"Orthodontics can make people feel better about themselves," says James G. Richeson, Jr., DDS, FAGD, AGD spokesperson. "Many patients, prior to orthodontics, smile with their mouth closed, because they are self-conscious about their teeth, but after orthodontics, they usually smile naturally, showing off their new look."
General dentists can assess a child's need for orthodontics or alternative treatments. A dentist usually recommends braces to improve the patient's physical facial appearance. Through orthodontic treatment, problems like crooked or crowded teeth, overbites or underbites, incorrect jaw position, and disorders of the jaw joint can be corrected.
Alternative orthodontic treatments have long been available, but may not always be as comprehensive as orthodontics. Space maintainers help maintain space for adult teeth and can prevent complications and the need for more orthodontic therapy. Removable computer-generated appliances can treat selective cases where orthodontics would otherwise be needed, but these appliances also may cost more. Removable appliances that use wires also are available but their use depends on the complexity of the case and what needs to be achieved in the movement of the patient's teeth. A palatal expander is often used in cases where the upper arch isn't spreading as wide as it needs to, says Dr. Richeson, and such an appliance is utilized to expand that arch. The palatal expander is best used while a child is still growing, usually between ages 8 and 10.
"By age 7, a child will have started to get adult molars in place, and the position of these and the primary teeth provide the child's general dentist with a good perspective of the development of the child's dentition and any need for orthodontics," explains Dr. Richeson.
Depending on their postgraduate education, some general dentists may provide orthodontics, or a referral to an orthodontist may be recommended.
Benefits of braces:
- Improved stability, function, and health of teeth.
- Decreased risk of gum decay, tooth decay, and tooth loss.
- Improved self-esteem for the patient.