The net economic benefit of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to Colorado's economy was $814.8 million in fiscal year 2012, according to a study by the University of Colorado's Leeds School of Business.
Jefferson County, where NREL's main campus is located and where half of NREL's employees live, enjoyed the greatest economic impact, with $274.6 million. NREL is one of Jefferson County's largest employers, the study says.
NREL's economic impact in Colorado fell 2.4 percent from FY 2011, reflecting fewer dollars spent renting office buildings as NREL consolidated operations on its main campus; fewer dollars spent on subcontracts and employees; and a small decline in expenditures. Still, NREL's total economic impact to Colorado in FY 2012 is 38.5 percent higher than the $588.3 million impact in FY 2009. The laboratory supported approximately 2,300 jobs in 2012.
Construction expenditures at the NREL campus in FY 2012 increased 7.4 percent from FY 2011, totaling $113 million. NREL completed construction work on the last phase of its Research Support Facility, which houses more than 1,300 employees and is one of the world's most energy efficient large office buildings, demonstrating the capability to produce as much energy as it uses on an annual basis. In FY 2012, NREL also completed an 1,800-car-capacity parking garage, with solar panels on the roof; and the Energy Systems Integration Facility, where utilities and other companies test the effect of increased renewable energy on the electric grid.
In 2013, the Laboratory will conclude a multi-year expansion of the South Table Mountain campus, which will provide new research capabilities needed to help meet the nation's clean energy challenges.
According to the study, operating and capital expenditures showed a small decline in FY 2012 - by 1.6 percent to $405.5 million, compared to FY 2011. Of the $63.7 million in operating expenditures - excluding salaries, benefits, construction, rents and other categories - in FY 2012, about 90 percent remained within the state of Colorado, and 30 percent remained in Jefferson County.
For Jefferson County, the $274.6 million economic impact from NREL - down 4.9 percent from 2011 - was derived from operations, employment, one-time expenditures on construction, and spending by visitors.
Total salary compensation for NREL's employees was $192.7 million, down 3.1% from the year before. Of the staff, 68% were involved in core research and development - occupations such as engineers, scientists, analysts, postdoctoral researchers, and IT professionals. Thirty-two percent were employed in business support operations in such areas as human resources, budgeting, administration, communications and legal.
The Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, which manages and operates NREL for the U.S. Department of Energy, asked the Business Research Division of the Leeds School of Business at CU to measure objectively the economic and fiscal impacts of the lab for FY 2012. The study is online at http://www.
The study's authors looked at several factors: economic benefits, public costs, capital expenditures, operating expenditures, and secondary or multiplier effects in coming up with the final economic impact number. Among the findings:
NREL had approximately 13,730 visitors in FY 2012. The 2,400 overnight visitors stayed an average of 1.9 nights and each spent an average of more than $400, a boost of almost $1 million to the local accommodations and food-service industry. More than 1,900 people attended NREL forums in FY 2012, and more than 1,000 attended NREL workshops. In addition, in FY 2012, NREL sponsored 20 events of the World Renewable Energy Forum, which brought thousands of scientists from around the world to Denver from May 12 to 17. The NREL-sponsored Industrial Growth Forum drew 425 clean-tech entrepreneurs and venture capitalists to Denver. Since 2003, attendees at NREL's annual Industrial Growth Forum have raised more than $4 billion in financing. NREL also hosted four school-oriented events including the Science Bowl for high-school students and the Junior Solar Sprint, Hydrogen Fuel Cell, and Lithium Ion Battery car competitions, attended by 390 middle-school students.
The presence of a national laboratory in Colorado and Jefferson County stands for more than just the economic impact from the jobs on the campus. It enriches the education of the students who visit the campus and enhances educational opportunities at schools in the area. While the CU study presents important measures of economic impact, it does not capture the downstream benefits such as technology transfer, commercialization, the creation of new businesses and the spark to imaginations of students who want to work toward a cleaner energy future.
NREL is the U.S. Department of Energy's primary national laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development. NREL is operated for DOE by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.
Visit NREL online at www.nrel.gov