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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 876-900 out of 1140.

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Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Social Forces
Terms in Seattle-area rental ads reinforce neighborhood segregation
A new University of Washington study of Seattle-area rental ads shows how certain words and phrases are common to different neighborhoods, helping to reinforce residential segregation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Eckart
keckart@uw.edu
University of Washington

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Carnegie Mellon named NSF planning institute for artificial intelligence in physics
Carnegie Mellon University has received a $500,000 planning grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to work toward creating a National Artificial Intelligence Research Institute in Physics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Journal of Morphology
Study of Asia's hillstream loaches reveals keys to fish family's land-walking abilities
A new genetic and morphological study of South Asia's hillstream loach (Balitoridae) family is shedding new light on the fishes' unusual land-walking capabilities, including that of the family's strangest relative -- Cryptotora thamicola -- a rare, blind cavefish from Thailand with an uncanny ability to walk on land and climb waterfalls using four limbs that move in salamander-like fashion.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Deric Raymond
draymond@njit.edu
973-642-7042
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Astrophysical Journal
New observations of black hole devouring a star reveal rapid disk formation
When a star passes too close to a supermassive black hole, tidal forces tear it apart, producing a bright flare of radiation as material from the star falls into the black hole. Astronomers study the light from these 'tidal disruption events' (TDEs) for clues to the feeding behavior of the supermassive black holes lurking at the centers of galaxies, and new observations help resolve crucial details of this process.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Heising-Simons Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
National Science Foundation awards $20M to launch artificial-intelligence institute
The National Science Foundation has awarded a five-year, $20 million grant to a team of scientists Harvard, MIT, Northeastern, and Tufts to create a new research institute aimed at exploring the use of artificial intelligence in fundamental physics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Juan Siliezar
juan_siliezar@harvard.edu
617-384-0027
Harvard University

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Animal Behaviour
UMBC study reveals gender bias in bird song research and impact of women on science
A new paper has found that women are more likely than men to be authors, and even more likely to be first authors, of research papers about female bird song. The findings support the idea that women have driven a major shift in the scientific understanding of bird song over the last two decades. Believed for centuries to be a male trait, recent work has demonstrated the pervasiveness and importance of female bird song.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Hansen
hansen.sarah@umbc.edu
University of Maryland Baltimore County

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
University of Illinois to lead two of seven new national artificial intelligence institutes
The National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture are announcing an investment of more than $140 million to establish seven artificial intelligence institutes in the U.S. Two of the seven will be led by teams at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
National Science Foundation, United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Nature
How plants shut the door on infection
A new study by an international team including University of Maryland scientists has discovered the key calcium channel responsible for closing plant pores as an immune response to pathogen exposure. The findings are a major step toward understanding the defense mechanisms plants use to resist infection, which could eventually lead to healthier, more resistant and more productive crops.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kimbra Cutlip
kcutlip@umd.edu
301-405-9463
University of Maryland

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
UT Austin selected as home of National AI Institute focused on machine learning
The National Science Foundation has selected The University of Texas at Austin to lead the NSF AI Institute for Foundations of Machine Learning, one of five new national AI institutes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Nature
Microscopic robots 'walk' thanks to laser tech
A Cornell University-led collaboration has created the first microscopic robots that incorporate semiconductor components, allowing them to be controlled - and made to walk - with standard electronic signals.
Combat Capabilities Development Command's Army Research Laboratory, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Cornell Center for Materials Research, National Science Foundation's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center program, Kavli Institute

Contact: Jeff Tyson
jeff.tyson@cornell.edu
607-793-5769
Cornell University

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
$20 million NSF grant for new artificial intelligence institute for molecule synthesis
A team led by Steven L. Miller Chair professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at the University of Illinois, Huimin Zhao, was awarded a five-year $20 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for the NSF Artificial Intelligence (AI) Institute for Molecular Discovery, Synthetic Strategy and Manufacturing (Molecule Maker Lab Institute or MMLI).
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Nature
Cosmic rays may soon stymie quantum computing
Infinitesimally low levels of radiation, such as from incoming cosmic rays, may soon stymie progress in quantum computing.
US Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Physics, US Army Research Office, US Department of Defense, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Nature
How cold was the ice age? Researchers now know
A University of Arizona-led team has nailed down the temperature of the last ice age -- the Last Glacial Maximum of 20,000 years ago - to about 46 degrees Fahrenheit.
National Science Foundation, Heising Simons Foundation

Contact: Mikayla Mace
mikaylamace@email.arizona.edu
520-621-1878
University of Arizona

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Nature
Natural radiation can interfere with quantum computers
Radiation from natural sources in the environment can limit the performance of superconducting quantum bits, known as qubits. The discovery has implications for quantum computing and for the search for dark matter.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, US Army Research Office, ARO Multi-University Research Initiative, the National Science Foundation, MIT Lincoln Laboratory

Contact: Karyn Hede
karyn.hede@pnnl.gov
509-375-2144
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Science Translational Medicine
Female chromosomes offer resilience to Alzheimer's
Women live longer than men with Alzheimer's because their sex chromosomes give them genetic protection from the ravages of the disease. Women get two "doses" of a gene that only exists on the X chromosome. And some people, both male and female, have an especially potent variant of this gene. Long-term studies of older people, many of whom already had mild cognitive impairment, showed women with one or two copies of the variant progressed more slowly toward Alzheimer's.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Larry L. Hillblom Foundation, Coulter-Weeks Foundation, Bakar Family Foundation, American Federation for Aging Research, Glenn Foundation for Medical Research

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
laura.kurtzman@ucsf.edu
415-317-3760
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 26-Aug-2020
Child Development
Parental instruction instrumental for children to learn how to safely cross busy roads
New research from the University of Iowa shows parents who teach children ahead of time how to properly choose gaps in traffic can help them learn more quickly how to cross roads safely. The study found that timely instruction from parents led to improvements in children's road-crossing abilities.
US National Science Foundation, US Department of Transportation

Contact: Richard Lewis
richard-c-lewis@uiowa.edu
401-662-6336
University of Iowa

Public Release: 25-Aug-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Atmospheric scientists study fires to resolve ice question in climate models
Black carbon from fires is an important short-term climate driver because it can affect the formation and composition of clouds. CSU scientists are figuring out how.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jennifer Dimas
Jennifer.Dimas@colostate.edu
970-988-4265
Colorado State University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2020
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Using light's properties to indirectly see inside a cell membrane
Using properties of light from fluorescent probes is at the heart of a new imaging technique developed at Washington University's McKelvey School of Engineering that allows for an unprecedented look inside cell membranes.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Brandie Jefferson
brandie.jefferson@wustl.edu
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 25-Aug-2020
University of Colorado Denver professor wins $1.6 million National Science Foundation grant
University of Colorado Denver associate professor Heather Johnson, PhD, received a $1,599,774 grant from the National Science Foundation last week to fund her efforts to increase STEM education programs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Meghan Azralon
meghan.azralon@ucdenver.edu
720-602-5706
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 25-Aug-2020
At your fingertips: Investigating a new way to detect COVID-19
Emanuela Marasco, an assistant professor in the Department of Information Sciences and Technology (IST), is working on a contactless fingertip imaging system that would quickly identify people with COVID-19. The project involves the selection of a panel of substances formed by the body during metabolism that are specific to the infectious disease.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Martha Bushong
mbushong@gmu.edu
804-586-5542
George Mason University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2020
Scientific Reports
New tool for identifying endangered corals could aid conservation efforts
A newly developed genotyping "chip"--the first of its kind for corals--allows researchers to genetically identify corals and the symbiotic algae that live within the coral's cells, a vital step for establishing and maintaining genetic diversity in reef restoration efforts.
NOAA Office for Coastal Management, U.S. National Science Foundation

Contact: Sam Sholtis
samsholtis@psu.edu
814-865-1390
Penn State

Public Release: 25-Aug-2020
Trends in Ecology & Evolution
Importance of rainfall highlighted for tropical animals
Imagine a tropical forest, and you might conjure up tall trees hung with vines, brightly colored birds, howling monkeys, and ... rain. Indeed, precipitation patterns, along with temperature, dictate where tropical forests are distributed around the world, but surprisingly, scientists know very little about the direct effects of rainfall on animals. A new conceptual framework calls for the scientific community to formally consider the role of precipitation in an organism's ecological niche.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lauren Quinn
ldquinn@illinois.edu
217-300-2435
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 25-Aug-2020
Astrophyiscal Journal
A galaxy's stop-and-start young radio jets
VLBA image shows details of a young jet emitted from the core of an active galaxy, revealing that the jet activity stopped, then restarted only a decade ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 25-Aug-2020
Frontiers in Microbiology
Study reveals two major microbial groups can't breathe
A new scientific study has revealed unique life strategies of two major groups of microbes that live below Earth's surface. A publication in Frontiers in Microbiology reports that these groups, originally thought to rely on symbiotic relationships with other organisms, may also live independently and use an ancient mode of energy production.
National Science Foundation, United States Department of Energy, Simons Foundation, Russian Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: Steven Profaizer
sprofaizer@bigelow.org
207-315-2567 x103
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Public Release: 25-Aug-2020
Cell Reports
Discovery of new genes that influence the success of cancer treatment
One of the great mysteries of cancer research is why certain patients respond better to radiation therapy than others. Researchers at the University of Bern have now discovered which genes play an important role in this. This results in new findings for cancer treatment.
European Research Council (ERC), Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), Swiss Krebsliga, the Novartis Foundation for Medical-Biological Research and Wilhelm Sander Foundation.

Contact: Sven Rottenberg
sven.rottenberg@vetsuisse.unibe.ch
41-316-312-395
University of Bern

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