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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 951-975 out of 1150.

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Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Where lions operate, grazers congregate ... provided food is great
Meals are typically family affairs for zebras, gazelles, cape buffalo and other grazing species in the African Serengeti, but in one of the first studies of its kind, ecologists have found grazing species can be more willing to share meals in areas frequented by lions.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Nature Communications
Why young and female patients don't respond as well to cancer immunotherapy
UC San Diego researchers discovered that tumor cells in younger and female patients accumulate cancer-causing mutations that are more poorly presented to the immune system, better enabling tumors to escape detection and clearance.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Mark Foundation for Cancer Research, CIFAR Fellowship, Blavatnik Family Foundation, Broad Institute SPARC Program, BroadIgnite, BroadNext10, Francis and Adele Kittredge Family Immuno-Oncology

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Nature Cell Biology
Study reveals how two sex chromosomes communicate during female embryo development
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have solved a mystery that has long puzzled scientists: How do the bodies of female humans and all other mammals decide which of the two X chromosomes it carries in each cell should be active and which one should be silent?
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Mike Morrison
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Nature Human Behaviour
Machine learning reveals role of culture in shaping meanings of words
What do we mean by the word beautiful? It depends not only on whom you ask, but in what language you ask them. According to a machine learning analysis of dozens of languages conducted at Princeton University, the meaning of words does not necessarily refer to an intrinsic, essential constant. Instead, it is significantly shaped by culture, history and geography.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Schultz
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
JGR Atmospheres
Equatorial winds ripple down to Antarctica
A CIRES-led team has uncovered a critical connection between winds at Earth's equator and atmospheric waves 6,000 miles away at the South Pole. The team has found, for the first time, evidence of a Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) -- an atmospheric circulation pattern that originates at the equator--at McMurdo, Antarctica.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kelsey Simpkins
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Nature Physics
New superlattice material for future energy efficient devices
A team of international physicists including Jennifer Cano, PhD, of Stony Brook University, has created a new material layered by two structures, forming a superlattice, that at a high temperature is a super-efficient insulator conducting current without dissipation and lost energy. The finding is detailed in a paper published in Nature Physics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Greg Filiano
Stony Brook University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Current Biology
Flies and mosquitoes beware, here comes the slingshot spider
Running into an unseen spiderweb in the woods can be scary enough, but what if you had to worry about a spiderweb - and the spider - being catapulted at you? That's what happens to insects in the Amazon rain forests of Peru, where a tiny slingshot spider launches a web - and itself - to catch unsuspecting flies and mosquitoes.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Widespread electric vehicle adoption would save billions of dollars, thousands of lives
A new study found that if EVs replaced 25% of combustion-engine cars currently on the road, the United States would save approximately $17 billion annually by avoiding damages from climate change and air pollution. In more aggressive scenarios -- replacing 75% of cars with EVs and increasing renewable energy generation -- savings could reach as much as $70 billion annually.
Ubben Program for Carbon and Climate Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Morris
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Swimming microparticles may help improve coolant performance
Your computer, car battery, or cell phone may one day be cooled down by swimming nanoparticles. Jeff Moran, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at George Mason University's Volgenau School of Engineering, is investigating an innovative technology that could help remove waste heat from devices. Moran received an EAGER (Early-concept Grants for Exploratory Research) Award from the National Science Foundation for the project, "Feasibility of Self-Propelled Nanoparticles for Heat Transfer Enhancement."
National Science Foundation

Contact: Martha Bushong
George Mason University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Merging global resources to support urban sustainability
With funding from a recent National Science Foundation grant, project leader Jie (Joe) Zhuang, a professor of environmental soil science in the UT Institute of Agriculture, and Tom Gill, director of the UT Smith Center for International Sustainable Agriculture, are partnering with colleagues from across the university in what is truly a broad, interdisciplinary effort to build a comprehensive global database and network of food, energy, and water (FEW)-focused research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Patricia McDaniels
University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
ACS Nano
2D materials for ultrascaled field-effect transistors
Since the discovery of graphene, two-dimensional materials have been the focus of materials research. Among other things, they could be used to build tiny, high-performance transistors. Researchers at ETH Zurich and EPF Lausanne have now simulated and evaluated one hundred possible materials for this purpose and discovered 13 promising candidates.
ETH Zurich (Grant No. ETH-32 15-1) and by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) under Grant No. 200021_175479 (ABIME) and under the NCCR MARVEL. We acknowledge PRACE for awarding us access to Piz Daint at CSCS under Project pr28, PRACE for the allo

Contact: Simone Ulmer
National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) MARVEL

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Nature Methods
Stanford researchers develop new way to study ocean life
Insights from innovative device could provide a new window into secrets of microscopic ocean life and their effects on crucial planetary processes, such as carbon fixation.
Stanford University Bio-X, Stanford University SIGF, National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, HHMI Faculty Fellows Program

Contact: Manu Prakash
Stanford University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
ASU climate study looks at humans' exposure to extreme temperatures during 21st century
Arizona State University researchers used state-of-the-art modeling tools to analyze how three key variables would affect human exposure to extreme temperatures from the beginning of this century to its end.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Tricoles
Arizona State University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2020
Teachers College to use NSF grant for teacher fellowships
Researchers at Teachers College, Columbia University have won a three-year, $2 million grant from the National Science Foundation to develop and research a new 'technological ecosystem' that will enable middle- and high-school students to create, test and compare their own scientific theories. The work will be done through TC's FabLearn program, which has brought digital fabrication and maker education to schools in more than 22 countries.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Patricia Lamiell
Teachers College, Columbia University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2020
Oregon study rewrites the recent history of productive Cascade Arc volcanoes
Volcanic eruptions in the Cascade Range of the Pacific Northwest over the last 2.6 million years are more numerous and closely connected to subsurface signatures of currently active magma than commonly thought, according to newly publish research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 14-Aug-2020
Research helps explain source of pathogen that causes bitter rot disease
Fungal spores responsible for bitter rot disease, a common and devastating infection in fruit, do not encounter their host plants by chance. Turns out, they have a symbiotic association with the plant, often living inside its leaves. The new way of looking at the fungal pathogen, Colletotrichum fioriniae, as a leaf endophyte -- bacterial or fungal microorganisms that colonize healthy plant tissue -- was the outcome of a two-year study conducted by researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
US Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program, State Horticultural Association of Pennsylvania, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sara LaJeunesse
Penn State

Public Release: 14-Aug-2020
Linking sight and movement
Harvard researchers found that image-processing circuits in the primary visual cortex not only are more active when animals move freely, but that they receive signals from a movement-controlling region of the brain that is independent from the region that processes what the animal is looking at.
Harvard Center for Nanoscale Systems, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Juan Siliezar
Harvard University

Public Release: 13-Aug-2020
Engineer developing out-of-this-world solutions for COVID-19 challenges
Xin Ning, an assistant professor of aerospace engineering, specializes in developing materials for use in space. He has now received a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant to apply his research a little closer to home, with a stretchable sensor and foldable field hospital that could aid in the COVID-19 pandemic.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 13-Aug-2020
UChicago scientists discover way to make quantum states last 10,000 times longer
A team of scientists at the University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering announced the discovery of a simple modification that allows quantum systems to stay operational--or 'coherent'--10,000 times longer than before.
DARPA, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Cynthia Medina
University of Chicago

Public Release: 13-Aug-2020
Nature Communications
New catalyst efficiently turns carbon dioxide into useful fuels and chemicals
By efficiently converting CO2 into complex hydrocarbon products, a new catalyst developed by a team of Brown researchers could potentially aid in large-scale efforts to recycle excess carbon dioxide.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 13-Aug-2020
Geophysical Research Letters
Reconstructing global climate through Earth's history
Accurate temperature estimates of ancient oceans are vital because they are the best tool for reconstructing global climate conditions in the past. While climate models provide scenarios of what the world could look like in the future, paleoclimate studies (study of past climates) provide insight into what the world did look like in the past.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Syracuse University

Public Release: 13-Aug-2020
Nature Communications
New tools catch and release molecules at the flip of a light switch
A Princeton team has developed a class of light-switchable, highly adaptable molecular tools with new capabilities to control cellular activities. The antibody-like proteins, called OptoBinders, have potential applications including protein purification, the improved production of biofuels, and new types of targeted cancer therapies.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Pew Charitable Trusts, Eric and Wendy Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund

Contact: Molly Sharlach
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 13-Aug-2020
Rochester leads effort to understand matter at atom-crushing pressures
A new National Science Foundation (NSF) Physics Frontier Center, hosted at the University of Rochester--in collaboration with researchers at MIT, Princeton, the Universities of California at Berkeley and Davis, the University at Buffalo and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory--will focus on understanding the physics and astrophysical implications of matter under pressures so high that the structure of individual atoms is disrupted.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bob Marcotte
University of Rochester

Public Release: 13-Aug-2020
The Economic Journal
Child disability can reduce educational outcomes for older siblings
A recent paper published in The Economic Journal indicates that, in families with disabled children, the second born child is more adversely affected cognitively than the first-born child.
National Science Foundation, Institute for Education Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Daniel Luzer
Oxford University Press USA

Public Release: 13-Aug-2020
Science Advances
UMD researchers identify structure of blue whirls
'Blue whirls' -- small, spinning blue flames that produce almost no soot when they burn -- have attracted great interest since their discovery in 2016, in part because they represent a potential new avenue for low-emission combustion. Now, a team of researchers has identified how these intriguing whirls are structured.
National Science Foundation, Army Research Office

Contact: Robert Herschbach
University of Maryland

Showing releases 951-975 out of 1150.

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