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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 776-800 out of 874.

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Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Antimicrobial chemicals found with antibiotic-resistance genes in indoor dust
University of Oregon researchers have found links between the levels of antimicrobial chemicals and antibiotic-resistance genes in the dust of an aging building used for athletics and academics. One of the antimicrobials seen in the study is triclosan.
Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
RIT and Rochester Regional Health collaborate to improve breast cancer screening
Researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology and physicians at Rochester Regional Health are advancing thermal imaging techniques as a potentially safer and less invasive diagnostic tool for the detection of early-stage breast cancer. A National Science Foundation grant of $99,620 is supporting the two-year project.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
IEEE Conference on Decision and Control
Team of robots learns to work together, without colliding
When you have too many robots together, they get so focused on not colliding with each other that they eventually just stop moving. Georgia Tech's new algorithms are different: they allow any number of robots to move within inches of each other, without colliding, to complete their task -- swapping locations on his lab floor. The roboticists are the first researchers to create such minimally invasive safety algorithms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Maderer
maderer@gatech.edu
404-660-2926
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Faculty team awarded $1.25 million to study 'swimming cells'
They are the tiny motors present in many of the human body's most complex systems: cilia and flagella move liquids such as cerebrospinal fluid and mucus past the cell surface, and throughout the body. Both are of vital importance to human health, but how they actually move remains a mystery. A team from Washington University in St. Louis has been awarded a five-year, $1.25 million grant to study the mechanics of these tiny organelles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
eebsworth-goold@wustl.edu
314-935-2914
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security
Smartphone hacks 3-D printer by measuring 'leaked' energy and acoustic waves
University at Buffalo researchers illustrate how smartphones, due to their ubiquity and sophisticated gadgetry, can easily hack 3-D printers by measuring 'leaked' energy and acoustic waves that emanate from the printers. The work is eye-opening because it shows how anyone with a smartphone -- from a disgruntled employee to an industrial spy -- might steal intellectual property from an unsuspecting business.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans
Study finds increased ocean acidification due to human activities
Oceanographers from MIT and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution report that the northeast Pacific Ocean has absorbed an increasing amount of anthropogenic carbon dioxide over the last decade, at a rate that mirrors the increase of carbon dioxide emissions pumped into the atmosphere.
National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
International Union of Crystallography Journal
Neutron crystallography aids in drug design
Knowledge of H-bonding networks, water molecule orientations and protonation states, along with details of hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions, can prove vital towards a better understanding of many biological processes, such as enzyme mechanisms and can help guide structure-based drug design.
Shull Fellowship, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Jonathan Agbenyega
ja@iucr.org
44-124-434-2878
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Psychological Science
White racism tied to fatal heart disease for blacks and whites
Living in unabashedly racist communities can shorten the lives of both blacks and whites, according to new research from the University of California, Berkeley.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Yasmin Anwar
yanwar@berkeley.edu
510-643-7944
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Nature Scientific Reports
Pushing a parasite from land to sea
Higher levels of rainfall and coastal development increase the risk of disease-causing organisms flowing to the ocean, according to a study from the University of California, Davis. The study advances earlier work by tracking the parasite T. gondii to see how human-driven land-use change and rainfall might be impacting pathogen movement from land to sea.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kat Kerlin
kekerlin@ucdavis.edu
530-752-7704
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Nature Physics
New breed of optical soliton wave discovered
Sharks and minnows: Scientists discover an optical soliton wave that rides with and feeds off of other soliton waves, much like a pilot fish with a shark.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, PULSE Program, NASA, Kavli Nanoscience Institute, Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, National Science Foundation Physics Frontiers Center

Contact: Robert Perkins
rperkins@caltech.edu
626-395-1862
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
UTA mathematicians to improve curricula for future high school mathematics teachers
Mathematicians at The University of Texas at Arlington are conducting research to refine and supplement curriculum materials used in college mathematics courses designed for students who plan to become high school math teachers. The project specifically aims to enhance materials currently used in UTeach Arlington, UTA's version of the highly successful science and mathematics secondary teacher preparation program which has been replicated at 43 universities across the United States.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Microbial Ecology
Flowers critical link to bacteria transmission in wild bees
A team of researchers, including several from the University of California, Riverside, have found that flowers are a hot spot of transmission of bacteria that end up in the microbiome of wild bees.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Farming adaptations needed to combat climate change to impact crop yields in 2050
As the globe continues to spin toward a future with higher temperatures, crop yields will likely decrease if farmers do not adapt to new management or technology practices. Establishing new strategies is particularly difficult for sorghum farmers in West Africa where seed varieties and fertilizer are scarce, while drought and unpredictable rainfall are prevalent. Using more heat-resistant sorghum varieties may yield the most benefits, research shows.
Rockefeller Foundation, US National Science Foundation, Department for International Development and Natural Environment Research Council, Future Climate for Africa Programme, France-Stanford Center for Interdisciplinary Studies

Contact: Debra Levey Larson
dlarson@illinois.edu
217-244-2880
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Ecosphere
OU study demonstrates seasonality of bird migration in response to environmental cues
A University of Oklahoma study demonstrates for the first time that remote sensing data from weather surveillance radar and on-the-ground data from the eBird citizen science database both yield robust indices of migration timing, also known as migration phenology. These indices can now be used to address the critical gap in our knowledge regarding the cues that migrants use for fine tuning their migration timing in response to climate.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Nature Materials
Researchers design solids that control heat with spinning superatoms
Superatom crystals are periodic arrangements of C60 fullerenes and similarly sized inorganic molecular clusters. There are two nearly identical formations, one with rotating (i.e. orientationally disordered) C60s and low conductivity, and one with fixed C60s and high thermal conductivity. Superatom crystals represent a new class of materials with potential for applications in sustainable energy generation, energy storage, and nanoelectronics. Additional research could lead to controlling rotational disorder in new kinds of thermal switches and transistors.
Center for Precision Assembly of Superstratic and Superatomic Solids, NSF/Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Lisa Kulick
lkulick@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-5444
College of Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Gentle vibe designed to give docs smoother moves
The National Science Foundation has backed a Rice University team inventing a haptic feedback system to help train doctors to perform endovascular surgeries.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Nature Microbiology
Human aichi virus atomic structure identified by IBP and STRUBI scientists
Using cryo-electron microscopy, an international group of scientists have solved the atomic structure of the human aichi virus, a rather unusual but poorly characterized picornavirus, that is very common and can cause severe gastroenteritis in children.
Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ministry of Science and Technology 973 Project, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rao Zihe
raozh@sun5.ibp.ac.cn
86-106-488-8556
Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication
Friends help friends on Facebook feel better
Personal interactions on Facebook can have a major impact on a person's feelings of well-being and satisfaction with life just as much as getting married or having a baby, a new study by Carnegie Mellon University and Facebook researchers shows. What really makes people feel good is when those they know and care about write personalized posts or comments.
National Science Foundation, Google

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Journal of Chemical Physics
Location matters in the self-assembly of nanoclusters
Scientists at Iowa State University have developed a new formulation that helps to explain the self-assembly of atoms into nanoclusters and to advance the scientific understanding of related nanotechnologies. Their research offers a theoretical framework to explain the relationship between the distribution of 'capture zones,' the regions that surround the nanoscale 'islands' formed by deposition on surfaces, and the underlying nucleation or formation process.
National Science Foundation

Contact: AIP Media Line
media@aip.org
301-209-3090
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Nature Communications
Super-resolution microscope builds 3-D images by mapping negative space
Scientists have demonstrated a method for making 3-D images of structures in biological material under natural conditions at a much higher resolution than other existing methods. The method may help shed light on how cells communicate with one another and provide important insights for engineers working to develop artificial organs such as skin or heart tissue.
National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 5-Sep-2016
Nature Climate Change
During drought, dry air can stress plants more than dry soil
Newly published research finds that low relative humidity in the atmosphere is a significant, growing and often under-appreciated cause of plant stress in hot, dry weather conditions. The finding suggests that models used to gauge the impact of drought on ecosystems should be refined to more accurately account for the role of low atmospheric humidity.
USDOE Ameriflux Management Project and Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison Project, World Climate Research Programme Working Group on Coupled Modeling, National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Hinnefeld
slhinnef@iu.edu
812-856-3488
Indiana University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2016
Nature Microbiology
New genus of bacteria found living inside hydraulic fracturing wells
Researchers analyzing the genomes of microorganisms living in shale oil and gas wells have found evidence of sustainable ecosystems taking hold there -- populated in part by a never-before-seen genus of bacteria they have dubbed 'Frackibacter.'
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Deep Carbon Observatory

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2016
Nature Geoscience
Study: Earth's carbon points to planetary smashup
Research by Rice University Earth scientists suggests that virtually all of Earth's life-giving carbon could have come from a collision about 4.4 billion years ago between Earth and an embryonic planet similar to Mercury.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Warmer, wetter climate would impair California grasslands
Scientists from Rice University, Stanford University and the Carnegie Institution for Science said data from one of the world's longest-running climate-change experiments show that California grasslands will become less productive if the temperature or precipitation increases substantially above average conditions from the past 40 years.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Packard Foundation, Morgan Family Foundation, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Stanford University, Carnegie Institution for Science

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Lizard study finds global warming data not enough to predict animal extinction
Current models used to predict the survival of species in a warming world might be off target because they ignore the spatial distribution of shade.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Clinton Colmenares
ccolmen@clemson.edu
919-548-6493
Clemson University

Showing releases 776-800 out of 874.

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