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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 776-800 out of 1111.

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Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Forest Ecology and Management
Forest regeneration experiment of 30 years yields results
A spruce forest regeneration experiment in Interior Alaska that spanned nearly 30 years demonstrates which forest management practices produce the best results. It looked at different combinations of ground treatments to reduce competition from other vegetation and of regeneration methods, such as planting spruce seedlings and broadcast seeding. The results show the environmental and management situations in which different techniques work best and the situations in which they are unnecessary. Results support the state's current reforestation practices.
Alaska Department of Natural Resources Boreal Alaska-Learning Adaptation and Production, USDA-NIFA McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Glenn Juday
gpjuday@alaska.edu
907-474-6717
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
NSF-funded center at Purdue could help power US for next century
The National Science Foundation has chosen Purdue University to lead an engineering research center, which will develop new technologies to produce fuels from US shale-gas deposits that could inject $20 billion annually into the economy.
National Science Foundation Engineering Research Center grant

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing
To Improve smartphone privacy, control access to third-party libraries
Smartphone apps that share users' personal Information often do so through services called third-party libraries, suggesting a new strategy for protecting privacy. Carnegie Mellon University researchers say controlling access to these third-party libraries, which help app developers make money by targeting people with ads or compiling marketing profiles, promises to be an effective way of limiting the unwanted release of personal information.
Air Force Research Laboratory, National Science Foundation, Google

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Bionic heart tissue: U-M part of $20 million center
The University of Michigan is partnering on an ambitious $20 million project to grow new heart tissue for cardiac patients.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
kmca@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
eLife
Tomatoes' crystal ball reveals evolutionary secrets
For this study, Rob Last focused on a single type of molecule in trichomes - acylsugars. The secrets Last and a team of MSU scientists found from studying these specialized metabolites open an evolutionary window for the emerging field of plant defense metabolism, insights that could lead to engineering advances for better pest resistance and human medicine.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, United States Department of Agriculture

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
BU receives NSF grant to enhance STEM opportunities for underrepresented populations
Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) has received a two-year, $300,000 grant from the National Science Foundation ((NSF) for its pilot project BEST BET: Broadening Experiences in Scientific Training - Beginning Enhancement Track.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gina DiGravio
ginad@bu.edu
617-638-8480
Boston University School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Psychological Science
Eye movements reveal temporal expectation deficits in ADHD
A technique that measures tiny movements of the eyes may help scientists better understand and perhaps eventually improve assessment of ADHD, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Binational United States-Israel National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 12-Sep-2017
Engineering Research Center will help expand use of therapies based on living cells
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded nearly $20 million to a consortium of universities to support a new engineering research center (ERC) that will work closely with industry and clinical partners to develop transformative tools and technologies for the consistent, scalable and low-cost production of high-quality living therapeutic cells.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics
Study of circular DNA comes full circle with use of old technique
A 50-year-old lab technique is helping researchers better understand circular DNA, a lesser-known and poorly understood cousin of the linear version commonly associated with life's genetic blueprint. With the aid of a process called density gradient centrifugation, a research team recently published a study that for the first time characterizes all of the circular DNA in the worm C. elegans, as well as in three human cell types. 
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
amanda.siegfried@utdallas.edu
972-883-2155
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Ethnic diversity in schools may be good for students' grades, a UC Davis study suggests
The findings suggest that schools might look for ways to provide cross-ethnic interaction among students to take advantage of ethnic diversity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Nikos-Rose
kmnikos@ucdavis.edu
530-752-6101
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Journal of Human Evolution
Why your ancestors would have aced the long jump
A 52-million-year-old ankle fossil suggests our prehuman ancestors were high-flying acrobats. For years, scientists thought the ancestors of today's humans, monkeys, lemurs and apes were relatively slow and deliberate animals, using their grasping hands and feet to creep along small twigs and branches. But a new study suggests the first primates were masters at leaping through the trees.
Duke University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Nature Geoscience
Earthquake triggers 'slow motion' quakes in New Zealand
Slow slip events, a type of slow motion earthquake that occurs over days to weeks, are thought to be capable of triggering larger, potentially damaging earthquakes. In a new study led by The University of Texas at Austin, scientists have documented the first clear-cut instance of the reverse--a massive earthquake immediately triggering a series of large slow slip events.
GNS Science, the Marsden Fund of the Royal Society of New Zealand, and the NZ Ministry for Business, Innovation, and Employment, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Caputo
anton.caputo@jsg.utexas.edu
512-232-9623
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
OPEC added billions to cost of oil production, new research says
OPEC's effects on the world economy extend far beyond the prices consumers see at the pump, says new research from Duke University. By limiting production, the oil industry cartel drove oil production in new, expensive directions, driving up the cost of crude oil production by some $160 billion, and helping transform the oil industry. The finds are based on 34 years of data from 13,248 oil fields worldwide.
Princeton University's Industrial Organization Group, National Science Foundation, FWO Odysseus Grant

Contact: Alison Jones
Alison.jones@duke.edu
919-681-8052
Duke University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Science
First on-chip nanoscale optical quantum memory developed
Engineers at Caltech have built a chip capable of storing and retrieving individual photons of light, with all of their quantum properties left intact. The chip represents the first nanoscale optical quantum memory device, and could one day be used to create more secure Internet communications.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Robert Perkins
rperkins@caltech.edu
626-395-1862
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Computational Optimization and Applications
Congressional redistricting less contentious when resolved using computer algorithm
Concerns that the process of US congressional redistricting may be politically biased have fueled many debates, but a team of University of Illinois computer scientists and engineers has developed a new computer algorithm that may make the task easier for state legislatures and fairer for their constituents.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Lois E Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Natural Hazards Review
Decade of data shows FEMA flood maps missed 3 in 4 claims
An analysis of flood claims in three Houston suburbs from 1999-2009 found that the Federal Emergency Management Agency's 100-year flood plain maps failed to capture 75 percent of flood damages from five serious floods, none of which reached the threshold rainfall of a 100-year event.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Journal of Climate
Penn: How openings in Antarctic sea ice affect worldwide climate
In a new analysis of climate models, researchers from the University of Pennslyvania, Spain's Institute of Marine Sciences and Johns Hopkins University reveal the significant global effects that seemingly anomalous polynyas, or openings in sea ice, can have. Their findings indicate that heat escaping from the ocean through these openings impacts sea and atmospheric temperatures and wind patterns around the globe and even rainfall around the tropics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 11-Sep-2017
Nature Ecology & Evolution
Scientists track the brain-skull transition from dinosaurs to birds
The dramatic, dinosaur-to-bird transition that occurred in reptiles millions of years ago was accompanied by profound changes in the skull roof of those animals -- and holds important clues about the way the skull forms in response to changes in the brain -- according to a new study. It is the first time scientists have tracked the link between the brain's development and the roofing bones of the skull.
Yale University, Imperial College London, National Science Foundation, Templeton Foundation

Contact: Jim Shelton
james.shelton@yale.edu
203-432-3881
Yale University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2017
Scientists to study health of plant-bacteria symbiosis in California
Scientists at the UC Riverside and Oregon State University have received a grant to study the health and sustainability of critical symbioses between plants and bacteria across California. Symbiotic bacteria in soils transform how plants interact with their environment. But the symbioses vary greatly in their effects on plant health and fitness. Little is understood about the forces that sustain this variation and drive the spread of symbionts that interact yet fail to benefit plants.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 8-Sep-2017
PLOS ONE
Lazy ants make themselves useful in unexpected ways
Sizable populations of inactive workers in ant colonies have puzzled scientists for a long time. However, new research by UA biologists shows that these ants are far from useless.
GIDP-EIS, EEB Department at University of Arizona, NSF

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 8-Sep-2017
Physics of Plasmas
Team led by graduate student at PPPL produces unique simulation of magnetic reconnection
There is a new application of the fluid model to reconnection in space plasmas.
National Science Foundation, National Security Agency, US Department of Energy

Contact: John Greenwald
jgreenwa@pppl.gov
609-243-2672
DOE/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Public Release: 8-Sep-2017
Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics
Why it's difficult to predict evolutionary fate of a new trait
In a new review paper, scientists explain the vexing complexities that make it hard to predict whether a new genetic trait will take over a population or die out, a key challenge for many fields including infectious disease.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David J. Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 7-Sep-2017
Scientific Reports
How tails help geckos and other vertebrates make great strides
A wagging tail is often associated with dogs' emotions, but the side-to-side motion may also help them take longer strides and move faster, according to a study by researchers at the University of California, Riverside. The research was done on leopard geckos, which are ideal animals for the study of tail function because they naturally lose their tails as a defense mechanism against predators in a process called autotomy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarah.nightingale@ucr.edu
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 7-Sep-2017
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
UT Austin study raises question: Why are fossilized hairs so rare?
New research led by The University of Texas at Austin has found that when it comes to preserving body parts, fossilized hair is rare--five times rarer than feathers--despite being an important tool for understanding ancient species. This finding has researchers trying to determine if the lack of hair in the fossil record has to do with physical traits that might make it more difficult for hair to fossilize, or an issue with scientists' collection techniques that could lead to them missing important finds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Monica Kortsha
mkortsha@jsg.utexas.edu
512-471-2241
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 7-Sep-2017
Physical Review C
The doubly magic nucleus of lead-208 -- it spins, though it shouldn't!
We imagine atomic nuclei to be more or less spherical, chaotic clusters of protons and neutrons. Experiments at the Argonne National Laboratory, inspired by physicists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the PAS, are verifying these ideas. Using an astronomical analogy we can say that the majority of nuclei are similar in outline to rocky moons or asteroids of different shapes, but nuclei of lead-208 can resemble planet surrounded by a dense atmosphere.
Polish National Science Center, US Department of Energy -- Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics, National Science Foundation, Science and Technology Facilities Council

Contact: Rafal Broda
rafal.broda@ifj.edu.pl
48-126-628-243
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences

Showing releases 776-800 out of 1111.

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