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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 776-800 out of 1140.

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Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Physical Review Letters
Physicists explain mysterious dark matter deficiency in galaxy pair
A new theory about the nature of dark matter helps explain why a pair of galaxies about 65 million light-years from Earth contains very little of the mysterious matter, according to a study led by a physicist at the University of California, Riverside.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Nature Communications
Seeing objects through clouds and fog
Using a new algorithm, Stanford researchers have reconstructed the movements of individual particles of light to see through clouds, fog and other obstructions.
Stanford Graduate Fellowship in Science and Engineering, National Science Foundation, Sloan Fellowship, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Army Research Office

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
UCF researchers are helping develop rapid, longer lasting COVID disinfectant
Current disinfectant products for killing viruses like coronavirus take minutes to fully sanitize surfaces, which isn't practical on high-contact areas such as door handles, elevators and bannisters. That's why the University of Central Florida is co-developing a new, rapid-acting, long-lasting disinfectant spray that instantly kills viruses without using harsh chemicals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert H Wells
robert.wells@ucf.edu
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Physical Chemstry Letters
Mysterious cellular droplets come into focus
Researchers are shedding light on a type of membrane-less organelle, known as biological condensates, that play a role in DNA repair and aging. Using the Frontera supercomputer, biophysicists from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign performed coarse-grained molecular dynamics of one particular biomolecular condensate -- fused in sarcoma (FUS). Writing in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, they outlined a phase diagram showing the physical states of the condensate under different conditions of temperature and pressure.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-820-5785
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Quarterly Review of Biology
Cell-autonomous immunity shaped human evolution
Every human cell harbors its own defenses against microbial invaders, relying on strategies that date back to some of the earliest events in the history of life, researchers report. Because this "cell-autonomous immunity" is so ancient and persistent, understanding it is essential to understanding human evolution and human medicine, the researchers said.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Nature Chemical Biology
Flipping light on-off turns bacteria into chemical factories
Researchers at Princeton University have created a new and improved way to more precisely control genetically engineered bacteria: by simply switching the lights on and off. Working in E. coli, the workhorse organism for scientists to engineer metabolism, researchers developed a system for controlling one of the key genetic circuits needed to turn bacteria into chemical factories that produce valuable compounds such as the biofuel isobutanol.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation, Pew Charitable Trusts, Eric and Wendy Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund, Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award

Contact: Steven Schultz
sschultz@princeton.edu
609-751-4480
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Nature Communications
Study suggests unconscious learning underlies belief in God
Individuals who can unconsciously predict complex patterns, an ability called implicit pattern learning, are likely to hold stronger beliefs that there is a god who creates patterns of events in the universe, according to neuroscientists at Georgetown University.
John Templeton, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program award

Contact: Karen Teber
km463@georgetown.edu
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Nature Communications
New microfluidic device minimizes loss of high value samples
A major collaborative effort that has been developing over the last three years between Arizona State University and European scientists, has resulted in a significant technical advance in X-ray crystallographic sample strategies.
NSF, NIH

Contact: Jenny Green
jenny.green@asu.edu
480-241-6608
Arizona State University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Genome Biology
Add human-genome produced RNA to the list of cell surface molecules
Bioengineers at UC San Diego have shown that human-genome produced RNA is present on the surface of human cells, suggesting a more expanded role for RNA in cell-to-cell and cell-to-environment interactions than previously thought. This new type of membrane-associated extracellular RNA (maxRNA) is found in human cells that are not undergoing cell death, shedding light on the contribution of nucleic acids--particularly RNA--to cell surface functions.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Connor
khconnor@eng.ucsd.edu
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Science Advances
Sound waves replace human hands in petri dish experiments
Mechanical engineers at Duke University have demonstrated a set of prototypes for manipulating particles and cells in a Petri dish using sound waves. The devices, known in the scientific community as 'acoustic tweezers,' are the first foray into making these types of tools, which have thus far been relegated to laboratories with specific equipment and expertise, available for use in a wide array of settings.
National Institutes of Health, United States Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2020
Lancet Planetary Health
Stanford researchers anticipate rise of some mosquito-borne diseases
A warming climate and urbanization will likely lower rates of malaria, while increasing rates of other mosquito-borne diseases, such as dengue fever, in Sub-Saharan Africa. Public health strategies must adapt to avoid a public health crisis. Watch related video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DaVJbYPxXhs
National Institutes of Health, Maternal & Child Health Research Institute, National Science Foundation, Hellman Fellows Fund, Stanford University Terman Fellowship, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Rob Jordan
rjordan@stanford.edu
650-721-1881
Stanford University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Journal of Morphology
Skeletal study suggests at least 11 fish species are capable of walking
An international team of scientists has identified at least 11 species of fish suspected to have land-walking abilities.
American Museum of Natural History, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Duke University, National Science Foundation, Sigma Xi

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoose@flmnh.ufl.edu
352-273-1922
Florida Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study pinpoints process that might have led to first organic molecules
New research led by the American Museum of Natural History and funded by NASA identifies a process that might have been key in producing the first organic molecules on Earth about 4 billion years ago, before the origin of life. The process, which is similar to what might have occurred in some ancient underwater hydrothermal vents, may also have relevance to the search for life elsewhere in the universe.
NASA's Maine Space Grant Consortium, National Science Foundation, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, European Molecular Biology Organization

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Plant Direct
Plant Science Research Network releases decadal vision 2020-2030
Plant science research has tremendous potential to address pressing global issues including climate change, food insecurity and sustainability. However, without sustained investment in plant science, the necessary research to solve these urgent problems is at risk. The Plant Science Research Network (PSRN) released its Plant Science Decadal Vision 2020-2030, a report that outlines bold, innovative solutions to guide investments and research in plant science over the next 10 years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: AJ Bouchie
ajbouchie@btiscience.org
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
UC Davis receives NSF funding for engineering, sciences, artificial intelligence for HSIs
The University of California, Davis, received more than $1 million in grants from the National Science Foundation to convene and engage faculty, researchers and industry experts in expanding research and undergraduate instruction at Hispanic Serving Institutions and Minority Serving Institutions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Nikos-Rose
kmnikos@ucdavis.edu
530-219-5472
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Funding flows into liquid fuel strategy
The National Science Foundation awards a $2 million collaborative grant for the development of methods to convert carbon dioxide into liquid fuels.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
jfalk@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences
Meteorites show transport of material in early solar system
New studies of a rare type of meteorite show that material from close to the Sun reached the outer solar system even as the planet Jupiter cleared a gap in the disk of dust and gas from which the planets formed. The results, published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, add to an emerging understanding of how our Solar System formed and how planets form around other stars.
NASA, NSF

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Boundaries no barrier for thermoelectricity
Rice University researchers show how thermoelectricity hurdles some defects, but not others, in gold nanowires. The discovery has implications for making better thin-film electronic devices.
Robert A. Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative, Packard Fellowship Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
jfalk@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Science Advances
Detecting soil-surface ozone early can help prevent damage to grapes and apples
Farmers and fruit growers report that climate change is leading to increased ozone concentrations on the soil surface in their fields and orchards, which can cause irreversible plant damage, reduce crop yields and threaten the food supply. Trisha Andrew and colleagues at UMass Amherst, writing in Science Advances, show that her lab's method of vapor-depositing conducting polymer "tattoos" on plant leaves can accurately detect and measure such ozone damage, even at low exposure levels.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
University of Massachusetts Amherst

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Study of 'shrink-smart' towns expanding to include curriculum, big data
Iowa State's rural smart shrinkage project has received a three-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to build upon its pilot study examining whether there were towns in Iowa that have lost population but perception of quality of life has remained stable or improved.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chelsea Davis
chelsead@iastate.edu
515-294-4778
Iowa State University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Scientific Reports
Thermal imaging enhances engineers' understanding of breast tumors
New research performed at The University of Texas at Dallas and published June 22 in Nature Research's Scientific Reports takes a critical step toward making digital infrared thermal imaging more useful for monitoring breast cancer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Horner
kim.horner@utdallas.edu
972-883-4463
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Collaborative team awarded $12.5 million for new NSF Biology Integration Institute
The National Science Foundation (NSF) announced a five-year, $12.5 million grant to integrate biology to a collaborative team based in the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. The new institute, Genomics and Eco-evolution of Multi-scale Symbioses (GEMS), will include molecular, organismal, computational and theoretical approaches.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Cryosphere
Deep channels link ocean to Antarctic glacier
Newly discovered deep seabed channels beneath Thwaites Glacier in West Antarctica may be the pathway for warm ocean water to melt the underside of the ice. Data from two research missions, using aircraft and ship, are helping scientists to understand the contribution this huge and remote glacier is likely to make to future global sea level rise.
UKRI-NERC, National Science Foundation

Contact: Athena Dinar
amdi@bas.ac.uk
44-790-900-8516
British Antarctic Survey

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
New fossil ape is discovered in India
A 13-million-year-old fossil unearthed in northern India comes from a newly discovered ape, the earliest known ancestor of the modern-day gibbon. The discovery fills a major void in the ape fossil record and provides important new evidence about when the ancestors of today's gibbon migrated to Asia from Africa.
Leakey Foundation, PSC-CUNY faculty award program, Hunter College, AAPA professional development program, University of Southern California, Institute of Human Origins (Arizona State University), National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Raskin
draskin@rubenstein.com
212-843-8028
Arizona State University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2020
Current Biology
International study gets at the root of what makes deer migrate
Researchers found that the dynamics of springtime plant growth, specifically whether green-up progresses like a wave or not, explain where deer migration occurs in many ecosystems.
National Science Foundation, Research Council of Norway

Contact: Matt Kauffman
mkauffm1@uwyo.edu
307-766-6404
University of Wyoming

Showing releases 776-800 out of 1140.

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