Woodlice are able to calm their excited neighbors according to findings made by Pierre Broly and Jean-Louis Deneubourg of the Free Brussels University (Belgium).
Woodlice, familiar to the amateur gardeners, are easily observable living in groups sheltered under stones or barks. Research published in PLOS Computational Biology shows how a 'contagion' between the different behavioral states of woodlice may govern the stability of their groups.
By combining experiments and mathematical model, the authors show that calm individuals reduced the excitation of their neighbors which become calm in their turn. It results from this social influence that the bigger the group, the greater the proportion of calm individuals. Therefore the groups are more cohesive and slowly disperse when the group is perturbed.
Harmless and easy to raise, the woodlice already represent a pedagogical model in many schools for the study of behaviors. The simple experimental procedure presented in this study can be easily reproducible with children in order to introduce the basic concepts of collective behavior and social interaction in group-living animals.
Image Caption: The calming influence of a woodlouse
Image Credit: Broly et al.
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Contact: Pierre Broly
Address: Universite Libre de Bruxelles
Unit of Social Ecology
Campus de la Plaine
Bat NO, niv.5
Boulevard du Triomphe
Citation: Broly P, Deneubourg J-L (2015) Behavioural Contagion Explains Group Cohesion in a Social Crustacean. PLoS Comput Biol 11(6):e1004290. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004290
Funding: PB is supported by a FRIA grant (Fonds pour la Recherche dans l'Industrie et dans l'Agriculture, FRS-FNRS). JLD is a Research Director at the FRS-FNRS. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
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