In a recent analysis of patient charts from eight different emergency departments, documented screening for self-harm, suicide ideation, or suicide attempts declined with age, from approximately 81 percent in younger age groups to a low of 68 percent among those aged greater than or equal to 85 years.
The prevalence of patients identified as having suicidal thoughts and behaviors through these screens also declined with age, with a peak among young and middle-aged adults (9.0 percent) and a low among patients aged greater than or equal to 75 years (1.2 percent).
"It is unclear whether our findings are from a bias in care or from older patients being less able to answer questions because of conditions like dementia," said Dr. Marian Betz, lead author of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society study. "Additional research and program development could hopefully help providers better identify older adults at risk of suicide."
In the U.S. National Suicide Awareness week is September 5th through 11th, and World Suicide Prevention day is on September 10th.