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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 726-750 out of 884.

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Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Functional Ecology
Climate change may benefit native oysters, but there's a catch
Climate change may actually benefit oysters in California in the long term because they grow faster at warmer temperatures and are tolerant of extreme temperatures. But first they would have to survive a spike in oyster drills, a predatory snail that also grows faster in warmer conditions but that is less tolerant of extreme conditions, according to a study from UC Davis Bodega Marine Laboratory. 
National Estuarine Research Reserve, National Park Service, National Science Foundation, UC Davis Bodega Marine Laboratory

Contact: Kat Kerlin
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Nature Photonics
Metamaterial uses light to control its motion
Researchers have designed a device that uses light to manipulate its mechanical properties. The device, which was fabricated using a plasmomechanical metamaterial, operates through a unique mechanism that couples its optical and mechanical resonances, enabling it to oscillate indefinitely using energy absorbed from light.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers predict growing number of Hurricane Sandy-like storm surges
Researchers from Princeton and Rutgers universities and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have developed a computer simulation that estimates that storm-related flooding on the New York City coastline similar in scale to those seen during Sandy are likely to become more common in coming decades.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium

Contact: john sullivan
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Human-caused climate change has doubled western US forest fire area
Human-caused climate change has nearly doubled the amount of land burned in western US forest fires over the past three decades, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Idaho and Columbia University. The researchers estimate that human-caused climate change caused an additional 16,000 square miles of western forest lands to burn between 1984 and 2015.
National Science Foundation, NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program, Columbia University Center for Climate and Life

Contact: Tara Roberts
University of Idaho

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
This little amoeba committed grand theft
About 100 million years ago, a lowly amoeba pulled off a stunning heist, grabbing genes from an unsuspecting bacterium to replace those it had lost. Now Rutgers and other scientists have solved the mystery of how the little amoeba, Paulinella, committed the theft. It engulfed the bacterium, kept that cell alive and harnessed its genes for photosynthesis, the process plants and algae use to convert carbon dioxide into oxygen and sugar via solar energy.
National Science Foundation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Contact: Todd B. Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Next century will bring deep water to New York City
New York City can expect 9-foot floods, as intense as that produced by 2012's Superstorm Sandy, at least three times more frequently over the next century -- and possibly as much as 17 times more frequently, according to a paper published today by scientists at Rutgers University, Princeton University and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Community Foundation of New Jersey

Contact: Ken Branson
Rutgers University

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Nature Chemistry
Was the secret spice in primal gene soup a thickener?
A little goo will do to get RNA and DNA to progress toward self-replication in a solution. Could some abundant ingredient have helped the precursors of genes become life molecules? Another indicator that little drama may have been necessary in chemical evolution.
NASA Astrobiology Program, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Ben Brumfield
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Oct-2016
Chemical Science
Low-cost sensor for cystic fibrosis diagnosis based on citrate
Penn State biomaterials scientists have developed a new, inexpensive method for detecting salt concentrations in sweat or other bodily fluids. The fluorescent sensor, derived from citric acid molecules, is highly sensitive and highly selective for chloride, the key diagnostic marker in cystic fibrosis.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 7-Oct-2016
USU awarded $2.7M NSF RT grant for graduate climate adaptation science program
Utah State University is the recipient of a competitive $2.7 million National Science Foundation Research Traineeship award that will afford USU students in 20 STEM graduate degree programs the opportunity to pursue advanced interdisciplinary research training and a Climate Adaptation Science specialization. Named 'Graduate Climate Adaptation Research that Enhances Education and Responsiveness of Science at the Management-Policy Interface' -- or Grad-CAREER for short -- the project team anticipates training 80 master's and doctoral students during the five-year grant period.
National Science Foundation Research Traineeship

Contact: Nancy Huntly
Utah State University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2016
Current Biology
Ultimate sacrifice: Spider's post-sex cannibalism aids offspring
The male dark fishing spider is just dying to father some children -- and this death wish probably evolved to benefit his offspring, according to new research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Eileen Hebets
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 7-Oct-2016
Great apes can 'read minds'
Great apes watching a hide-and-seek video can process false beliefs, the notion that someone's understanding of a situation may not be congruent with reality. This challenges the view that the ability to understand unobservable mental states is unique to humans.
National Science Foundation; Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; European Research Council

Contact: Anna Ikarashi
Kyoto University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
How gecko feet got sticky
Timothy Higham, a biologist at the University of California, Riverside, and two colleagues have found a gecko, Gonatodes humeralis, in Trinidad and French Guiana that offers a 'snapshot' into the evolution of adhesion in geckos. This padless gecko shows how the adhesive capabilities of pad-bearing geckos, such as tokay geckos, may have come about.
National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Discovery

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Molecular Cell
Pitt scientists identify how repair protein finds DNA damage
New Pitt research shows that first responder protein rapidly scans DNA to find sites of damage, then slows down to identify damage and flag down DNA repair machinery.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Arvind Suresh
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Angewandte Chemie
IU scientists discover 'supramolecule' that could help reduce nuclear, agricultural waste
A study from Indiana University published today in the German scientific journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition provides the first experimental proof for the existence of a chemical bond between two negatively charged molecules of bisulfate, or HSO4. The new molecular structure has potential applications to the safe storage of nuclear waste and reduction of chemicals that contaminate water and trigger large fish kills.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Holographic imaging and deep learning diagnose malaria
Researchers have devised a method for computers to autonomously and quickly diagnose malaria with clinically relevant accuracy. The method uses deep learning and light-based, holographic scans for computers to spot malaria-infected cells from a simple, untouched blood sample without any help from a human. The innovation could form the basis of a fast, reliable test that could be given by most anyone, anywhere in the field.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, World Anti-Doping Agency, Burroughs Welcome Fund

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
RIT engineering faculty awarded NSF grant for high-tech nanofabrication equipment
Jing Zhang, engineering faculty member at Rochester Institute of Technology, received a $305,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to acquire a new etching system for photonic, electronic and bio-device fabrication. The system strengthens RIT's fabrication capability in its Semiconductor & Microsystems Fabrication Laboratory to support new and existing multidisciplinary research in science and engineering, to enable educational curriculum development, and be used for workforce development and training activities led by RIT's engineering college.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Cometa
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
A dark, greenish sky... a loud roar, similar to a freight train... low-lying clouds -- if you see approaching storms or any of the danger signs, take shelter immediately. A tornado might be in your path!
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
IEEE Energy Conversion Congress & Exposition
New cost-effective silicon carbide high voltage switch created
Researchers at North Carolina State University have created a high voltage and high frequency silicon carbide (SiC) power switch that could cost much less than similarly rated SiC power switches. The findings could lead to early applications in the power industry, especially in power converters like medium voltage drives, solid state transformers and high voltage transmissions and circuit breakers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alex Huang
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Enhancing the superconducting properties of an iron-based material
By bombarding the material with low-energy protons, scientists doubled the amount of current the material could carry without resistance, while raising the temperature at which this superconducting state emerges. Their method could be used to improve the performance of superconducting wires and tapes for electric vehicles, wind turbines, medical imaging devices, and other applications.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation, State of Florida

Contact: Ariana Tantillo
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Vigilin, the lock keeper
ETH researchers have discovered a molecule in liver cells that controls the release of fat into the bloodstream. This 'lock keeper' is present in large quantities in overweight people and leads indirectly to vascular narrowing.
Boehringer Ingelheim Fonds Ph.D. Fellowship, European Research Council, National Center of Competence in Research on RNA Biology and Disease, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Markus Stoffel
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Frontiers in Genetics
Mental illness genetically linked to drug use and misuse
A person's genetic risk for psychiatric disorders is related to his or her vulnerability to substance use and misuse.
National Science Foundation, Mr. and Mrs. Spencer T. Olin Fellowship Program, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Michelle Ponto

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Research gives hope to those with head and facial deformities
When Francis Smith of the University of Colorado recently visited UC Berkeley's Michael Rape, Rape came face to face with someone who could have benefited from his research. Born with missing bones in his head and face - Treacher Collins Syndrome - Smith has undergone dozens of craniofacial surgeries over his lifetime to reconstruct his head and jaw. Rape discovered an important role for calcium in triggering bone formation that could help others born with the disorder.
National Science Foundation, California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, California Institute of Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Researchers use novel materials to build smallest transistor
In a new study published Oct. 7 in the journal Science, University of Texas at Dallas engineers and their colleagues describe a novel transistor made with a new combination of materials that is even smaller than the smallest possible silicon-based transistor.
Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Novel method creates important industrial chemicals simply, cheaply
A Washington State University research team has used a simple, common industrial process in a new way to create chemicals used widely as fuel additives and as feedstock for plasticizers, detergents, lubricants and cosmetics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Norbert Kruse
Washington State University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Apes understand that some things are all in your head
We all know that the way someone sees the world, and the way it really is, aren't always the same. This ability to recognize that someone's beliefs may differ from reality has long been seen as unique to humans. But new research on chimpanzees, bonobos and orangutans suggests our primate relatives may also be able to tell when something is just in your head.
National Science Foundation, Keihanshin Consortium for Fostering the Next Generation of Global Leaders in Research, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, European Research Council

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Showing releases 726-750 out of 884.

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