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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 801-825 out of 1140.

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Public Release: 7-Sep-2020
Nano Letters
A tiny instrument to measure the faintest magnetic fields
Physicists at the University of Basel have developed a minuscule instrument able to detect extremely faint magnetic fields. At the heart of the superconducting quantum interference device are two atomically thin layers of graphene, which the researchers combined with boron nitride. Instruments like this one have applications in areas such as medicine, besides being used to research new materials.
Swiss Nanoscience Institute (SNI), ERC project TopSupra (787414), European Union Horizon 2020 no. 785219 (Graphene Flagship), Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss NCCR QSIT, Georg H. Endress foundation, Topograph FlagERA network, OTKA FK-12389

Contact: Christian Schönenberger
christian.schoenenberger@unibas.ch
Swiss Nanoscience Institute, University of Basel

Public Release: 7-Sep-2020
Nature Climate Change
'Wrong-way' migrations stop shellfish from escaping ocean warming
Ocean warming is paradoxically driving bottom-dwelling invertebrates -- including sea scallops, blue mussels, surfclams and quahogs that are valuable to the shellfish industry -- into warmer waters and threatening their survival, a Rutgers-led study shows.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Neal Buccino
neal.buccino@rutgers.edu
732-668-8439
Rutgers University

Public Release: 7-Sep-2020
Nature Chemistry
A new twist on DNA origami
A team* of scientists from ASU and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) led by Hao Yan, ASU's Milton Glick Professor in the School of Molecular Sciences, and director of the ASU Biodesign Institute's Center for Molecular Design and Biomimetics, has just announced the creation of a new type of meta-DNA structures that will open up the fields of optoelectronics (including information storage and encryption) as well as synthetic biology.
NSFC

Contact: Jenny Green
jenny.green@asu.edu
480-241-6608
Arizona State University

Public Release: 7-Sep-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How do stone forests get their spikes? New research offers pointed answer
A team of scientists has now shed new light on how stone forests and other natural structures are created. Its research also offers promise for the manufacturing of sharp-tipped structures, such as the micro-needles and probes needed for scientific research and medical procedures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
914-522-3774
New York University

Public Release: 7-Sep-2020
Current Biology
Acorn woodpeckers wage days-long battles over vacant territories, radio tag data show
When acorn woodpeckers inhabiting high-quality territories die, nearby birds begin a battle royal to win the vacant spot. Researchers used radio tags to understand the immense effort woodpecker warriors expend traveling to and fighting in these dangerous battles. They also found spectator woodpeckers go to great lengths to collect social information, coming from kilometers around just to watch these chaotic power struggles. The work appears September 7 in the journal Current Biology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Vican
press@cell.com
617-417-7053
Cell Press

Public Release: 4-Sep-2020
JGR Oceans
FSU researchers track nutrient transport in the Gulf of Mexico
Florida State University researchers found no evidence that nitrate from the Mississippi-Atchafalaya River System is mixing across the Northern Gulf shelf into the open waters of the Gulf of Mexico. The findings are consistent with recent modeling work by fellow scientists that indicates 90 percent of Mississippi River nutrients are retained in the near-shore ecosystem, which implies that nutrients from the Mississippi River do not leave the Gulf.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Robinson
arobinson7@fsu.edu
Florida State University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2020
Neurology
Common class of drugs linked to increased risk of Alzheimer's disease
UC San Diego researchers report that a class of drugs used for a broad array of conditions, from allergies and colds to hypertension and urinary incontinence, may be associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline, particularly in older adults at greater risk for Alzheimer's disease.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative and Department of Defense.

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
858-249-0456
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 4-Sep-2020
Plaku receives NSF funding as part of intergovernmental personnel assignment
Erion Plaku, Associate Professor of Computer Science, received $203,796 from the National Science Foundation as part of an Intergovernmental Personnel Assignment. This funding began in August 2020 and will end in August 2021. During that time, Plaku will manage the Robust Intelligence, Foundational Research in Robotics, National Robotics Initiative, and National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes programs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
egrisham@gmu.edu
703-993-5381
George Mason University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2020
Gilleaudeau studying rise and fall of neoproterozoic era in Siberia
Geoffrey Gilleaudeau, Assistant Professor, Atmospheric, Oceanic and Earth Sciences, is working to link plate tectonics, weathering, and ocean oxygenation across the two most important geobiological events in Earth history--the big bang of eukaryotic evolution and the Cambrian Explosion of animals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
egrisham@gmu.edu
703-993-5381
George Mason University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2020
Deneva conducting low-frequency survey for radio pulsars and transients
Iulia Deneva, Research Associate Professor, is part of an international research team that is set to conduct an ambitious high time resolution survey of the entire sky visible with a telescope based in Arecibo, Puerto Rico. Their goal is to discover millisecond pulsars (MSPs) to add to the NANOGrav pulsar timing array for nanohertz gravitational wave detection.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
egrisham@gmu.edu
703-993-5381
George Mason University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2020
Science of the Total Environment
Striving and stumbling towards sustainability amongst pandas and people
Understanding how achieving one of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals spins off more SDG success -- or sabotages progress on another goal across spatial and administrative boundaries.
National Science Foundation, State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-282-1093
Michigan State University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2020
Science Advances
Deep underground forces explain quakes on San Andreas Fault
Rock-melting forces occurring much deeper in the Earth than previously understood drive tremors along a segment of the San Andreas Fault near Parkfield, Calif., new USC research shows.
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC-41674067 and NSFC-U1839211), US National Science Foundation (EAR-1848192)

Contact: Gary Polakovic
polakovi@usc.edu
323-527-7770
University of Southern California

Public Release: 3-Sep-2020
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Do big tadpoles turn into big frogs? It's complicated, study finds
University of Arizona researchers studied the evolution of the body sizes of frogs and their tadpoles. They found that the two life stages do not evolve completely independently of each other as previously thought.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 3-Sep-2020
Advanced Science
Coaxing single stem cells into specialized cells
Researchers at the University of Illinois Chicago have developed a unique method for precisely controlling the deposition of hydrogel, which is made of water-soluble polymers commonly used to support cells in experiments or for therapeutic purposes. The researchers noticed that their technique - which allows for the encapsulation of a single cell within a minute hydrogel droplet - can be used to coax bone marrow stem cells into specialized cells.
National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation

Contact: Jackie Carey
jmcarey@uic.edu
312-996-8277
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 3-Sep-2020
PRX Quantum
Quantum leap for speed limit bounds
Nature's speed limits aren't posted on road signs, but Rice University physicists have discovered a new way to deduce them that is better -- infinitely better, in some cases -- than prior methods.
Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 3-Sep-2020
Science Advances
Texas A&M researchers develop treatment for canine ocular condition using turmeric
Researchers at Texas A&M University have produced a therapeutic derived from turmeric, a spice long-praised for its natural anti-inflammatory properties, that shows promise in decreasing ocular inflammation in dogs suffering from uveitis, an inflammation of the eye that leads to pain and reduced vision.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Gauntt
jgauntt@cvm.tamu.edu
979-862-4216
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 3-Sep-2020
Nature Materials
Wool-like material can remember and change shape
SEAS researchers have developed a biocompatible material that can be 3D printed into any shape and pre-programmed with reversible shape memory. The material is made using keratin, a fibrous protein found in hair, nails and shells, extracted from leftover Agora wool used in textile manufacturing. It could be used in anything from self-fitting bras to actuating textiles for medical therapeutics and could help reduce waste in the fashion industry.
Harvard University Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC), National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 3-Sep-2020
Systematic Biology
In butterfly battle of sexes, males deploy 'chastity belts' but females fight back
Some male butterflies seal their mate's genitalia with a waxy 'chastity belt' to prevent future liaisons. But female butterflies can fight back. Could this sexual one-upmanship ultimately result in new species?
National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq/ Brazil), National Science Foundation

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoose@flmnh.ufl.edu
352-273-1922
Florida Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 3-Sep-2020
Current Biology
Hearing loss in naked mole-rats is an advantage, not a hardship
With six mutations in genes associated with hearing, naked mole-rats can barely hear the constant squeaking they use to communicate with one another. This hearing loss, which is strange for such social, vocal animals, is an adaptive, beneficial trait, according to new findings published in the journal Current Biology.
University of Groningen, National Institutes of Health, David M. Rubenstein Fund for Hearing Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jackie Carey
jmcarey@uic.edu
312-996-8277
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 3-Sep-2020
UT Herbarium among recipients of NSF Grant
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Herbarium is part of a multimillion-dollar grant to digitize and study bryophytes and lichens, two important species in cryptobiotic communities. Jessica Budke, director of the herbarium, and colleagues from 24 other institutions across the US are sharing an award of $3.6 million from the National Science Foundation to image and digitize associated metadata for close to 1.2 million lichen and bryophyte specimens housed in their collections.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Womac
awomac1@utk.edu
865-974-2992
University of Tennessee at Knoxville

Public Release: 3-Sep-2020
Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Is consciousness continuous or discrete? Maybe it's both, argue researchers
Two major theories have fueled a now 1,500 year-long debate started by Saint Augustine: Is consciousness continuous, where we are conscious at each single point in time, or is it discrete, where we are conscious only at certain moments of time? In an Opinion published September 3 in the journal Trends in Cognitive Sciences, psychophysicists answer this centuries-old question with a new model, one that combines both continuous moments and discrete points of time.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Maddy Dippel
press@cell.com
617-417-7053
Cell Press

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Many forests scorched by wildfire won't bounce back
A study of 22 burned areas across the Southern Rocky Mountains found that forests are becoming less resilient to fire, with some converting to grasslands after burning. By 2050, as little as 3.5% to 6.3% of Douglas fir and ponderosa pine forests in the region will be suitable for recovery post-fire, the study found.
Joint Fire Science program, USDA, NSF, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Australian Research Council

Contact: Lisa Marshall
lisa.marshall@colorado.edu
303-492-3115
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
Pediatrics
For vulnerable families, the pandemic's effect on mental health is swift and harsh
In just a few months, the COVID-19 pandemic swiftly and substantially worsened mental health among US hourly service workers and their children -- especially those experiencing multiple hardships, according to new research from the Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke University and Barnard College.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver, NIH/Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Russell Sage Foundation and Washington Center for Equitable Growth

Contact: Sarah Brantley
sarah.brantley@duke.edu
910-520-5876
Duke University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
The Plant Journal
Newly identified gene grants tomatoes resistance to bacterial speck disease
Bacterial speck disease, which reduces both fruit yield and quality, has been a growing problem in tomatoes over the last five years. Because the culpable bacterium, Pseudomonas syringae, prefers a cool and wet climate, crops in places such as New York State have been particularly susceptible. Researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute have uncovered the first known gene to impart resistance to a particular strain of the bacterium that causes speck disease.
National Science Foundation, Colciencias Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: AJ Bouchie
ajbouchie@btiscience.org
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
JGR Atmospheres
Gravity wave insights from internet-beaming balloons
A better understanding of how gravity waves in the upper atmosphere interact with the jet stream, polar vortex and other phenomena could be key to improved weather predictions and climate models.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Josie Garthwaite
josieg@stanford.edu
650-497-0947
Stanford University

Showing releases 801-825 out of 1140.

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