Maurizio Bonati and Rita Campi, of the Mother and Child Health Laboratory at the Mario Negri Institute of Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy, say that the neonatal mortality rates (the death rates during the first 28 days of life) in some southern Italian regions are four times higher than in the north. The authors suggest that this difference reflects the worse quality of care for newborn babies in the south.
And children in southern Italy, they say, "face a constellation of risks--a high rate of school dropout, a low youth employment rate, and a higher likelihood of living in difficult family circumstances (involving factors such as low family educational level, family poverty, and families doing illegal work)." Children in the north are much less likely to experience this set of risks.
Children in the south are also less likely to get preventive care, such as vaccinations: "The vaccine uptake rate for measles by a child's second birthday, for example, ranges from 54.9% in Calabria to 89.6% in Tuscany."
Compared to the rest of Europe, "Italy's approach to ensuring the future health of its children is not encouraging." What is needed are "public-health programs focusing on promoting, monitoring, and improving children's well-being," which should be "taken on as a recognized challenge and should be a political commitment."
Citation: Bonati M, Campi R (2005) What can we do to improve child health in southern Italy? PLoS Med 2(9): e250.
Maurizio Bonati and Rita Campi
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