WASHINGTON -- Fifty-five new members have been elected to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), raising the total active membership to 574. In addition, six people were honored by direct election to senior membership, bringing that roll to a total of 659. A category of foreign associate membership established 10 years ago now totals 47 with the election of five this year.
Current active members elect new members from among candidates chosen for their major contributions to health and medicine or to related fields such as social and behavioral sciences, law, administration, and economics. The Institute's charter requires that at least one-fourth of the members be drawn from other than the health professions.
Election to the Institute is both an honor and obligation to work on behalf of the organization, its governance, and its studies. With their election, members make a commitment to devote a significant amount of volunteer time on committees engaged in a broad range of studies on health policy issues. Current IOM projects include studies on cancer research among minorities and the medically underserved; research and development needed to improve civilian medical response to chemical or biological terrorist incidents; the prevention of perinatal transmission of HIV; the medical use of marijuana; and a continuing series of reports on dietary reference intakes, which will replace the 1989 Recommended Dietary Allowances. Reports from the Institute in the past year include America's Children: Health Insurance and Access to Care, which examines the relationship between children's health and access to care; Control of Cardiovascular Disease In Developing Countries: Reasearch, Development, and Institutional Strengthening, which addresses the emergence of cardiovascular diseases as a major health threat in the developing world; Ensuring Safe Food from Production to Consumption, which recommends ways to improve federal oversight of the food-safety system; Scientific Opportunities and Public Needs: Improving Priority Setting and Public Input at the National Institutes of Health, which examines how NIH allocates its research funding and the role of the public in those decisions; and Taking Action to Reduce Tobacco Use, which covers the need for a national strategy to reduce the death and disability attributable to the use of tobacco products.
Newly elected members of the Institute are:
LU ANN ADAY, PH.D., professor, School of Public Health, University of Texas, Houston
N. SCOTT ADZICK, M.D., C. Everett Koop Professor of Pediatric Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, and surgeon-in-chief, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
DENNIS A. AUSIELLO, M.D., Jackson Professor of Clinical Medicine, Harvard Medical School; and physician-in-chief, medical services, and chief, renal unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston
GRAEME I. BELL, PH.D., investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Louis Block Professor, departments of biochemistry and molecular biology, and medicine, and human genetics, University of Chicago
EDWARD J. BENZ JR., M.D., Sir William Osler Professor and director, department of medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; and physician-in-chief, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore
DAVID BLUMENTHAL, M.D., chief, health policy research and development unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, and associate professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston
J. LYLE BOOTMAN, PH.D., dean and professor, College of Pharmacy; and executive director, Center for Pharmaceutical Economics, Arizona Health Sciences Center, University of Arizona, Tucson
HENRY BREM, M.D., professor of neurosurgery, ophthalmology, and oncology; vice chairman, department of neurosurgery; and director, Hunterian Neurosurgical Research Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore
WILLIAM T. CARPENTER, M.D., professor of psychiatry and pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore; and director, Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, Baltimore
WILLARD CATES, M.D., president, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, N.C.
JAMES F. CHILDRESS, PH.D., professor of medical education and co-director, Virginia Health Policy Center; and Edwin B. Kyle Professor of Religious Studies, department of religious studies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville
LARRY CULPEPPER, M.D., professor of family medicine, Brown University, and department of family medicine, Memorial Hospital, Providence, R.I.
WILLIAM H. DIETZ, M.D., PH.D., director, division of nutrition and physical activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta
MICHAEL V. DRAKE, M.D., professor of ophthalmology and associate dean, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
JOHANNA T. DWYER, D.SC., professor of medicine and community health, Schools of Medicine and Nutrition Science and Policy; senior scientist, Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University; and director, Frances Stern Nutrition Center, New England Medical Center Hospital, Boston
VICTOR J. DZAU, M.D., physician-in-chief and chairman, department of medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston
STEVEN G. GABBE, M.D., professor and chairman, department of obstetrics and gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle
ALAN M. GARBER, M.D., PH.D., associate professor, division of general internal medicine, department of medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.
CUTBERTO GARZA, M.D., PH.D., professor and director, division of nutritional sciences, and vice provost, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.
HELENE D. GAYLE, M.D., director, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta
BARBARA ANN GILCHREST, M.D., professor and chairman, department of dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine
LAURIE H. GLIMCHER, M.D., professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School; and Irene Heinz Given Professor of Immunology, department of immunology and infectious diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston
MORTON F. GOLDBERG, M.D., Wm. H. Wilmer Professor of Ophthalmology and director, department of ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; and ophthalmologist-in-chief, Johns Hopkins Hospital
ROBERT C. GRIGGS, M.D., professor and chair, department of neurology, University of Rochester; and neurologist-in-chief, Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, N.Y.
GEORGE C. HILL, PH.D., professor, division of biomedical sciences, and director, international health program, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tenn.
MARTHA N. HILL, PH.D., professor and director, Center for Nursing Research, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore
RONALD C. KESSLER, PH.D., professor, department of health care policy, Harvard Medical School
ERIC S. LANDER, PH.D., professor of biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and director, Whitehead Institute, MIT Center for Genome Research, Cambridge
RUDOLPH L. LEIBEL, M.D., professor of pediatrics and medicine, and head, division of molecular genetics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York City
ALAN I. LESHNER, PH.D., director, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Md.
STEPHEN LUDWIG, M.D., professor of pediatrics and emergency medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; and senior physician, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
BRUCE S. MCEWEN, PH.D., professor and head, Harold and Margaret Milliken Hatch Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, Rockefeller University, New York City
JAMES A. MERCHANT, M.D., DR.P.H., head, department of preventive medicine and environmental health, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City
RONALD D. MILLER, M.D., professor and chairman, department of anesthesiology, University of California, San Francisco
VAN C. MOW, PH.D., Stanley Dicker Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Orthopaedic Bioengineering, and chair, department of biomedical engineering, Columbia University, New York City
FERID MURAD, M.D., PH.D., professor and chair, department of integrative biology, pharmacology, and physiology, University of Texas Medical School, Houston
WOODROW A. MYERS JR., M.D., director, healthcare management, Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, Mich.
ELIZABETH G. NABEL, M.D., professor of internal medicine and of physiology, and chief, division of cardiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
GARY J. NABEL, M.D., PH.D., investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and Henry Sewall Professor of Internal Medicine and professor of biological chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
CARL F. NATHAN, M.D., Stanton Griffis Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Cornell University Medical College, New York City
EVA J. NEER, M.D., professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, and senior biochemist, department of medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital
ERIC J. NESTLER, M.D., PH.D., director, division of molecular psychiatry and Abraham Ribicoff Research Facilities, department of psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.
WILLIAM A. PECK, M.D., executive vice chancellor for medical affairs and dean, School of Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis
ANNE C. PETERSEN, PH.D., senior vice president for programs, W.K. Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, Mich.
DONALD L. PRICE, M.D., director, division of neuropathology, department of pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
E. ALBERT REECE, M.D., Abraham Roth Professor and chairman, department of obstetrics and gynecology; and director, division of maternal-fetal medicine, department of medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia
PETER G. SCHULTZ, PH.D., professor, department of chemistry, University of California, Berkeley
BERNARD A. SCHWETZ, D.V.M., PH.D., associate commissioner for science, Food and Drug Administration, and director, National Center for Toxicological Research, Jefferson, Ark.
SALLY E. SHAYWITZ, M.D., professor of pediatrics, department of pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine
THOMAS P. STOSSEL, M.D., American Cancer Society Professor and professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School; and co-director, division of hematology, and director, division of experimental medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston
CAROL A. TAMMINGA, M.D., professor of psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, and deputy director, Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, Baltimore
PALMER W. TAYLOR, PH.D., Sandra and Monroe Trout Endowed Chair and professor, department of pharmacology, University of California, San Diego
DIANE W. WARA, M.D., professor of pediatrics and director, division of pediatric immunology/rheumatology and pediatric clinical research center; and associate dean for minority and women's affairs, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
WALTER WILLETT, M.D., DR.P.H., Frederick John Stare Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition and chair department of nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health
CATHERINE WOTECKI, PH.D., under secretary for food safety, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.
ELECTED TO SENIOR MEMBERSHIP:
THOMAS DETRE, M.D., senior vice chancellor for health sciences, and distinguished service professor of health sciences, University of Pittsburgh
MARIA I. NEW, M.D., chair, department of pediatrics, Cornell University Medical College; and pediatrician-in-chief, New York Hospital/Cornell Medical Center, New York City
JOSEPH S. PAGANO, M.D., Lineberger Professor of Cancer Research and professor of medicine, microbiology, and immunology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill
SEYMOUR I. SCHWARTZ, M.D., Distinguished Alumni Professor and chair, department of surgery, University of Rochester
ZENA A. STEIN, M.B., B.CH., professor emerita of epidemiology, division of epidemiology and Gertude H. Sergievsky Center, School of Public Health, Columbia University
KUNIHIKO SUZUKI, M.D., professor of neurology and psychiatry, and director, Neuroscience Center, University of North Carolina School of Medicine
FOREIGN ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP:
SIR DAVID C. CARTER, M.B., CH.B, M.D., chief medical officer, department of health, Scotland
GORAN C. SEDVALL, M.D., PH.D., professor of psychiatry, Karolinska Institute, and director, psychiatric clinic, department of clinical neuroscience, psychiatry section, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
JOHN R. VANE, D.PHIL., D.SC., president, William Harvey Research Institute, St. Bartholomew's and the Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London
ERNST-LUDWIG WINNACKER, PH.D., president, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Bonn, Germany
JOHN WYN-OWEN, M.A., secretary, Nuffield Trust, London