By 2020, 14 of the 20 countries in the area will fall so low in their amount of water per capita measurements, that they would be classified by the UN as being in "absolute stress." For arid climates in general, an ample water supply is critical for a country to maintain a healthy economy, attain its social goals, and uphold political stability. But at the heart of Frederiksen's paper is the question of whether or not a nation can expropriate water by removing the owners of their water rights and preventing the transfer to their new imposed place of residence? A resolution to the refugee burden on the resources and the social and economic conditions of all residents in the Occupied Territories and affected countries should be an urgent goal. "The alternative is the associated poverty and human depravation with the companion desperate actions that arise when all else becomes hopeless," Frederiksen concludes.
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Harald Frederiksen is a consultant in Water Resources Management. He held senior responsibility in preparing and implementing extensive regional developments in Iran's Khuzestan province, adjacent to Iraq and preparation of the Iran's National Water Plan among other projects in the region.
Mr. Frederiksen is available for questions and interviews.