powering Bluetooth headsets simply by walking is now much closer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 9-Dec-2016
Rock layers preserve record of ancient sea tides near Blythe, California
Five million years ago, the Colorado River met the Gulf of California near the present-day desert town of Blythe, California. The evidence, say University of Oregon geologists, is in the sedimentary rocks exposed at the edges of the valley where the river flows today.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association
Satellites, airport visibility readings shed light on troops' exposure to air pollution
Veterans Affairs researchers and colleagues are looking to satellites and airport visibility readings to learn about hazardous air conditions facing deployed troops.
Department of Veterans Affairs, Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pallas A. Wahl
Veterans Affairs Research Communications

Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
Protein disrupts infectious biofilms
Researchers discover a protein that inhibits biofilms of a bacterium responsible for many cystic fibrosis infections.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Sanofi-Aventis Bioengineering Research

Contact: Lori Dajose
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
Nature Communications
Researchers peer into atom-sized tunnels in hunt for better battery
Battery researchers have used a special electron microscope with atomic-level resolution to show that certain large ions can hold open tunnels in a promising electrode material, so that charge-carrying ions like lithium can enter and exit the electrode easily and quickly -- boosting capacity.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Bill Burton
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
Chemical trickery corrals 'hyperactive' metal-oxide cluster
After decades of eluding researchers because of chemical instability, key metal-oxide clusters have been isolated in water, a significant advance for growing the clusters with the impeccable control over atoms that's required to manufacture small features in electronic circuits.
National Science Foundation

Contact: May Nyman
Oregon State University

Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
Higher BMI in adolescence may affect cognitive function in midlife
Scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have found that higher Body Mass Index (BMI), if it begins in adolescence, can affect cognitive function in midlife. However, the effect appears to be restricted to adults who had a lower socioeconomic position as children.
Chief Scientist of the Israel Ministry of Health, Israel Science Foundation, US-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Dov Smith
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
Current Biology
Who needs a body? Not these larvae, which are basically swimming heads
Most animals we study have adult-like bodies early in their development. But researchers at Stanford's Hopkins Marine Station have found that certain marine worms live for months as little more than a head.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Dr. Earl H. Myers and Ethel M. Myers Oceanographic and Marine Biology Trust of Pebble Beach, NASA/Exobiology and the National Science Foundation

Contact: Taylor Kubota, Stanford News Service
Stanford University

Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
Energy Economics
WSU study finds people willing to pay more for new biofuels
When it comes to second generation biofuels, Washington State University research shows that consumers are willing to pay a premium of approximately 11 percent over conventional fuel.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jill McCluskey, WSU School of Economic Sciences
Washington State University

Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
JAMA Oncology
Fossilized evidence of a tumor in a 255-million-year-old mammal forerunner
Paleontologists at the University of Washington report that an extinct mammal relative harbored a benign tumor in its jaw made up of miniature, tooth-like structures. The tumor, a compound odontoma, is common to mammals today. But this animal lived 255 million years ago, before mammals even existed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
Against the tide: A fish adapts quickly to lethal levels of pollution
Evolution is working hard to rescue some urban fish from a lethal, human-altered environment, according to a study led by the University of California, Davis, and published Dec. 9 in the journal Science. Atlantic killifish living in four polluted East Coast estuaries have adapted to levels of highly toxic industrial pollutants that would normally kill them.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Andrew Whitehead
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
Unraveling the secrets of cluster crystallization
A team of researchers at ICIQ in Tarragona (Spain) and Oregon State University (US) combine experimental and computational strategies to understand the secrets behind the crystallization of unprecedented chromium polycations.
National Science Foundation, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Generalitat de Catalunya, Severo Ochoa Excellence, COST Action

Contact: Fernando Gomollón-Bel
34-977-920-200 x370
Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ)

Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Optical probes overcome light scattering in deep-brain imaging, says Neurophotonics report
A solution to the issue of light scattering in neural tissue that hinders illuminating areas deep within the brain in optogenetic procedures has been reported by researchers from Caltech, Stanford University, and Baylor College of Medicine in the journal Neurophotonics, published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics. The team describes implantable, ultra-narrow, silicon-based photonic probes enabling the delivery of complex illumination patterns deep within brain tissue
Kavli Prize Postdoctoral Fellowship in Nanoscience, National Science Foundation, DARPA, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Amy Nel
SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics

Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Decoding cement's shape promises greener concrete
Rice University materials scientists develop techniques to control the microscopic shape of cement particles for the bottom-up manufacture of stronger, more durable and more environmentally friendly concrete.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Big data approach to water quality applied at shale drilling sites
A computer program is diving deep into water quality data from Pennsylvania, helping scientists detect potential environmental impacts of Marcellus Shale gas drilling.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Conservation Physiology
Despite evolutionary inexperience, northern sockeye manage heat stress
Sockeye salmon that evolved in the generally colder waters of the far north still know how to cool off if necessary, an important factor in the species' potential for dealing with global climate change.
National Science Foundation, Coupled Natural Human Systems, Western Alaska Landscape Conservation Cooperative

Contact: Jonathan Armstrong
Oregon State University

Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Progress in Quantum Electronics
Novel label-free microscopy enables dynamic, high-resolution imaging of cell interactions
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have invented a novel live-cell imaging method that could someday help biologists better understand how stem cells transform into specialized cells and how diseases like cancer spread. The Photonic Crystal Enhanced Microscope (PCEM) is capable of monitoring and quantitatively measuring cell adhesion, a critical process involved cell migration, cell differentiation, cell division, and cell death.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Brian Cunningham
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Vadose Zone Journal
Critical zone, critical research
The critical zone extends from the top of the tallest tree down through the soil and into the water and rock beneath it. It stops at what's called the weathering zone -- or where soils first begin to develop. This zone allows crops to grow well and supports our buildings. It also allows for animals and microbes to live, and filters our water. A review of recent research is now available.
National Science Foundation Hydrologic Sciences Program, Critical Zone Observatory Program

Contact: Susan Fisk
American Society of Agronomy

Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Nature Communications
New studies take a second look at coral bleaching culprit
When it comes to coral health, superoxide -- a natural toxin all oxygen-breathing organisms produce -- gets a bad rap.
National Science Foundation, Sidney Stern Memorial Trust, Ocean and Climate Change Institute of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Cheaper and more sustainable sweeteners
Polyalcohols are widely used in the food industry, especially in candy and gum because they bring the sweet without the risk of cavities. Researchers at ICIQ (Tarragona, Spain) and ETH (Zurich, Switzerland) designed a process to obtain sweeteners like mannitol or ribitol from widely available, renewable, cheap products.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Barcelona Supercomputing Center

Contact: Fernando Gomollón-Bel
34-977-920-200 x370
Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ)

Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Science Advances
Stamping technique creates tiny circuits with electronic ink
Engineers at MIT have invented a fast, precise printing process that may make such electronic surfaces an inexpensive reality. In a paper published today in Science Advances, the researchers report that they have fabricated a stamp made from forests of carbon nanotubes that is able to print electronic inks onto rigid and flexible surfaces.
National Science Foundation, MIT Energy Initiative

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Greenland on thin ice?
First-of-their-kind studies provide new insight into the deep history of the Greenland Ice Sheet, looking back millions of years farther than previous techniques allowed. However, the two studies present some strongly contrasting evidence about how Greenland's ice sheet may have responded to past climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Showing releases 701-725 out of 930.

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