Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and partner institutions conducted a systematic investigation into the properties of the newest family of unconventional superconducting materials, iron-based compounds. The study may help the scientific community discover new superconducting materials with unique properties.
Researchers combined innovative crystal growth, highly sensitive magnetic measurements, and the controlled introduction of disorder through electron bombardment to create and study an entire range of compositions within a class of iron-based superconductors. They found that the key fundamental properties--transition temperature and magnetic field penetration depth -- of these complex superconductors were dependent on composition and the degree of disorder in the material structure.
"This was a systematic approach to more fully understand the behavior of unconventional superconductors," said Ruslan Prozorov, Ames Laboratory faculty scientist and professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Iowa State University. "We found that some proposed models of unconventional superconductivity in these iron-based compounds were compatible with our results, and this study further limited the possible theoretical mechanisms of superconductivity."
That information will also serve as a resource for future research into unconventional superconductors.
"This study fleshed out the knowledge of a class of materials more completely and in a way that will be helpful to the scientific community as they search for high temperature superconductors. Knowing how transition temperature is affected by composition, magnetic field and structural disorder gives science a better idea of where to dig--it contributes to the goal of discovery by design, creating materials that do exactly what we want them to do," said Prozorov.
The research was conceived and conducted by the Ames Laboratory team, with the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Iowa State University. Electron irradiation was performed at the Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés École Polytechnique, CNRS, France. Theoretical support was provided by the Joint Institute of Computational Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, the Department of Physics, University of Florida, and the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, a DOE Office of Science User Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It is discussed in a paper published in Science Advances, "Energy Gap Evolution Across the Superconductivity Dome in Single Crystals of (Ba1-x Kx)Fe2As2", and co-authored by Kyuil Cho, M. Kończykowski, S. Tekowijoyo, M.A. Tanatar, Y. Liu, T.A. Lograsso, W.E. Straszheim, V. Mishra, S. Maiti, P.J. Hirschfeld, and R. Prozorov
Ames Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science national laboratory operated by Iowa State University. Ames Laboratory creates innovative materials, technologies and energy solutions. We use our expertise, unique capabilities and interdisciplinary collaborations to solve global problems.
DOE's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.