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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 776-800 out of 1107.

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Public Release: 16-May-2017
UK researchers identify macrophages as key factor for regeneration in mammals
The team's findings, published today in eLife, shed light on how immune cells might be harnessed to someday help stimulate tissue regeneration in humans.
National Science Foundation Office for International Science and Engineering

Contact: Jenny Wells
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 16-May-2017
$1.5 million NSF grant to explore secrets of electric fish genome
MSU has landed a $1.5 million National Science Foundation grant to develop this cutting-edge technique in electric fish and afford more researchers easy access to this versatile model. Electric fish have already provided deep insights into the very nature of bioelectrogenesis -- the ability to produce electric fields outside the body -- as well as the molecular structure of the synapse, and granted unprecedented insights into the brain circuitry underlying complex behavior.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 16-May-2017
Nature Ecology and Evolution
Travel distances of juvenile fish key to better conservation
Marine reserves -- sections of the ocean where fishing is prohibited -- promote coral reef sustainability by preventing overfishing and increasing fish abundance and diversity. But to be effective, they need to be sized right, and in a way that accounts for how far juvenile fish travel away from their parents after spawning.
Australian Research Council, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 16-May-2017
Angewandte Chemie
Oddball enzyme provides easy path to synthetic biomaterials
Materials scientists have written the recipe on how to use an oddball enzyme to build new biomaterials out of DNA. The work provides instructions for researchers the world over to build self-assembling molecules for applications ranging from drug delivery to nanowires.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 16-May-2017
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Antibody biosensor offers unlimited point-of-care drug monitoring
A team of EPFL scientists has developed several antibody-based biosensors that have the potential to help healthcare centers in developing countries or even patients in their own homes keep track of drug concentration in the blood.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Centre of Competence in Research Chemical Biology, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 16-May-2017
Nature Communications
3-D printed ovaries produce healthy offspring
3-D printed bioprosthetic mouse ovaries restored fertility in infertile mice and produced healthy mouse pups. The mothers also were able to nurse their pups. The research is targeted to women whose cancer treatments impaired their fertility and hormone production. The ovaries are constructed of 3-D printed scaffolds that house immature eggs and were successful in boosting hormone production and restoring fertility.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 16-May-2017
Nature Communications
How scientists turned a flag into a loudspeaker
A paper-thin, flexible device created at Michigan State University not only can generate energy from human motion, it can act as a loudspeaker and microphone as well, nanotechnology researchers report in Nature Communications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
Scientists study atmospheric waves radiating out of hurricanes
Researchers believe they have found a new way to monitor the intensity and location of hurricanes from hundreds of miles away by detecting atmospheric waves radiating from the centers of these powerful storms.
National Science Foundation and NOAA Hurricane Forecast Improvement Program

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Astronomical Journal
New 'styrofoam' planet provides tools in search for habitable planets
Researchers at Lehigh University have discovered a new planet orbiting a star 320 light years from Earth that has the density of styrofoam. This 'puffy' exoplanet may hold opportunities for testing atmospheres that will be useful when assessing future planets for signs of life. The research, 'KELT-11b: A Highly Inflated Sub-Saturn Exoplanet Transiting the V+8 Subgiant HD 93396,' appears in The Astronomical Journal May 2017 issue.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: Amy White
Lehigh University

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Lessons from Ebola: New approach improves disease outbreak management
A new approach could quickly identify the most effective way to manage disease outbreaks -- an advance that could save lives. Developed by scientists using insights from the 2014 Ebola outbreak, the method pinpoints critical pieces of missing information required to improve management decisions during an outbreak. A paper describing the approach will be published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences during the week of May 15, 2017.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Journal of Science Education and Technology
Growing plants and scientists: Hydroponic gardening program wins over students
Elementary-age students -- primarily African-American, Hispanic and English Language Learners -- developed positive attitudes toward science, less anxiety, and greater self-confidence after participating in an after-school program where they grew fruits and vegetables using soil-less, hydroponic technology.
National Science Foundation Advancing Informal Stem Learning (AISL) program

Contact: Ed Hayward
Boston College

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Journal of Ecology
More genes turned on when plants compete
Some people travel to northern California for wine. However, Maren Friesen, Michigan State University plant biologist, treks to the Golden State for clover. The lessons of plant diversity and competition learned from a clover patch, which are featured in a special issue of the Journal of Ecology, can potentially unlock secrets on plant interactions around the globe.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Nature Climate Change
Varied increases in extreme rainfall with global warming
A new study by researchers from MIT and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich shows that the most extreme rain events in most regions of the world will increase in intensity by 3 to 15 percent, depending on region, for every degree Celsius that the planet warms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Journal of Great Lakes Research
How satellite data led to a breakthrough for Lake Erie toxic algal blooms
With the growing frequency and magnitude of toxic freshwater algal blooms becoming an increasingly worrisome public health concern, Carnegie scientists Jeff Ho and Anna Michalak, along with colleagues, have made new advances in understanding the drivers behind Lake Erie blooms and their implications for lake restoration. The work is published in two related studies.
National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Anna Michalak
Carnegie Institution for Science

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Nature Physics
Entropy landscape sheds light on quantum mystery
By precisely measuring the entropy of a supercooled cerium copper gold alloy with baffling electronic properties, physicists in Germany and the United States have provided further evidence about the common causes of high-temperature superconductivity and similar phenomena.
German Science Foundation, National Science Foundation, Humboldt Foundation, Army Research Office, Welch Foundation, Rice Center for Quantum Materials

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Journal of Orthopaedic Research
Pig model to help research on human knee growth, injury treatment
Medical and biomedical engineering researchers have published research on how the knees of pigs compare to human knees at various stages of maturity -- a finding that will advance research by this group and others on injury treatment in young people.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Nature Ecology and Evolution
Gladiator games: In the natural world, biodiversity can offer protection to weaker species
In a study of competition among fungal species, Yale researchers found that biodiversity tends to beget biodiversity, a finding that could help in efforts to protect some of the world's most threatened ecosystems, including coral reefs.
Yale Institute for Biospheric Studies, Yale Climate and Energy Institute, British Ecological Society, Marie Sk?odowska-Curie Actions Fellowship, National Science Foundation, US Forest Service

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ebola: Lives to be saved with new management approach
Ebola outbreaks are set to be managed quickly and efficiently -- saving lives -- with a new approach developed by an international team of researchers, including the University of Warwick, which helps to streamline outbreak decision-making.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Luke Walton
University of Warwick

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Nature Physics
Quantum reservoir for microwaves
EPFL researchers use a mechanical micrometer-size drum cooled close to the quantum ground state to amplify microwaves in a superconducting circuit.
Swiss National Science Foundation, NCCR-QSIT, European Union, Royal Society, Winton Programme for the Physics of Sustainability

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Nature Ecology and Evolution
Grassy beginning for earliest Homo
Following the discovery of the Ledi-Geraru jaw, an environmental study of the eastern African Plio-Pleistocene was conducted to investigate the long-standing hypotheses that the transition from Australopithecus to Homo was linked to the spread of more open and arid environments. Data indicate that the Ledi-Geraru Research Project area in the Lower Awash Valley and Omo-Turkana Basin were largely similar, but important environmental differences existed at the time of earliest Homo (~ 2.8 Ma).
National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, John Templeton Foundation to the Institute of Human Origins at Arizona State University

Contact: Josh Robinson
Arizona State University

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Nature Photonics
Nano fiber feels forces and hears sounds made by cells
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a miniature device that's sensitive enough to feel the forces generated by swimming bacteria and hear the beating of heart muscle cells. The device is a nano-sized optical fiber that detects forces down to 160 femtonewtons and sound levels down to -30 decibels. Applications include measuring bio-activity at the single cell level, or ultra-sensitive mini stethoscopes to monitor cellular acoustics in vivo.
National Science Foundation, University of California Office of the President

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Canadian Medical Association Journal
BC's drug plan deductibles do not lower drug use for some seniors
Adding a modest 2% income-based deductible for prescription drugs did not appear to deter some seniors from filling prescriptions, found a study of British Columbia's public drug plan published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal)
Institute for Health System Transformation and Sustainability

Contact: Kim Barnhardt
Canadian Medical Association Journal

Public Release: 12-May-2017
Journal of Herpetology
Fossil 'winged serpent' is a new species of ancient snake, Penn doctoral student finds
An ancient sink hole in eastern Tennessee holds the clues to an important transitional time in the evolutionary history of snakes. Among the fossilized creatures found there, according to a new paper co-authored by a University of Pennsylvania paleontologist, is a new species of snake that lived 5 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, Office of Research and Sponsored Programs at East Tennessee State University, Don Sundquist Center of Excellence in Paleontology

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 12-May-2017
Study provides detailed glimpse of predators' effects on complex, subtidal food web
Research using time-lapse photography in the Galapagos Marine Reserve suggests the presence of a key multilevel 'trophic cascade' involving top- and mid-level predators as well as urchins and algae.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Novak
Oregon State University

Public Release: 12-May-2017
Nature Communications
International team solves mystery of colloidal chains
Team discovers fast, simple way to create two-dimensional electronic circuits that could potentially lead to a new generation of electronic devices.
Foundation for Polish Science, Polish National Science Centre, National Science Foundation, European Research Council Starting Grant

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Showing releases 776-800 out of 1107.

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