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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 701-725 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Nature Nanotechnology
Highly efficient perovskite solar cells with enhanced stability and minimised lead leakage
While the power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) has already greatly improved in the past decade, the problems of instability and potential environmental impact are yet to be overcome. Recently, scientists from City University of Hong Kong (CityU) have developed a novel method which can simultaneously tackle the leakage of lead from PVSCs and the stability issue without compromising efficiency, paving the way for real-life application of perovskite photovoltaic technology.
CityU, HKRGC, Innovation and Technology Support Programme, Guangdong Major Project of Basic and Applied Basic Research, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Joint Laboratory of Optoelectronic and Magnetic Functional Materials, NSF

Contact: P. K. Lee
pikklee@cityu.edu.hk
852-344-28925
City University of Hong Kong

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Study investigates hurricane evacuations in the era of COVID-19
The National Science Foundation has awarded researchers from the University of South Florida funding to study how COVID-19 is impacting hurricane evacuation behaviors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tina Meketa
tmeketa@usf.edu
813-955-2593
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Nature
Mirror-like photovoltaics get more electricity out of heat
New heat-harnessing 'solar' cells that reflect 99% of the energy they can't convert to electricity could help bring down the price of storing renewable energy as heat, as well as harvesting waste heat from exhaust pipes and chimneys.
Army Research Office and the National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 21-Sep-2020
Advanced Materials
The right formula for scaling production of promising material to decontaminate water
An international team of researchers have found a way to refine and reliably produce an unpredictable and hard-to-control material that could impact environmental conservation, energy and consumer electronics. The material, Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2), holds tremendous potential for numerous applications in energy storage, water treatment, gas, chemical and light sensing.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation

Contact: Nat Levy
nat.levy@utexas.edu
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 20-Sep-2020
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
Your cells look young for their age, compared to a chimp's
Many humans live to see their 80s, some even reach 100. But chimpanzees rarely make it past 50, despite sharing 99% of our genetic code. While modern medicine has added years to human lifespans, a study points to a more ancient explanation why humans are the long-lived primate. Part of the secret to human longevity may lie in chemical changes to our DNA that slowed the rate of aging after human ancestors diverged from chimps.
Leakey Foundation, National Science Foundation, Yale MacMillan Center for International Studies, Yale Institute for Biospheric Studies, The George Washington University, Yale University

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 20-Sep-2020
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
Male baboons with female friends live longer
Opposite-sex friendships can have non-romantic benefits. And not just for people, but for our primate cousins, too. A 35-year study of 542 baboons finds that males that have close female friends have higher rates of survival. Previous studies have assumed that males befriend females to protect their offspring, or to boost their chances of mating later on. But the new study points to an additional benefit: female friends may help them live a longer life.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Science Foundation, Duke University, Princeton University, University of Notre Dame

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2020
APL Photonics
Rochester researchers document an optical fiber beyond compare
A new anti-resonant hollow core optical fiber produces a thousand times less "noise" interfering with signals it transmits compared to the single-mode fibers now widely used. This is the lowest level ever recorded from interference caused by acoustic phonons arising from the glass in the fiber at room temperatures, researchers at the University of Rochester report.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Bob Marcotte
bmarcotte@ur.rochester.edu
University of Rochester

Public Release: 18-Sep-2020
Matter
New design principles for spin-based quantum materials
Professor James Rondinelli's new design criteria for enhancing the spin lifetime of a class of quantum materials could support Internet of Things devices and other resource-intensive technologies.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Amanda Morris
amandamo@northwestern.edu
847-467-6790
Northwestern University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2020
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
VLBA makes first direct distance measurement to magnetar
Using the VLBA, astronomers have made the first direct geometric measurement of the distance to a magnetar. This precision measurement to one of the most magnetic objects in the Universe could help scientists determine if such objects are responsible for generating the mysterious Fast Radio Bursts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 18-Sep-2020
Zhao studying strongly interacting quantum gases
Erhai Zhao, Associate Professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy, is developing numerical algorithms to describe and understand superfluidity and magnetic orders in repulsively interacting Fermi gases of ultracold atoms in optical lattices. He is also employing machine learning techniques to solve quantum spin models of cold atoms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
egrisham@gmu.edu
703-993-5381
George Mason University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2020
JCI Insight
Increasing the effectiveness of immunotherapy against skin cancer
Researchers at the University of Bern have discovered a mechanism in the body's own immune system which is responsible for the maturation and activation of immune cells. In the fight against skin cancer, the results have the potential to help immunotherapies succeed, even in patients for whom they have so far been ineffective.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Foundation for experimental biomedicine, Helmut Horten foundation, Foundation for clinical-experimental tumor research, Wilhelm Sander foundation

Contact: Mirjam Schenk
mirjam.schenk@pathology.unibe.ch
41-316-328-802
University of Bern

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Neuron
How the brain's inner clock measures seconds
UCLA researchers have pinpointed a second hand to the brain's internal clock. By revealing how and where the brain counts and represents seconds, the UCLA discovery will expand scientists' understanding of normal and abnormal brain function.
NINDS, NSF

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
eschmidt@mednet.ucla.edu
310-597-5767
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers' Control System Letters
New mathematical tool can select the best sensors for the job
In the 2019 Boeing 737 Max crash, the recovered black box from the aftermath hinted that a failed pressure sensor may have caused the ill-fated aircraft to nose dive. This incident and others have fueled a larger debate on sensor selection, number and placement to prevent the reoccurrence of such tragedies. Texas A&M University researchers have now developed a comprehensive mathematical framework that can help engineers make informed decisions about which sensors to use.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Halbert
ahalbert@tamu.edu
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Sustainability
New method adds and subtracts for sustainability's true measure
Policies across the world seek clear paths to sustainability, but it takes a broad look to know their true impact.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-282-1093
Michigan State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
eNeuro
The acrobatic hydra shows off: How environmental cues can affect behavior
A duo from Columbia University and the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) has begun to crack the neural code behind Hydra's simplest behavior, called contraction bursts. The team found that the concentration of dissolved particles in the surrounding water affects the activity of a neural circuit in one of Hydra's nerve nets, which can trigger a specific set of muscle cells to contract the torso.
National Science Foundation, Marine Biological Laboratory, Burroughs Wellcome Fund Collaborative Research Travel Grant

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-685-3525
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Projects led by Pitt chemical engineers receive more than $1 million in NSF funding
Two projects led by professors in the Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering have recently received funding from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Maggie Pavlick
maggiepavlick@pitt.edu
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Nature Biotechnology
Algorithms uncover cancers' hidden genetic losses and gains
Limitations in DNA sequencing technology make it difficult to detect some major mutations often linked to cancer, such as the loss or duplication of parts of chromosomes. Now, methods developed by Princeton computer scientists will allow researchers to more accurately identify these mutations in cancerous tissue, yielding a clearer picture of the evolution and spread of tumors than was previously possible.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Chan Zuckerberg Initiative

Contact: Molly Sharlach
sharlach@princeton.edu
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Science
Scientists sound alarm on plastic pollution
A new study shows that despite global commitments to address plastic pollution, growth in plastic waste, or 'plastics emissions' continues to outpace reduction. What's more, the study shows that even if governments around the world adhere to their ambitious commitments to curb plastic pollution, annual plastic emissions may increase more than six-fold by 2030.
National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Tricoles
Robin.Tricoles@asu.edu
Arizona State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Physical Review D
New calculation refines comparison of matter with antimatter
An international collaboration of theoretical physicists has published a new calculation relevant to the search for an explanation of the predominance of matter over antimatter in our universe. The new calculation gives a more accurate prediction for the likelihood with which kaons decay into a pair of electrically charged pions vs. a pair of neutral pions.
DOE Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
New England Journal of Medicine
Rapid test for Covid-19 shows improved sensitivity
A CRISPR-based diagnostic for the SARS-Cov-2 virus can produce results in less than an hour with similar accuracy as the standard PCR test now used. Development of the Covid-19 test was led by researchers at MIT and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard.
National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation, Patrick J. McGovern Foundation, McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Consortium on Pathogen Readiness Evergrande Covid-19 Response Fund, Mathers Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-460-9583
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Frontiers in Marine Science
Understanding the movement patterns of free-swimming marine snails
New research looks at the swimming and sinking kinematics of nine species of warm water pteropods (sea snails) to shed light on their ecology, predator-prey interactions, and vertical distributions. By using a high-speed stereophotogrammetry system, investigators were able to focus on how the shell shape, body geometry, and body size affect their swimming behavior from a fluid mechanics perspective, while image analysis and metabarcoding related swimming behaviors to night time and daytime vertical distributions.
Funding was provided by the National Science Foundation CAREER grant to DM (CBET #1846925), a grant from the National Academies of Science Keck Futures Initiative (NAKFI) to AM and DM, the University of South Florida (USF) New Researcher Grant to DM, the

Contact: Ali Hochberg
ali.hochberg@bios.edu
Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Genes & Development
Kang finds keys to control the 'driver of cancer's aggressiveness'
A dangerous protein named SNAI2 helps cancers metastasize and shields cancer from both the immune system and chemotherapy. Worse, SNAI2 is in a family of proteins that are notoriously hard to fight with drugs. But now Princeton University's Yibin Kang and his colleagues have found a way to use the cell's recycling system to control SNAI2, providing a new possibility for treatments.
United States Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation of China, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey Research Development Award, Brewster Foundation, Breast Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: Liz Fuller-Wright
lizfw@princeton.edu
609-840-0473
Princeton University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Cryosphere
New estimates for the rise in sea levels due to ice sheet mass loss under climate change
An international consortium of researchers under the aegis of CMIP6 has calculated new estimates for the melting of Earth's ice sheets due to greenhouse gas emissions and its impact on sea levels, showing that the ice sheets could together contribute more than 40 cm by the end of 2100.
Netherlands Earth System Science Centre - Dutch Ministry of Education Culture and Science, National Center for Atmospheric Research - National Science Foundation, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, US Department of Energy

Contact: Sohail Keegan Pinto
en-press@general.hokudai.ac.jp
81-117-062-185
Hokkaido University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Biomedical Optics Express
Live imaging method brings structural information to mapping of brain function
Neuroscientists distinguish brain regions based on what they do, but now have a new way to overlay information about how they are built, too.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, JPB Foundation , Massachusetts Life Sciences Initiative

Contact: David Orenstein
davidjo@mit.edu
617-324-2079
Picower Institute at MIT

Public Release: 17-Sep-2020
Advanced Materials
New smart drug delivery system may help treatment for neurological disorders
A Rutgers-led team has created a smart drug delivery system that reduces inflammation in damaged nervous tissues and may help treat spinal cord injuries and other neurological disorders. The system, which uses extremely thin biomaterials implanted in the body, also protects nerve fibers (axons) that connect nerve cells in injured neural tissues, according to a study in the journal Advanced Materials.
National Science Foundation, New Jersey Commission on Spinal Cord Research, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Todd Bates
todd.bates@rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Showing releases 701-725 out of 1151.

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