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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 76-100 out of 1053.

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Public Release: 4-Aug-2017
Lab on a Chip
New biosensor stimulates sweat even when patient is resting and cool
One big drawback to biosensors that measure sweat is you have to sweat. But researchers at the University of Cincinnati have come up with a new biosensor that can stimulate perspiration for days on just a tiny patch of skin.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Research Labs

Contact: Michael Miller
michael.miller3@uc.edu
513-556-6757
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 4-Aug-2017
Physical Review Letters
Primordial black holes may have helped to forge heavy elements
Astronomers like to say we are the byproducts of stars, stellar furnaces that long ago fused hydrogen and helium into the elements needed for life through the process of stellar nucleosynthesis.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 4-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Simultaneous design and nanomanufacturing speeds up fabrication
By using concurrent design and nanomanufacturing, Northwestern University researchers produce inexpensive material surfaces for use in ultra-thin solar cells that can absorb more light.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2017
Sending the right signals
Warren Ruder, assistant professor in the Department of Bioengineering at the University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering, is developing microparticles that carry engineered bacteria known as 'smart biomaterials.' As the basis of a study recently supported by the National Science Foundation, Dr. Ruder will use the biomaterials to reprogram mammalian cell signaling. The goal of the study is to use these hybrid, living-nonliving biomaterials to better understand how cell signaling works and influence cell behavior when a problem occurs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 4-Aug-2017
CU Boulder engineers develop thoroughly modern magnesium process
University of Colorado Boulder engineers have revamped a World War II-era process for making magnesium that requires half the energy and produces a fraction of the pollution compared to today's leading methods.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Trent Knoss
trent.knoss@colorado.edu
303-735-0528
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 4-Aug-2017
Science Advances
Microbot origami can capture, transport single cells
Researchers at North Carolina State University and Duke University have developed a way to assemble and pre-program tiny structures made from microscopic cubes -- 'microbot origami' -- to change their shape when actuated by a magnetic field and then, using the magnetic energy from their environment, perform a variety of tasks -- including capturing and transporting single cells.
National Science Foundation, Research Triangle Materials Research Science and Engineering Center on Programmable Soft Matter

Contact: Dr. Orlin Velev
odvelev@ncsu.edu
919-513-4318
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Eclipse to shed light on weather in space and on Earth
When a total solar eclipse sweeps across US skies on Monday, Aug. 21, UMass Lowell faculty and students will be stationed around the country, conducting research that will be used to better predict the weather and improve GPS, satellite and shortwave-radio communications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Christine Gillette
Christine_Gillette@uml.edu
978-934-2209
University of Massachusetts Lowell

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
African Journal of Herpetology
Skin-ditching gecko inexplicably leaves body armor behind when threatened
When trouble looms, the fish-scale geckos of Madagascar resort to what might seem like an extreme form of self-defense -- tearing out of their own skin. Now, new research shows the geckos' skin contains a hidden strength: bony deposits known as osteoderms, the same material that makes up the tough scales and plates of crocodilians and armadillos. But the presence of osteoderms in fish-scale geckos raises a herpetological mystery: If they have armor, why do they discard it?
National Science Foundation, Gerald M. Lemole Endowed Chair Fund

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoose@flmnh.ufl.edu
352-273-1922
Florida Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Applied Materials and Interfaces
Two sides to this energy story
Rice University scientists turn laser-induced graphene into a two-sided electrocatalyst that efficiently splits water into oxygen and hydrogen.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Chinese Scholarship Council

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Plant pathology professors receive $1.2 million to study, catalog Fusarium fungi
David Geiser and Seogchan Kang, professors of plant pathology and environmental biology in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences, received a grant from the National Science Foundation to perform the first new synthesis of taxonomy for species of the genus Fusarium in the past 30 years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Emily Bartlett
ecb16@psu.edu
814-863-2732
Penn State

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science
Clever experiment documents multiscale fluid dynamics
University of Chicago physicists working in the nascent field of experimental vortex dynamics have, with unexpected help from a Sharpie marker, measured an elusive but fundamental property of fluid flow.
National Science Foundation, Packard Foundation

Contact: Louise Lerner
Louise@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
The future of search engines
Researchers from The University of Texas at Austin and Northeastern University presented two papers at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics that describe efforts to combine artificial intelligence with crowdsourced annotators and information encoded in domain-specific resources. The work has the potential to improve general search engines, as well as ones like those for medical knowledge or non-English texts. The research leverages the supercomputing resources at the Texas Advanced Computing Center.
National Science Foundation, Qatar National Research Fund

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-820-5785
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science
Protein-rich diet may help soothe inflamed gut
The combination of a bacterium that normally lives in the gut and a protein-rich diet promotes a more tolerant, less inflammatory gut immune system, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The findings, in mice, suggest a way to tilt the gut immune system away from inflammation, potentially spelling relief for people living with inflammatory bowel disease.
National Institutes of Health, Kenneth Rainin Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellowship, Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Foundation for Medical-Biological

Contact: Judy Martin Finch, Director of Media Relations
martinju@wustl.edu
314-286-0105
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science
World's smallest neutrino detector finds big physics fingerprint
After more than a year of operation at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the COHERENT experiment, using the world's smallest neutrino detector, has found a big fingerprint of the elusive, electrically neutral particles that interact only weakly with matter. The research, performed at ORNL's Spallation Neutron Source and published in the journal Science, provides compelling evidence for a neutrino interaction process predicted by theorists 43 years ago, but never seen.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program, US National Science Foundation, Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, Kavli Foundation

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
PLOS Biology
Scientists link biodiversity genomics with museum wisdom through new public database
A new publicly available database will catalog metadata associated with biologic samples, making it easier for researchers to share and reuse genetic data for environmental and ecological analyses. It links publicly available genetic data to records of where and when samples were collected. Such information is critical for comparing biodiversity in different locations worldwide, across time. Despite calls for more data sharing within the research community, researchers have until now lacked the tools they needed.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Ryan Lavery
laveryr@si.edu
202-633-0826
Smithsonian

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science
Lizard blizzard survivors tell story of natural selection
An unusually cold winter in the US in 2014 took a toll on the green anole lizard, a tree-dwelling creature common to the southeastern United States. A new study offers a rare view of natural selection in this species, showing how the lizard survivors at the southernmost part of their range in Texas came to be more like their cold-adapted counterparts further north. The findings are reported in the journal Science.
National Science Foundation, Harvard University, University of Illinois

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science
World's smallest neutrino detector observes elusive interactions of particles
In 1974, a Fermilab physicist predicted a new way for ghostly particles called neutrinos to interact with matter. More than four decades later, a UChicago-led team of physicists built the world's smallest neutrino detector to observe the elusive interaction for the first time.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Louise Lerner
Louise@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
OU provides NSF undergraduate research experience in structural biology
The National Science Foundation Undergraduate Research Program in Structural Biology at the University of Oklahoma provides a research experience for students who do not have a program available to them at their institutions. After completing a nine-week summer program on structural biology research, 10 students from universities across the nation presented research results during the Second Annual Curiosity to Creativity Summer Symposium on July 27, 2017, at the Stephenson Research and Technology Center on the OU Research Campus.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature Chemical Biology
Deciphering potent DNA toxin's secrets
A team of Vanderbilt University researchers have worked out the molecular details that explain how one of the most potent bacterial toxins known -- yatakemycin (YTM) -- kills cells by preventing their DNA from replicating.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Advanced Healthcare Materials
Getting therapeutic sound waves through thick skulls
Ultrasound brain surgery has enormous potential for the treatment of neurological diseases and cancers, but getting sound waves through the skull and into the brain is no easy task. To address this problem, a team of researchers from the University of California, Riverside has developed a ceramic skull implant through which doctors can deliver ultrasound treatments on demand and on a recurring basis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarah.nightingale@ucr.edu
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
$2.6 million to build versatile genetic toolkit for studying animal behavior
Sophisticated techniques for testing hypotheses about the brain by activating and silencing genes are currently available for only a handful of model organisms. Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis are working on a simplified toolkit that will allow scientists who study animal behavior to manipulate the genomes of many other animals with the hope of accelerating progress in our understanding of the brain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Lutz
dlutz@wustl.edu
314-935-5272
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature
Researchers detect exoplanet with glowing water atmosphere
Scientists have found compelling evidence for a stratosphere on an enormous planet outside our solar system. The planet's stratosphere -- a layer of atmosphere where temperature increases with higher altitudes -- is hot enough to boil iron. WASP-121b, located approximately 900 light-years from Earth, is a gas giant exoplanet commonly referred to as a 'hot Jupiter.'
NASA, European Research Council, French National Agency for Research, Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness, National Science Foundation, European Space Agency, Royal Astronomical Society, and others

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
New NSF grants support studies of viruses and efforts to reduce pharmaceutical costs
University of Delaware researchers have won millions in new support for studies of viruses and efforts to reduce pharmaceutical costs. The two projects were announced by the National Science Foundation's Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR). They are among eight projects totaling $41.7 million across the United States that aim to build U.S. research capacity in work that has potential for improved crop yields, better prediction of human disease risk and new drug therapies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Team receives $6 million for research that could lower drug prices
Sarah W. Harcum of Clemson University is leading a team that has received $6 million for research that could help lower the cost of several drugs that run into the thousands of dollars per treatment and fight some of the world's most debilitating ailments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Alongi
palongi@clemson.edu
864-350-7908
Clemson University

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Nature
'Perfect liquid' quark-gluon plasma is the most vortical fluid
Particle collisions recreating the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) that filled the early universe reveal that droplets of this primordial soup swirl far faster than any other fluid. The new analysis from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) shows that the 'vorticity' of the QGP surpasses the whirling fluid dynamics of super-cell tornado cores and Jupiter's Great Red Spot, and even beats out the fastest spin record held by nanodroplets of superfluid helium.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Showing releases 76-100 out of 1053.

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