The project, which was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), found that many young volunteers travelled long distances from cities to short-term projects in rural areas and felt they were being punished for being disruptive or naughty at school. They saw the conservation work as having no relevance to their future employment, or educating them on green issues.
'The problem lies in the mismatch between youth services and environmental education,' says Dr Michael Leyshon, who led the project. 'Environmental conservation is largely organised by people with a background in environmental science, but no training in youth work and youth workers have no training in conservation. The result is that young people and the environment both lose out. We need more coordination in the voluntary sector and an effective interface with youth services.'
Dr Leyshon acknowledges that many young people do volunteer because they enthusiastic about conservation, but he says that environmental skills should not be seen in isolation. 'There is a need for more certificated courses, in a variety of 'rural' skills, such as those run by the National Trust. But we also need to think more holistically, and try to connect skills-building with supporting local transport, training and business support as part of an overall regeneration policy.'
The report says that properly managed volunteer work in conservation could offer young people the opportunity to live and work locally. Latest figures suggest that each year 100,000 young people are leaving rural areas of England.
'Managing the countryside for the purposes of environmental sustainability is one of the few sectors of the rural economy that can offer the soft skills, like the ability to work in a team as well as the practical skills that could be useful in many other kinds of jobs,' Dr Leyshon explains. 'Environmental projects should be part of mainstream education, not somewhere for excluded kids and youth offenders to take a bit of exercise in a "green gym".'
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT: Dr M Leyshon (Tel: 01326 371867, email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
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NOTES FOR EDITORS:
1. This release is based on 'Environmental Skills and Knowledge for sustainable rural communities: problems and prospects for the inclusion of young people', which is part of the £800,000 ESRC/Academy for Sustainable Communities (ASC) Skills and Knowledge for Sustainable Communities Targeted Initiative. The research was conducted by Dr Michael Leyshon and Dr Robert Fish.
2. The findings are drawn from research conducted in the West and South West of England analysis. Methodology included an extensive structure survey of 116 environmental organisations, in-depth interviews with individuals involved with the organisation of environmental programmes and interviews and focus groups with 68 people aged between 14-25 years encompassing participants and non-participants in environmental conservation work.
3. The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) is the UK's largest organisation for funding research on economic and social issues. It supports independent, high quality research which has an impact on business, the public sector and the third sector. The ESRC's planned total expenditure in 2009/10 is £204 million. At any one time the ESRC supports over 4,000 researchers and postgraduate students in academic institutions and independent research institutes. More at http://www.
4. The ESRC confirms the quality of its funded research by evaluating research projects through a process of peers review. This research has been graded as good.