An MIT research team that has already conquered the problem of getting ketchup out of its bottle has now tackled a new category of consumer and manufacturing woe: how to get much thicker materials to slide without sticking or deforming.
Using a unique computational 'framework' they developed, a team of scientist cyber-sleuths in the Vanderbilt University Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics and the Vanderbilt Genetics Institute (VGI) has identified 104 high-risk genes for schizophrenia.
Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: When researchers look at what we know about fertility and survival rates for major classes of species, 98 percent of the page remains blank. That changes dramatically with untapped data from nearly 1,200 zoos and aquariums in 96 countries.
Human skeletal muscles have a unique combination of properties that materials researchers seek for their own creations. They're strong, soft, full of water, and resistant to fatigue. A new study by MIT researchers has found one way to give synthetic hydrogels this total package of characteristics: putting them through a vigorous workout
Even with a good diet and workout routine, some men and women have trouble getting the toned abdominal appearance they want. For these patients, a technique called abdominal etching can help in creating the classic 'six-pack abs' physique in men or three-vertical-line abdomen in women, reports a study in the April issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
While medical professionals identify race as a risk factor for many diseases, the authors argue that racism also be identified as a root cause of health inequities. This article examines how one woman's breast cancer battle illustrates the impact of structural racism: the convergence of social, cultural, economic and institutional forces to perpetuate racial group inequity.
'Tummy tuck' surgery (abdominoplasty) can be safely performed in obese patients, with no increase in complications compared to non-obese patients, reports a study in the April issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
Once the heart is formed, its muscle cells have very limited ability to regenerate. After a heart attack, these cells die off and scar tissue forms, potentially setting people up for heart failure. A new study advances the possibility of using microRNAs -- small molecules that regulate gene function -- to regenerate heart muscle. In mice, two microRNAs that are abundant in developing hearts, miR-19a and miR-19b, repaired heart muscle and improved cardiac function after heart attack.
In the wake of Hurricane Maria, radiation oncologists from the mainland United States and Puerto Rico prepared a set of crisis-planning tips for radiation therapy clinics to minimize gaps in cancer treatment after a catastrophic event. Their emergency preparedness suggestions were published online April 15 in Practical Radiation Oncology.
Computer scientists at the University of California San Diego have developed FitRec, a recommendation tool powered by deep learning, that is able to better estimate runners' heart rates during a workout and predict and recommend routes. The team will present their work at the WWW 19 conference May 13-17 in San Francisco.