EAST LANSING, Mich. -- As more universities attempt to transform how they teach science and math, a Michigan State University researcher is focusing on broader changes across networks of campuses in order to improve student learning.
Ann Austin has received three grants totaling $2.7 million from the National Science Foundation to study how reforms to institutional policies and practices, along with teaching and curriculum, can be leveraged to help undergraduates succeed in science, technology, engineering and mathematics, or STEM.
Austin has also been selected to co-chair a new multi-year initiative of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine focused on systemic approaches to improving undergraduate STEM education. Demand for STEM knowledge in today's workplace continues growing.
"We need to think about issues around leadership, preparation of faculty to teach in new ways, how we evaluate teaching and opportunities for faculty to collaborate," said Austin, a professor of higher education and associate dean for research in the MSU College of Education. "There are multiple levers to advance change and we are seeing the use of national networks becoming a powerful force for institutional transformation."
Austin will break new ground by exploring how universities improve STEM education when they work together. An example of these networks is the Association of American Universities' Undergraduate STEM Initiative, which has led to improved learning outcomes, especially in the introductory STEM courses, at its member institutions including MSU.
Austin and Susan Singer, provost of Rollins College and former director of the Division of Undergraduate Education at NSF, will use a four-year $1.8 million grant to study six other networks representing different types of institutions and approaches to change.
One of the networks they'll study is the Center for the Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning, or CIRTL, a collection of 41 universities that focus on how they prepare STEM doctoral students to be exceptional instructors and researchers. Another, the Bay View Alliance, is a network of nine research universities in the U.S. and Canada that foster cultural change in STEM departments to improve teaching.
"We want to know how these networks work best, such as how they handle communication, how they balance commitment to the common goal with their own autonomy and how they strive to become sustainable," said Austin.
With the second grant, Austin is working with three of the Bay View Alliance universities to focus on how they change one important component of STEM education: how teaching is evaluated and rewarded.
Austin will create case studies from the institutions - University of Massachusetts, Amherst; University of Colorado, Boulder; and University of Kansas - exploring how new approaches and a shared vision for using multiple sources of information (beyond student surveys) are tied to good teaching practices. The project is funded by a five-year, $690,000 grant.
Austin's role as lead researcher for CIRTL also will continue as the network expands and focuses on preparing future STEM faculty members specifically for improving undergraduate education. MSU is one of three universities that founded this long-standing project in 2003. The latest grant includes $220,000 for Austin's research, which will among other questions assess the long-range impact of participating in the project for the universities.
"An underlying principle guiding each of these projects is that improving teaching and learning in higher education involves changing organizational culture, policies and processes," Austin said. "MSU is an institutional leader nationally in undertaking systemic changes to improve student learning and I am excited that the research my colleagues and I are doing contributes to this growing body of knowledge."
Henry Campa, associate dean of the MSU Graduate School, oversees MSU's participation in the CIRTL network and will also be conducting a project funded by the new CIRTL grant.