The National Academy of Sciences today announced the election of 72 new members and 18 foreign associates from 15 countries in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.
Those elected today bring the total number of active members to 2,113 and the total number of foreign associates to 418. Foreign associates are nonvoting members of the Academy, with citizenship outside the United States.
Newly elected members and their affiliations at the time of election are:
Akil, Huda; co-director, Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute, and Gardner Quarton Distinguished University Professor of Neuroscience and Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Bartel, David P.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of biology, department of biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
Beaudet, Arthur L.; Henry and Emma Meyer Professor and chair, department of molecular and human genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston
Belytschko, Ted B.; Walter P. Murphy and McCormick Institute Professor, department of mechanical engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill.
Birchler, James A.; Curators' Professor, division of biological sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia
Buckley, Rebecca H.; J. Buren Sidbury Professor of Pediatrics and professor of immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, N.C.
Chamberlain, Gary; Louis Berkman Professor of Economics, department of economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Church, George M.; director, Lipper Center for Computational Genetics, and professor of genetics, department of genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston
Demmel, James W.; Dr. Richard Carl Dehmel Distinguished Professor of Mathematics and Computer Science, department of mathematics and the computer science division, University of California, Berkeley
Dietz, Harry C., III; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Victor A. McKusick Professor of Genetics and Medicine, McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, departments of medicine, pediatrics, and molecular biology and genetics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore
Dosher, Barbara A.; dean, School of Social Science, and professor, department of cognitive science, University of California, Irvine
Edwards, Richard L.; George and Orpha Gibson Chair of Earth Systems Sciences and Distinguished McKnight University Professor, department of geology and geophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Eppig, John J.; senior staff scientist and professor, Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine
Fowler, Catherine S.; professor emerita, department of anthropology, University of Nevada, Reno
Gabai, David; Hughes-Rogers Professor of Mathematics, department of mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
Gazzaniga, Michael S.; director, Sage Center for the Study of the Mind, University of California, Santa Barbara
Geman, Stuart; James Manning Professor of Applied Mathematics, division of applied mathematics, Brown University, Providence, R.I.
Goldberg, Michael E.; David Mahoney Professor of Brain and Behavior, and director, Mahoney Center for Mind and Brain, Columbia University College of Physicians, New York City
Gottschling, Daniel E.; full member, basic sciences division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle
Gould, Fred; William Neal Reynolds Distinguished Professor, department of entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh
Grayson, Donald K.; professor, department of anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle
Groves, Robert M.; director, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, D.C.
Hanemann, W. Michael; Chancellor's Professor, department of agricultural and resource economics, University of California, Berkeley
Harris, Joseph; professor, department of mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Harrison, T. Mark; director, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, and professor of geology, department of earth and space sciences, University of California, Los Angeles
Hawley, R. Scott; investigator, Stowers Institute for Medical Research, Kansas City, Mo.
Heuser, John E.; professor of biophysics, department of cell biology and physiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis
Hodgson, Keith O.; David Mulvane Ersham and Edward Curtis Franklin Professor of Chemistry, and associate director for photo science, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, Calif.
Hultgren, Scott J.; Helen L. Stoever Professor of Molecular Microbiology, and director, Center for Women's Infectious Disease Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis
Hynes, James T.; professor, department of chemistry and biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder
Jacobsen, Steven E.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, department of molecular, cell, and developmental biology, University of California, Los Angeles
Johnson, Alexander D.; professor and vice chair, department of microbiology and immunology, University of California, San Francisco
Jorgensen, William L.; Sterling Professor of Chemistry, department of chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
Kareiva, Peter M.; chief scientist, The Nature Conservancy, Seattle
Kingsley, David M.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of developmental biology, department of developmental biology, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Kleinberg, Jon M.; Tisch University Professor, department of computer science, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.
Kobilka, Brian K.; professor, departments of molecular and cellular physiology and medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.
Kung, Ching; Vilas Professor of Genetics and Molecular Biology, departments of genetics and molecular biology, Laboratory of Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Lamport, Leslie B.; principal researcher, Microsoft Research, Mountain View, Calif.
Levine, Herbert; professor, department of physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla
Malenka, Robert C.; Pritzker Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and director,
Nancy Friend Pritzker Laboratory, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.
Manley, James L.; Julian Clarence Levi Professor of Life Sciences, department of biological sciences, Columbia University, New York City
Maquat, Lynne E.; J. Lowell Orbison Chair and professor of biochemistry and biophysics, department of biochemistry and biophysics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, N.Y.
Markman, Ellen M.; Lewis M. Terman Professor of Psychology, department of psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
McCammon, J. Andrew; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and John E. Mayer Chair of Theoretical Chemistry, department of chemistry and biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla
McConnell, Susan K.; Susan B. Ford Professor, department of biology, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
McEuen, Paul L.; Goldwin Smith Professor of Physics, department of physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.
McLanahan, Sara S.; William S. Tod Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs, Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
Mellman, Ira S.; vice president of research oncology, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, Calif.
Moin, Parviz; Franklin P. and Caroline M. Johnson Professor of Engineering, department of mechanical engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Nathan, Carl F.; chairman, department of microbiology and immunology, Weill Cornell Medical College, Cornell University, New York City
Nussenzweig, Michel C.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Sherman Fairchild Professor and senior physician, department of molecular immunology, Rockefeller University, New York City
Oddone, Piermaria J.; director, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Ill.
Parada, Luis F.; professor and Diana K. and Richard C. Strauss Distinguished Chair in Developmental Biology, department of developmental biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas
Perdew, John P.; professor of physics, department of physics and engineering physics, School of Science and Engineering, Tulane University, New Orleans
Pfeiffer, Loren N.; senior research scholar in electrical engineering, department of electrical engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
Poor, H. Vincent; dean of engineering and applied science and Michael Henry Strater University Professor of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
Richmond, Geraldine L.; Richard M. and Patricia H. Noyes Professor, department of chemistry, University of Oregon, Eugene
Rieke, George H.; Regents Professor of Astronomy, and deputy director, Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson
Rossky, Peter J.; professor of chemical engineering and Marvin K. Collie-Welch Regents Chair in Chemistry, department of chemistry and biochemistry, University of Texas, Austin
Sandwell, David T.; professor of geophysics, Institute for Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla
Santer, Benjamin D.; physicist and atmospheric scientist, program for climate model diagnosis and intercomparison, E.O. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif.
Shraiman, Boris I.; Suzan F. Gurley Professor of Theoretical Physics and Biology, and permanent member, Kavli Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara
Shubin, Neil H.; Robert R. Bensley Professor and associate dean, department of organismal biology and anatomy, University of Chicago, Chicago
Strominger, Andrew; Gwill E. York Professor of Physics, department of physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Theologis, Athanasios; emeritus adjunct professor, University of California, Berkeley
Warren, Stephen T.; William Patterson Timmie Professor and chair, department of human genetics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta
Weingast, Barry R.; Ward C. Krebs Family Professor of Political Science, and senior fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
Wofsy, Steven C.; Abbott Lawrence Rotch Professor of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, department of earth and planetary sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Wright, Edward L.; David Saxon Presidential Chair in Physics and professor, department of physics and astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles
Xie, X. Sunney; Mallinckrodt Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, department of chemistry and chemical biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Ye, Jun; NIST fellow, National Institute of Standards and Technology; JILA fellow, JILA; and adjoint professor, department of physics, University of Colorado, Boulder
Newly elected foreign associates, their affiliations at the time of election, and their country of citizenship are:
Björklund, Anders; professor and section chief, Wallenberg Neuroscience Center, department of experimental medical science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden (Sweden)
Bond, J. Richard; University Professor, University of Toronto, Toronto (Canada)
Bourgain, Jean; professor, department of mathematics, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, N.J. (Belgium)
Buckingham, Margaret; professor and director, department of developmental biology, Pasteur Institute, Paris (United Kingdom/France)
Endo, Akira; director, Biopharm Research Laboratories Inc., Tokyo (Japan)
Fenchel, Tom; professor and director, Marine Biology Laboratory, University of Copenhagen, Helsingor, Denmark (Denmark)
Hartl, Franz-Ulrich; director, department of cellular biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany (Germany)
Hush, Noel S.; covener of the molecular electronics group and Foundation Professor Emeritus of Theoretical Chemistry, School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences, University of Sydney, Sydney (Australia)
Ihm, Jisoon; professor, department of physics and astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (South Korea)
Johnson, Louise N.; David Phillips Professor in Molecular Biophysics, Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom (United Kingdom)
Kornblihtt, Alberto R.; professor of molecular and cell biology, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina (Argentina)
Lee, Richard B.; professor emeritus, department of anthropology, University of Toronto, Toronto (Canada)
Li, Jiayang; professor, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, and vice president, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (People's Republic of China)
McMichael, Anthony J.; professor of population health, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra (Australia)
Olsen, Johan P.; professor and director, ARENA Project, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway (Norway)
O'Rahilly, Steven; co-director, Institute of Metabolic Science, and director, Institute of Metabolic Science-Metabolic Research Laboratories, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom (Ireland)
Tosatti, Erio; professor of theoretical physics, International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy (Italy)
Yamanaka, Shinya; senior investigator and L.K. Whittier Foundation Investigator in Stem Cell Biology, Gladstone Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, University of California, San Francisco (Japan)
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