The study is the first comprehensive analysis of residential deaths among children and teens (younger than 20 years old) in the United States since 1985. It is based on statistics reported between 1985 and 1997 from the National Vital Statistics System Mortality Data.
The majority of unintentional residential injuries are preventable, the study's authors say. Most deaths were attributed to fires, submersion or suffocation, poisoning and falls.
Between 1985-1997, an average of 55 percent of unintentional deaths among U.S. children took place at home. Meanwhile, fatal residential injuries decreased by 22 percent during the same period. The death rate due to residential injuries was highest in children younger than 1 to 5 years of age as compared to older children, boys as compared to girls, and black children as compared to white children. The authors attributed the racial disproportion to socioeconomic factors such as substandard housing, lower levels of education, and poverty.
Strategies to eliminate disparities in residential injury-related deaths, include the development and enforcement of health-based housing standards. This alone could reduce the burden of childhood injury-related deaths in the United States, the authors say.
This study was funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and a New Investigator Award from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (for Dr. Phelan).
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