The Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) and its international partners have received a 10 million (euro) Synergy Grant from the European Research Council (ERC) to fund a multidisciplinary study of more than 100 medieval cemeteries located across central and eastern Europe. The project, HistoGenes, will seek to understand the impact of migrations and mobility on the population of the Carpathian Basin from 400-900 CE, based on a comprehensive analysis of samples from 6,000 ancient burial sites. HistoGenes will, for the first time, unite historians, archaeologists, geneticists, anthropologists, and specialists in bioinformatics, isotope analysis, and other scientific methods in understanding this key period of European history.
The team's four principal investigators, representing these various disciplines, are Patrick Geary (Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, USA), Johannes Krause (Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany), Walter Pohl (Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria), and Tivadar Vida (ELTE, Budapest, Hungary). In the U.S., the research team includes Professor Krishna Veeramah, a population geneticist from Stony Brook University. Geary and Veeramah had previously led a pilot study, published in Nature Communications in 2018, which sequenced the genomes of entire ancient cemeteries to examine the relationship between the genetic background of these communities and the archaeological material left behind.
"I am extremely gratified by the confidence that the European Research Council has shown in my colleagues and myself in awarding us this grant. The size of the grant will make possible an extraordinary advance in both our understanding of Europe's population during a crucial historical period as well as in developing new procedures to integrate natural scientific and humanistic scholarship in a common effort," stated Geary, Professor Emeritus in the School of Historical Studies. "The early support for our pilot project, provided by the IAS, was crucial in demonstrating the feasibility of these new approaches, and thus paved the way for this award."
The core objectives of the project are to explore the impact of mobility on early medieval populations, refine the methods of archaeogenetic research, and establish a multidisciplinary model for future research.
According to a member of the ERC panel, "This project fuses cutting edge techniques in genetic testing with familiar archaeological and textual analysis to examine a half-millennium of migration and settlement in a crossroads region of Eurasia. It is big, original, methodologically sophisticated and will push the study of human history in new directions."
The HistoGenes team is comprised of the world's preeminent scholars, who are leading specialists in their fields. Geary's work extends over a vast range of topics in medieval history, both chronologically and conceptually--from religiosity and social memory to language, ethnicity, social structure, and political organization. His essays and books remain standard literature in the field. Geary is a pioneer in applying the genomic revolution to obtain a deeper understanding of history. His most recent project studied the migration of European societies north and south of the Alps through the analysis of ancient DNA in Longobard-era cemeteries in Hungary and in Italy. Geary first joined IAS as a Member in the School of Historical Studies (1990-91) and was appointed to the permanent Faculty in 2012.
HistoGenes is among 37 research groups to receive funding from the ERC as part of its 2019 Synergy Grant competition, which supports the world's top researchers to address the most complex research problems.
The ERC announcement can be found here: https:/