This year marks the 35th anniversary of the Institute of Medicine, which was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to honor professional achievement in the health sciences and to serve as a national resource for independent analysis and recommendations on issues related to medicine, biomedical sciences, and health.
"As the Institute of Medicine celebrates this milestone, it is a great pleasure to welcome these distinguished individuals as members," said IOM President Harvey V. Fineberg. "Election recognizes those who have made major contributions to the advancement of the medical sciences, health care, and public health. It is considered one of the highest honors in these fields."
Current active members elect new members from a slate of candidates nominated for their professional achievement. A diversity of talent among members is assured by the Institute's charter, which requires that at least one-quarter be selected from fields outside the health professions - such as the social and behavioral sciences, law, engineering, and the humanities.
With their election, members make a commitment to involve themselves in the work of the Institute, which conducts studies and other activities addressing a wide range of issues in medical science, health services, public health, and health policy. Some current studies are a project to recommend appropriate nutritional standards for foods sold in schools, an evaluation of the nation's system for ensuring the safety of prescription drugs after they have reached the market, and an assessment of emergency health care in the United States and recommendations for improving it.
Newly elected members are:
PETER C. AGRE, M.D., vice chancellor, science and technology, and professor of cell biology, Duke University, Durham, N.C.
ALLAN I. BASBAUM, PH.D., professor and chair, department of anatomy, University of California, San Francisco
DAVID W. BATES, M.D., chief, general medicine division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston
EMILIO BIZZI, M.D., PH.D., Institute Professor, brain and cognitive sciences, McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
TROYEN A. BRENNAN, M.D., J.D., president and chief executive officer, Brigham and Women's Physicians Organization, Boston
DAVID A. BRENT, M.D., academic chief, division of child and adolescent psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Pittsburgh
KELLY D. BROWNELL, PH.D., professor and chair, department of psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
DENNIS A. CARSON, M.D., professor and director, Rebecca and John Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego
DENIS A. CORTESE, M.D., president and chief executive officer, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.
PIETRO V. DE CAMILLI, M.D., investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, department of cell biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.
JARED M. DIAMOND, PH.D., professor of geography, department of geography, University of California, Los Angeles
MARY K. ESTES, PH.D., professor, molecular virology and microbiology and medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston
ALEX S. EVERS, M.D., Mallinckrodt Professor and chair, department of anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis
DONNA M. FERRIERO, M.D., professor and vice dean, Neonatal Brain Disorders Center, University of California, San Francisco
MARK C. FISHMAN, M.D., president and chief executive officer, Novartis Institute for BioMedical Research, Cambridge, Mass.
MICHAEL F. FLEMING, M.D., professor and director, NIH research fellowship, department of family medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison
STEPHEN P. FORTMANN, M.D., C.F. Rehnborg Professor of Disease Prevention and director, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.
JEFFREY M. FRIEDMAN, M.D., PH.D., investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and director, Starr Center for Human Genetics, Rockefeller University, New York City
VANESSA N. GAMBLE, M.D., PH.D., director, National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, Ala.
MICHAEL S. GAZZANIGA, PH.D., McLaughlin Distinguished University Professor and director, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.
STANTON A. GLANTZ, PH.D., professor of medicine, department of medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
JESSE L. GOODMAN, M.D., director, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, Md.
RICHARD H. GOODMAN, M.D., PH.D., director and senior scientist, Vollum Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland
WARNER C. GREENE, M.D., PH.D., director and senior investigator, Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco
MARGARET GREY, DR.P.H., Independence Foundation Professor of Nursing and associate dean for research affairs, Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Conn.
HAROLD W. JAFFE, M.D., fellow, St. Cross College, and professor and head, department of public health, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom
J. LARRY JAMESON, M.D., PH.D., Cutter Professor of Medicine and chair, department of medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago
MARJORIE K. JEFFCOAT, D.M.D., Amsterdam Dean of Dental Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, Philadelphia
BARBARA B. KAHN, M.D., chief, division of endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston
LARRY R. KAISER, M.D., professor and chair, department of surgery, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia
ROBERT M. KAPLAN, PH.D., professor, department of health services, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles
FRANCINE R. KAUFMAN, M.D., professor of pediatrics, division of endocrinology and metabolism, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles
GABOR D. KELEN, M.D., professor and chair, department of emergency medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore
RICHARD D. KRUGMAN, M.D., dean, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver
STEVEN M. LARSON, M.D., professor and director of radiology, Nuclear Medicine Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York City
VIRGINIA M.-Y. LEE, PH.D., professor of pathology and laboratory medicine, Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia
FLOYD J. MALVEAUX, M.D., PH.D., professor of microbiology and medicine and dean, Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, D.C.
FRANK MCCORMICK, PH.D., director, Comprehensive Cancer Center and Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco
ELIZABETH A. MCGLYNN, PH.D., associate director, RAND Health, and director, Center for Research on Quality in Health Care, Santa Monica, Calif.
STEVEN L. MCKNIGHT, PH.D., chair, biochemistry department, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas
JAMES O. MCNAMARA, M.D., Carl R. Deane Professor and chair, department of neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, N.C.
EMMANUEL M. MIGNOT, M.D., PH.D., investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, psychiatry and behavior sciences, Sleep Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.
M. JEANNE MIRANDA, PH.D., professor in residence, behavioral sciences and psychiatry, UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute, Los Angeles
MARILYN MOON, PH.D., vice president and director, Health Program, American Institutes for Research, Silver Spring, Md.
JONATHAN D. MORENO, PH.D., Kornfeld Professor of Biomedical Ethics and director, Center for Biomedical Ethics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville
JEFFREY C. MURRAY, M.D., professor of pediatrics, biological sciences, pediatric dentistry, and epidemiology, department of neonatology, University of Iowa, Iowa City
MARY D. NAYLOR, PH.D., Marian S. Ware Professor in Gerontology, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia
ERIC K. NOJI, M.D., medical officer, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Washington, D.C.
STANLEY A. PLOTKIN, M.D., emeritus professor of pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania, and executive advisor to the chief executive officer, Sanofi Pasteur, Doylestown, Pa.
CAROL L. PRIVES, PH.D., professor, department of biological sciences, Columbia University, New York City
FREDERICK P. RIVARA, M.D., George Adkins Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle
EMANUEL P. RIVERS, M.D., director of research, emergency medicine and surgical critical care, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit
ALAN R. SALTIEL, PH.D., John Jacob Abel Collegiate Professor in the Life Sciences, professor of internal medicine and physiology, and director, Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
PAUL SCHIMMEL, PH.D., Hahn Professor, Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, Calif.
JOSEPH SCHLESSINGER, PH.D., professor and chair, department of pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.
DENNIS J. SELKOE, M.D., co-director, Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Coates Professor of Neurologic Diseases, department of neurology, Harvard Medical School, Boston
VAL C. SHEFFIELD, M.D., PH.D., investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and director, division of medical genetics, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City
GERALD I. SHULMAN, M.D., PH.D., investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, medicine and cellular and molecular physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.
BURTON H. SINGER, PH.D., Robertson Professor of Public and International Affairs, office of population research, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
VIRGINIA A. STALLINGS, M.D., professor of pediatrics, division of gastroenterology and nutrition, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia
JOAN A. STEITZ, PH.D., investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Sterling Professor, department of molecular biophysics and biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
PETER SZOLOVITS, PH.D., professor of computer science and engineering, department of electrical engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
RAYMOND L. WHITE, PH.D., director, Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center, Emeryville, Calif.
LEONARD I. ZON, M.D., investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston
Elected to foreign associate membership:
JOHN I. BELL, B.M., BCH., D.M., Regius Professor of Medicine, Oxford University, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom
GEORGE W. BROWN, PH.D., senior honorary fellow, department of social psychiatry, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom
ANN C. MACAULAY, M.D., professor, department of family medicine, McGill University, Montreal
PASCOAL M. MOCUMBI, M.D., high representative, European and Developing Country Clinical Trials Partnerships, The Hague, Netherlands
D. DAVID NAYLOR, M.D., D.PHIL., dean of medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto
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