INDIANAPOLIS -- Students and faculty from Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) have developed and launched the nation's first organized effort to document public art information in Wikipedia.
Wikipedia Saves Public Art (WSPA), a growing collection of articles prepared for the online open access encyclopedia, makes monuments and outdoor sculpture - from the famous to the overlooked - accessible to all. It is a unique and major step toward sharing and preserving an often underappreciated segment of the world's cultural heritage.
"No other university, museum or municipality has created a public art collection within Wikipedia--this is a first, even though Wikipedia has been around for almost a decade and now has over 3 million articles. Our effort is also unusual because we have included global positioning system (GPS) coordinates in all of our articles, which allows linkages via location-based computer applications like Google Maps," said Jennifer Geigel Mikulay, Ph.D., assistant professor and public scholar of visual culture at IUPUI, who has spearheaded the project.
Even before the pharaohs built the pyramids, public art has engaged and enriched its audience - the individuals who view it. In the 21st century the potential audience for public art - sculptures, monuments, and other works in public spaces, some tourist destinations and others long forgotten or barely noticed by passersby - can extend far beyond those viewed from a sidewalk. Through the Internet, the audience can expand to anyone with Web access, provided information about the piece is shared online.
That's where IUPUI students and faculty from the School of Liberal Arts and Herron School of Art and Design come in. They are researching, cataloguing, photographing and writing articles on public art pieces in Indianapolis with the hope that the movement will expand exponentially across the nation and around the world. Dozens of Indianapolis public sculptures, many from the IUPUI campus (see en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IUPUI_Public_Art_Collection), have been documented through WSPA. Already, representatives from Milwaukee have shown interest in following this model to represent their city's public art collection in Wikipedia. Mikulay and Richard McCoy of the Indianapolis Museum of Art, who co-conceived WSPA, report that they are hearing a buzz of excitement about the concept at international meetings they attend.
"As we write Wikipedia articles on public art works from Indianapolis, a metropolitan area which local cultural organizations rank second only to Washington, D.C. in its number of monuments and outdoor sculpture, we are creating a working model to show people how to preserve public art in the 21st century. Public art is one of the most accessible art forms, and Wikipedia is one of the most accessible forums for information, so they make a perfect match," said Mikulay, whose own research focuses on public art's civic role.
"Wikipedia is open to covering all kinds of topics, including art, all the time, but this is the first coordinated effort to get public art information into Wikipiedia. This is truly making public art available to much wider publics," she added.
Mikulay and McCoy came up with the name Wikipedia Saves Public Art as a way to demonstrate the project's linkage to the burgeoning open access computer movement, with its promise of enlisting large groups of people to contribute information about public art anywhere in the world, and to harken back to Save Outdoor Sculpture! (SOS!), a joint project of the Smithsonian American Art Museum and Heritage Preservation.
The full value and potential of social media as an educational resource has not been tapped, according to Mikulay, in part because students are not taught how to link this new technology to research interests. She believes that if students and others can become more critical users of Wikipedia and other digital media, they will be in the position to utilize it for the preservation of cultural heritage.
As the IUPUI students and faculty generate and share information about the outdoor sculpture and monuments around them through WSPA, they are showing the way for others down the street, across the nation, or around the world to see and save the public art around them.
WSPA is located at: http://en.
Created in 1969 as a partnership between two world-renowned universities and destined to be the state's premier urban public research institution, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis is a place where IMPACT is made. The partnership between Indiana University and Purdue University enables IUPUI to offer a tremendous range of degree programs for more than 30,000 students.
The School of Liberal Arts is the home of the social sciences and humanities at IUPUI. Students receive an education grounded in the liberal arts tradition with an eye for practical application of knowledge and community engagement.
Herron School of Art and Design, a school of Indiana University, is the state's only professional school of art and design. Located on the IUPUI campus, Herron enrolls more than 900 students in bachelor and master degree programs including fine arts, visual communication design, visual art, art education and art history.