PHOENIX, Ariz. - Aug. 1, 2009 - An international scientific team led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) has received a $1 million grant to study skin cancer from the Melanoma Research Alliance.
The grant was made to a team led by Dr. Jeffrey Trent, TGen's President and Research Director, who is the Team Lead among the Principal Investigators in the two-year study: Identification of Novel Melanoma Risk Genes Using High-throughput Genomics.
"The world-wide team of investigators on this project has worked together for a decade to identify individuals and families who are at increased risk for this deadly disease. While the team includes investigators from Europe and Australia, the research is particularly important to Arizonans who are disproportionately affected,'' Dr. Trent said.
Dr. Kevin Brown, an Associate Investigator in TGen's Integrated Cancer Genomics Division, also described the TGen-led team as part of an ongoing collaboration with the International Melanoma Genetics Consortium (GenoMEL), which has identified families worldwide that are predisposed to getting skin cancer.
"There are situations in which there is a strong family history of melanoma. If you can identify the genes, or mutations, that put people at risk for melanoma, you can implement targeted screening or prevention efforts,'' Dr. Brown said.
"Identifying the genes that mediate development of melanoma will give you an understanding of the basic biology, and conceivably could give you some clues into ways that you could do chemo prevention, or other things, for people who are at strong risk of getting melanoma,'' Dr. Brown said.
The other Principal Investigators in the TGen-led research are: Dr. Nicolas Hayward of the Queensland (Australia) Institute of Medical Research; Dr. Goran Jonsson of Lund (Sweden) University; and Dr. Graham Mann of the University of Sydney (Australia).
Arizona's non-Hispanic Caucasian population has among the nation's highest incidence rate of skin cancer. Australia has the highest incidence rate of the disease in the world.
The TGen-led team was one of seven multidisciplinary groups who received a total of $6.9 million in awards June 30 from the Washington, D.C.-based Melanoma Research Alliance (MRA) to pursue novel, outcomes-driven melanoma research.
These awards are part of the MRA's second round of grants focused on research that addresses gaps in translational science. In its second year of grant-making, MRA is now supporting 37 of the most promising melanoma research programs worldwide, totaling more than $16 million (including $6.9 million awarded July 30) in an effort to accelerate progress toward a cure.
"We are energized by the quality of proposals we continue to receive from the melanoma research community. In this latest round of grants, we are pleased to support seven multidisciplinary approaches that hold great potential to advance melanoma treatments," said Dr. Suzanne Topalian, M.D., Chair of the MRA Grant Review Committee and Director of the Johns Hopkins Melanoma Program.
According to the grant description presented by Dr. Trent:
"Early detection of cutaneous malignant melanoma offers the best form of cure. Characterization of the genes influencing melanoma risk is critical towards efforts aimed at disease prevention and early detection.
"Studies of families with multiple melanoma patients have identified mutations in two genes that strongly predispose to the disease, but these mutations are found only in a minority of families.
"To identify additional genes, the International Melanoma Genetics Consortium (GenoMEL) recently completed the largest genetic study of melanoma families to date, comprising 174 families with three or more melanoma patients. This study identified two chromosome positions likely to harbor melanoma susceptibility genes, while a separate smaller study by a GenoMEL member group has identified a third.
"We propose here to extend this collaborative effort by screening all genes at these three chromosomal locations for disease-predisposing mutations in melanoma families. We will also work towards identifying additional susceptibility genes by sequencing the entire genomes of patients from five of the largest melanoma families.
"The identification of novel predisposition genes is a major first step towards accurately estimating individualized disease risk and ultimately implementing disease prevention and early-detection strategies for at-risk individuals. Further, characterization of the molecular mechanisms underlying melanoma susceptibility may lead to a better understanding of the processes underlying melanoma development and progression, and ultimately to novel strategies for melanoma treatment."
The other teams receiving the latest round of MRA grants are:
Developing Melanoma Screening in Primary Care
Team Lead: Martin A. Weinstock, M.D., Ph.D., Rhode Island Hospital and Brown University
Maryam Asgari, M.D., M.P.H., Kaiser Foundation Research Institute
Melody Eide, M.D., M.P.H., Henry Ford Health System
Suzanne Fletcher, M.D., M.Sc., Harvard Pilgrim Health Care and Harvard Medical School
Alan Geller, R.N., M.P.H., Harvard School of Public Health
Allan Halpern, M.D., M.S., Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Manipulating Immune Regulation in Adoptive T-cell Therapy for Melanoma Principal Investigators:
Team Lead: Jeffrey Weber, M.D., Ph.D., H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Patrick Hwu, M.D., M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Identification and Validation of Combination Therapies for Melanomas
Team Lead: Michael J. Weber, Ph.D., University of Virginia
Levi Garraway, M.D., Ph.D., Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Dan Gioeli, Ph.D., University of Virginia
Proposal Title: Sequencing of the Melanoma Exome, Transcriptome and Epigenome Principal Investigators:
Team Lead: Ruth Halaban, Ph.D., Yale University
Marcus Bosenberg, M.D., Ph.D., Yale University
Michael Krauthammer, M.D., Ph.D., Yale University
David Stern, Ph.D., Yale University
Combinatorial Immunotherapy for Melanoma with B7-H1/PD-1 Checkpoint Blockade
Team Lead: Drew Pardoll, M.D., Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University
Lieping Chen, M.D., Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University
Suzanne Topalian, M.D., Johns Hopkins University
Identification of Novel Melanoma Risk Genes Using High-throughput Genomics Principal Investigators:
Team Lead: Jeffrey Trent, Ph.D., Translational Genomics Research Institute
Nicolas Hayward, Ph.D., Queensland Institute of Medical Research
Goran Jonsson, Ph.D., Lund University
Graham Mann, Ph.D., The University of Sydney
Defining the Importance of Immunity to NY-ESO-1 in Melanoma
(Co-funded by the Cancer Research Institute)
Team Lead: Jedd D. Wolchok, M.D., Ph.D., Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
James P. Allison, Ph.D., Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Jonathan Cebon, Ph.D., Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research
Alexander Eggermont, M.D., Ph.D., Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center
Sacha Gnjatic, Ph.D., Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research
Dirk Jäger, M.D., University Hospital Heidelberg
Elke Jäger, Ph.D., Goethe University Frankfurt
Alexander Knuth, M.D., University of Zurich
Lloyd J. Old, M.D., Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research
About the Melanoma Research Alliance: The Melanoma Research Alliance is a public charity formed under the auspices of the Milken Institute, with the initial generous founding support of Debra and Leon Black. It supports an international, cross-disciplinary group of biomedical researchers possessing clinical and scientific expertise to explore, identify, and pursue innovative solutions to critical research issues leading to better treatments and a cure for patients with melanoma. For more information, please visit: www.melanomaresearchalliance.org.
About the International Melanoma Genetics Consortium
This non-profit Consortium was set up in 1997 and is comprised of the majority of research groups worldwide, working on the genetics of familial melanoma. It was formed to allow better sharing of information and pooling of data. In this way the Consortium will make progress in a way that no single group could ever do on its own. For more information, please visit: www.genomel.org.
The Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) is a Phoenix, Arizona-based non-profit organization dedicated to conducting groundbreaking research with life changing results. Research at TGen is focused on helping patients with diseases such as cancer, neurological disorders and diabetes. TGen is on the cutting edge of translational research where investigators are able to unravel the genetic components of common and complex diseases. Working with collaborators in the scientific and medical communities, TGen believes it can make a substantial contribution to the efficiency and effectiveness of the translational process. TGen is affiliated with the Van Andel Research Institute in Grand Rapids, Michigan. For more information, visit: www.tgen.org.
TGen Senior Science Writer