Many children who suffer fingertip injuries have been abused, according to a Rutgers study. The researchers found that children who had a documented history of abuse or neglect were 23 percent more likely to suffer a fingertip injury before age 12.
The study, published in Journal of Hand Surgery Global Online, is the first to look at the link between children's fingertip injures and abuse or neglect.
The researchers used a New York state database that tracks medical discharge records to identify 79,108 children from infancy to 12 years old who sought emergency treatment between 2004 and 2013 for fingertip injuries, such as amputation, tissue damage or crushing, from a total of 4,870,299 children in the database. They then analyzed the children's medical record history for documentation of abuse.
"We found that children who had been coded at some point with physical abuse were more likely to have also been brought in for treatment of a fingertip injury," said lead author Alice Chu, an associate professor of orthopedic surgery and chief of the division of pediatric orthopedics at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School.
Fingertips injuries can occur during abuse when a child is treated roughly or when the abuser slams a door or steps on their hands. "There is no one injury type that is 100 percent predictive of child abuse, but all the small risk factors can add up. Since fingertip injuries are mostly inflicted by someone else -- whether intentional or accidental -- it should be a signal to physicians to look deeper into the child's medical history for signs of neglect or physical abuse," said Chu.
Doctors may suspect abuse if parents provide a vague history with contradictory statements, if they delay seeking treatment or if the child's developmental stage is inconsistent with the type of injury, she noted.
"Currently, pediatric fingertip injuries typically are not considered an injury of abuse but one of accidental trauma or a clumsy child who gets his finger caught in a door," she said. "Doctors need to see these instances as a possible injury from abuse or neglect so they can be on higher alert during the evaluation."
Study can be downloaded here: https://www.jhsgo.org/article/S2589-5141(19)30106-9/fulltext