Researchers from Brazil and the United States will attend two symposia between March 28, 2016 and April 1, 2016 at the University of Michigan (UM) and Ohio State University (OSU) to present and discuss scientific cooperation between the two countries in research projects on Genomics, Environment and Sustainability, Human Health, Engineering, Agriculture and Water, Bioinformatics, New Materials, and Law and Social Justice.
The meetings are part of FAPESP Week 2016, organized by the Foundation in partnership with the two US universities, with support from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC.
"FAPESP values the research collaboration between scientists in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, and colleagues at the University of Michigan and at Ohio State University. Collaborations cover a broad range of scientific fields. The FAPESP Week symposia to be hosted at UM and OSU aims at creating more visibility and opportunities for research collaboration", said Scientific Director of FAPESP Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz.
The symposium held at the University of Michigan on March 28-29 will open with a presentation on FAPESP's international scientific cooperation strategy by Brito Cruz.
In the session on Environment, Governance and Sustainability, Maria Carmen Lemos, a researcher at UM, and Gabriela Di Giulio, a researcher at the University of São Paulo's Public Health School (FSP-USP), will present the findings of a collaborative project on risk perception and adaptation to climate change at the local level influenced by factors such as rising community vulnerability, changes in land use, urbanization, and pollution.
On the same day, a session on Genetics and Genomics focusing on the identification of disease-causing genes will feature presentations by UM's Brian Byrd about treatment-resistant hypertension and personalized medicine, and Nils Walter from the same institution about the role of RNA molecules in cellular processes and disease prevention.
Presentations on Health will focus on the results of research into a cure for ataxia and advances in medical research on rehabilitation and spinal marrow injuries. In the same session, Professor Iscia Lopes-Cendes, creator of the Brazilian Initiative on Precision Medicine (BIPMed), Latin America's first public human genome database, will speak about this project.
On March 31, 2016 and April 1, 2016 FAPESP Week 2016 at Ohio State University will feature a series of presentations about political decision-making processes based on scientific information, agriculture and water, bioinformatics and data analysis, new materials, and Medicine and Health.
José Marengo, a researcher at the Natural Disaster Surveillance & Early Warning Center (CEMADEN) and the National Space Research Center (INPE), will present the findings of an international study led by him on the rise in sea levels caused by climate change in Santos on the coast of São Paulo State (Brazil), Broward County in Florida (USA), and Selsey on the Sussex coast of England (UK).
In Agriculture and Water, presentations will address the use of ultrasound as a pollution control technology, precision agriculture, the role of universities in evaluating sustainability, and challenges in research on the natural variability of water supply, growth in demand for water, and sustainable water use.
The session on Medicine and Health will feature a presentation by OSU's Sudha Agarwal, who is conducting research with the university's support on the response of osteoarthritis biomarkers after a rehabilitation program, in collaboration with Mario Ferretti Filho from the Albert Einstein Jewish Education & Research Institute (IIEP-SBIBAE) in São Paulo.
Scientific cooperation with the United States
Besides supporting spontaneous collaboration between Brazilian and US researchers, FAPESP has scientific and technological cooperation agreements with US institutions to guarantee mechanisms and increase these exchanges.
FAPESP has agreements with nine research-funding agencies, 22 universities and other higher education and research institutions, and three companies in the US. The number of projects supported under these agreements since the start of the 2000s now totals 224.
Some R$31.6 million is currently allocated by FAPESP (which has disbursed R$16.4 million) to fund 59 ongoing projects developed jointly by Brazilian and US researchers supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Department of Energy, Microsoft, the University of Michigan and and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), among others.
Founded in 1962, the São Paulo State Research Foundation (FAPESP) is one of Brazil's most important science and technology funding agencies. Maintained by the transfer of 1% of the state's tax revenue, FAPESP selects and supports research projects submitted by scientists affiliated with higher education and research institutions in São Paulo State in all knowledge areas - sciences, technology and engineering, as well as the arts and humanities.
Projects are selected by peer review based on assessments by Brazilian and foreign researchers not associated with FAPESP. In 2015 FAPESP disbursed R$1.2 billion, equivalent to $ 629 million in purchasing power parity (PPP), to fund scientific and technological research projects. For more information, visit http://www.