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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 726-750 out of 1144.

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Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science
Clever experiment documents multiscale fluid dynamics
University of Chicago physicists working in the nascent field of experimental vortex dynamics have, with unexpected help from a Sharpie marker, measured an elusive but fundamental property of fluid flow.
National Science Foundation, Packard Foundation

Contact: Louise Lerner
Louise@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
The future of search engines
Researchers from The University of Texas at Austin and Northeastern University presented two papers at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics that describe efforts to combine artificial intelligence with crowdsourced annotators and information encoded in domain-specific resources. The work has the potential to improve general search engines, as well as ones like those for medical knowledge or non-English texts. The research leverages the supercomputing resources at the Texas Advanced Computing Center.
National Science Foundation, Qatar National Research Fund

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-820-5785
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science
Protein-rich diet may help soothe inflamed gut
The combination of a bacterium that normally lives in the gut and a protein-rich diet promotes a more tolerant, less inflammatory gut immune system, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The findings, in mice, suggest a way to tilt the gut immune system away from inflammation, potentially spelling relief for people living with inflammatory bowel disease.
National Institutes of Health, Kenneth Rainin Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellowship, Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Foundation for Medical-Biological

Contact: Judy Martin Finch, Director of Media Relations
martinju@wustl.edu
314-286-0105
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science
World's smallest neutrino detector finds big physics fingerprint
After more than a year of operation at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the COHERENT experiment, using the world's smallest neutrino detector, has found a big fingerprint of the elusive, electrically neutral particles that interact only weakly with matter. The research, performed at ORNL's Spallation Neutron Source and published in the journal Science, provides compelling evidence for a neutrino interaction process predicted by theorists 43 years ago, but never seen.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program, US National Science Foundation, Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, Kavli Foundation

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
PLOS Biology
Scientists link biodiversity genomics with museum wisdom through new public database
A new publicly available database will catalog metadata associated with biologic samples, making it easier for researchers to share and reuse genetic data for environmental and ecological analyses. It links publicly available genetic data to records of where and when samples were collected. Such information is critical for comparing biodiversity in different locations worldwide, across time. Despite calls for more data sharing within the research community, researchers have until now lacked the tools they needed.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Ryan Lavery
laveryr@si.edu
202-633-0826
Smithsonian

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science
Lizard blizzard survivors tell story of natural selection
An unusually cold winter in the US in 2014 took a toll on the green anole lizard, a tree-dwelling creature common to the southeastern United States. A new study offers a rare view of natural selection in this species, showing how the lizard survivors at the southernmost part of their range in Texas came to be more like their cold-adapted counterparts further north. The findings are reported in the journal Science.
National Science Foundation, Harvard University, University of Illinois

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science
World's smallest neutrino detector observes elusive interactions of particles
In 1974, a Fermilab physicist predicted a new way for ghostly particles called neutrinos to interact with matter. More than four decades later, a UChicago-led team of physicists built the world's smallest neutrino detector to observe the elusive interaction for the first time.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Louise Lerner
Louise@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
OU provides NSF undergraduate research experience in structural biology
The National Science Foundation Undergraduate Research Program in Structural Biology at the University of Oklahoma provides a research experience for students who do not have a program available to them at their institutions. After completing a nine-week summer program on structural biology research, 10 students from universities across the nation presented research results during the Second Annual Curiosity to Creativity Summer Symposium on July 27, 2017, at the Stephenson Research and Technology Center on the OU Research Campus.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature Chemical Biology
Deciphering potent DNA toxin's secrets
A team of Vanderbilt University researchers have worked out the molecular details that explain how one of the most potent bacterial toxins known -- yatakemycin (YTM) -- kills cells by preventing their DNA from replicating.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Advanced Healthcare Materials
Getting therapeutic sound waves through thick skulls
Ultrasound brain surgery has enormous potential for the treatment of neurological diseases and cancers, but getting sound waves through the skull and into the brain is no easy task. To address this problem, a team of researchers from the University of California, Riverside has developed a ceramic skull implant through which doctors can deliver ultrasound treatments on demand and on a recurring basis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarah.nightingale@ucr.edu
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
$2.6 million to build versatile genetic toolkit for studying animal behavior
Sophisticated techniques for testing hypotheses about the brain by activating and silencing genes are currently available for only a handful of model organisms. Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis are working on a simplified toolkit that will allow scientists who study animal behavior to manipulate the genomes of many other animals with the hope of accelerating progress in our understanding of the brain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Lutz
dlutz@wustl.edu
314-935-5272
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature
Researchers detect exoplanet with glowing water atmosphere
Scientists have found compelling evidence for a stratosphere on an enormous planet outside our solar system. The planet's stratosphere -- a layer of atmosphere where temperature increases with higher altitudes -- is hot enough to boil iron. WASP-121b, located approximately 900 light-years from Earth, is a gas giant exoplanet commonly referred to as a 'hot Jupiter.'
NASA, European Research Council, French National Agency for Research, Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness, National Science Foundation, European Space Agency, Royal Astronomical Society, and others

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
New NSF grants support studies of viruses and efforts to reduce pharmaceutical costs
University of Delaware researchers have won millions in new support for studies of viruses and efforts to reduce pharmaceutical costs. The two projects were announced by the National Science Foundation's Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR). They are among eight projects totaling $41.7 million across the United States that aim to build U.S. research capacity in work that has potential for improved crop yields, better prediction of human disease risk and new drug therapies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Team receives $6 million for research that could lower drug prices
Sarah W. Harcum of Clemson University is leading a team that has received $6 million for research that could help lower the cost of several drugs that run into the thousands of dollars per treatment and fight some of the world's most debilitating ailments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Alongi
palongi@clemson.edu
864-350-7908
Clemson University

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature
'Perfect liquid' quark-gluon plasma is the most vortical fluid
Particle collisions recreating the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) that filled the early universe reveal that droplets of this primordial soup swirl far faster than any other fluid. The new analysis from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) shows that the 'vorticity' of the QGP surpasses the whirling fluid dynamics of super-cell tornado cores and Jupiter's Great Red Spot, and even beats out the fastest spin record held by nanodroplets of superfluid helium.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature
Ancient DNA analysis reveals Minoan and Mycenaean origins
DNA analysis of archaeological remains has revealed that Ancient Minoans and Mycenaens were genetically similar with both peoples descending from early Neolithic farmers. They likely migrated from Anatolia to Greece and Crete thousands of years before the Bronze Age. Modern Greeks are largely descendants of the Mycenaeans, the study found.The Minoan civilization flourished on Crete beginning in the third millennium B.C.E. and was advanced artistically and technologically. The Minoans were also the first literate people of Europe.
Royal Society, Institute for Aegean Prehistory, Irish Research Council, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Max Planck Society, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Lucille P. Markey Charitable Trust

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
ASU geoscientists find explanation for puzzling pockets of rock deep in Earth's mantle
The boundary between Earth's core and mantle is home to isolated pockets of rock which scientists have been unable to explain up until now.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Burnham
robert.burnham@asu.edu
480-458-8207
Arizona State University

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Green Chemistry
Catalysts developed at Carnegie Mellon efficiently and rapidly remove BPA from water
Carnegie Mellon University chemist Terrence J. Collins has developed an approach that quickly and cheaply removes more than 99 percent of bisphenol A (BPA) from water. BPA, a ubiquitous and dangerous chemical used in the manufacturing of many plastics, is found in water sources around the world. The CMU team and collaborators at the University of Auckland and Oregon State University also compiled evidence of BPA's presence in a multitude of products and water sources.
Carnegie Mellon University, University of Auckland, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Carnegie Mellon's Steinbrenner Institute for Environmental Education and Research, Heinz Endowments, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Cell Chemical Biology
Aye group discovers avenue for precision cancer treatment
One of the goals of personalized medicine is to be able to determine which treatment would work best by sequencing a patient's genome. New research from the lab of Yimon Aye, assistant professor of chemistry and chemical biology, could help make that approach a reality.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Sloan Fellowship, Beckman Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Environmental Science: Nano
Magnetized viruses attack harmful bacteria
Antibacterial phages combined with magnetic nanoparticle clusters effectively kill infectious bacteria found in water treatment systems. A weak magnetic field draws the clusters into biofilms that protect the bacteria and break them up so the phages can reach them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
41st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics (ASB)
Smart underwear proven to prevent back stress with just a tap
Unlike other back-saving devices, this one is mechanized and was tested with motion capture, force plates and electromyography.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Heidi Hall
heidi.hall@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-6614
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Safely releasing genetically modified genes into the wild
So, you've genetically engineered a malaria-resistant mosquito, now what? How many mosquitos would you need to replace the disease-carrying wild type? What is the most effective distribution pattern? How could you stop a premature release of the engineered mosquitoes? Applied mathematicians and physicists from Harvard and Princeton Universities used mathematical modeling to guide the design and distribution of genetically modified genes that can both effectively replace wild mosquitoes and be safely controlled.
National Science Foundation, Harvard Materials Science Research and Engineering Center

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
CU Boulder team studying South African primate responses to challenging environment
CU Boulder Professor Michelle Sauther has received a $245,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to continue research on two of the world's least studied non-human primates: the iconic, big-eyed African bushbabies, also known as galagos.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Sauther
michelle.sauther@colorado.edu
303-492-1712
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
Brown to lead 'NeuroNex' center for creating bioluminescent neuroscience tools
In a new collaboration, scientists will advance and freely disseminate a research technology that makes brain cells able to produce, respond to and communicate with light that they make themselves via bioluminescence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
UTA biologist works with internationally recognized museums on the evolution of vision
A biologist at The University of Texas at Arlington has received a national funding for a project which uses frogs as a model to investigate how differences in habitat such as living above or below ground affect the functions and development of the eye. Results from the research will be exhibited in the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History and the Natural History Museum in London - the two most-visited natural history museums in the world, with over 13 million combined annual visitors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Showing releases 726-750 out of 1144.

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