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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 76-100 out of 924.

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Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Programmable disorder
Researchers have developed a molecular programming language to create DNA tiles that exploit randomness to carry out complex nanofabrication tasks by self-assembly.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Contact: Lori Dajose
ldajose@caltech.edu
626-395-1217
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Science
Biologists watch speciation in a laboratory flask
Biologists have discovered that the evolution of a new species can occur rapidly enough for them to observe the process in a simple laboratory flask.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
PLOS Biology
Each animal species hosts a unique microbial community and benefits from it
A laboratory study of four animal species and their microbiota finds that each species hosts a unique community of microbes that can significantly improve its health and fitness.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Rowland Institute at Harvard University

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Virology
VirusDetect, a new bioinformatics pipeline for virus identification released
A new bioinformatics analysis tool developed by researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute can help scientists to identify all known and novel viruses and viroids within small RNA datasets on a local to global scale.
National Science Foundation, USDA Specialty Crop Research Initiative, CGIAR

Contact: Patricia Waldron
pjw85@cornell.edu
607-254-7476
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Marine incentives programs may replace 'doom and gloom' with hope
Incentives that are designed to enable smarter use of the ocean while also protecting marine ecosystems can and do work, and offer significant hope to help address the multiple environmental threats facing the world's oceans, researchers conclude in a new analysis. They may help address oceans that are becoming higher, warmer, stormier, more acidic, lower in dissolved oxygen and overfished.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jane Lubchenco
lubchenco@oregonstate.edu
541-737-5337
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Developmental Dynamics
Our closest worm kin regrow body parts, raising hopes of regeneration in humans
A new University of Washington study of one of our closest invertebrate relatives, the acorn worm, reveals that regenerating body parts might one day be possible.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Seely Fund for Ocean Research on Tetiaroa, National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Survey of New York City soil uncovers medicine-making microbes
Microbes have long been an invaluable source of new drugs. And to find more, we may have to look no further than the ground beneath our feet. Researchers at The Rockefeller University have shown that the dirt beneath New York City teems with our tiny allies in the fight against disease. In soil collected from city parks, the team dug up genetic evidence of bacteria capable of producing a wide range of compounds whose potent effects might be harnessed as medicines.
National Science Foundation, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Mayor's Fund to Advance New York City, Tiffany & Co. Foundation

Contact: Katherine Fenz
kfenz@rockefeller.edu
212-327-7913
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Engineering success
Academically strong, low-income would-be engineers get the boost they need to complete their undergraduate degrees.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
sonia.fernandez@ucsb.edu
805-893-4765
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Harmful Algae
Toxic 'marine snow' can sink quickly, persist at ocean depths
Researchers from North Carolina State University found that a specific neurotoxin can persist and accumulate in 'marine snow' formed by the algae Pseudo-nitzschia, and that this marine snow can reach significant depths quickly. These findings have implications for food safety policies in areas affected by toxic marine algal blooms.
National Science Foundation, North Carolina Sea Grant

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
What's up with Madagascar?
The island of Madagascar off the coast of Africa was largely unexplored seismically until recently. The first broadband seismic images of the island help solve a longstanding mystery: why are there volcanoes far from any tectonic boundary?
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Lutz
dlutz@wustl.edu
314-935-5272
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Advanced Materials
Smart patch releases blood thinners as needed
An interdisciplinary team of researchers has developed a smart patch designed to monitor a patient's blood and release blood-thinning drugs as needed to prevent the occurrence of dangerous blood clots.
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, NC TraCS, NIH Clinical and Translational Science Awards, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mick Kulikowski
mick_kulikowski@ncsu.edu
919-515-8387
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports
Model could shatter a mystery of glass
Princeton University researchers have developed a computational model for creating a 'perfect glass' that never crystallizes -- even at absolute zero. The model provides a new way of thinking about glasses that may resolve aspects of the materials that have puzzled scientists for decades.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tien Nguyen
tienn@princeton.edu
609-258-6523
Princeton University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Nature Chemistry
Pine product offers fresh take on fine chemical synthesis
Rice University researchers create multifunctional reagents from a naturally occurring product of pine trees that will simplify the manufacture of food additives, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation, Amgen, Biotage

Contact: Mike Williams
mikewilliams@rice.edu
713-348-6728
Rice University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
How kids' brains respond to a late night up
What happens to Junior's brain when he's up past bedtime? Scientists detail in this study, how sleep deprivation affects children's brains -- with implications for early brain development. After only getting half of a night's worth of sleep, the children showed patterns of brain activity not seen in adult brains, pointing to their particular sensitivity to sleep deprivation.
Jacobs Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Institute of Mental Health, Clinical Research Priority Program Sleep and Health of the University of Zurich

Contact: Monica Favre
monica.favre@frontiersin.org
0041-215-101-704
Frontiers

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Science
Immune system influenced by social status, but access to resources not to blame
Low social status alone can alter immune regulation, even in the absence of variation in access to resources, health care, and at-risk behaviors for health. This is the conclusion of a new Canadian-American study published in Science.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Canada Research Chairs Program, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Fonds de recherche du Québec

Contact: Julie Gazaille
j.cordeau-gazaille@umontreal.ca
514-343-6796
University of Montreal

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
West Antarctic ice shelf breaking up from the inside out
A key glacier in Antarctica is breaking apart from the inside out, suggesting that the ocean is weakening ice on the edges of the continent.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Ecology Letters
Lake ecologists see winter as a key scientific frontier
An international team of 62 scientists looking at more than 100 lakes has concluded that life under the ice is vibrant, complex and surprisingly active. Their findings stand to complicate the understanding of freshwater systems just as climate change is warming lakes around the planet.
National Science Foundation, Washington State University

Contact: Eric Sorensen
eric.sorensen@wsu.edu
509-335-4846
Washington State University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
Nature Communications
A new perovskite could lead the next generation of data storage
EPFL scientists have developed a new perovskite material with unique properties that can be used to build next-generation hard drives.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, NCCR-MARVEL

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
Science
Fault curvature may control where big quakes occur
Major earthquakes -- magnitude 8.5 and stronger -- occur where faults are mostly flat, say University of Oregon and French geologists. Curvier faults, they report in the journal Science, are less likely to experience earthquakes exceeding that strength.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
Science
Upward mobility boosts immunity in monkeys
The richest and poorest Americans differ in life expectancy by more than a decade. Health inequalities across the socioeconomic spectrum are often attributed to medical care and lifestyle habits. But a study of rhesus monkeys shows the stress of life at the bottom can impact immunity even in the absence of other risk factors. Infection sends immune cells of low-ranking monkeys into overdrive, but social mobility can turn things around, researchers report in Science.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Canada Research Chairs Program, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Fonds de recherche du Québec

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
Science
For platinum catalysts, tiny squeeze gives big boost in performance, Stanford study says
Squeezing a platinum catalyst a fraction of a nanometer nearly doubles its catalytic activity, a finding that could lead to better fuel cells and other clean energy technologies, say Stanford scientists. The findings are published in the Nov. 25 issue of Science.
US Department of Energy, Stanford Global Climate and Energy Project, Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowship Program, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
Science
Bringing silicon to life
Living organisms have been persuaded to make chemical bonds not found in nature, a finding that may change how medicines and other chemicals are made in the future.
National Science Foundation, Caltech Innovation Initiative program, Jacobs Institute for Molecular Engineering for Medicine at Caltech

Contact: Whitney Clavin
wclavin@caltech.edu
626-390-9601
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
The eye has it: Vitreous gel could hold clues to visual impairment
Research is underway at Rochester Institute of Technology that will give scientists a better understanding of the vitreous humor, or gel, that fills the eye and could lead to advances in the treatment of vision disorders, drug delivery and eye surgery. RIT biophysicist Moumita Das is leading a National Science Foundation-funded study to explore properties critical to the function of the vitreous and the eye.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
Nature
Uncovering the secrets of friction on graphene
Researchers have uncovered the secrets of friction on two-dimensional materials such as graphene and boron nitride.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
$2 million grant to help youngest students learn science
Using a four-year, $2.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation, Michigan State University scholars plan to help teachers across the nation introduce science to the youngest students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Henion
henion@msu.edu
517-355-3294
Michigan State University

Showing releases 76-100 out of 924.

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