The five year 'ATTACK' Project (Adoptive engineered T-cell Targeting to Activate Cancer Killing), involves an international consortium of 16 partners, who will collaborate on the process of engineering T-cells.
T-cells are part of the body's immune defense machinery which naturally protects against infections and some cancers and can be used to treat some malignant disease, but many cancers avoid destruction by the immune system. The project team hopes that state of the art technologies can be used to modify the T-cells, to hunt down and destroy cancer tumours.
Robert Hawkins, Cancer Research UK Professor of Medical Oncology at The University of Manchester, said: "Unlike radiotherapy and chemotherapy, which destroy both cancerous and healthy cells, Engineered T-cell Therapy has the potential to selectively destroy cancers within a patient's body using its own infection-fighting mechanisms. This project focuses on optimising that system in the laboratory.
"The ultimate aim is to develop a process whereby T-cells are taken from the blood of a patient, genetically modified to enable them to target tumours, multiplied in the laboratory and injected in large numbers back into the patient.
The approach stems from original research by Professor Zelig Eshhar in Israel, and the partners include experts in immunology and tumour biology as well as those who have developed key aspects of engineered T-cells. Professor Hawkins continued:
"Already vaccines can prevent certain cancers, and the aim of this project is to develop effective methods to target others. By bringing together many of the leading immunotherapy groups in Europe we will be able to combine basic scientific expertise, new technologies and experience in pre-clinical testing, and our co-ordinated efforts should facilitate enormous progress.
"We expect the project to lead to many more trials in the future and are hopeful it could lead to real improvements in treatment."
Professor Nic Jones, head of the Paterson Institute for Cancer Research where the project will be based, said: "Developments in cancer treatment are likely to require major team efforts, and we are delighted that the consortium has been awarded this major international grant. Cancer immunotherapy is a very exciting area and one that we are seeking to expand further in Manchester; we are already building a new Gene Therapy Centre funded by the Christie Appeal and are hoping to recruit other leading researchers in this field."
Caroline Shaw, Chief Executive of the Christie Hospital said; "This is fantastic news for Professor Hawkins and his research team, for Manchester and most importantly for patients. Cancer research in Manchester is going from strength to strength and it's the patients who will ultimately benefit."
Notes for Editors
More information on the ATTACK project can be found at www.attack-cancer.org.
In addition to Professor Hawkins, the team at The University of Manchester includes Professor Peter Stern (Head of Immunology in the Paterson Institute), Dr David Gilham (Cancer Research UK Senior Scientist) and Dr Fiona Thistlethwaite (Cancer Research UK Senior Clinical Fellow).
The project is co-ordinated from Manchester by Dr Isabelle Wartelle, and the other 15 participating partners are:
- Participant Organisation Country Scientific Team Leader
- Weizmann Institute of Science Israel Zelig Eshhar
- Erasmus MC - Daniel den Hoed Cancer Centre Netherlands Reno Debets
- Universite Pierre et Marie Curie France Guy Gorochov
- Netherlands Cancer Institute Netherlands Ton Schumacher
- Max-Delbrück-Centrum für Molekulare Medizin Germany Thomas Blankenstein
- Klinikum der Universitat zu Koln Germany Hinrich Abken
- University of Edinburgh United Kingdom Dorothy Crawford
- Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique France Naomi Taylor
- University of Debrecen Hungary Janos Szollosi
- University College London United Kingdom Hans Stauss Humanitas
- Mirasole SPA Italy Alberto Mantovani
- Miltenyi Biotec GmbH Germany John Campbell
- Oxford BioMedica PLC United Kingdom Stuart Naylor
- Technion-Israel Institute of Technology Israel Yoram Reiter
- Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas Spain Balbino Alarcon
Professor Hawkins is Research & Clinical Director of the Cancer Research UK Department of Medical Oncology at The University of Manchester. The Department is part of the University's Cancer Studies Division, which achieved the highest rating of 5* in the Government's last Research Assessment Exercise, and aims to improve the treatment of cancer by both providing systemic therapy and undertaking research to improve treatment outcomes.
The University of Manchester (www.manchester.ac.uk) is the largest higher education institution in the country, with 24 academic schools and over 36 000 students in 2005/6. Its Faculty of Medical & Human Sciences (www.mhs.manchester.ac.uk) is one of the largest faculties of clinical and health sciences in Europe, with a research income of over £37 million, and the School of Medicine (www.medicine.manchester.ac.uk) is the largest of the its five Schools. It encompasses five teaching hospitals, and is closely linked to general hospitals and community practices across the North West of England.
The Christie Hospital is the largest single site Cancer Centre in Europe and treats over 12,000 patients newly diagnosed with cancer each year.
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