People aged 70 and over who identify themselves as 'old' feel worse about their own health in societies where they perceive they have lower value than younger age groups.
New research from psychologists at the University of Kent, titled 'Being old and ill' across different countries: social status, age identification and older people's subjective health, used data from the European Social Survey. Respondents, who were all aged 70 and over, were asked to self-rate their health.
The researchers found that those living in societies where older people have lower status were more likely to have a negative subjective view of their health if they identified themselves as 'old'. However, identifying as an older person was not associated with subjective health in societies where older people have higher status.
The results highlighted that in countries where old age is perceived as signifying low status, identifying strongly with old age is related to worse subjective health.
The study could have major implications for policy-makers across Europe, where the elevation of the perceived social status of older people would be likely to reduce negative connotations associated with old age, ensuring that identifying as 'old' would not impact negatively on how healthy people felt.
The research was carried out by Dr Hannah Swift, Christopher Bratt and Professor Dominic Abrams of Kent's Centre for the Study of Group Processes in the School of Psychology, and Sibila Marques, Christin-Melanie Vauclair and Maria Luisa Lima of the Centre for Psychological Research and Social Intervention at Lisbon University Institute. All authors are members of Eurage, the European research group on attitudes to age.
Being old and ill' across different countries: social status, age identification and older people's subjective health is published in the journal Psychology and Health. See: http://www.