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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 701-725 out of 846.

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Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Widespread loss of ocean oxygen to become noticeable in 2030s
A reduction in the amount of oxygen dissolved in the oceans due to climate change is already discernible in some parts of the world and should be evident across large regions of the oceans between 2030 and 2040, according to a new study led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Snider
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Contamination in North Dakota linked to fracking spills
Accidental wastewater spills from unconventional oil production in North Dakota have caused widespread water and soil contamination, a Duke study finds. Researchers found high levels of contaminants and salt in surface waters polluted by the brine-laden wastewater, which primarily comes from fracked wells. Soil at spill sites was contaminated with radium. At one site, high levels of contaminants were detected in residual waters four years after the spill occurred.
National Science Foundation, Natural Resources Defense Council

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
Brain's 'thesaurus' mapped to help decode inner thoughts
What if a map of the brain could help us decode people's inner thoughts? Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have taken a step in that direction by building a 'semantic atlas' that shows in vivid colors and multiple dimensions how the human brain organizes language.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Yasmin Anwar
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
Researchers create a better way to find out 'when'
A machine-learning algorithm created by a A research team has created an algorithm that improves the accuracy of dating past events by a factor of up to 300. The mathematical research, led by two UWM physicists, is featured in the journal Nature.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abbas Ourmazd
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Public Release: 26-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Coral 'toolkit' allows floating larvae to transform into reef skeletons
In a study published today, researchers from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Rutgers University, and the University of Haifa identified key and novel components of the molecular 'toolkit' that allow corals to build their skeletons (called biomineralization) and described when -- in the transformation from floating larvae to coral skeleton -- these components are used.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marcie Workman
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 26-Apr-2016
Astrophysical Journal
Nearby massive star explosion 30 million years ago equaled detonation of 100 million suns
A giant star that exploded 30 million years ago in a galaxy near Earth had a radius prior to going supernova that was 200 times larger than our sun, say astrophysicists at Southern Methodist University, Dallas. The massive explosion, Supernova 2013ej, was one of the closest to Earth in recent years. Comprehensive analysis of the exploding star's light curve and color spectrum found its sudden blast hurled material outward at 10,000 kilometers a second.
NASA, National Science Foundation, Hungarian OTKA

Contact: Margaret Allen
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 26-Apr-2016
Fermentation festival leads to rapid response system at Center for Microbiome Innovation
While technological advances have made it easier to map our microbiomes and metabolomes, these studies typically take too long for that data to be medically useful. Researchers at the University of California San Diego Center for Microbiome Innovation used the 2016 San Diego Fermentation Festival as a test case for a novel rapid response system. In the study, published in mSystems, the team collected samples, analyzed data and reported conclusions in an unprecedented 48 hours.
National Science Foundation, Sloan Foundation

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 26-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
We share a molecular armor with coral reefs
A new study published today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B has found that one particular molecule found in reef ecosystems plays a similar immunological role in corals as it does in humans. From an evolutionary standpoint, this suggests the molecule's immune function dates back at least 550 million years.
National Science Foundation Partnerships for International Research and Education, National Science Foundation Dimensions, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Cystic Fibrosis Research Inc

Contact: Michael Price
San Diego State University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Journal of American Chemical Society
Flipping a chemical switch helps perovskite solar cells beat the heat
A simple chemical conversion could be another step toward making cheap, efficient and stable perovskite solar cells.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
Patterns of glowing sharks get clearer with depth
A team of researchers has found that catsharks are not only able to see the bright green biofluorescence they produce, but that they increase contrast of their glowing pattern when deep underwater. The study, conducted with a custom-built 'shark-eye' camera that simulates how the shark sees underwater, shows that fluorescence makes catsharks more visible to neighbors of the same species at the depths that they live and may aid in communication between one another.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society, and The Dalio Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Nature Geoscience
Researchers discover fate of melting glacial ice in Greenland
A team of researchers led by faculty at the University of Georgia has discovered the fate of much of the freshwater that pours into the surrounding oceans as the Greenland ice sheet melts every summer. They published their findings today in the journal Nature Geoscience.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Stephanie Schupska
University of Georgia

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Nature Neuroscience
Dopamine neurons have a role in movement, new study finds
Princeton University researchers have found that dopamine -- a brain chemical involved in learning, motivation and many other functions -- also has a direct role in representing or encoding movement. The finding could help researchers better understand dopamine's role in movement-related disorders such as Parkinson's disease.
Pew Charitable Trusts, McKnight Foundation, Brain & Behavior Research Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association
Online HIV prevention resources face resistance from black female college students
New research from North Carolina State University and Pennsylvania State University finds that black female college students were often unlikely to use online resources related to HIV prevention, due to the stigma associated with the disease and concerns that their social network would learn they were accessing HIV-related materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Nature Medicine
Brain signals between seizures may explain memory problems in patients with epilepsy
Brain cells in epileptic patients send signals that make 'empty memories,' perhaps explaining the learning problems faced by up to 40 percent of patients.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Mathers Foundation, March of Dimes Foundation, Simons Foundation

Contact: Greg Williams
New York University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Nature Microbiology
Algae disrupt coral reefs' recycling
A new study led by researchers at San Diego State University and published today in the journal Nature Microbiology explores how a process known as 'microbialization' destroys links in coral reefs' delicate food chain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Price
San Diego State University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
Missing links brewed in primordial puddles?
The crucibles that bore out building blocks of life may have been, in many cases, not fiery cataclysms, but modest puddles. Researchers working with that hypothesis have achieved a significant advancement toward understanding the evolutionary mystery of how components of RNA and DNA formed from chemicals present on early Earth before life existed. In surprisingly simple reactions they have produced good candidates for their precursors that even spontaneously joined up to look like RNA.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Ben Brumfield
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Ties to Alaska's wild plants
A new series of ethnobotany films produced by the University of Alaska Museum of the North explores traditional Alaskan indigenous uses of wild plants for food, medicine and construction materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Theresa Bakker
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Music improves baby brain responses to music and speech
New research from the University of Washington shows that play sessions with music improved babies' brain processing of both music and new speech sounds.
National Science Foundation UW LIFE Center, Ready Mind Project at I-LABS, Washington State Life Sciences Discovery Fund

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 22-Apr-2016
Science Advances
Scientists discover new reef system at mouth of Amazon River
A new reef system has been found at the mouth of the Amazon River, the largest river by discharge of water in the world. As large rivers empty into the world's oceans in areas known as plumes, they typically create gaps in the reef distribution along the tropical shelves--something that makes finding a reef in the Amazon plume an unexpected discovery.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, FAPESP, Brasoil, MCTI, Brazilian Navy

Contact: Stephanie Schupska
University of Georgia

Public Release: 22-Apr-2016
Interface Focus
Researcher studies how animals puncture things
If shooting arrows from a crossbow into cubes of ballistics gelatin doesn't sound like biological science to you, you've got a lot to learn from University of Illinois animal biology professor Philip Anderson, who did just that to answer a fundamental question about how animals use their fangs, claws and tentacles to puncture other animals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 22-Apr-2016
Science Advances
Old-growth forests may provide buffer against rising temperatures
The soaring canopy and dense understory of an old-growth forest could provide a buffer for plants and animals in a warming world, according to a study from Oregon State University published today in Science Advances.
National Science Foundation, US Forest Service

Contact: Nick Houtman
Oregon State University

Public Release: 21-Apr-2016
Journal of Physical Oceanography
Plastic below the ocean surface
Current measurement methods skim the surface of the ocean while computer modeling shows ocean turbulence may force plastics far below the surface despite their buoyancy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrea Boyle Tippett
University of Delaware

Public Release: 21-Apr-2016
Physical Review D
Numerical simulations shed new light on early universe
Innovative multidisciplinary research in nuclear and particle physics and cosmology has led to the development of a new, more accurate computer code to study the early universe. The code simulates conditions during the first few minutes of cosmological evolution to model the role of neutrinos, nuclei and other particles in shaping the early universe.
National Science Foundation at University of California San Diego, Laboratory Directed Research and Development program through the Center for Space and Earth Sciences

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Apr-2016
Paleontologists find North America's oldest monkey fossil along Panama Canal
Iowa State's Aaron Wood found a tiny, black-colored fossil tooth in 2012 when he was a postdoctoral research associate for the Florida Museum of Natural History. It turns out that find was North America's oldest monkey fossil. The journal Nature just published a paper describing the discovery.
National Science Foundation, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Florida Museum of Natural History

Contact: Aaron Wood
Iowa State University

Public Release: 21-Apr-2016
Volcanoes tied to shifts in Earth's climate over millions of years
A new study in the April 22 edition of Science reveals that volcanic activity associated with the plate-tectonic movement of continents may be responsible for climatic shifts from hot to cold over tens and hundreds of millions of years throughout much of Earth's history.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Caputo
University of Texas at Austin

Showing releases 701-725 out of 846.

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