Scientists at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have identified an expression pattern of 14 genes at the time of diagnosis that predicts two year, transplant-free survival in children with biliary atresia -- the most common diagnosis leading to liver transplants in children.
Whether 'alien' bird species thrive in a new habitat depends more on the environmental conditions than the population size or characteristics of the invading bird species, finds a new UCL-led study.
Research across several areas of the 'Third Pole' -- the high-mountain region centered on the Tibetan Plateau -- shows a seasonal cycle in how near-surface temperature changes with elevation. Near-surface temperature, which reflects the energy balance at the land surface, is crucial because it drives climate processes.
At the 97th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the 48th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR) and the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Ifunanya Okeke, University of California, San Francisco, USA, gave an oral presentation on 'Sugar Industry's Use of Dietitians to Influence Dental Professionals, 1974-1978.'
In today's dating world, singles make snap judgments about potential dates as fast as they can swipe. For the 20 million baby boomers currently using online dating sites, the high stakes of the modern dating world can be intimidating as they age. New statistics by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons show that more Americans age 55 and older are seeking cosmetic procedures to help them put their best face forward.
Sorting out the way these 570- to 540-million-year-old, enigmatic creatures ate supports the argument that they behaved like more modern-looking animals and evolved into shapes that helped them feed.
Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, and a number of other academic centers have analyzed the genomes of nearly 50,000 non-European individuals to maximize genetic discovery and lessen clinical disparities. This collaborative study revealed nearly 1,500 associations between genes and disease in minority populations, serving as a prime example of what racially inclusive research can bring.
A reconfigurable 'body-on-a-chip' model could transform drug development by simultaneously measuring compound efficacy and toxicity, for both target cells and other organs, such as the heart and liver, for both parent drugs and its metabolites. The findings demonstrate the same results determined from testing patients in clinical studies, without the need of animal studies, demonstrating the ability of a body-on-a-chip model to truly revolutionize biomedical research and personalized medicine.
Cancer patients who took statin medication had a 32% reduction in stroke following radiation therapy to the chest, head or neck. This is the first large study to look at whether statins are protective against cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications in cancer patients treated with radiation to the chest, head or neck.
Researchers at the University of Washington have developed a new tool to monitor people for cardiac arrest while they're asleep without touching them. A new skill for a smart speaker -- like Google Home and Amazon Alexa -- or smartphone lets the device detect the gasping sound of agonal breathing and call for help.