Top scientists and scholars from around the world have new opportunities for collaboration today with the announcement of CIFAR's new research portfolio and the expansion of the Canada CIFAR AI Chairs program. The 13 CIFAR research programs address critical questions across four interdisciplinary theme areas: Life & Health, Individuals & Society, Information & Matter and Earth & Space.
Life & Health:
- What might we uncover in an unknown biosphere?
Fungal Kingdom: Threats & Opportunities
- How do microbes that live in and on us affect our health, development and even behaviour
Humans & the Microbiome
- How does life originate and what are the processes that make life possible?
Molecular Architecture of Life
Individuals & Society:
- What are the origins and mechanisms of consciousness?
Azrieli Program in Brain, Mind & Consciousness
- How do childhood experiences affect lifelong health?
Child & Brain Development
- Is it possible to have a world without "us" and "them"?
Boundaries, Membership & Belonging
- How can innovation be beneficial to all?
Innovation, Equity & the Future of Prosperity
Earth & Space:
- How do we understand the life, groundwater and environment deep below the surface of a planet?
Earth 4D: Subsurface Science & Exploration
- What is the nature of extreme gravity, and how can it help us understand the origin and evolution of the universe?
Gravity & the Extreme Universe
Information & Matter:
- How can we learn from nature to harvest energy from the sun?
Bio-inspired Solar Energy
- How do we understand intelligence and build intelligent machines?
Learning in Machines & Brains
- How do we harness the power of quantum mechanics to improve information processing?
Quantum Information Science
- How could quantum materials transform our society?
"For almost 40 years, CIFAR has supported fundamental research and innovation across borders and disciplines," says Dr. Alan Bernstein, President and CEO of CIFAR. "The portfolio we are announcing today will change conversations across disciplines and result in the scientific, technological, and scholarly advancements of tomorrow."
Each program addresses complex questions and engages international and interdisciplinary networks of researchers and scholars. CIFAR provides a sustained, long-term commitment to their progress by convening meetings and providing catalyst funds for new directions of inquiry. The environment of intellectual freedom fosters deep collaboration and trust between CIFAR fellows. At meetings, they share and critique preliminary findings and data, often prior to publication, and provide insights from peers across disciplines.
"I think CIFAR is going to be particularly catalytic for us," says Barbara Sherwood-Lollar, professor of earth sciences at the University of Toronto and the co-director of the new Earth 4D: Subsurface Science and Exploration program. "The program will enable us to bring together people from extremely different perspectives, and then give them the intellectual freedom to challenge each other, challenge themselves and change thinking."
While CIFAR's impact on the research process is immediate, wider social benefits can take longer to be realized. The organization bridges this gap by connecting its research programs to global thought leaders outside of academia through knowledge mobilization. These exchanges enrich research and stimulate new social, economic and technical innovations. For example, CIFAR fellows in the Humans & the Microbiome program are working with public health leaders to create the first educational curriculum on the Microbiome and Healthy Living.
More information on the new portfolio and the Global Call for Ideas is available here.
Expansion of Canada CIFAR AI Chairs program
As part of the Pan-Canadian AI Strategy, CIFAR also announced an expansion of the Canada CIFAR AI Chairs program, bringing the total number of chairs to 46, from 29 announced in December 2018. The prestigious Canada CIFAR AI Chairs program, funded by the Federal government with $86.5 million over five years, provides researchers with long-term, dedicated research funding to support their research programs and help them to train the next generation of AI leaders. The 46 Chairs are named in partnership with Canada's three national AI Institutes: Amii (Edmonton), Mila (Quebec) and the Vector Institute (Toronto), as well as twelve universities and hospitals across the country.
"The Canada CIFAR AI Chairs Program is core to Canada's ongoing leadership in machine learning research and training," says Dr. Elissa Strome, Executive Director of the CIFAR Pan-Canadian AI Strategy. "As the first country to develop a national AI strategy and the birthplace of deep learning, Canada is uniquely positioned to advance machine learning research and responsible AI."
The Canada CIFAR AI Chairs program aims to increase the number of outstanding artificial intelligence researchers and skilled graduates in Canada, and to enhance Canada's international profile in AI research and training.
More information on the Canada CIFAR AI Chairs Program and the full list of chairs is available here.
CIFAR takes the long view
CIFAR has a record of picking winners. The deep learning revolution in artificial intelligence was kickstarted by CIFAR support in 2004. In that year Geoffrey Hinton (Google, University of Toronto, Vector Institute) launched a new program called Neural Computation and Adaptive Perception, the predecessor to today's Learning in Machines & Brains (LMB) program at CIFAR. Today, Yoshua Bengio (Mila, Université de Montréal) and Yann LeCun (Facebook, NYU) lead LMB, asking fundamental questions about how humans learn and how to apply that understanding to machines. Together, the three AI luminaries were recently awarded the ACM A.M. Turing Award-- the "Nobel Prize of Computing". Their work has enabled technologies like voice and image recognition and real-time translation, among many others.
While not every CIFAR program will radically transform our daily lives the way AI has, many transform science itself by introducing new techniques, approaches and bodies of knowledge that are core to innovation. The organization is meticulous and rigorous in its selection of research questions and the fellows chosen to pursue them. CIFAR is recognized around the world for its long-term vision and an unparalleled approach to the world's most complex questions. It is a leader in convening extraordinary minds, fostering international collaboration and creating new knowledge.
CIFAR is a Canadian-based, global charitable organization that convenes extraordinary minds to address science and humanity's most important questions.
By supporting long-term interdisciplinary collaboration, CIFAR provides researchers with an unparalleled environment of trust, transparency and knowledge sharing. Our time-tested model inspires new directions of inquiry, accelerates discovery and yields breakthroughs across borders and academic disciplines. Through knowledge mobilization, we are catalysts for change in industry, government and society. CIFAR's community of fellows includes 19 Nobel laureates and more than 400 researchers from 22 countries. In 2017, the Government of Canada appointed CIFAR to develop and lead the Pan-Canadian Artificial Intelligence Strategy.
CIFAR is generously supported by the governments of Canada, British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario and Quebec, Canadian and international partners, as well as individuals, foundations and corporations.