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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 776-800 out of 952.

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Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
West Antarctic ice shelf breaking up from the inside out
A key glacier in Antarctica is breaking apart from the inside out, suggesting that the ocean is weakening ice on the edges of the continent.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Ecology Letters
Lake ecologists see winter as a key scientific frontier
An international team of 62 scientists looking at more than 100 lakes has concluded that life under the ice is vibrant, complex and surprisingly active. Their findings stand to complicate the understanding of freshwater systems just as climate change is warming lakes around the planet.
National Science Foundation, Washington State University

Contact: Eric Sorensen
Washington State University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
Nature Communications
A new perovskite could lead the next generation of data storage
EPFL scientists have developed a new perovskite material with unique properties that can be used to build next-generation hard drives.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, NCCR-MARVEL

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
Fault curvature may control where big quakes occur
Major earthquakes -- magnitude 8.5 and stronger -- occur where faults are mostly flat, say University of Oregon and French geologists. Curvier faults, they report in the journal Science, are less likely to experience earthquakes exceeding that strength.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
Upward mobility boosts immunity in monkeys
The richest and poorest Americans differ in life expectancy by more than a decade. Health inequalities across the socioeconomic spectrum are often attributed to medical care and lifestyle habits. But a study of rhesus monkeys shows the stress of life at the bottom can impact immunity even in the absence of other risk factors. Infection sends immune cells of low-ranking monkeys into overdrive, but social mobility can turn things around, researchers report in Science.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Canada Research Chairs Program, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Fonds de recherche du Québec

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
For platinum catalysts, tiny squeeze gives big boost in performance, Stanford study says
Squeezing a platinum catalyst a fraction of a nanometer nearly doubles its catalytic activity, a finding that could lead to better fuel cells and other clean energy technologies, say Stanford scientists. The findings are published in the Nov. 25 issue of Science.
US Department of Energy, Stanford Global Climate and Energy Project, Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowship Program, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program

Contact: Mark Shwartz
Stanford University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
Bringing silicon to life
Living organisms have been persuaded to make chemical bonds not found in nature, a finding that may change how medicines and other chemicals are made in the future.
National Science Foundation, Caltech Innovation Initiative program, Jacobs Institute for Molecular Engineering for Medicine at Caltech

Contact: Whitney Clavin
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
The eye has it: Vitreous gel could hold clues to visual impairment
Research is underway at Rochester Institute of Technology that will give scientists a better understanding of the vitreous humor, or gel, that fills the eye and could lead to advances in the treatment of vision disorders, drug delivery and eye surgery. RIT biophysicist Moumita Das is leading a National Science Foundation-funded study to explore properties critical to the function of the vitreous and the eye.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
Uncovering the secrets of friction on graphene
Researchers have uncovered the secrets of friction on two-dimensional materials such as graphene and boron nitride.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
$2 million grant to help youngest students learn science
Using a four-year, $2.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation, Michigan State University scholars plan to help teachers across the nation introduce science to the youngest students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
Researchers put mouse embryos in suspended animation
UC San Francisco researchers have found a way to pause the development of early mouse embryos for up to a month in the lab, a finding with potential implications for assisted reproduction, regenerative medicine, aging, and even cancer, the authors say.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicholas Weiler
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports
Hurricane risk to northeast USA coast increasing, research warns
The Northeastern coast of the USA could be struck by more frequent and more powerful hurricanes in the future due to shifting weather patterns, according to new research.
European Research Council, National Science Foundation, Alphawood Foundation, Schweizer National Fund, Sinergia, Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research

Contact: Dionne Hamil
Durham University

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
Science Advances
Huge reduction in African dust plume impacted climate 11,000 years ago
Researchers from MIT, Yale University, and elsewhere now report that the African plume was far less dusty between 5,000 and 11,000 years ago, containing only half the amount of dust that is transported today. In a paper published today in Science Advances, the researchers have reconstructed the African dust plume over the last 23,000 years and observed a dramatic reduction in dust beginning around 11,000 years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
New study reveals when West Antarctica's largest glacier started retreating
Reporting this week in the journal Nature an international team led by British Antarctic Survey explains that present-day thinning and retreat of Pine Island Glacier, one of the largest and fastest shrinking glaciers of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, is part of a climate trend that was already underway as early as the 1940s.
National Science Foundation, Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Athena Dinar
British Antarctic Survey

Public Release: 22-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Single enzyme controls 2 plant hormones
Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis have isolated the first enzyme shown to be capable of controlling the levels of two distinct plant hormones, involved both in normal growth and in responses to infections. Overexpressing the protein in plants reduced the levels of active hormones, leading to stunted plants. The researchers purified the protein and solved the structure, showing surprising similarities with enzymes that could only bind a single hormone.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Diana Lutz
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 22-Nov-2016
Physics of Plasmas
Article proposes theory behind fast magnetic reconnection
Theoretical description of the physics behind fast magnetic reconnection.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: John Greenwald
DOE/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Public Release: 22-Nov-2016
Earth's Future
Oceans act as 'heat sink'
Study by three universities, NASA, NOAA and NCAR, points to the prominent role global ocean played in absorbing extra heat from the atmosphere by acting as a 'heat sink' as an explanation for the observed decrease in a key indicator of climate change.
National Science Foundation, NASA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 22-Nov-2016
Royal Society Proceedings B
Feast without fear: USU scientist says more snake species resist toxin
Scientists from Utah State University and Kyoto University report snakes throughout the globe, some of which never eat toads chemically defended by bufadienolides, nevertheless possess the life-saving mutation that enables them to resist the ill effects of the toxins, which suggests these mutations are highly ancestral and pose no negative consequences for the snakes.
Society for Integrative and Comparative Grant-in-Aid of Research, National Science Foundation, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Shabnam Mohammadi
Utah State University

Public Release: 22-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cancer cells 'talk' to their environment, and it talks back
A Cornell-led team has devised a method for measuring the mechanical force cells exert on their surroundings, which can help scientists design better biomaterial scaffolds for tissue engineering.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Tom Fleischman
Cornell University

Public Release: 22-Nov-2016
Insectes Sociaux
New dominant ant species discovered in Ethiopia shows potential for global invasion
A team of scientists conducting a recent biodiversity survey in the ancient church forests of Ethiopia made an unexpected discovery -- a rather infamous ant species (Lepisiota canescens) displaying signs of supercolony formation.
Tree Research, Exploration & Education Foundation, Southeast Climate 39 Science Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: D. Magdalena Sorger
North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences

Public Release: 21-Nov-2016
Scientists reconstruct formation of the southern Appalachians
A new study finds that the process that built the Appalachian Mountains 300 million years ago is similar to the process building the Himalayas today.
National Science Foundation, EarthScope Program

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 21-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Catching molecular dance moves in slow motion by adding white noise
If you could watch to a molecule of medication attaching to a cell receptor in extreme slow motion, they would look something like a space ship docking with a space station -- some twists, turns, sputters then locking together tight. With a new improvement to atomic force microscopy by Georgia Tech engineers, seeing this kind of detail is more likely to become possible.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ben Brumfield
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Nov-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
How to monitor global ocean warming -- without harming whales
Tracking the speed of internal tides offers a cheap, simple way to monitor temperature changes throughout the world's oceans.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 21-Nov-2016
Nature Physics
New clues emerge in 30-year-old superconductor mystery
Researchers are taking steps toward cracking the puzzle of how high-temperature superconductors work.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council

Contact: Whitney Clavin
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
US record high temps could outpace record lows 15 to 1 before
If society continues to pump greenhouse gases into the atmosphere at the current rate, Americans later this century will have to endure, on average, about 15 daily maximum temperature records for every time that the mercury notches a record low, new research indicates.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

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