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Dietary intake and function in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Are they associated?

The JAMA Network Journals

Is what you eat associated with better function and respiratory function for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) soon after diagnosis?

A new article published online by JAMA Neurology used data from a study of ALS progression to examine associations between nutritional intake, function and respiratory function at the time of study entry for patients who had ALS symptoms for 18 months or less.

ALS is a severe neurodegenerative disorder that causes atrophy, paralysis and eventually respiratory failure. The median survival time for ALS ranges from 20 to 48 months, although 10 percent to 20 percent of patients can live longer than 10 years.

There is interest in the potential role of nutrition and environmental factors in the pathogenesis (development) of ALS and in disease progression.

The current analysis by Jeri W. Nieves, Ph.D., of the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, New York, and coauthors included 302 patients (178 of them men; average age about 63) with ALS. The analysis relied on nutrient intake reported using a food questionnaire; rating scores were used to measure function; and respiratory function was measured using the percentage of predicted force vital capacity (FVC). Higher rating scores and a higher percentage of FVC indicated better function.

Antioxidant nutrients, foods high in carotenoids, fruits, and vegetable intake appear to be associated with better ALS function at baseline, according to the results.

Authors note their study results cannot establish cause and effect. Also, the study relied on a food questionnaire and those may not always represent a true daily diet.

"Those responsible for nutritional care of the patient with ALS should consider promoting fruit and vegetable intake since they are high in antioxidants and carotenes," the study concludes.

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(JAMA Neurol. Published online October 24, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2016.3401. Available pre-embargo to the media at http://media.jamanetwork.com.)

Editor's Note: The article contains conflict of interest and funding/support disclosures. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc.

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