The Annual Report giving an overview of the JRC work in 2014 has been published. It provides highlights of research activities carried out over the year in support of the main EU policies. Topics include economic and monetary union; innovation, growth and jobs; digital agenda; energy and transport; environment and climate change; agriculture and global food security; security and disaster risk reduction; health and consumer protection and nuclear safety and security.
The European Commissioner Tibor Navracsics, responsible for the JRC, in his foreword emphasises the transversal role JRC work plays, cutting across almost all policy areas. He says his aim is to build on JRC's solid experience in transforming scientific research into evidence to support policy and make the JRC the "scientific brain" of the European Commission in order to fully exploit its capacity to the benefit of the citizens.
One year in his term as Director-General of the JRC, Vladimir Šucha mentions a growing demand for scientific support and adds that the JRC remains committed to maintain its reputation of one of the leading organisations in feeding scientific knowledge into policy making.
Among the highlights are JRC work supporting banking reforms in the EU, mapping digital excellence, progress of e-health, scientific support to the new 2030 climate and energy package, research on shale gas fracking and analysis of the climate change impact on EU's economy. In addition, the Annual Report provides information on agricultural markets and extending crop yield forecasts to more of the EU's neighbours, monitoring of the Ebola outbreak, and combatting illicit shipping activities.
Within its expertise in nuclear safety and security, the JRC embarked on the second phase of a project that will improve radiation detection against illicit trafficking, and has also developed tools to support nuclear safeguards and non-proliferation. JRC experts also investigated the safety of interim storage of spent nuclear fuel and contributed to nuclear safety by supporting new design rules and environmental reliability of components.
An additional chapter is dedicated to mapping the excellence of JRC scientific publications against top scientific institutions as well as against the world average in 17 main scientific areas and 81 subdomains. The analysis shows that annually, between 40% and 50% of the JRC publications are among the top 25% most cited, and up to 3% of them among the top 1% most cited.