Six new research projects, to improve the sustainability of infrastructure development in the UK and China, are to receive over £3 million in funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). The funding follows on from a visit to the UK earlier this year by NSFC President Yang Wei. The projects will involve academics from nine UK universities which will partner with nine leading institutions in China. They will explore:
- how to develop intelligent coatings for windows to improve energy efficiency;
- the development of magnesia-based cements and concrete products for future energy infrastructure applications;
- how to improve the development of new nitride materials for the next generation of UV emitters that can be used for water purification and environmental protection;
- whether industrial wastes can safely replace natural raw materials in the cement kiln;
- designs for low-CO2 alkali-activated concretes that are more durable and eco-efficient;
- development of multi-functional aggregates that will enable concrete to conduct electricity and reduce environmental pollution
Minister for Universities, Science and Cities, Greg Clark, said: "High quality science and innovation is central to addressing the challenge of meeting the demand for higher living standards from an increasing global population, with limited natural resources that we need to protect. "Science knows no boundaries, which is why we are investing £3 million in six collaborative projects between some of the leading institutions in the UK and China that will help find new ways to address joint concerns." NSFC Vice President Liu Congqiang said: "Collaboration in science and research is essential if the world is to solve the sustainability challenges presented by growing populations, energy demand and climate change. NSFC is ready to join hands with EPSRC to facilitate such collaboration between Chinese and UK researchers to attain solutions that could improve products, health and wellbeing of our citizens." Professor Philip Nelson, EPSRC's Chief Executive, said: "These collaborative EPSRC and NSFC projects have emerged as a result of a joint call in 2013 following the Global Grand Challenges Summit of the same year. Developing advanced materials and improving sustainability in infrastructure will help both the UK and China address environmental, economic and resource challenges that face both countries and the rest of the world."
Funded grants from the UK/China research partnerships for sustainable materials for infrastructures
Project Title and Grant Number Amount Principal Investigator and UK Universities - lead first Chinese
MagMats: Magnesia-bearing construction materials for future energy infrastructure
£508,163 Prof Al-Tabbaa, University of Cambridge
UCL (University College London) Qian Jueshi, Chongqing University
Nanjing Tech University
Advanced III-nitride materials for next generation UV emitters used in water purification, environmental protection and local network communication
£511,368 Professor Wang, University of Sheffield
University of Strathclyde,
Imperial College London Zhang Rong, Nanjing University
Rational design of low-CO2 alkali-activated concretes for eco-efficiency and durability
£687,170 Professor Provis, University of Sheffield
Queen's University of Belfast,
University of Leeds Chen Huisu, Southeast University
Hunan University of Technology
Materials 5R by Industrial Symbiosis in the cement industry - Understanding metabolism of toxic metals in co-processing.
£488,016 Dr Stegemann, UCL Zhang Wensheng, China Building Materials Academy
South China University of Technology
Intelligent Coatings for Energy-Efficient Glazing (ICE Glazing)
£435,723 Professor Sankar, UCL
Zhao Xiujian, Wuhan University of Technology
Multi-functional aggregates for enhanced concrete performance and its application
£433,885 Professor Macphee, University of Aberdeen
University of Dundee Wang Fazhou, Wuhan University of Technology,
For further information please contact the EPSRC Press Office on 0173 444 404 or email email@example.com
The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) is the UK's main agency for funding research in engineering and physical sciences. EPSRC invests around £800m a year in research and postgraduate training, to help the nation handle the next generation of technological change.
The areas covered range from information technology to structural engineering, and mathematics to materials science. This research forms the basis for future economic development in the UK and improvements for everyone's health, lifestyle and culture. EPSRC works alongside other Research Councils with responsibility for other areas of research. The Research Councils work collectively on issues of common concern via Research Councils UK.
The National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) was established on February 14th, 1986. It is an institution directly under the jurisdiction of the State Council. Since its establishment, NSFC has comprehensively introduced and implemented a rigorous and objective merit-review system to fulfil its mission of supporting basic research, fostering talented researchers, developing international cooperation and promoting socioeconomic development.
Alongside with the continuously increasing investment in basic research by the government, NSFC's annual budget has increased from 80 million RMB in 1986 to 16.8 billion RMB in 2013. Funding is awarded to over 1,500 host institutions and to both individuals and groups of investigators. NSFC encourages international cooperation and exchange in basic research. It has signed 70 Cooperative Agreements or Memorandums of Understanding in 35 countries and regions.