The MOC is the meridional-vertical circulation that affects the global material (fresh water, carbon, etc.) and energy redistribution. Related studies show that MOC has strong implications for the long-term variation of ENSO, the position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and the marine ecosystem, and further impacts the long-term climate change. Deep SCS MOC is a good indication for the characteristics of the deep circulation and is closely related to the freshwater and heat balance, and the sediment transport.
Science China Earth Sciences published a review paper of Dr. Dongxiao Wang (the first author) and Dr. Qiang Xie (corresponding author) in Volume 59 (in English version), which summarized the progress on SCS MOC of Dongxiao Wang's group and other researchers.
The deep SCS horizontally cyclonic circulation is mainly controlled by the downwelling branch of the MOC (Luzon Strait overflow). Mixing induced by tides and eddies further enhanced the cyclonic circulation. Because of the conservation of potential vorticity, the SCS MOC drives an anticyclonic circulation anomaly. The anomalous anticyclonic circulation overlapping on the upper horizontal circulation weakens (strengthens) the western boundary current (WBC) in winter (summer).
The SCS MOC presents an unclosed "sandwich" structure. The upwelling areas of the MOC are mainly located in the slope and three northwest-southeast tilted zones. One possible mechanism for the upwelling areas is the interaction between the topography Rossby waves (TRWs) and the westward planetary Rossby waves. Moreover, the TRWs are confirmed in the southern SCS by a five-year mooring observation.
This paper reviewed the roles of Luzon Strait overflow and complex topography in SCS deep circulation and deep MOC, which might provide insightful ideas for the related fields.
This article was published on the Science China (Earth Sciences). More details can be seen: D. Wang, J. Xiao, Y. Shu, Q. Xie*, J. Chen, Q. Wang, Progress on deep circulation and meridional overturning circulation in the South China Sea. Science China, 59: 1827-1833.
Science China Press