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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 751-775 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 14-Sep-2020
Journal of American Chemical Society
Princeton lab uncovers small fratricidal molecule
A new bacterial molecule with the unsavory tendency to track down and kill others of its own kind has been discovered in the human microbiome by researchers at Princeton's Department of Chemistry. Named Streptosactin, it is the first small molecule found to exhibit fratricidal activity, according to a paper published in JACS.
National Science Foundation (NSF GRFP Award and NSF CAREER Award), and the Burroughs Wellcome Fund PATH Investigator Award.

Contact: Wendy Plump
Princeton University

Public Release: 14-Sep-2020
Nature Materials
CCNY engineer Xi Chen and partners create new shape-changing crystals
Imagine harnessing evaporation as a source of energy or developing next generation actuators and artificial muscles for a broad array of applications. These are the new possibilities with the creation by an international team of researchers, led by The City College of New York's Xi Chen and his co-authors at the CUNY Advanced Science Research Center, of shape-changing crystals that enable energy transfer from evaporation to mechanical motion.
Office of Naval Research, Biomaterials and Bionanotechnology program, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, United Kingdom's Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Jay Mwamba
City College of New York

Public Release: 14-Sep-2020
Astronomical Journal
A warm Jupiter orbiting a cool star
A planet observed crossing in front of, or transiting, a low-mass star has been determined to be about the size of Jupiter.
US National Science Foundation (NSF), Penn State, Heising-Simons Foundation, NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship program, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds at Penn State

Contact: Sam Sholtis
Penn State

Public Release: 14-Sep-2020
Nature Materials
Researchers create morphing crystals powered by water evaporation
New study details the design of materials that enable clean and sustainable water evaporation energy that can be harvested and efficiently converted into motion with the potential to power future mechanical devices and machines.
Office of Naval Research, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, United Kingdom's Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Shawn Rhea
Advanced Science Research Center, GC/CUNY

Public Release: 14-Sep-2020
Nature Climate Change
Arctic transitioning to a new climate state
The fast-warming Arctic has started to transition from a predominantly frozen state into an entirely different climate with significantly less sea ice, warmer temperatures, and more rain, according to a comprehensive new study of Arctic conditions.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 14-Sep-2020
Journal of Neuroscience
How the brain creates the experience of time
On some days, time flies by, while on others it seems to drag on. A new study from JNeurosci reveals why: time-sensitive neurons get worn out and skew our perceptions of time.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan Science and Technology Agency, National Institute of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Calli McMurray
Society for Neuroscience

Public Release: 11-Sep-2020
Solutions to big problems: they're in the (soft matter) solution
This spring, Shengfeng Cheng, an assistant professor in the Department of Physics, in the College of Science, was awarded a National Science Foundation CAREER Award for research in "Nonequilibrium Physics in Drying Soft Matter Solutions." A CAREER award is one of the NSF's most prestigious awards of early-career faculty who have potential to serve as academic role models in research and education and to lead advances in the mission of their organization.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lon Wagner
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 11-Sep-2020
Paris studying adaptive interference rejection for wireless communications
Bernd-Peter Paris, Associate Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, is developing a novel radio receiver architecture capable of operating across a large portion of the wireless spectrum while simultaneously being capable of adaptively suppressing interferences as they arise. This is a collaborative effort with researchers at Cornell University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
George Mason University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2020
Harvard team uses laser to cool polyatomic molecule
Harvard researchers describe using a novel method combining cryogenic technology and direct laser light to cool the nonlinear polyatomic molecule calcium monomethoxide (CaOCH3) to just above absolute zero.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Juan Siliezar
Harvard University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2020
Coral Reefs
Shedding light on coral reefs
New research published in the journal Coral Reefs generates the largest characterization of coral reef spectral data to date. These data are an initial step in building a quantitative understanding of reef water clarity. With these data, coral reef scientists can begin to develop models to address fundamental questions about how reefs function, such as how much light reaches the various reef zones or how ecological zonation on reefs might be driven by light absorption.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Grants NNG04GO65G, NNX15AR99G, and NNX16AB05G to E. J. Hochberg, as well as National Science Foundation, Division of Ocean Sciences Grants 1460686 and 1757475 to Andrew Peters

Contact: Ali Hochberg
Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
Advanced Quantum Technologies
New machine learning-assisted method rapidly classifies quantum sources
Purdue University engineers created a new machine learning-assisted method that could make quantum photonic circuit development more efficient by rapidly preselecting these solid-state quantum emitters.
US Department of Energy, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kayla Wiles
Purdue University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
Engineers to design nation's first public, statewide 'Internet of Things'
Cornell University engineers and researchers are designing the nation's first statewide Internet of Things public infrastructure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Tyson
Cornell University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
Nature Communications
Emotion vocabulary reflects state of well-being, study suggests
The vast way in which you describe your emotions can reveal your lived experience and wellness status.
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation, National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Ashley Trentrock
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
In the line of fire
People are starting almost all the wildfires that threaten US homes, according to an innovative new analysis combining housing and wildfire data. Through activities like debris burning, equipment use and arson, humans were responsible for igniting 97% of home-threatening wildfires, a University of Colorado Boulder-led team reported this week in the journal Fire.
University of Colorado Boulder's Grand Challenge Initiative, the National Science Foundation Humans, Disasters, and the Built Environment program

Contact: Kelsey Simpkins
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
The Astrophysical Journal
FSU-led research team discovers unique supernova explosion
A 7-member international research team led by Florida State University Assistant Professor of Physics Eric Hsiao discovered a supernova that could help uncover the origins of the group of supernovae this star belongs to.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bill Wellock
Florida State University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
Middle-schoolers to learn computer-coding skills through UMass Lowell-led program
A team of teachers and researchers led by UMass Lowell is developing a computer science curriculum for middle-schoolers to introduce the field to students from diverse backgrounds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nancy Cicco
University of Massachusetts Lowell

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
FAU awarded $2.4 million NSF grant to train new generation of data scientists
Scientists and engineers are well trained in their own areas of specialty, yet there's a lack of integrative knowledge needed for new scientific discoveries and industry applications made possible by data science and analytics. Effective data scientists need to work in interdisciplinary teams and to use data visualization and communication skills to communicate their findings to individuals not trained in data science. This program will produce graduates with technical depth and knowledge of data science technologies and applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
Climate changed in steps in the past
An international study published in Science significantly improves the potential for understanding how the Earth's climate system evolved over the past 66 million years. The work reveals that the Earth system shifted abruptly between 4 distinct modes: hothouse, warmhouse, coolhouse, and icehouse during the period. The EU Horizon 2020 TiPES project contributed to the results.
European Union's Horizon 2020 research andinnovation program,Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft,the Natural Environmental Research Council,the National Science Foundation of China,the NERC Isotope GeosciencesFacility at the British Geological Survey,the

Contact: Henrik Prętorius
University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
High-fidelity record of Earth's climate history puts current changes in context
For the first time, climate scientists have compiled a continuous, high-fidelity record of variations in Earth's climate extending 66 million years into the past. The record reveals four distinctive climate states, which the researchers dubbed Hothouse, Warmhouse, Coolhouse, and Icehouse. These major climate states persisted for millions and sometimes tens of millions of years, and within each one the climate shows rhythmic variations corresponding to changes in Earth's orbit around the sun
German Research Foundation (DFG), Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC), European Union's Horizon 2020 program, National Science Foundation of China, Netherlands Earth System Science Centre, U.S. National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
Loss of sea otters accelerating the effects of climate change
The impacts of predator loss and climate change are combining to devastate living reefs that have defined Alaskan kelp forests for centuries, according to new research published in Science.
US National Science Foundation (PLR-1316141 and MGG-1459706), National Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada (Discovery Grants)

Contact: Steven Profaizer
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Public Release: 10-Sep-2020
Stem Cell Reports
Research sheds light on earliest stages of Angelman syndrome
New research provides insights into the earliest stages of Angelman syndrome. The work also demonstrates how human cerebral organoids can be used to shed light on genetic disorders that affect human development.
Simons Foundation , National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, American Association of University Women

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Researchers awarded $5 million to develop AI-enabled training platform for emergency responders
What if you could provide emergency responders with technology that could not only potentially save lives, but make their work more precise and efficient at the same time through the use of novel human augmentation technologies? This concept -- called LEARNER -- is on its way to becoming a reality thanks to an award from the National Science Foundation (NSF) on Sept. 1, 2020.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Halbert
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Hormones and Behavior
Baboon matriarchs enjoy less stress
You know the type: Loud. Swaggering. Pushy. The alpha male clearly runs the show. Female alphas are often less conspicuous than their puffed up male counterparts, but holding the top spot still has its perks. Now, a study of female baboons points to another upside to being No. 1. A Duke University-led study of 237 female baboons in Kenya found that alphas have significantly lower levels of glucocorticoids, hormones produced in response to stress.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Duke University, Princeton University, University of Notre Dame

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Science Advances
New vaccine design reduces inflammation, enhances protection
Researchers have discovered a new way to limit inflammation from adjuvants, a key ingredient of many modern vaccines, by adding a molecule that disrupts certain pathways in cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Cynthia Medina
University of Chicago

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Advanced Functional Materials
Velcro-like food sensor detects spoilage and contamination
MIT engineers have designed a Velcro-like food sensor, made from an array of silk microneedles, that pierces through plastic packaging to sample food for signs of spoilage and bacterial contamination.
MIT Abdul Latif Jameel Water and Food Systems Lab, National Science Foundation, US Office of Naval Research

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Showing releases 751-775 out of 1151.

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