Kenneth Mease, a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering, is the principal investigator for the three year project, a collaborative effort involving his research group and researchers at JPL.
"Pinpointing a Mars landing to within 100 meters enables science instruments to be delivered close to gullies, rock outcrops or canyon walls. Without pinpoint accuracy, landing near such scientifically interesting objects would be too risky," said Mease. "Mars missions to date have at best been capable of landing within 20-30 kilometers of a target site. Achieving pinpoint accuracy requires automated on-board guidance during the atmospheric flight and the terminal powered descent."
Mease's team will be developing an algorithm to control a Mars lander's flight during the "hypersonic entry phase" to compensate for variations in atmospheric conditions and vehicle performance, and deliver the vehicle with pinpoint accuracy to the parachute deployment point. He is also developing a guidance algorithm that will steer the lander during the "powered descent phase" to compensate for wind drift during the parachute phase. Comprehensive real-time simulation testing of the algorithms in flight-like processors will be conducted at JPL. The first demonstration of pinpoint landing is under consideration for a Mars mission in 2011.
The total contract value is $679,000.
More information, along with a graphic of the entry phase can be found at: http://marstech.
About The Henry Samueli School of Engineering
The Henry Samueli School of Engineering at UC Irvine numbers nearly 3,000 students and 95 faculty members across five academic departments: biomedical engineering, chemical engineering and materials science, civil and environmental engineering, electrical engineering and computer science, and mechanical and aerospace engineering. The school is home to numerous research centers, including the Center for Pervasive Communications and Computing, the Integrated Nanosystems Research Facility, the National Fuel Cell Research Center and the Center for Biomedical Engineering. It is a major participant in the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology, Cal-IT(2). For more information, please visit www.eng.uci.edu.