WASHINGTON --Protocols allowing nurses to administer certain types of treatment in the emergency department can dramatically shorten length of stay for patients with fever, chest pain, hip fractures and vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, according to the results of a study published earlier this month in Annals of Emergency Medicine ("A Pragmatic Randomized Evaluation of a Nurse-Initiated Protocol to Improve Timeliness of Care in an Urban Emergency Department").
"For certain patients, nurse-driven protocols can dramatically decrease the amount of time they spend in the emergency department," said lead study author Matthew Douma, Clinical Nurse Educator at Royal Alexandra Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. "Emergency department crowding is a common and complicated problem, so anything we can do to get our patients treated and discharged is to the good. It helps everyone in the ER by reducing crowding."
Nurse-driven protocols decreased the median time to administer acetaminophen to emergency patients with pain or fever by more than 3 hours (186 minutes). Nurse-driven protocols decreased average time to troponin testing for emergency patients with chest pain suspected to be heart attack by 79 minutes. Average length of stay was reduced by almost 4 hours (224 minutes) by implementing a nurse-driven fractured hip protocol. And a nurse-driven vaginal bleeding during pregnancy protocol reduced average length of stay in the emergency department by nearly 4 hours (232 minutes).
"Given the long waits many emergency patients endure prior to treatment of pain, the acetaminophen protocol was a quick win," said Mr. Douma. "That said, nurse-driven protocols are not an ideal solution, but a stop-gap measure to deal with the enormous problem of long wait times in emergency departments especially for patients with complex problems. Emergency department crowding will continue to require broad and creative strategies to ensure timely care to our patients."
Annals of Emergency Medicine is the peer-reviewed scientific journal for the American College of Emergency Physicians, the national medical society representing emergency medicine. ACEP is committed to advancing emergency care through continuing education, research, and public education. Headquartered in Dallas, Texas, ACEP has 53 chapters representing each state, as well as Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia. A Government Services Chapter represents emergency physicians employed by military branches and other government agencies. For more information, visit http://www.