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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 751-775 out of 938.

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Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
People matter
An interdisciplinary study released this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America combines social and physical science in new ways, seeking to understand how changes in Arctic resource-sharing behaviors could affect highly cooperative communities and the households within.
National Science Foundation, US Department of the Interior Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Office of Management and Budget Control, European Commission, Generalitat de Catalunya

Contact: Aaron Pugh
Arizona State University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Loss of soil carbon due to climate change will be 'huge'
55 trillion kilograms: that's how much carbon could be released into the atmosphere from the soil by mid-century if climate change isn't stopped. And all in the form of greenhouse gases such as CO2 and methane. Tom Crowther (NIOO-KNAW) and his team are publishing the results of a worldwide study into the effects of climate change on the soil in the issue of Nature that comes out on Dec. 1.
Marie Sklodowska Curie, British Ecological Society, Yale Climate and Energy Institute, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Linus Pauling Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Froukje Rienks
Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Journal of Experimental Biology
XROMM, an influential 3-D, X-ray technology for biomechanics, gains new capabilities
Two recent papers describe the latest ways that XROMM technology, which has spread to dozens of similar research facilities worldwide, enables studies of human and animal motion in previously unseen detail.
National Science Foundation, W.M. Keck Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
The Astronomical Journal
It's a bird... It's a plane... It's the tiniest asteroid!
A team led by UA astronomer Vishnu Reddy has characterized the smallest known asteroid using Earth-based telescopes. Measuring just six feet across, asteroid 2015 TC25 also is one of the brightest, according to the study.
NASA, Canada Foundation for Innovation, National Science Foundation, Manitoba Research Innovation Fund, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canadian Space Agency, University of Winnipeg

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Molecular Ecology
Corals much older than previously thought, study finds
Coral genotypes can survive for thousands of years, possibly making them the longest-lived animals in the world, according to researchers at Penn State, the National Marine Fisheries Service and Dial Cordy & Associates.
National Science Foundation,National Marine Fisheries Service

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Losses of soil carbon under global warming might equal US emissions
A new global assessment led by Yale researchers finds that warming will drive the loss of at least 55 trillion kilograms of carbon from the soil by mid-century, or about 17% more than the projected emissions due to human-related activities during that period. Carbon losses will be greatest in places that had largely been missing from previous research.
Marie Sklodowska Curie, British Ecological Society, Yale Climate and Energy Institute, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Linus Pauling Distinguished PostdoctoralFellowship programme

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports
Quantum obstacle course changes material from superconductor to insulator
Researchers from Brown University have shown a way to break superconductivity by disrupting the coherence of superconducting Cooper pairs. Such a phase change from superconducting to insulating had been predicted by theory, but hadn't been demonstrated experimentally. The research could help scientists better understand how defects can affect the quantum behavior of materials.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Human ancestor 'Lucy' was a tree climber, new evidence suggests
Since the discovery of the fossil dubbed Lucy 42 years ago this month, paleontologists have debated whether the 3-million-year-old human ancestor spent all of her time walking on the ground or instead combined walking with frequent tree climbing.
Paleoanthropology Lab Fund, University of Texas at Austin College of Liberal Arts, Houston Museum of Natural Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Genomics technique could accelerate detection of foodborne bacterial outbreaks
A new testing methodology based on metagenomics could accelerate the diagnosis of foodborne bacterial outbreaks, allowing public health officials to identify the microbial culprits in less than a day. The methodology could also identify co-infections with secondary microbes, determine the specific variant of the pathogen, and help alert health officials to the presence of new or unusual pathogens.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
ACS Central Science
Deep insights from surface reactions
Using the Stampede supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center, researchers have developed biosensors that can speed up drug development, designed improved materials for desalinization, and explored new ways of generating energy from bacteria. These findings, reported in ACS Central Science, the Journal of Physical Chemistry B and the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, are helping to elucidate the atomic and quantum behavior of nano- and bio-materials.
National Science Foundation, National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
ACS Chemical Biology
Researchers tweak enzyme 'assembly line' to improve antibiotics
Researchers from North Carolina State University have discovered a way to make pinpoint changes to an enzyme-driven 'assembly line' that will enable scientists to improve or change the properties of existing antibiotics as well as create designer compounds.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tracey Peake
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Telescopic walls could rise on demand to stop flood waters
An University at Buffalo Ph.D. student received a $225,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop a system of telescoping concrete boxes to be used as 'rise on demand' flood walls. The walls can be installed below ground level, so as not to block any water views, and can be raised when the threat of flooding occurs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Grove Potter
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Study explains evolution phenomenon that puzzled Darwin
Why do some animals have extravagant, showy ornaments -- think deer antlers, peacock feathers and horns on beetles -- that can be a liability to survival? Northwestern University researchers have a possible explanation for this puzzling phenomenon of evolution. Their new mathematical model reveals that in animals with ornamentation, males will evolve out of the tension between natural selection and sexual selection into two distinct subspecies, one with flashy, 'costly' ornaments for attracting mates and one with subdued, 'low-cost' ornaments.
James S. McDonnell Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
UH team wins $50,000 to learn how to start innovative food safety business
Moving out of their comfort zone as accomplished researchers to become novice entrepreneurs, a team from the University of Houston just won $50,000 to learn how to start a business. Now they're working to bring innovative smartphone/tablet based food safety training tools to full commercialization.
US Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Chris Stipes
University of Houston

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Georgia State opens South Pole Solar Observatory in Antarctica
Dr. Stuart Jefferies, professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Georgia State University, will lead a multi-institutional team in opening the South Pole Solar Observatory in Antarctica and installing and operating instruments that will record high-resolution images of the sun.
National Science Foundation's Division of Polar Programs

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Bumpy surfaces, graphene beat the heat in devices
Graphene and a patterned interface may be the key to dispersing heat from next-generation microelectronics, according to a new study at Rice University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Williams
Rice University

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
npj Biofilms and Microbiomes
Researchers develop novel wound-healing technology
A WSU research team has successfully used a mild electric current to take on and beat drug-resistant bacterial infections, a technology that may eventually be used to treat chronic wound infections.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Haluk Beyenal
Washington State University

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
UTSA professor receives grant for therapeutic underwater virtual reality game
John Quarles, an associate professor of computer science at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $240,000 grant from the National Science Foundation for his top-tier underwater virtual reality research. This includes Quarles's game, 'Shark Punch,' which was made with everyday items like smart phones and dive masks and is as therapeutic as it is entertaining.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna E. Carver
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Ecological Applications
Study says salt marshes have limited ability to absorb excess nitrogen
Results suggest that society can't simply rely on salt marshes to clean up nutrient pollution, but instead needs to do a better job at keeping nutrients out of the water in the first place.
National Science Foundation, Northeast Climate Science Center, Jean C. Tempel Professorship in Botany at Connecticut College

Contact: David Malmquist
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Programmable disorder
Researchers have developed a molecular programming language to create DNA tiles that exploit randomness to carry out complex nanofabrication tasks by self-assembly.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Contact: Lori Dajose
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Biologists watch speciation in a laboratory flask
Biologists have discovered that the evolution of a new species can occur rapidly enough for them to observe the process in a simple laboratory flask.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim McDonald
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
PLOS Biology
Each animal species hosts a unique microbial community and benefits from it
A laboratory study of four animal species and their microbiota finds that each species hosts a unique community of microbes that can significantly improve its health and fitness.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Rowland Institute at Harvard University

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
VirusDetect, a new bioinformatics pipeline for virus identification released
A new bioinformatics analysis tool developed by researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute can help scientists to identify all known and novel viruses and viroids within small RNA datasets on a local to global scale.
National Science Foundation, USDA Specialty Crop Research Initiative, CGIAR

Contact: Patricia Waldron
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Marine incentives programs may replace 'doom and gloom' with hope
Incentives that are designed to enable smarter use of the ocean while also protecting marine ecosystems can and do work, and offer significant hope to help address the multiple environmental threats facing the world's oceans, researchers conclude in a new analysis. They may help address oceans that are becoming higher, warmer, stormier, more acidic, lower in dissolved oxygen and overfished.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jane Lubchenco
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Developmental Dynamics
Our closest worm kin regrow body parts, raising hopes of regeneration in humans
A new University of Washington study of one of our closest invertebrate relatives, the acorn worm, reveals that regenerating body parts might one day be possible.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Seely Fund for Ocean Research on Tetiaroa, National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Showing releases 751-775 out of 938.

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