Sanitary conditions may have improved in this country. But increased globalization, increased travel by Americans, and the growing popularity of gourmet cooking has led to exposure to food groups that may be inherently toxic. The warning signs for some food types, such as mushrooms, are well known. But the public would be surprised to find a yellow flag hoisted for a wide range of foods and food components. They include whole wheat flour, potassium chloride, thiamine, vitamin A (too little), raw eggplant, raw egg whites, iron supplements, caffeine (iron), magnesium (renal), and raw cabbage (iodine)
Presenting "Food Poisoning" is Donald J. Cannon, PhD, from Quest Diagnostics Inc.,
Teterboro, New Jersey. His presentation will be held during the 54th Annual Meeting of the Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC). AACC (http://www.
Dr. Cannon will discuss the following:
- The sources of food poisoning are animal (virus, bacteria, parasite, fish); plant (solanine, oleander, pokeweed, mushroom); and chemical (MSG, mercury, nitrosamines).
- Types of food poisoning are: bacterial (Staphylococcus, Bacillus, Clostridium, Campylobacter, E. coli, Listeria, Yersinia, Clostridium botulinum, Vibrio, Shigella; viral (rotavirus, parvovirus, enteric adenovirus, hepatitis A, Norwalk virus; as well as marine and parasitic sources.
- Americans should be wary of a number of exotic and generally well known marine life, including gymnothorax (eel), neurotoxin; tetrodon (blow fish), tetrodotoxin; shellfish (oyster), saxitoxin (paralytic). Simple house plants and those from the garden can be a source of food poisoning.
- Treatments can include hydration, emetics, antibiotics, antiperistaltics, secretory inhibitors, and hospitalization.
- The common microorganisms are Campylobacter jejuni found in poutry, milk, water and causing diarrhea, paralysis; Salmonella, in eggs, poultry, and meat resulting in dysentery; Listeria monocytogenes in cheese and deli cuisine, leading to fevers and headaches; Cryptosporidium parvum in fecally contaminated water and food, causing diarrhea; and Vibrio, shellfish that can cause flu, shock, and death.
Dr. Cannon's presentation will contribute to early identification of organisms leading to food poisoning that may result in severe illness or death.
Editor's Note: To interview Dr. Cannon, please contact Donna Krupa at 703.527.7357 (direct dial), 703.967.2751 (cell) or email@example.com.
Or contact the AACC Newsroom at: 407.685.4215.