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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 826-850 out of 1140.

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Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
Anthropologist receives NSF funding to explore new fossil site in Kenya
U of A anthropologist is co-leading an international NSF project focused on the origins of modern humans around the time of their migration out of Africa.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Plavcan
mplavcan@uark.edu
479-799-8494
University of Arkansas

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
New grant supports research on "the critical zone" and the future of Western water
A new five-year, $6.9 million National Science Foundation grant will study the "critical zone" -- from Earth's bedrock to tree canopy top -- in the American West.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kelsey Simpkins
kelsey.simpkins@colorado.edu
720-204-2920
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
CHARA Array receives $7.1 million to fund telescope, open-access program for scientists
Georgia State University's Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy (CHARA) in Mount Wilson, Calif., has been awarded $2.5 million from the National Science Foundation's Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) Program to support a new mobile telescope to the CHARA Array, the largest optical interferometer in the world. The NSF has also committed to continue support for CHARA's open-access program for guest observers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Noelle Toumey Reetz
ntoumey1@gsu.edu
Georgia State University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
Physical Review X
A molecular approach to quantum computing
Molecules in quantum superposition could help in the development of quantum computers.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Caltech

Contact: Whitney Clavin
wclavin@caltech.edu
626-390-9601
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
Physical Review Letters
An unexpected origin story for a lopsided black hole merger
A lopsided merger of two black holes may have an oddball origin story, according to a new study by researchers at MIT and elsewhere.
National Science Foundation, MIT's Solomon Buchsbaum Research Fund

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
Nature
Globalization is reweaving the web of life
Networks of interactions among species are becoming increasingly similar across ecosystems, according to a global analysis published this week in Nature. Data collected over the last 75 years show the accelerating pace that introduced species are reshaping mutualistic relationships and creating new ecological links between previously disconnected ecosystems. These changes to mutualistic networks will influence which species are winners and losers in future ecosystems and may expose ecological networks to collapse.
National Science Foundation, VILLUM FONDEN

Contact: Erin Duffy
eduffy@sesync.org
443-822-1902
University of Maryland

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
Astrophyiscal Journal Letters
Heaviest black hole merger is among three recent gravitational wave discoveries
Scientists observed what appears to be a bulked-up black hole tangling with a more ordinary one. The research team, which includes physicists from the University of Maryland, detected two black holes merging, but one of the black holes was 1 1/2 times more massive than any ever observed in a black hole collision. The discovery will be published September 2, 2020, in the journals Physical Review Letters and Astrophysical Journal Letters.
LIGO/Virgo Collaboration. LIGO is funded by the NSF and operated by Caltech and MIT. The Virgo Collaboration is currently composed of approximately 550 members from 106 institutes in 12 different countries.

Contact: Kimbra Cutlip
kcutlip@umd.edu
301-405-9463
University of Maryland

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
Physical Review Letters
Scientists detect first-of-its-kind 'intermediate-mass' black hole
An international research collaboration including Northwestern University astronomers has witnessed the birth of an "intermediate-mass" black hole. This is the first conclusive discovery of an intermediate-mass black hole, an object which has long eluded astronomers. The cosmic event, its energy detected on Earth in the form of gravitational waves, is the most massive black hole merger yet observed in gravitational waves. Two black holes likely collided and merged to create a more massive black hole.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
Physical Review Letters
A 'bang' in LIGO and Virgo detectors signals most massive gravitational-wave source yet
Researchers have detected a signal from what may be the most massive black hole merger yet observed in gravitational waves. The product of the merger is the first clear detection of an 'intermediate-mass' black hole, with a mass between 100 and 1,000 times that of the sun.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Sep-2020
Nature
New connections reveal how cancer evades the immune system
If cancer is a series of puzzles, a new study pieces together how several of those puzzles connect to form a bigger picture. A connection between three separate puzzles suggests targeting the amino acid methionine transporter in tumor cells could make immunotherapy effective against more cancers.
National Cancer Institute, AACR NextGen Grant for Transformative Cancer Research; American Cancer Society Research Scholar Grant; National Institutes of Health, Charles Woodson Research Fund, U-M Pediatric Brain Tumor Initiative

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Public Release: 1-Sep-2020
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Keeping the beat - it's all in your brain
How do people coordinate their actions with the sounds they hear? This basic ability, which allows people to cross the street safely while hearing oncoming traffic, dance to new music or perform team events such as rowing, has puzzled cognitive neuroscientists for years. A new study led by researchers at McGill University is shining a light on how auditory perception and motor processes work together.
An NSF Graduate Fellowship to B. Mathias, PBEEE Graduate award from FRQNT to A. Zamm, NSERC-USRA award to P. Gianferrara, NSERC Grant 298173, Canada Research Chair to C. Palmer

Contact: Katherine Gombay
katherine.gombay@mcgill.ca
514-717-2289
McGill University

Public Release: 1-Sep-2020
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
How to get the upper body of a burrowing frog
If you want shredded pecs, you should train like a burrowing frog. Though famously round, these diggers are the unsung bodybuilders of the frog world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoose@flmnh.ufl.edu
352-273-1922
Florida Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 1-Sep-2020
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Can sunlight convert emissions into useful materials?
A team of researchers at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering has designed a method to break CO2 apart and convert the greenhouse gas into useful materials like fuels or consumer products ranging from pharmaceuticals to polymers. Typically, this process requires a tremendous amount of energy. However, in the first computational study of its kind, Shaama Sharada and her team enlisted a more sustainable ally: the sun.
USC Graduate Fellowship, Mork Fellowship, USC Startup Fund, USC Young Researchers Program, National Science Foundation, Harvey Mudd College

Contact: Amy Blumenthal
amyblume@usc.edu
917-710-1897
University of Southern California

Public Release: 1-Sep-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New research provides solution for the 'Dust Bowl Paradox'
During the historic drought and heatwave of the Dust Bowl, grasses better adapted to cool, wet climates moved in. After conducting a four-year field experiment, scientists think they might know why.
National Science Foundation, Konza Prairie Long-Term Ecological Research Program

Contact: Jennifer Dimas
Jennifer.Dimas@colostate.edu
970-988-4265
Colorado State University

Public Release: 1-Sep-2020
Automatica
Managing data flow boosts cyber-physical system performance
Researchers have developed a suite of algorithms to improve the performance of cyber-physical systems - from autonomous vehicles to smart power grids - by balancing each component's need for data with how fast that data can be sent and received.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Sep-2020
Nature Machine Intelligence
An embedded ethics approach for AI development
The increasing use of AI (artificial intelligence) in the development of new medical technologies demands greater attention to ethical aspects. An interdisciplinary team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) advocates the integration of ethics from the very beginning of the development process of new technologies. Alena Buyx, Professor of Ethics in Medicine and Health Technologies, explains the embedded ethics approach.
Bavarian Institute for Digital Transformation , National Institute of Health

Contact: Christine Lehner
christine.lehner@tum.de
49-892-892-5439
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Public Release: 1-Sep-2020
Idle threat
University of Utah researchers are designing and testing a real-time air pollution monitoring system similar to dynamic speed limit displays in neighborhoods. They want to see if drivers who are parked but idling their cars at places such as school drop-off zones, hospitals and airports can be motivated to turn off their engines if they are alerted that air pollution is getting worse.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kerry E. Kelly
kerry.kelly@utah.edu
801-792-6221
University of Utah

Public Release: 31-Aug-2020
Clemson receives $2.5 million grant to study the mechanisms of ecosystem health
The grant was awarded by NSF's 10 Big Ideas program, which explores interdisciplinary science integral to understanding the rules of life.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Melvin
jsmelvin@clemson.edu
864-784-1707
Clemson University

Public Release: 31-Aug-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Portable, point-of-care COVID-19 test could bypass the lab
As COVID-19 continues to spread, bottlenecks in supplies and laboratory personnel have led to long waiting times for results in some areas. In a new study, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign researchers have demonstrated a prototype of a rapid COVID-19 molecular test and a simple-to-use, portable instrument for reading the results with a smartphone in 30 minutes, which could enable point-of-care diagnosis without needing to send samples to a lab.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Jump ARCHES

Contact: Liz Ahlberg Touchstone
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 31-Aug-2020
Nature Communications
FSU researchers develop new X-ray detection technology
Florida State University researchers have developed a new material that could be used to make flexible X-ray detectors that are less harmful to the environment and cost less than existing technologies.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Florida State University FSU Office of Research

Contact: Bill Wellock
wwellock@fsu.edu
850-645-1504
Florida State University

Public Release: 31-Aug-2020
NSF backs first community platform for smarter wireless
Rice University researchers, with National Science Foundation backing, develop a community platform, 3DML, to accelerate machine learning for next-generation wireless networks and mobile applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
jfalk@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 31-Aug-2020
Researchers receive $3 million NSF grant to 'understand the rules of life'
A research team led by the University of Oklahoma has received a $3 million National Science Foundation grant to "understand the rules of life" through microbiome research. Microbiomes, a collection of microbes in a specific habitat or environment are "among the most diverse life forms on our planet, inhabiting almost every imaginable environment, playing integral and unique roles in various ecosystem processes," said Jizhong Zhou, the OU director for the Institute for Environmental Genomics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jizhong Zhou
jzhou@ou.edu
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 31-Aug-2020
Insects as Food and Feed
Study finds insect shows promise as a good, sustainable food source
With global food on the rise, a study led by IUPUI scientists has found new evidence that the yellow mealworm shows promise as alternative source of nutritional protein.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 31-Aug-2020
Science Advances
People with increased risk of Alzheimer's have deficits in navigating
Alzheimer's patients develop severe symptoms of spatial disorientation as the disease progresses and are unable to find even the simplest ways.
ederal Ministry of Education and Research (funding code 01GQ1705A), National Institutes of Health (NIH, grant 563386), National Science Foundation (grant BCS-1724243), National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Bierbrauer
anne.bierbrauer@rub.de
49-234-322-1882
Ruhr-University Bochum

Public Release: 31-Aug-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
To the choir: Forward-thinking faculty sharing innovations mostly among themselves
Surveys and network analyses of 192 STEM faculty at three universities revealed that frequent users of evidence-based instructional practices are far more likely to engage one another than colleagues less familiar with the practices. The finding suggests that faculty networks alone are not enough to disseminate and drive the adoption of evidence-based practices that could improve undergraduate instruction and address inequities for students historically underserved by STEM classrooms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Couch
bcouch2@unl.edu
208-284-3764
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Showing releases 826-850 out of 1140.

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