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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 926-950 out of 1151.

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Public Release: 20-Aug-2020
Crop Science
Declining US plant breeding programs impacts food security
Decreasing access to funding, technology, and knowledge in U.S. plant breeding programs could negatively impact our future food security.
National Science Foundation Plant Genome Research Program, United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture, National Association of Plant Breeders

Contact: Rachel Schutte
rschutte@sciencesocieties.org
608-268-3976
American Society of Agronomy

Public Release: 20-Aug-2020
Science
New 'molecular computers' find the right cells
New nanoscale devices, made of synthetic proteins, have been designed to target a therapeutic agent only to cells with a specific, predetermined combinations of cell surface markers. They operate on their own and search out cells they were programmed to find. The hope is that they might guide CAR T cancer therapy, and other treatments where precision is critical, through a sort of molecular beacon.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Nordstrom Barrier Institute for Protein Design Directors Fund, Hearst Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome, Washington Research Foundation

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-475-9809
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 20-Aug-2020
Matter
A smart eye mask that tracks muscle movements to tell what 'caught your eye'
Integrating first-of-its-kind washable hydrogel electrodes with a pulse sensor, researchers from the University of Massachusetts Amherst have developed smart eyewear to track eye movement and cardiac data for physiological and psychological studies. The eyewear -- known as Chesma and presented August 20 in the journal Matter--provides accurate measurements in an everyday environment without compromising users' comfort.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carly Britton
press@cell.com
617-417-7053
Cell Press

Public Release: 19-Aug-2020
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Unlocking the cell enhances student learning of the genetic code
An open-source educational biotechnology called the 'Genetic Code Kit' allows students to interact with the molecular process inside cells in new ways. Researchers show that adapting state-of-the-art biotechnology for the classroom could transform how biology and biochemistry are taught to high school and undergraduate students.
Cal Poly Frost Fund, Center for Applications in Biotechnology, Research scholarship creative activities grant, National Science Foundation

Contact: Javin Oza
joza@calpoly.edu
California Polytechnic State University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2020
Biological Invasions
Invasive shrubs in Northeast forests grow leaves earlier and keep them longer
The rapid pace that invasive shrubs infiltrate forests in the northeastern United States makes scientists suspect they have a consistent advantage over native shrubs, and the first region-wide study of leaf timing, conducted by Penn State researchers, supports those suspicions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-5689
Penn State

Public Release: 19-Aug-2020
Nature Communications
Ultrafast electrons in magnetic oxides: A new direction for spintronics?
Special metal oxides could one day replace semiconductor materials that are commonly used today in processors. Now, for the first time, an international team of researchers from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), the University of Kaiserslautern and the University of Fribourg in Switzerland was able to observe how electronic charge excitation changes electron spin in metal oxides in an ultrafast and inphase manner. The study was published in the journal "Nature Communications".
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation, DFG), Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council

Contact: Ronja Münch
presse@uni-halle.de
49-345-552-1671
Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

Public Release: 19-Aug-2020
International project to delve into the mysteries of brain connections
Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin will lead an ambitious new project with 10 other US institutions and global partners that has significant implications for understanding human brain health.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Christine Sinatra
christine.sinatra@austin.utexas.edu
512-471-4641
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 19-Aug-2020
Ecology Letters
Out of sync: Ecologists report climate change affecting bee, plant life cycles
Reporting on the first community-wide assessment of 67 bee species of the Colorado Rockies, ecologists Michael Stemkovski of Utah State University and Rebecca Irwin of North Carolina State University say "phenological mismatch," changing timing of life cycles between bees and flowers, caused by climate change, has the potential to disrupt a mutually beneficial relationship.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Stemkovski
m.stemkovski@gmail.com
919-924-2633
Utah State University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2020
Science Robotics
Biomorphic batteries could provide 72x more energy for robots
Like biological fat reserves store energy in animals, a new rechargeable zinc battery integrates into the structure of a robot to provide much more energy, a team led by the University of Michigan has shown.
Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Nicole Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
Researchers work to ensure accurate decoding in fragile quantum states
Using $1.1 million in funding from the National Science Foundation, a University of Arizona team is working to ensure the accuracy of high-speed quantum communications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Emily Dieckman
edieckman@arizona.edu
760-981-8808
University of Arizona College of Engineering

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
Animal Behaviour
Songbirds, like people, sing better after warming up
If you've ever been woken up before sunrise by the chirping of birds outside your window, you may have wondered: why do birds sing so loud, so early in the morning? The cacophony is mostly males, whose songs are meant to impress potential mates and rivals. Researchers say there may be a good reason why birds are most vocal at first light. By singing early and often, birds perform better during the day.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-225-6208
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
Computer scientist makes big data more accessible
A computer science professor at The University of Texas at Arlington is working with researchers to develop a process by which data points in multiple graph layers of a very large dataset can be connected in a way that is both highly scalable and will allow analysts to look at it in greater depth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
Merit-based NSF grant extension supports expansion of gene-editing technology
Researchers who developed an improved method of gene editing for the study of arthropods will expand the technology for use in vertebrate species such as mice, fish and birds after receiving new funding from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-5689
Penn State

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
Astrophysical Journal
Cool new worlds found in our cosmic backyard
How complete is our census of the Sun's closest neighbors? Astronomers using NSF's NOIRLab facilities and a team of data-sleuthing volunteers participating in Backyard Worlds: Planet 9, a citizen science project, have discovered roughly 100 cool worlds near the Sun -- objects more massive than planets but lighter than stars, known as brown dwarfs. Several of these newly discovered worlds are among the very coolest known, with a few approaching the temperature of Earth -- cool enough to harbor water clouds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Michaud
pmichaud@gemini.edu
808-936-6643
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
PeerJ
Surprising coral spawning features revealed
When stony corals have their renowned mass spawning events, in sync with the moon's cycle, colonies simultaneously release an underwater 'cloud' of sperm and eggs for fertilization. But how do the sperm and eggs survive several hours as plankton, given threats from predators, microbes and stresses such as warming waters? A Rutgers-led team has discovered some surprising features in coral sperm and eggs (collectively called gametes), according to a study in the journal PeerJ.
National Science Foundation, Israeli Binational Science Foundation, Paul G. Allen Philanthropies, NIFA-USDA Hatch grant

Contact: Todd Bates
todd.bates@rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
eLife
Species competition and cooperation influence vulnerability to climate change
Organisms need to work together to adapt to climate change, especially in the presence of competitors, suggests a new study published today in eLife.
Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, National Science Foundation, Academia Sinica

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
eLife

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
eLife
Species competition and cooperation influence vulnerability to climate change
Organisms need to work together to adapt to climate change, especially in the presence of competitors, suggests a new study published today in eLife.
Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, National Science Foundation, Academia Sinica

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
eLife

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval
New tool improves fairness of online search rankings
In a new paper, Cornell University researchers introduce a tool they've developed to improve the fairness of online rankings without sacrificing their usefulness or relevance.
National Science Foundation, Workday

Contact: Jeff Tyson
jeff.tyson@cornell.edu
607-793-5769
Cornell University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study shows how a single gene drives aggression in wild songbird
A new study shows how differentiation of a single gene changes behavior in a wild songbird, determining whether the white-throated sparrow displays more, or less, aggression.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
USENIX 2020
Study debunks robocall myths, lays groundwork for stopping them
New research finds that the number of robocalls isn't going up, and that answering a robocall doesn't make you more likely to get additional robocalls. However, stories you've heard about individuals getting hundreds of back-to-back unsolicited calls? Those are true.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
Light: Science & Applications
The MOF-based multicolor single-mode microlaser
Multi-color single-mode polarized micro-lasers with visible to near-infrared outputs are very potential in photonic integration and multimodal biochemical sensing/imaging and yet to realize. Recently, scientists in China combined methods of in-situ assembly and homogeneous epitaxy to hierarchically assemble dye molecules with different gain bands in a single metal-organic framework (MOF) microcrystal, successfully realizing the multicolor single-mode polarized micro-laser with emission from green to near infrared.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation

Contact: Guodong Qian
gdqian@zju.edu.cn
Light Publishing Center, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics And Physics, CAS

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
New study to examine benefits, risks of breastfeeding during COVID-19 infection
COVID-19 has brought with it new questions related to the benefits and/or potential risks of breastfeeding during this pandemic. Researchers at Washington State University are part of a new nationwide study on COVID-19 and infant feeding to help answer these questions. Their work could ultimately help scientists better understand how COVID-19 affects the health and immune responses of mothers and babies and whether infant feeding practices play a role.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Courtney Meehan
cmeehan@wsu.edu
509-335-2204
Washington State University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2020
Nature Communications
Unraveling the initial molecular events of respiration
Physicists from Switzerland, Japan and Germany have unveiled the mechanism by which the first event of respiration takes place in heme proteins.
Swiss National Science foundation (NCCR:MUST), European Research Council (H2020), Inter-MUST Women Postdoc Fellowship, Leverhulme Trust, European XFEL, Polish National Science Centre

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
PSU awarded $901k from NSF to study neural systems
Portland State University will join eight institutions as part of a new National Science Foundation-backed research team tasked with investigating how brains interact with their surrounding environment.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katy Swordfisk
katy.swordfisk@pdx.edu
208-629-6362
Portland State University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Nature Physics
New superlattice by CCNY team could lead to sustainable quantum electronics
A team of international physicists led by Lia Krusin-Elbaum of the City College of New York, has created a new topological magnetic superlattice material, that at a high temperature can conduct electrical current without dissipation and lost energy. The finding, detailed in a paper published in "Nature Physics," could be the basis of research leading to an entire new quantum materials class that can potentially provide a platform for error-free quantum computing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jay Mwamba
jmwamba@ccny.cuny.edu
917-892-0374
City College of New York

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