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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 726-750 out of 898.

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Public Release: 2-Jun-2016
Stampede 2 drives the frontiers of science and engineering forward
The National Science Foundation announced a $30 million award to the Texas Advanced Computing Center at The University of Texas at Austin to acquire and deploy a new large scale supercomputing system, Stampede 2, as a strategic national resource to provide high-performance computing capabilities for thousands of researchers across the US.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 2-Jun-2016
American Mineralogist
Scientists gain supervolcano insights from Wyoming granite
A new National Science Foundation-funded study by University of Wyoming researchers suggests that scientists can go back into the past to study the solidified magma chambers where erosion has removed the overlying rock, exposing granite underpinnings.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carol Frost
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 2-Jun-2016
Scientists find surprising magnetic excitations in a metallic compound
Scientists have found magnetic excitations in a metallic compound whose main source of magnetism is the orbital movement of its electrons. Their discovery challenges conventional wisdom that these excitations are only found in materials whose magnetism is dominated by the spin of its electrons.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, Netherlands Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter

Contact: Ariana Tantillo
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Jun-2016
JCI Insight
Pulmonary artery stiffening is an early driver of pulmonary hypertension
In this issue of JCI Insight, a team led by Laura Fredenburgh of Brigham and Women's Hospital shows that alterations in pulmonary arterial stiffness occur early during disease and promote vascular remodeling by altering signaling mediated by prostaglandins, a class of hormones that regulate inflammation, smooth muscle contraction, and vasoconstrictoin.
American Thoracic Society/Pulmonary Hypertension Association/Pfizer Research Fellowship in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, National Institutes of Health, Cardiovascular Medical Research and Education Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Corinne Williams
JCI Journals

Public Release: 2-Jun-2016
New radio map of Jupiter reveals what's beneath colorful clouds
Using the upgraded Very Large Array, UC Berkeley astronomers have produced a detailed radio map of the upper 100 kilometers of Jupiter's atmosphere, revealing the complex movement of ammonia gas that shapes the colorful clouds observed in the optical. The map will help understand how global circulation and cloud formation are driven by Jupiter's powerful internal heat source, and shed light on similar processes on giant planets in our solar system and around distant stars.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 1-Jun-2016
CBE--Life Sciences Education
Gender gap discovered in science exam performance
Arizona State University researchers and their collaborators have discovered that male students in undergraduate introductory biology courses are outperforming females at test time, but it may be due to how exams are designed rather than academic ability. In addition, high socioeconomic status students are performing better than lower-status students on those same tests.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sandra Leander
Arizona State University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2016
UTA civil engineer creates phone app to gather public input on flash flooding conditions
A University of Texas at Arlington associate professor of civil engineering has launched a new Android cell phone app called iSeeFlood to encourage the public to file timely reports when they see flooding of varying severity on the streets, in and around their houses, and in streams and creeks. Such flash floods can be dangerous to pedestrians and motorists alike.
National Science Foundation's Cyber-Innovation for Sustainability Science and Engineering program

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 1-Jun-2016
International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Software turns webcams into eye-trackers
New software developed by Brown University computer scientists turns ordinary computer webcams into eye-tracking devices. The new software could help web developers to optimize content and make websites more user-friendly.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2016
Tufts engineer earns NSF Career Award to study multidimensional data science
Shuchin Aeron, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering in Tufts University's School of Engineering, has received a Faculty Early Career Development award from the National Science Foundation and US Department of Energy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Patrick Collins
Tufts University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2016
Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments
Radar, bed sensors help health providers detect problems early
Developing and evaluating motion-capture technology to help older adults 'age in place' has been the focus of researchers at the University of Missouri for more than a decade. Previous research has utilized video game technology and various web-cameras to detect health changes in Tiger Place residents. Now, two new studies demonstrate how monitoring walking speed using radar and heart health by utilizing bed sensors help maintain older adults' health and warn of impeding issues.
National Science Foundation, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 1-Jun-2016
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Nanocars taken for a rough ride
Rice University and North Carolina State University researchers characterize how single-molecule nanocars move in open air. The research will help the kinetics of molecular machines in ambient conditions over time.
National Science Foundation, North Carolina State University

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2016
IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
New devices, wearable system aim to predict, prevent asthma attacks
Researchers have developed an integrated, wearable system that monitors a user's environment, heart rate and other physical attributes with the goal of predicting and preventing asthma attacks. The researchers plan to begin testing the system on a larger subject population this summer.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2016
CBE--Life Sciences Education
Hands-on science courses shown to boost graduation rates and STEM retention
A new study finds that courses that engage college students in conducting scientific research early on can dramatically increase students' odds of completing a science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) degree, a positive sign for efforts to boost US competitiveness in science and technology.
National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Christine Sinatra
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 1-Jun-2016
Scientific Reports
Scientists discover and test new class of pain relievers
A Duke research team has discovered a potential new class of small-molecule drugs that simultaneously inhibit two sought-after targets in the treatment of pain, the ion channels TRPV4 and TRPA1. Their proof-of-concept experiments in mice could lead to the development of a new drug to treat conditions including skin irritation, headaches, jaw pain and abdominal pain.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense, US Department of Veterans Affairs, National Science Foundation, Arthritis Foundation, Harrington Discovery Institute Scholar-Innovator Award

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 31-May-2016
2016 ACM Conference for Human Computer Interaction
'On-the-fly' 3-D print system prints what you design, as you design it
Cornell researchers have come up with an interactive prototyping system that prints what you are designing as you design it; the designer can pause anywhere in the process to test, measure and, if necessary, make changes that will be added to the physical model still in the printer.
National Science Foundation, Autodesk Corp.

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Advanced Materials
Mantis shrimp inspires next generation of ultra-strong materials
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside and Purdue University are one step closer to developing super strong composite materials, thanks to the mantis shrimp, a small, multicolored marine crustacean that crushes the shells of its prey using a fist-like appendage called a dactyl club. Their latest research, to be published in the journal Advanced Materials, describes for the first time a unique herringbone structure, not previously reported in nature, within the appendage's outer layer.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Multi-University Research Initiative, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Scientific Reports
Stick insects produce bacterial enzymes themselves
Many plant-feeding insects need microbial enzymes, such as pectinases, that degrade plant cell walls; yet some insects have overcome this dependency in a surprising way. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, found that stick insects make microbial enzymes themselves. From an ancestral gut microbe, the genes for the essential enzymes simply 'jumped' as they are to their insect host.
National Science Foundation, Max Planck Society, University of California in Davis, China National GeneBank, BGI-Shenzhen, German Research Foundation, Austria Science Fund FWF, and others

Contact: Dr. Matan Shelomi
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
To strengthen an opinion, simply say it is based on morality
Simply telling people that their opinions are based on morality will make them stronger and more resistant to counterarguments, a new study suggests.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Luttrell
Ohio State University

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Flatworms left in sunlight spur investigations into rare metabolic disorders
A type of flatworm could be a new weapon in the hunt for better ways to treat a group of diseases that can cause extreme sensitivity to light, facial hair growth, and hallucinations, according to a study published in the journal eLife.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Emily Packer

Public Release: 30-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Heme, a poisonous nutrient, tracked by 'Green Lantern' sensor
The toxin heme is essential to life, but cells must make use of it sparingly and carefully, as poor heme management can lead to Alzheimer's, heart disease and cancer. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology tailored ratiometric sensors to tracks heme's movements in yeast cells for the first known time.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Ben Brumfield
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-May-2016
Nature Geoscience
Deep, old water explains why Antarctic Ocean hasn't warmed
The water around Antarctica has not seen the atmosphere for centuries, since long before the machine age. New observations and model simulations suggest this may be the last place on Earth to feel climate change.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
USF researchers find spatial scale changes ecological processes driving disease
Human are contributing to unprecedented rates of infectious disease emergence, climate change and biodiversity loss. Whether human ecological impacts affect disease distribution and organisms differently at local or regional scales has been a question. This multi-scale analysis shows that human alterations to biodiversity impact disease at local scales while climate change impacts disease at regional scales. Once more, focusing on a single scale can lead to inaccurate estimations of human impact.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Agriculture, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Randolph Fillmore
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 27-May-2016
Scientific Reports
Organism responsible for paralytic shellfish poisoning may affect fisheries
New research by scientists at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology suggests that ingestion of toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense changes the energy balance and reproductive potential of Calanus finmarchicus in the North Atlantic, which is key food source for young fishes, including many commercially important species.
National Science Foundation, Cades Foundation of Honolulu, Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 27-May-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Appalachian coal ash richest in rare earth elements
The first comprehensive study of the content of rare earth elements in coal ashes from the United States shows that coal originating from the Appalachian Mountains has the highest concentrations of scarce elements like neodymium, europium, terbium, dysprosium, yttrium and erbium that are needed for alternative energy and other technologies. The study also reveals how important developing inexpensive, efficient extraction technologies will be to any future recovery program.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Research and Education Foundation, American Coal Ash Association

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 27-May-2016
Scientific Reports
Study finds that protein puts the brakes on melanin
Skin, eye and hair pigmentation requires a delicate balance of acidity within the cellular compartments where melanin is made -- that balance is partly regulated, scientists now know, by a protein called TPC2.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Showing releases 726-750 out of 898.

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