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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 776-800 out of 986.

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Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Nature
New mechanical metamaterials can block symmetry of motion, findings suggest
Engineers and scientists at The University of Texas at Austin and the AMOLF institute in the Netherlands have invented the first mechanical metamaterials that easily transfer motion effortlessly in one direction while blocking it in the other.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation and Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

Contact: Sandra Zaragoza
Zaragoza@utexas.edu
512-471-2129
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Astrophysical Journal
Scientists make huge dataset of nearby stars available to public
Today, a team that includes MIT and is led by the Carnegie Institution for Science has released the largest collection of observations made with a technique called radial velocity, to be used for hunting exoplanets. The huge dataset, taken over two decades by the W.M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii, is now available to the public, along with an open-source software package to process the data and an online tutorial.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Nature Microbiology
New protein discovery may lead to new, natural antibiotics
Scientists have discovered a new protein that likely will advance the search for new natural antibiotics, according to a study by Texas A&M AgriLife Research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Phillips
ka-phillips@tamu.edu
979-845-2872
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Nature Biotechnology
Chemical engineers boost bacteria's productivity
MIT chemical engineers have designed a novel genetic switch that allows them to dramatically boost bacteria cells' production of useful chemicals by shutting competing metabolic pathways in the cells. The researchers showed that they could significantly enhance the yield of glucaric acid, a chemical precursor to products such as nylons and detergents.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
NDSS Symposium
Researchers develop first reliable technique to track web users across browsers
A team of researchers led by Yinzhi Cao, assistant professor computer science and engineering at Lehigh University has developed the first cross-browser fingerprinting technique to use machine-level features to identify users. The work is described in a paper called: '(Cross-) Browser Fingerprinting via OS and Hardware Level Features.' Cao and his colleagues are scheduled to present their findings at the Internet Society's Network and Distributed System Security (NDSS) Symposium next week, Feb. 26-March 1 in San Diego, Calif.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
lof214@lehigh.edu
610-758-3224
Lehigh University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2017
Philosophical Transactions B
Mismatched eyes help squid survive ocean's twilight zone
Biologists have gathered the first behavioral evidence that cockeyed squids' mismatched eyes evolved to spot two different sources of light available in the deep sea. Their one large eye is adapted for gazing upwards, searching for shadows of fellow sea creatures against fading sunlight, while their small eye is adapted for gazing downwards, scanning deeper water for bioluminescent flashes, according to researchers at Duke University and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI).
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kara Manke
kara.manke@duke.edu
919-681-8064
Duke University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
50+ year-old protein volume paradox resolved
Research published this week in Nature Communications makes it possible to predict how volume for a given protein will change between the folded and unfolded state. Computations accurately predict how a protein will react to increased pressure, shed light on the inner-workings of life in the ocean depths, and may also offer insights into alien life.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
martim12@rpi.edu
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Discovering what shapes language diversity
A research team led by Colorado State University is the first to use a form of simulation modeling to study the processes that shape language diversity patterns.
National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Guiden
mary.guiden@colostate.edu
970-491-6892
Colorado State University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Protecting bulk power systems from hackers
Most of us take turning the lights on for granted. In reality, the energy we draw from the electrical grid to brighten homes, freeze food and watch TV is part of a complicated and widespread system. Understanding that system's vulnerabilities and reliability is a crucial step towards improving its security.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Allison Mills
awmills@mtu.edu
906-487-2343
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Cold plates and hot melts
The movements of Earth's tectonic plates shape the face of our planet. The sinking of one plate beneath another causes volcanism and earthquakes. As part of the International Ocean Discovery Program, an international science team was able to drill and investigate the origin of a subduction zone for the first time in 2014. The team is now publishing its data in the international scientific journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
International Ocean Discovery Program, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, National Science Foundation, Consortium for Ocean Leadership US Science Support Program

Contact: Jan Steffen
jsteffen@geomar.de
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Physics Letters B
Quest to settle riddle over Einstein's theory may soon be over
Experiments with advanced technology could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, and settle a longstanding puzzle over what is driving the accelerated expansion of the universe.
UK Science Technology Facilities Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Portuguese Foundation of Science and Technology

Contact: Catriona Kelly
Catriona.Kelly@ed.ac.uk
44-779-135-5940
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Chinese air pollution linked to respiratory and cardiovascular deaths
In the largest epidemiological study conducted in the developing world, researchers found that as exposures to fine particulate air pollution in 272 Chinese cities increase, so do deaths from cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
Public Welfare Research Program of National Health and Family Planning Commission of China, National Science Foundation of China, China Medical Board Collaborating Program

Contact: Dacia Morris
dmorris@thoracic.org
212-315-8620
American Thoracic Society

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Analytical Chemistry
University of Maryland researchers make strides in schizophrenia diagnosis research
Researchers from the University of Maryland College Park (UMD) and Baltimore (UMB) campuses have developed a blood test that could help doctors more quickly diagnose schizophrenia and other disorders.
The National Science Foundation, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Alyssa Wolice
awolice@umd.edu
301-405-3936
University of Maryland

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Computer trained to predict which AML patients will go into remission, which will relapse
Researchers have developed the first computer machine-learning model to accurately predict which patients diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia, or AML, will go into remission following treatment for their disease and which will relapse.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
caisen@iupui.edu
317-843-2275
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits
Wave of the future: Terahertz chips a new way of seeing through matter
Electromagnetic pulses lasting one millionth of a millionth of a second may hold the key to advances in medical imaging, communications and drug development. But the pulses, called terahertz waves, have long required elaborate and expensive equipment to use. Now, researchers at Princeton University have drastically shrunk much of that equipment: moving from a tabletop setup with lasers and mirrors to a pair of microchips small enough to fit on a fingertip.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Sullivan
js29@princeton.edu
609-258-4597
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Neuron
From brouhaha to coordination: Motor learning from the neuron's point of view
Neuroscientists have begun 'dissecting' the evolution of the patterns of neural activity associated with the learning of motor tasks by animals. Their results could make it possible to improve the performance of brain-machine interfaces (BMI), which paralyzed patients would then use to mentally control robotic arms.
Champalimaud Foundation, National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Maria Joao Soares
mjsoares@jlma.pt
Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Research reveals novel quantum state in strange insulating materials
Experiments show how electrons in Mott insulators with strong spin-orbit coupling arrange themselves to make the materials magnetic at low temperatures. The work helps bring us closer to a more complete quantum theory of magnetism.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Science
Dual-function nanorod LEDs could make multifunctional displays
Cellphones and other devices could soon be controlled with touchless gestures and charge themselves using ambient light, thanks to new LED arrays that can both emit and detect light.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg Touchstone
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 8-Feb-2017
Tissue Engineering, Part A
Silver ion-coated medical devices could fight MRSA while creating new bone
The rise of MRSA infections is limiting the treatment options for physicians and surgeons. Now, an international team of researchers, led by Elizabeth Loboa, dean of the University of Missouri College of Engineering, has used silver ion-coated scaffolds, or biomaterials that are created to hold stem cells, which slow the spread of or kill MRSA while regenerating new bone. Scientists feel that the biodegradable and biocompatible scaffolds could be the first step in the fight against MRSA in patients.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 8-Feb-2017
ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Better scaffolds help scientists study cancer
Three-dimensional printed scaffolds with varying pore sizes help scientists see how bone cancer tumors are prone to spread in a realistic environment.
National Institutes of Health, Armed Forces Institute of Regenerative Medicine, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Feb-2017
Nature Geoscience
Deep groundwater aquifers respond rapidly to climate variability
Changes in climate can rapidly impact even the deepest freshwater aquifers according to Penn State and Columbia University hydrologists.
National Science Foundation, Columbia Earth Institute, University of Chicago

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 8-Feb-2017
Hydrobiologia
CWRU researcher finds fish uses sneaking behavior as stealth mating strategy
A Case Western Reserve University researcher found and recorded the Cuatro Ciénegas cichlid, a rare fish by the scientific name of Herichthys minckleyi, using a stealth mating strategy called sneaking to slip his DNA into the next generation.
Engineering Plus National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship, Dwight W. and Blanche Faye Reeder Centennial Fellowship

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 8-Feb-2017
National Science Review
Scientists argue current climate change models understate the problem
A new study on the relationship between people and the planet shows that climate change is only one of many inter-related threats to the Earth's capacity to support human life.
University of Maryland Council on the Environment, National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center, National Science Foundation, The Institute of Global Environment and Society, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, The Institute for New Economic Thinking

Contact: Daniel Luzer
daniel.luzer@oup.com
212-726-6113
Oxford University Press USA

Public Release: 8-Feb-2017
Physical Review Letters
Measuring time without a clock
EPFL scientists have been able to measure the ultrashort time delay in electron photoemission without using a clock. The discovery has important implications for fundamental research and cutting-edge technology.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Deutsche Forschunsgsgemeinschaft, Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 8-Feb-2017
Network and Distributed System Security Symposium 2017
New system makes it harder to track Bitcoin transactions
Researchers have developed a Bitcoin-compatible system that could make it significantly more difficult for observers to identify or track the parties involved in any given Bitcoin transaction.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Showing releases 776-800 out of 986.

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