News Release 

Study shows native plants regenerate on their own after invasive shrubs are removed

Cambridge University Press

IMAGE

IMAGE: (top left to right) Indianpipe (Monotropa uniflora L.), mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum L.), hepatica (Hepatica nobilis Schreb.), (bottom left to right) spotted geranium (Geranium maculatum L.), waxflower shinleaf (Pyrola elliptica Nutt.),... view more 

Credit: Erynn Maynard-Bean

WESTMINSTER, Colorado - May 1, 2019 - Invasive shrubs have become increasingly prevalent in the deciduous forests of eastern North America - often creating a dense understory that outcompetes native plants. Many land managers would like to remove the invaders, but worry about what happens afterwards. Will they need to launch a costly remediation program to reestablish native plant communities?

A study featured in the journal Invasive Plant Science and Management provides important insights. Researchers manually removed 18 species of invasive shrubs from five plots in a mature, deciduous forest in the Eastern U.S. They cut the shrubs off at the base with hand clippers and treated foliage emerging from stumps and roots with herbicides. Any new seedlings were removed each spring.

Seven years after the initial removal, native plants had regenerated and filled the gap on their own - and they did so to a much greater extent than expected. Researchers found a significant increase in plant diversity and abundance among both native understory species and small trees.

"Natural regeneration in the areas where invasive shrubs had been removed actually exceeded the growth of native cover in unmanaged forest control plots - even those where no invasive shrubs were found," says Erynn Maynard-Bean of Pennsylvania State University. "The results suggest that invasive shrub removal can make sense, even when active steps to restore the native plant community aren't possible."

###

Full text of the article "Invasive Shrub Removal Benefits Native Plants in an Eastern Deciduous Forest of North America" is available in Volume 12, Issue 1 of the journal Invasive Plant Science and Management.

About Invasive Plant Science and Management

Invasive Plant Science and Management is a journal of the Weed Science Society of America, a nonprofit scientific society focused on weeds and their impact on the environment. The publication focuses on invasive plant species. To learn more, visit http://www.wssa.net.

Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.