Individualized supplement doses help protect pregnant women from vitamin D deficiency, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
While developing, avian embryos draw calcium from the inner most layer of their eggshell, which in turn thins the eggshell and facilitates hatching. Yet, parasitic cuckoos, which lay their eggs in nests of other species, must maintain thick eggshells to avoid pecking and ejection by their foster parents. A new study shows that cuckoo eggs undergo degrees embryonic eggshell thinning similar to their host, thus maintaining thick-shelled eggs at all developmental stages.
Aging macrophages contribute to both early and late stages of atherosclerosis, the most common driver of cardiovascular disease, a new study in mice reveals.
Two new studies based on data from the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory spacecraft mission have painted a clearer picture of the Orientale impact basin, one of the largest, youngest and best-preserved craters on the moon.
A new whole-genome analysis of chimpanzees and bonobos reveals that these two great ape species likely interbred several hundred thousand years ago.
Global warming above 1.5°C, the ideal limit set by the 2015 Paris Agreement, will change the Mediterranean region, producing ecosystems never seen throughout the last 10,000 years, a new study reports.
Healthcare providers should counsel people about how to eat a heart-healthy diet taking their ethnic, cultural and personal preferences into consideration. Practical advice is offered on how to adapt dietary recommendations into healthier food selections in daily life.
By developing an atomic-scale picture of how the cancer-linked enzyme PP2A binds to other proteins, Brown University researchers have developed a new list of nearly 100 of its potential partners.
JILA physicists and colleagues have identified a long-missing piece in the puzzle of exactly how fossil fuel combustion contributes to air pollution and a warming climate.
What happens in intestinal epithelial cells during a chronic illness? Basic research conducted at the Technical University of Munich addressed this question by generating a new model system. Functioning mitochondria play a decisive role in cellular homeostasis, but what happens when an important player of the anti-stress program in mitochondria is switched off? On one hand, this leads to the loss of stem cells, but on the other, it sets healing processes in motion.