The nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) of the dengue virus interacts with another viral protein called NS4A-2K-4B to enable viral replication, according to a study published May 9 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Ralf Bartenschlager of the University of Heidelberg, and colleagues. As noted by the authors, the genetic map presented in the study offers a starting point for the design of antiviral agents targeting NS1, with the goal of suppressing viral replication as well as severe disease manifestations.
Dengue virus is one of the most prevalent mosquito-transmitted human pathogens. Despite the serious socio-economic impact of dengue-associated diseases, the only licensed vaccine has limited efficacy and an antiviral therapy is not available. NS1 is secreted from infected cells, counteracts antiviral immune responses, and contributes to the severe clinical manifestations of dengue. In addition, NS1 is essential for the viral replication cycle, but the underlying molecular mechanism is unknown. To address this gap in knowledge, Bartenschlager and colleagues used a combination of genetic, biochemical and imaging approaches to determine the role of NS1 in the viral replication cycle.
The researchers identified a cluster of amino acid residues in NS1 that is important for efficient secretion of this protein. Moreover, they identified a novel interaction between NS1 and the precursor of a viral protein called NS4A-2K-4B; this interaction is required for viral RNA replication. The researchers also demonstrated that NS1 is required for the generation of the membranous dengue virus replication organelle in infected cells. This function does not require RNA replication and is independent from NS1's interaction with NS4A-2K-4B. Taken together, the results provide new insights into the role of NS1 in viral RNA replication and establish a genetic map of residues in NS1 required for the diverse functions of this protein.
The authors add, "A detailed study of nonstructural protein 1 of Dengue virus identified determinants required for secretion of this protein, viral RNA replication and formation of the membranous replication organelle of this virus. A novel interaction of NS1 with a previously unrecognized NS4A-2K-NS4B precursor of the virus was found to be required for Dengue virus replication."
Funding: This project was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB1129, TP11 and BA1505/8-1, both to R.B. and TRR179 TP11 to A.Pi.). A.Pl. was funded via the European Union Horizon 2020 Marie Sk?odowska-Curie ETN 'ANTIVIRALS', grant agreement number 642434. C.J.N was funded by a European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) Long-Term Fellowship (ALTF 466-2016). A.Pi. was funded by an ERC consolidator grant (ProDAP 817798). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
Citation: P?aszczyca A, Scaturro P, Neufeldt CJ, Cortese M, Cerikan B, Ferla S, et al. (2019) A novel interaction between dengue virus nonstructural protein 1 and the NS4A-2K-4B precursor is required for viral RNA replication but not for formation of the membranous replication organelle. PLoS Pathog 15(5): e1007736. https:/
Department of Infectious Diseases, Molecular Virology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Max-Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Innate Immunity Laboratory, Martinsried, Germany
School of Medicine, Institute of Virology, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), Munich Partner Site, Munich, Germany
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